Roland von Hoesslin
(1915 - 1944)
Roland von Hoesslin joined Cavalry Regiment No.17 as officer candidate.
In 1938, he was
commissioned as second lieutenant and participated in the military operations
associated with Hitler's
annexation of Austria and then Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
he was aAssigned to Field Marshal Erwin
Rommel's Afrika Korps as first lieutenant. He also served on the
Korps staff as assistant operations officer. He was later promoted to
captain and led his company into battle with distinction.
In June 1942,
Hoesslin earned the Iron Cross, Second and First Class for action at
battles of El Adem and Trigh Capuzzo. A month later, he was awarded
the Knight's Cross for gallantry in first battle of El Alamein while
leading a battalion that spearheaded the advance on Egypt under Rommel's command. He was severely wounded in that battle, sent
home to Germany, and promoted to the rank of Major. Later he was given
command of Armored Reconnaissance Training and Replacement Battalion
No.24 based at Meiningen.
Hoesslin was recruited into the conspiracy to kill
Hitler by Colonel Claus
von Stauffenberg via a mutual friend, Peter Sauerbuch, and former
comrade of Cavalry Regiment No.17.
Hoesslin's assignment was to surround and isolate
the fuehrer's Wolf's Lair headquarters with three companies of troops
under his command after Stauffenberg assassinated Hitler. But on July
20, 1944, circumstances beyond his control thwarted the plan.
He was arrested shortly after July 20 and sentenced
to death by the People's Court. He was executed on October 13, 1944.
Sources: Joric Center