Rabbi Shlomo Goren
Born in Poland, Goren moved with his family to Palestine in 1925. He entered the yeshiva at age 12, and, by age 17, had published his first religious article and was considered a prodigy.
In 1936, Goren joined the Haganah. As a soldier in the 1948 war, Goren was often asked to help resolve specific questions concerning religious observance under wartime conditions, and in 1948 the chief rabbis in Israel named him chief chaplain of the new state's army. In that position he was often noted for his bravery, accompanying troops to the front and at times going behind enemy lines to bring back the dead for burial; he rose to the rank of brigadier general. Goren led the troops who liberated the Western Wall during the Six-Day War in prayer and blew a shofar to mark the occasion.
Goren retired from the army in 1972, and, that same year was elected Israel's chief Ashkenazic rabbi. In that position, he attempted to reconcile religious teaching and technological progress, and he often clashed with the chief rabbi of the Sephardic tradition. Goren served in that post until 1983, yet he continued to offer his opinions into the 1990s.
Goren bitterly opposed accommodation with the Palestine Liberation Organization; he made headlines in late 1993 when he "ruled" that soldiers could disobey orders and refuse to dismantle settlements in the West Bank. In 1994, he pronounced that religious law commanded Jews to kill Yasir Arafat.
Goren wrote many religious articles and essays, including his commentary on the Talmud, Ha-Yerushalmi ha-Meforash (1961), a volume that won the Israel prize.