(1885 - 1945)
Ernst Busch was born in Essen-Steele, Germany
on July 6, 1885. After being educated at Gross Lichterfelde Cadet Academy
he joined the German Army in 1904 and during the First World War served
on the Western Front where he fought at Arras and Verdun. In 1918 he
won the Pour le Mérite for showing exceptional courage during
Busch remained in the army and in 1925 was appointed
Inspector of Transport Troops and in 1930 was promoted to the rank of
lieutenant colonel and placed in command of the 9th Infantry Regiment.
An ardent supporter of the Nazi
Party, Busch achieved rapid promotion after Adolf
Hitler came to power in 1933. Within two years he had been promoted
to major general and was commander of the 23rd Infantry Division. In
February 1938, Hitler appointed him general. Whereas most senior officers
pleaded with Hitler to move with caution, Busch and fellow Nazi, Walther
von Reichenau, urged him to invade Czechoslovakia.
Busch served under Siegmund List during the invasion
of Poland in September
1939. The following year he led the 16th Army during the Western Offensive.
On the May 26, 1940, Hitler awarded him the Knight's Cross.
Busch took part in Operation
Barbarossa and on September 8, 1941, his 16th Army took Demyansk
before taking part in the siege of Leningrad. Despite a counter-attack
by the Red Army Busch's troops held the line from Staraya to Ostashkov.
After a brave defence of his position he was promoted to field marshal.
In October 1943, Busch replaced General
Gunther von Kluge as head of Army Group Centre. However, he only
held the post until June 1944 when he was replaced by General Walther
Busch was recalled in March 1945 when he became head
of Army Group Northwest. Along with Kurt Student and his 1st Parachute
Army, Busch had the task of trying to halt the advance of General
Bernard Montgomery and the Allies into Germany.
Ernst Busch surrendered on May 3, 1945. He was taken
to Britain as a prisoner of war and he died in captivity on July 17,