(1921 - 1965)
Born in New York City, Holliday grew up as the only
child of her strongly political Zionist and socialist parents. After several failed attempts to make movies
in Hollywood, she won a few roles in the theater in the 1940s. She was
repeatedly refused the screen role of a part she had managed beautifully on
stage - Billy Dawn, the chorus girl in Born Yesterday - because she
was "too Jewish." She eventually won an Oscar (1950) for this
role and later a Tony Award for The Bells Are Ringing (1957).
In 1952, she was interviewed by the Senate Subcommittee as part of the
McCarthy hearings and was partially blacklisted as a result.
Sources: Jewish Women's