Jurgen von Arnium
(1889 - 1962)
Hans von Arnim was born in Ernsdorf, Germany
on April 4, 1889. He joined the German Army in 1907 and during the First
World War fought on the Western Front and the Eastern Front.
He remained in the army and spent a year in the Defence
Ministry (1924-25) before taking command of the elite 68th Infantry
Regiment in Berlin. In January 1938 he was promoted to the rank of major general and was sent to head the
Army Service Department in Silesia.
On the outbreak of the Second
World War, Arnium was placed in command of the 52th Infantry Division.
He took part in the invasion of Poland and France. Promoted
to the rank of lieutenant general, he served under General
Heinz Guderian during Operation
Barbarossa. However, he was seriously wounded at Stolpce on June
24, 1941. After making a full recovery, he took part in the encirclement
of Kiev and the capture of Bryansk.
In November 1942,
Arnim was promoted to general and placed in command of the 5th Panzer
Army in Tunisia. After General Erwin Rommel left in March 1943, Arnim became
head of the German Army in Africa but was unable to halt the Allied
advance and, on May 11, 1943, the Axis forces surrendered Tunisia. The
following day Arnim was captured by the Allies.
The second highest-ranking German prisoner of war (after Rudolf Hess), he was held
in Britain until 1947. Hans von Arnim returned to Germany where he lived
until his death on September 1, 1962.