Richard Baer was a Nazi official with the rank of SS-Sturmbannführer
and commander of the Auschwitz I concentration camp from May 1944 to February 1945.
Baer was born in Bavaria in 1911; originally a confectioner,
he became a guard in Dachau concentration camp after becoming unemployed in 1930. In 1939, he joined
and was appointed adjutant of Neuengamme concentration camp in 1942. Another year later, in 1943, Baer became
adjutant of SS-Obergruppenführer Oswald Pohl, then chief of
the Wirtschaftsverwaltungshauptamt; he took over department D I in November
the same year before succeeding Arthur Liebehenschel as commander of Auschwitz from May 11 1944 until the final dissolution of the camp
in early 1945.
At the end of the war, Baer fled and lived near Hamburg
as Karl Neumann; he was found and arrested in December 1960, and died
in detention in 1963. He was a member of N.S.D.A.P. (no. 454991) and
the SS (no. 44225).