Joan Rivers was born Joan Sandra Molinsky on June 8,
1933, in Brooklyn, New
York. In 1954, she graduated from Barnard College
with a B.A. in English and Anthropology. In 1958, she decided to turn
back to acting and then a few years later to comedy, performing for
a time with Chicago's Second City troupe. In the 1960s, Rivers made
television appearances as a comedian on the popular shows The Tonight
Show and The Ed Sullivan Show, as well as hosting the first
of her several talk shows. Late in that decade she made a brief but
memorable appearance in the film, The Swimmer.
In the 1970s, Rivers appeared often as a guest on various
television comedy and variety shows, such as The Carol Burnett Show.
From 1972 to 1976, she was the narrator for the popular animated segment, The Adventures of Letterman. In 1978, Rivers directed and wrote
her first film, Rabbit Test, starring Billy Crystal. It was also
during this time, that Rivers began her stand-up act. Although she was
originally the opening act for singer Helen Reddy, Rivers eventually
became a headliner in her own right on the Las Vegas Strip. She also
recorded a popular record album of her live standup act entitled Can
Throughout the 1980s, Rivers continued to be brought
in as a guest host on various television shows, especially on Jonny
Carson's The Tonight Show. From 1983 to 1986, Carson invited
Rivers to be the permanent guest host of The Tonight Show. However,
in 1986, Rivers decided to host her own evening talk show, The Late
Show Starring Joan Rivers. The show only lasted a year, but created
a falling out between Rivers and Carson. Rivers eventually returned
to television with a daytime talk show, The Joan Rivers Show,
which ran from 1989 to 1993. In 1990, Rivers won the Emmy for Best Talk
Show Host for her daytime show. She was also nominated for a Tony Award
as Best Actrees for the play "Donna Marr and her escorts"
Rivers has also written a number of screenplays, including The Muppets Take Manhattan (1984) and Serial Mom (1994).
As of 2005, Rivers is a host for the TV Guide channel,
often co-hosting red carpet specials before award shows with her daughter,
Melissa Rivers. She also worked a brief time for E! Entertainment Television
in a similar role.
Rivers is the National Chairwoman of the Cystic Fibrosis
Foundation. She is also a strong supporter of animal rights and an active
member of PETA.
Sources: “Joan Rivers (1933 - ).” American
Jewish Historical Society, American
Jewish Desk Reference, (NY: Random
House, 1999). pg. 479-80, Wikipedia, IMDB