(1918 - 1999)
Gertrude Elion was born in 1918 in New York City. A
biochemist, she was the co-recipient of the Nobel
Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1988) designed studies that led
to formulating many new drugs now used to inhibit the progress of leukemia.
Her work also shed light on how DNA functions. She was also the first
woman elected to the National Inventor's Hall of Fame (1991), which
honors figures such as Thomas Alva Edison.