Palestinian Opinion Following the Hamas Election


See also: Palestinian Opinion on the Post-Arafat Era

Palestinian Attitudes About Peace With Israel

Palestinian Attitudes Toward The Gaza Disengagement Plan

Palestinian Attitudes on Terrorism

Palestinian Opinion Since the Creation of the Caretaker Government of Salaam Fayyad

 

Satisfaction and confidence in the government (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 21, 2007)

Satisfaction with the performance of President Mahmoud Abbas during the period of infighting 13%
Satisfaction with the performance of President Mahmoud Abbas overall 36%*
Satisfaction with the overall performance of the previous National Unity Government 17%
Confidence in the various security services (Preventive Security, General Intelligence, Executive Force, and Presidential Guard) 33-37%
Confidence in the National Security Forces 48%
Confidence in the al Qassam Brigades 45%
Confidence in the al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades 50%
Confidence in the Police 58%

*In March 2007, Abbas' satisfaction rating was 48%

Elections (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 21, 2007)

Want holding of early presidential and parliamentary elections today 75%
Support for the formation of an emergency government 56%
Opposition to the formation of an emergency government 38%
Opposition to the formation of an emergency government in the Gaza Strip 47%
Support for Fatah in elections if there were held today 43%*
Support for Hamas 33%**
Support for all other third parties 12-13%
If new presidential elections are held today and the only two candidates were Mahmoud Abbas and Ismail Haniyeh, percentage that would not participate 40%
Among those who would participate and would vote for Abbas 49%
Among those who would participate and would vote for Haniyeh 42%
If the competition was between Marwan Barghouti and Ismail Haniyeh, percentage that would not participate 31%
Among those who would participate and vote for Barghouti 59%
Among those who would participate and vote for Haniyeh 35%
In the Gaza Strip, those who would participate and vote for Barghouti 55%
In the Gaza Strip, those who would participate and vote for Haniyeh 41%

*Fateh received the same percentage in PCPSR's March 2007 survey.
**Hamas received 37% support in March 2007.

Views on the current infighting, life situations, and terrorism in general (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 21, 2007)

Fatah and Hamas are equally responsible for the infighting 59%
The two sides are equally losers 71%
Describe current Palestinian conditions as bad or very bad 90%
Describe current Palestinian conditions as good or very good 6%
View acts such as the kidnapping of foreigners, the burning of internet cafe's, and the bombing of foreign schools as criminal 82%
View such acts as nationalistic and deserving support 3%
In the Gaza Strip, those who view them as criminal 85%
In the Gaza Strip, those who view them as nationalistic 2%

Do you think the chances for the creation of an independent Palestinian state are medium or high, or non existent or low? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 21, 2007)

medium or high 26%
non existent or low 70%

Do you support or oppose the following statement? The PLO is the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. (PCPO, An-Najah National University)

 
February 6-May 31, 2006
July 25-27, 2007
November 15-17, 2007
Support
73.5%
68.6%

68.4%

Oppose
22.5%
26.5%
24.8%
No Opinion
3.9%
4.8%
6.8%

More than one spokesman of Hamas declared that the PLO institutions are illegitimate and do not represent the Palestinian people. Do you support or reject Hamas' position? (An-Najah National University)

 
July 25-27, 2007
November 15-17, 2007
Strongly support
9.8%
9.9%
Support
16.7%
14.8%
Reject
47.5%
44.6%
Strongly reject
19.0%
25.2%
No opinion/Don't know
7.0%
5.5%

Do you think that Hamas is serious in its demands to join the PLO? (An-Najah National University)

 
July 25-27, 2007
November 15-17, 2007
Yes
37.5%
32.9%
No
43.9%
52.4%
No opinion/Don't know
18.6%
14.6%

Do you think that there is a need to add Hamas to the institutions of the PLO? (An-Najah National University)

 
July 25-27, 2007
November 15-17, 2007
Yes
50.8%
50.4%
No
37.3%
42.4%
No opinion/Don't know
11.9%
7.2%

Do you think that Hamas will use violent means to defeat elections if the PA decides to conduct them? (An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007)

Yes 37.4%
Maybe 28.1%
No 25.5%
No opinion/Don't know 9.0%

After the declaration made by Hamas that it will abort elections if they are enacted without a national consensus (Hamas' approval), do you think that Hamas is capable of hindering elections? (An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007)

Yes 34.2%
Maybe 36.1%
No 22.0%
No opinion/Don't know 7.7%

Do you think legislative elections, if conducted, will relieve the Palestinians from the present political impasses? (An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007)

Yes 31.4%
Maybe 31.9%
No 31.6%
No opinion/Don't know 5.1%

What is your opinion about holding early legislative elections?

  An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007 An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007
Strongly support 21.6% 30.1%
Support 48.0% 38.4%
Reject 21.0% 19.9%
Strongly reject 6.3% 8.6%
No opinion/Don't know 3.2% 3.0%

What is your opinion about holding presidential elections before the end of this year?

  An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007 An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007
Strongly support 19.0% 30.0%
Support 51.1% 40.0%
Reject 20.9% 19.7%
Strongly reject 5.3% 7.3%
No opinion/Don't know 3.7% 3.1%

Do you think that Prime Minister Abbas will go ahead with conducting early presidential and legislative elections? (An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007)

Yes 54.1%
No 28.2%
No opinion/Don't know 17.7%

In its last meeting in Ramallah, the PLO Central Council authorized President Mahmoud Abbas to conduct early presidential and legislative elections. Are you in favor of this authorization? (An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007)

Yes 61.1%
No 33.4%
No opinion/Don't know 5.6%

Do you believe that there is a need to reconstruct the PLO? (An-Najah, July 25-27, 2007)

Yes 77.4%
No 16.5%
No opinion/Don't know 5.9%

Are you considering leaving the Gaza strip? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 48%
Hamas supporters 13%
Total Gaza supporters 35%

What is your opinion on having international peacekeepers in the Gaza Strip? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  Oppose
Fateh supporters 50%
Hamas supporters 93%
Total Gazan support 72%

What is your opinion on detaining Hamas supporters in the West Bank? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  Oppose
Fateh supporters 76%
Hamas supporters 100%
Total Gazan support 88%

What is your opinion on the armed military wings of political factions? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  The armed military wings of all factions should be dissolved The armed military wings should be kept as they are The military wing of Hamas should be dissolved The military wing of Fateh should be dissolved
Fateh supporters 63% 20% -- --
Hamas supporters 35% 56% -- --
Total Gazan support 54% 35% 8% 2%

Would you support a call for early Palestinian elections? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 90%
Hamas supporters 31%
Total Gazan support 65%

If elections were held today, who would you vote for? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

Fateh 45%
Hamas 22%
Other 8%
Would not vote: 25%
Hamas supporters 19%
Fateh supporters 2%

Would you support Fateh in the future if they were to reform? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 99%
Hamas supporters 60%
Total Gazan support 84%

Do you support a dialogue between Hamas and Fateh, and if so, under what conditions? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12, 2007)

  Yes
Yes, but without conditions from either side
Yes, but only after a return to the pre-June 14 situation Yes, and they should set the reform of the PLO to include Hamas Yes, but only after Hamas apologizes to Fateh
Fateh supporters 42% -- -- -- --
Hamas supporters 86% -- -- -- --
Total Gazan support 64% 46% 22% 20% 12%

Which of the following potential steps do you feel would be most effective in ending the crisis in the Gaza Strip? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  Establishing a national government based on dialogue Call for early elections
Fateh supporters 31% 53%
Hamas supporters 80% 13%
Total Gazan support 55% 34%

Has the level of problems in obtaining materials for business increased or decreased since the Hamas takeover of the Gaza Strip? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

Increased 80%

How has the Hamas takeover of the Gaza Strip affected the availability of necessary household commodities? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

More difficult to acquire 57%

Do you believe that the economy has worsened since Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 92%
Hamas supporters 24%
Total Gazan support 68%

Do you believe that the emergency government is proceeding on the right path? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 10%
Hamas supporters 91%
Total Gazan support 56%

How would you rate your level of confidence in Palestinian Prime Minister Salaam Fayyad? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  High Moderate Low
Fateh supporters 72% 26% 2%
Hamas supporters 2% 27% 71%
Total Gazan support 42% 32% 27%

Of the following, which leader do you trust more? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

Abu Mazen 63%
Ismael Haniyeh 37%

Of the following, which leader do you trust more? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

Ismael Haniya 38%
Salaam Fayyad 62%

What is your main reason behind feeling concerned? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

The internal power struggle between Hamas and Fateh 42%

Do you feel more secure after the Hamas takeover of Gaza? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

Hamas supporters 91%
Fateh Supporters 14%
Total Gazan support 57%

Do you feel more secure in regards to yourself, your family, and your property? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

Hamas supporters 86%
Fateh Supporters 20%
Total Gazan support 49% (30% in June)

Do you feel that since Hamas took power you are unable to voice your opinion freely? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 88%
Hamas supporters 12%
Total Gazan support 56%

Was the Hamas takeover of Gaza wrong? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  Yes
Fateh supporters 99%
Hamas supporters 13%
Total Gazan support 69%

Which Palestinian faction do you trust most? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

Fateh 41%
Hamas 23%
Islamic Jihad 3%
PFLP 2%
Other factions 2%
No faction 30%

Whose strategy is the best for maximizing Palestinian interest? (Poll of Gaza residents only. Near East Consulting, July 10-12)

  Fateh Hamas
Fateh Supporters 98% 2%
Hamas Supporters 8% 92%
Total Gazan Support 64% 32%

What is the most serious threat confronting the Palestinians today? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Infighting and lawlessness 56%
Poverty 21%
Israeli occupation and settlements 12%
International boycott and sanctions 10%

Do you support the Saudi Plan? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 66%
No 31%

When framed along President Clinton's terms, do you support the Saudi Plan? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 46%
No 49%

When do you think a political settlement will be reached to end the conflict? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Never, or in many generations 66%
In the next generation or decade 13%
In the next few years 13%

Do you agree that after reaching a permanent agreement to all issues of conflict, there should be mutual recognition of Israel as the state of the Jewish people and Palestine as the state of the Palestinians? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

  Truman Center, December, 2006 Truman Center, June 12-20, 2007
Yes 58% 60%
No   38%

Do you believe that a majority of your side support mutual recognition of Israel as the state of the Jewish people and Palestine as the state of the Palestinians? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 51%
No 37%

Do you believe that a majority on the other side support mutual recognition of Israel as the state of the Jewish people and Palestine as the state of the Palestinians? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 43%

Do you support a proposal to deploy international armed forces in the Gaza Strip, especially on the border with Israel and Egypt to prevent arms smuggling and rocket launching on Israel? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 35%
No 61%

Will armed conflict soon stop and negotiations resume? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 17%
Yes, but some armed attacks will continue 34%
No 41%

What are the chances of establishing a Palestinian state within the next five years? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Low or nonexistent 70%
Medium or high 26%

Should the Palestinian Authority establish a confederation with Jordan? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes.. 42%
And they should do so immediately 25%
But only after rthe establishment of an independent Palestinian state 17%
No 52%

Which of the following should the Palestinian Authority do? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Dissolve and be replaced with an international trusteeship 26%
Dissolve and return to full Israeli occupation 16%
Not dissolve 49%

Do you support deploying an international force along the borders of the Gaza Strip, Egypt, and Israel to prevent arms smuggling? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

  June, 2004 June 2007
Yes 69% 35%

Do you support the American plan proposed last month which calls for the establishment of lawa dn order and ending terrorism and rocket attacks on Israel in exchange for Israel to open border crossings, remove roadblocks, and allow the passage of people and goods between the Gaza Strip and the West Bank? (Truman Center, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 63%
No 36%

Is it possible to reach a compromise settlement with the current Israeli leadership? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 31%
No 65%

Will negotiations resume between Israel and the Palestinian Authority? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 51%

Will armed confrontations between Hamas and Fateh continue? (Truman Center/PSR, June 12-20, 2007)

Yes 76%

Feelings about the likelihood of internal fighting under Yassir Arafat: (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

Yes 10%
No 90%

What is your current level of concern about the conflict? (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

Extremely concerned 73%
Somewhat concerned 20%
Not very concerned 4%
Not concerned at all 3%

Level of depression amongst the Palestinian public? (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

Very depressed 77%
Depressed 15%
In between 2%
Contented 3%
Very contented 3%

Can Fateh and Hamas contain and end the internal crisis ? (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

Yes 49%
No 51%

Will the crisis between Hamas and Fateh end, or explode out of control? (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

It will end completely 25%
It will spiral out of control 75%

Which of the following political affiliations do you support? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

People's Party 0.50%
Democratic Front 0.50%
Islamic Jihad 2.10%
Fateh 36.40%
Hamas 14.30%
Fida 0.20%
Popular Front 3.20%
Palestinian National Initiative 0.30%
I am an independent nationalist 7.90%
I am an independent Islamist 3.20%
Non eof the above 30.60%
Others 0.80%

Under the current situation, do you feel that you, your family and your properties are secure? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 15.8%
To some extent 31.1%
No 52.8%
No opinion/Don't know 0.3%

Are you optimistic or pessimistic towards the general Palestinian condition in the present time? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Optimistic 29.7%
Pessimistic 68.8%
No opinion/Don't know 1.5%

Do you feel that the safety of your life under the current circumstances is threatened? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 56.9%
No 42.2%
No opinion/Don't know 0.9%

If you were offered the opportunity to live in the Gaza Strip now, would you accept the offer? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 7.8%
No 91.5%
No opinion/Don't know 0.7%

Do you have fears that what happened in the Gaza Strip may be transferred to the West Bank? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 67.0%
No 31.7%
No opinion/Don't know 1.3%

Do you think that Hamas is capable of managing the life affairs of people in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 26.4%
No 65.6%
No opinion/Don't know 8.0%

Now that Hamas is dominating the Gaza Strip, do you think that Qassam Brigades will resume firing rockets from the Gaza Strip towards Israel? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 37.7%
No 45.7%
No opinion/Don't know 16.7%

What is your opinion about holding presidential elections before the end of this year? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 19.0%
Support 51.1%
Reject 20.9%
Strongly reject 5.3%
No opinion/Don't know 3.7%

What is your opinion about holding legislative elections before the end of this year? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 21.6%
Support 48.0%
Reject 21.0%
Strongly reject 6.3%
No opinion/Don't know 3.2%

Do you think that presidential and legislative elections would relieve Palestinian people from the present crisis in which they caught? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 52.7%
No 38.6%
No opinion/Don't know 8.7%

If presidential elections were held today, who would you vote for? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Fateh's candidate 34.9%
Hamas' candidate 11.8%
A candidat from the left 3.0%
An independent candidate 14.3%
Will not vote 30.2%
No opinion/Don't know 5.8%

If legislative elections were held today, who would you vote for? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Fateh's candidate 34.0%
Hamas' candidate 12.7%
A candidat from the left 3.1%
An independent candidate 14.0%
Will not vote 20.5%
No opinion/Don't know 5.7%

Hamas has declared that it will not recognize the legitimacy of the emergency government that President Mahmouf Abbas formed. Do you support or reject Hamas' decision? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 27.5%
No 61.9%
No opinion/Don't know 10.7%

Which government do you feel represents you and do you consider legitimate: Ismael Hanieh's government which was dissolved by President Mahmoud Abbas formed OR the emergency government which President Mahmoud Abbas formed after declaring a state of emergency? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Hanieh 21.6%
Abbas 42.4%
Neither 29.8%
No opinion/Don't know 6.3%

Do you think what happened in the Gaza Strip was caused by outside instigation? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 67.3%
No 23.3%
No opinion/Don't know 9.4%

Do you support the fact finding committee that the Arab League formed? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Support 70.7%
Reject 24.2%
No opinion/Don't know 5.1%

What, in your opinion, are the priorities of the new emergency government (Scale of 1-10)? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Extending its control over the Gaza Strip 6.1054
Restraining the chaotic security situation in the Gaza Strip 7.8204
Restoring dialogue between Fateh and Hamas 6.4716
Improving the economic conditions 8.2793
Paying salaries to the employees 8.5481

Do you think that the emergency government will be able to extend its domination to reach the Gaza Strip in the near future? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 15.8%
Maybe 24.2%
No 55.4%
No opinion/Don't know 4.6%

Do you think that the emergency government will be able to put an end to the chaotic situation in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 29.8%
Maybe 30.1%
No 35.9%
No opinion/Don't know 4.2%

Do you support or reject the formation of an emergency gorvernment under the leadership of Salam Fayyad? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Support 71.4%
Reject 21.6%
No opinion/I don't know 7.1%

How would you describe what happened in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Skirmishes between Fateh and Hamas 12.3%
Skirmishes between one group of Fateh and one group of Hamas 24.9%
A civil war 15.4%
A war between Fateh and Hamas over sharing positions 42.2%
No opinion/Don't know 5.2%

Do you think that what Fateh did in the West Bank was a reaction to what Hamas did in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 70.6%
No 23.9%
No opinion/Don't know 5.6%

Do you think that the conditions in the Gaza Strip were in a better state before the domination of Hamas? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 34.2%
Maybe 20.3%
No 39.6%
No opinion/Don't know 5.9%

In your opinion, now that Hamas took over, how will security conditions fair in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Things will get better 19.9%
Things will get worse 57.2%
Remain the same 15.6%
No opinion/I don't know 7.2%

Do you consider what Hamas and the Executive force did in the Gaza Strip--? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

A legitimate and justified act 15.9%
An illegitimate act 49.7%
A coup against the Palestinian Authority 26.8%
No opinion/I don't know 7.6%

Do you think what Hamas did was a coup against the Palesetinian Authority? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 51.8%
No 37.4%
No opinion/Don't know 10.8%

Do you support Abbas' decision to dissolve the government? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 16.7%
Support 55.3%
Reject 16.0%
Strongly reject 6.3%
No opinion/Don't know 5.8%

Do you support Abbas' decision to declare a state of emergency? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 15.2%
Support 58.2%
Reject 16%
Strongly reject 5.8%
No opinion/Don't know 4.9

Do you support Abbas' decision to form an emergency goveernment? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 15.6%
Support 57.5%
Reject 16.2%
Strongly reject 5.8%
No opinion/Don't know 4.9%

Whose strategy best serves the Palestinian people? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Fateh Hamas
West Bank 78% 22%
Gaza Strip 61% 39%
General 70% 30%

Do you intend to immigrate? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
West Bank 22% 78%
Gaza Strip 15% 85%
General 32% 68%

What party do you trust the most? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Hamas Fateh PFLP Jihad Others None
West Bank 10% 33% 3% 2% 4% 48%
Gaza Strip 26% 32% 1% 3% 2% 36%

Do you support early presidential and PLC elections? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007)

Yes 69%
No 31%

Do you support Hamas taking full control of the Gaza strip?

  Yes No
Gaza Strip 38% 62%
West Bank 16% 84%
General 25% 75%

What party benefits from the internal conflict in the Gaza Strip?

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007
Fateh 7% 3%
Hamas 7% 11%
Israel 79% 76%
Others 7% 10%

Do you support an international presence in Gaza to stop the violence from spreading? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
Gaza Strip 30% 70%
West Bank 36% 64%
General 34% 66%

Do you support the decision of President Abbas to declare a state of emergency and dissolve the government? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
West Bank 59% 41%
Gaza 49% 51%

If you oppose the decision, what should Abu Mazen have done to solve the crisis? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  West Bank Gaza Strip
Dissolve the PA 31% 25%
Call for early elections 42% 24%
Remove the heads of the security agencies 12% 18%
Resign 10% 21%
Leave the situation as is 5% 13%

How do you feel about Abu Mazen's decision (to dissolve the government)? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Hasty decision 34%
Late decision 48%
Decision made at the right time 19%

Are external powers involved in the internal conflict?:

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007
Yes 79% 82%
No 21% 18%

Country believed to have a role in the crisis:

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007
Iran 17% 22%
Syria 5% 9%
Jordan 8% 5%
Egypt 9% 7%
Gulf States 1% 2%
Other Arab states 5% 9%
The U.S. and Israel 49% 46%
Other countries 6% --

Should Hamas maintain its position on the elimination of Israel? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
West Bank 29% 71%
Gaza 43% 57%

Do you support a peace settlement with Israel? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Support Oppose
West Bank 61% 39%
Gaza Strip 66% 34%

Has the time come for Abu Mazen to resign? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Yes 36%
No 64%

Which leader do you trust most? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Abu Mazen Ismael Hanieh
West Bank 73% 27%
Gaza Strip 50% 50%

Who do you blame for the current clashes in the Gaza Strip? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Mainly Hamas 28%
Mainly Fateh 22%
Both equally 50%

Will the crisis (in Gaza) lead to a seperation between the West Bank and Gaza? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Yes 60%
No 40%

What is the likelihood of a civil war? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Very likely 32%
Likely 32%
Unlikely 30%
Very unlikely 5%

Main cause of depression/concern:

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24, 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007
Economic hardship 12% 7%
Lack of security 25% 24%
Palestinian power struggle 53% 55%
Fateh in opposition 2% 1%
Hamas in power 3% 4%
Israeli occupation in general 2% 1%
Family problem 4% 1%
No concern -- 1%

Will the current crisis (in Gaza) spread to the West Bank? (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24, 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007
Yes 43% 55%
No 57% 45%

What is your opinion about holding presidential elections before the end of this year? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 19.0%
Support 51.1%
Reject 20.9%
Strongly reject 5.3%
No opinion/Don't know 3.7%

What is your opinion about holding legislative elections before the end of this year? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 21.6%
Support 48.0%
Reject 21.0%
Strongly reject 6.3%
No opinion/Don't know 3.2%

Do you think that presidential and legislative elections would relieve Palestinian people from the present crisis in which they caught? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 52.7%
No 38.6%
No opinion/Don't know 8.7%

If presidential elections were held today, who would you vote for? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Fateh's candidate 34.9%
Hamas' candidate 11.8%
A candidat from the left 3.0%
An independent candidate 14.3%
Will not vote 30.2%
No opinion/Don't know 5.8%

If presidential elections were held today, who would you vote for? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Fateh's candidate 34.0%
Hamas' candidate 12.7%
A candidat from the left 3.1%
An independent candidate 14.0%
Will not vote 20.5%
No opinion/Don't know 5.7%

Hamas has declared that it will not recognize the legitimacy of the emergency government that President Mahmouf Abbas formed. Do you support or reject Hamas' decision? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 27.5%
No 61.9%
No opinion/Don't know 10.7%

Which government do you feel represents you and do you consider legitimate: Ismael Hanieh's government which was dissolved by President Mahmoud Abbas formed OR the emergency government which President Mahmoud Abbas formed after declaring a state of emergency? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Hanieh 21.6%
Abbas 42.4%
Neither 29.8%
No opinion/Don't know 6.3%

Do you think what happened in the Gaza Strip was caused by outside instigation? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 67.3%
No 23.3%
No opinion/Don't know 9.4%

Do you support the fact finding committee that the Arab League formed? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Support 70.7%
Reject 24.2%
No opinion/Don't know 5.1%

What, in your opinion, are the priorities of the new emergency government (Scale of 1-10)? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Extending its control over the Gaza Strip 6.1054
Restraining the chaotic security situation in the Gaza Strip 7.8204
Restoring dialogue between Fateh and Hamas 6.4716
Improving the economic conditions 8.2793
Paying salaries to the employees 8.5481

Do you think that the emergency government will be able to extend its domination to reach the Gaza Strip in the near future? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 15.8%
Maybe 24.2%
No 55.4%
No opinion/Don't know 4.6%

Do you think that the emergency government will be able to put an end to the chaotic situation in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 29.8%
Maybe 30.1%
No 35.9%
No opinion/Don't know 4.2%

Do you support or reject the formation of an emergency gorvernment under the leadership of Salam Fayyad? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Support 71.4%
Reject 21.6%
No opinion/I don't know 7.1%

How would you describe what happened in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Skirmishes between Fateh and Hamas 12.3%
Skirmishes between one group of Fateh and one group of Hamas 24.9%
A civil war 15.4%
A war between Fateh and Hamas over sharing positions 42.2%
No opinion/Don't know 5.2%

Do you think that what Fateh did in the West Bank was a reaction to what Hamas did in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 70.6%
No 23.9%
No opinion/Don't know 5.6%

Do you think that the conditions in the Gaza Strip were in a better state before the domination of Hamas? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 34.2%
Maybe 20.3%
No 39.6%
No opinion/Don't know 5.9%

In your opinion, now that Hamas took over, how will security conditions fair in the Gaza Strip? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Things will get better 19.9%
Things will get worse 57.2%
Remain the same 15.6%
No opinion/I don't know 7.2%

Do you consider what Hamas and the Executive force did in the Gaza Strip--? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

A legitimate and justified act 15.9%
An illegitimate act 49.7%
A coup against the Palestinian Authority 26.8%
No opinion/I don't know 7.6%

Do you think what Hamas did was a coup against the Palesetinian Authority? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Yes 51.8%
No 37.4%
No opinion/Don't know 10.8%

Do you support Abbas' decision to dissolve the government? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 16.7%
Support 55.3%
Reject 16.0%
Strongly reject 6.3%
No opinion/Don't know 5.8%

Do you support Abbas' decision to declare a state of emergency? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 15.2%
Support 58.2%
Reject 16%
Strongly reject 5.8%
No opinion/Don't know 4.9

Do you support Abbas' decision to form an emergency goveernment? (An-Najah University, June 21-22, 2007)

Strongly support 15.6%
Support 57.5%
Reject 16.2%
Strongly reject 5.8%
No opinion/Don't know 4.9%

Whose strategy best serves the Paelstinian people? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Fateh Hamas
West Bank 78% 22%
Gaza Strip 61% 39%
General 70% 30%

Do you intend to immigrate? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
West Bank 22% 78%
Gaza Strip 15% 85%
General 32% 68%

What party do you trust the most? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Hamas Fateh PFLP Jihad Others None
West Bank 10% 33% 3% 2% 4% 48%
Gaza Strip 26% 32% 1% 3% 2% 36%

Do you support early presidential and PLC elections? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007)

Yes 69%
No 31%

Do you support Hamas taking full control of the Gaza strip?

  Yes No
Gaza Strip 38% 62%
West Bank 16% 84%
General 25% 75%

What party benefits from the internal conflict in the Gaza Strip?

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007
Fateh 7% 3%
Hamas 7% 11%
Israel 79% 76%
Others 7% 10%

Do you support an international presence in Gaza to stop the violence from spreading? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
Gaza Strip 30% 70%
West Bank 36% 64%
General 34% 66%

Do you support the decision of President Abbas to declare a state of emergency and dissolve the government? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
West Bank 59% 41%
Gaza 49% 51%

If you oppose the decision, what should Abu Mazen have done to solve the crisis? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  West Bank Gaza Strip
Dissolve the PA 31% 25%
Call for early elections 42% 24%
Remove the heads of the security agencies 12% 18%
Resign 10% 21%
Leave the situation as is 5% 13%

How do you feel about Abu Mazen's decision (to dissolve the government)? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Hasty decision 34%
Late decision 48%
Decision made at the right time 19%

Are external powers involved in the internal conflict?:

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007
Yes 79% 82%
No 21% 18%

Country believed to have a role in the crisis:

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17 2007
Iran 17% 22%
Syria 5% 9%
Jordan 8% 5%
Egypt 9% 7%
Gulf States 1% 2%
Other Arab states 5% 9%
The U.S. and Israel 49% 46%
Other countries 6% --

Should Hamas maintain its position on the elimination of Israel? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Yes No
West Bank 29% 71%
Gaza 43% 57%

Do you support a peace settlement with Israel? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Support Oppose
West Bank 61% 39%
Gaza Strip 66% 34%

Has the time come for Abu Mazen to resign? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Yes 36%
No 64%

Which leader do you trust most? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

  Abu Mazen Ismael Hanieh
West Bank 73% 27%
Gaza Strip 50% 50%

Who do you blame for the current clashes in the Gaza Strip? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Mainly Hamas 28%
Mainly Fateh 22%
Both equally 50%

Will the crisis (in Gaza) lead to a seperation between the West Bank and Gaza? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Yes 60%
No 40%

What is the likelihood of a civil war? (Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007)

Very likely 32%
Likely 32%
Unlikely 30%
Very unlikely 5%

Main cause of depression/concern:

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24, 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007
Economic hardship 12% 7%
Lack of security 25% 24%
Palestinian power struggle 53% 55%
Fateh in opposition 2% 1%
Hamas in power 3% 4%
Israeli occupation in general 2% 1%
Family problem 4% 1%
No concern -- 1%

Will the current crisis (in Gaza) spread to the West Bank? (Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24 2007)

  Near East Consulting, May 22 and 24, 2007 Near East Consulting, June 15 and 17, 2007
Yes 43% 55%
No 57% 45%

Are you optimistic or pessimistic towards the general Palestinian situation at this stage?: (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Optimistic
15.4%
Pessimistic
82.7%
No opinion/I don't know
1.9%

Under the current situation, do you feel that you, your family and your properties are secure?: (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Yes
7.3%
To some extent I do
26.9%
No
65.1%
No opinion/I don't know
0.7%

Under the current circumstances, in which direction has your economic situation developed?: (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Towards the best
2.6%
Towards the worst
79.5%
It stayed the same
17.9%

In your opinion how did security conditions develop within the last months?: (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Towards the best
3.9%
Towards the worst
82.2%
It stayed the same
12.9%
No opinion/I don't know
1.0%


What is your top priority at this stage? (Choose only one):
(Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Putting an end to the security mayhem
58.6%
Creating job opportunities
10.7%
Uplifting check points
7.1%
Solving the problem of salaries
16.1%
Improving public health services
1.7%
Improving public education
3.7%
Others
1.6%
No opinion/I don't know
0.5%

How do you assess the conditions of Palestinians living in the Palestinian territories at the present circumstances?: (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Excellent
0.9%
0.9%
Good
7.3%
7.3%
Bad
44.5%
44.5%
Very bad
46.4%
46.4%
No opinion/I don't know
0.8%
0.8%

Employees of the public sector resorted to resume their strike again since the current government is capable of securing their salaries. Do you support their strike? ?: (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University , May 17-19, 2007)

Yes
49.2%
No
45.9%
No opinion/ I don't know
4.8%

Level of concern about the current situation: (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Very concerned
61.4%
Concerned
29.5%
Not concerned
4.7%
Not concerned at all
4.4%

Main reason behind your feeling of concern. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Economic hardship of my household
26.1%
Absence of security for me and my family
34.5%
Internal power struggle
16.5%
Hamas in power
3.3%
Fateh in opposition
0.8%
Israeli occupation in general
13.7%
Family problems
5.1%

Main need of your household. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Security
52.3%
Employment
14.3%
Basic necessities (Food, water, etc.)
3.0%
Money
16.1%
Education
6.7%
Health and medicine
2.7%
Entertainment
3.3%
Other
1.7%

Main type of assistance that you or your household received in the past six months. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Food assistance
63.5%
Financial assistance
22.9%
Employment assistance
2.1%
Educational assistance
3.1%
Housing assistance
2.1%
Other types of assistance
6.3%

The assistance provider. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Municipality/Village council
2.2%
Another PA ministry/agency
14.1%
A local NGO/charity/religious org.
4.3%
UNRWA
50.0%
Other UN agency
12.0%
An International NGO
13.0%
An Arab government/Arab NGO
2.2%
Friends and relatives
2.2%

Feeling of security. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

More secure
13.6%
Less secure
49.7%
My feeling of security remained the same
36.6%

Who do you trust more - Abu Mazen or Ismael Hanieh? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

 
February 2007
March 2007
April 2007
Abu Mazen
51%
54.5%
55.4%
Ismael Hanieh
49%
45.5%
44.6%

Will the National Unity Government succeed in lifting the sanctions on the Palestinian Authority? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

April 2007
March 2007
Yes
47.2%
68%
No
52.8%
32%

The most important priority of the next government is: (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

End the chaos and restore security
 56.8%
Enforce the law
15.9%
Revive the economy
14.5%
Improve foreign relations with other countries
4.3%
Make peace with Israel
6.3%
Other
2.1%

Will the crisis between Fateh and Hamas end? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Will intensify
47.3%
Will be reduced
20.2%
WIll remain the same
32.5%

Will the plan to restore security by the foreign minister Hani Qawasmi succeed given the current security situation? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

It will succeed
33.6%
It will not succeed
41.4%
I don't know enough about it to decide,/never heard about it
25.1%

Perceived factional trust of the people in the neighbourhood. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Hamas
25.5%
Fatah
40.4%
Other
4.4%
No faction
29.7%

Do you most trust Fatah or Hamas? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

 
December 2006
January 2007
February 2007
March 2007
April 2007
Fatah
32%
40%
34%
37%
31%
Hamas
27%
26%
28%
26%
22%
Neither
35%
27%
33%
37%
47%

Support or opposition to a peace settlement with Israel. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

  December 2006 January 2007 February 2007 March 2007 April 2007
Yes
77%
72%
70%
68.4%
63.1%

Is there a Palestinian peace partner? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Yes
75%

Is there a peace partner for Palestinians in Israel? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Yes
25.1%

Will meetings between the different parties help in a peace settlement with Israel? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

They will help
26.2%
They will not help
73.8%

Should Hamas maintain its position on the elimination of Israel? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

  December 2006 January 2007 February 2007 March 2007 April 2007
Yes
61%
56%
51%
58%
42.8%

Support or opposition to extending the ceasefire agreement with Israel to include areas that were not included before. (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Support
83.4%
Oppose
16.6%

Should Hamas take all measures possible to reach a peace agreement with Israel? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

Yes
59.1%
No
40.9%

Would your opinion about Israel's right to exist change if there was a two-state solution whereby Palestine is on the land occupied in 1967? (Near East Consulting Institute, April 25-27, 2007)

It would change my opinion
27.7%
It would not change my opinion
72.3%

Generally, do you see yourself as: (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Supportive of the peace process
67.8%
Opposed to the peace process
15.0%
Between support and opposition
15.8%
Don't know/No response
1.5%

The following is a list of problems confronting the Palestinians today; tell us which one is the most important problem? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Spread of unemployment and poverty
32.2%
Continuation of occupation and its daily practices
24.1%
Internal anarchy
20.4%
Spread of corruption and lack of internal  reforms
22.7%
Others
0.3%
Don't know/No response
0.4%

According to the Saudi plan, Israel will retreat from all territories occupied in 1967 including Gaza the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, and a Palestinian state will be established. The refugees problem will be resoved through negotiation in a just and agreed upon manner and in accordance with UN resolution 194. In return, all Arab states will recognize Israel and its right to secure borders, will sign peace treaties with her and establish normal diplomatic relations.  Do you agree or disagree to this plan? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Certainly agree
8.4%
Agree
63.3%
Disagree
20.9%
Certainly disagree
4.8%
Don't know/No response
2.7%

Do you support or oppose the current cease fire agreement in Gaza between the Palestinians and the Israelis? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Definitely support
26%
Support
58.6%
Oppose
11.2%
Definitely Oppose
2.9%
Don't know/No response
1.3%

Do you support or oppose expanding the agreement to include the West Bank also? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Definitely support
25.8%
Support
58.3%
Oppose
11.7%
Definitely Oppose
2.7%
Don't know/No response
1.5%

Do you support or oppose a Jerusalem compromise in which the Arab neighbourhoods in Jerusalem including the old city and the Temple Mount will come under Palestinian sovereignty, the Jewish neighbourhoods including the Jewish Quarter and the Wailing Wall will come under Israeli sovereignty, East Jerusalem will become the capital of the Palestinian state and West Jerusalem the capital of Israel. (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Certainly agree
3.9%
Agree
38.8%
Disagree
44.3%
Certainly disagree
10.3%
Don't know/No response
2.7%

There is currently talk about conducting Palestinian-Israeli negotiations with the aim of establishing a Palestinian state in the Gaza Strip and about 80% to 90% of the West Bank to be followed by negations between the Palestinian state and Israel on the remaining issues such as permanent borders, refugees, holy places in Jerusalem, and others. Do you support or oppose the participation of the Palestinian Authority including the national unity government of Fateh and Hamas in such negotiations? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Certainly support
9.6%
Support
61.3%
Oppose
22.0%
Certainly oppose
4.5%
Don't know/No response
2.6%

In your view, is it possible or impossible these days to reach a compromise permanent status agreement with the Olmert government in negotiations conducted by Abu Mazin? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Certainly possible
2.1%
Possible
39.8%
Impossible
39.5%
Certainly impossible
14.8%
Don't know/No response
3.8%

Do you believe that armed confrontations so far has helped achieved Palestinian national and political rights in ways that negotiations could not achieve? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, March 22-24, 2007)

Definitely yes
12.2%
Yes
35.9%
Definitely no
42.1%
No
6.5%
Don't know/No response
3.3%

Are you optimistic or pessimistic towards the general Palestinian situation at this stage? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Optimistic
53.8%
Pessimistic
42.6%
No Opinion/I do not know
3.6%

Under the current situation, do you feel that you, your family and your properties are secure? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
13.6%
To some extent I do
36.5%
No
49.6%
No opinion/I do not know
0.4%

Under the current circumstances, in which direction has your economic situation developed? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Towards the best
7.6%
Towards the worst
62.2%
It stayed the same
30.2%

In your opinion how did security conditions develop within the last months? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Towards the best
13.2%
Towards the worst
62.8%
It stayed the same
22.1%
No opinion/I do not know
1.9%

What is your top priority at this stage? (Choose only one) (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Putting an end to the security mayhem
49.4%
Creating job opportunities
18.5%
Uplifting check points
7.6%
Solving the problem of salaries
17.5%
Improving public health services
2.9%
Improving public education
2.7%
Others
1%
No opinion/I do not know
0.4%

Do you think that the Mecca Accord ended differences between Fateh and Hamas completely? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
16.8%
No
48.8%
Maybe
31.1%
No opinion/I do not know
3.3%

Do you think that the Mecca Accord established a real partnership between all Palestinian political powers? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
45.5%
No
43.9%
No opinion/I do not know
10.6%

Do you think that Hamas is really concerned with the success of a unity government? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
61.2%
No
27.6%
No opinion/I do not know
11.3%

Do you think that Fateh is really concerned with the success of a unity government? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
55.5%
No
35%
No opinion/I do not know
9.5%

Hamas promised to introduce reform to Palestinian ministries. Do you think that it did? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
28.3%
No
62.2%
No opinion/I do not know
9.5%

How do you assess the performance of the Hamas-led Palestinian government within a year of its work? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Good
36.2%
Bad
55%
No opinion/I do not know
8.8%

There are those who say that Hamas, while in charge of the government, practiced employment on the basis of political affiliation. Do you agree? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
47.1%
No
41.2%
No opinion/I do not know
11.8%

During the year in which Hamas was in charge of the Palestinian government, do you think that it succeeded in managing Palestinian affairs? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

It succeeded
25.1%
It failed
68.1%
No opinion/I do not know
6.8%

Do you think Hamas' agreement to participate in a new government which has ministers who were accused of corruption forms a retreat from the movement's elections program which raised the slogan of "change and reform". (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes, it is a retreat
48.9%
No, it is not a retreat
40.4%
No opinion/I do not know
10.7%

Do you think that Hamas gave up many of its slogans that it raised during the elections campaign after agreeing to participate in a national unity government? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
51.9%
No
39.9%
No opinion/I do not know
8.2%

Do you think that Hamas preferred to go into the political peace process at the expense of resistance? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
53.8%
No
37.7%
No opinion/I do not know
8.5%

Do you consider Hamas' agreement to respect international resolutions and treaties that were signed with Israel a recognition of Israel? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
41.6%
No
50.1%
No opinion/I do not know
8.3%

Do you consider Khalid Mishal's declaration in which he said that Israel has become an imposed reality a recognition of Israel? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
48.4%
No
44.9%
No opinion/I do not know
6.8%

Do you consider Ismael Haniya's declaration in which he said that he would accept the creation of a Palestinian state on the 1967 occupied territories a recognition of Israel. (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
45.8%
No
46.7%
No opinion/I do not know
7.5%

Ayman Al-Thawahri accused the leadership of Hamas of "handing in" most of the area of Palestine to Israel and "selling" the Palestinian cause. He also said that Hamas uses Shari'a to keep hold of the government, that it ransacked the rights of Islamic people, that it retreated by agreeing to respect international resolutions and that its position follows the steps of Anwar Sadat, the former Egyptian president.

Do you think that Al-Thawahri's declarations will influence the popularity of Hamas among Palestinians? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

It will have a positive influence
22.1%
It will have a negative influence
55%
No opinion/I do not know
22.9%

Do you think that Al-Thawahri's declarations will influence the popularity of Hamas among Arabs and Muslims? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

It will have a positive influence
22.6%
It will have a negative influence
54.1%
No opinion/I do not know
23.3%

Do you consider the Arab Initiative for Peace which was launched in the Beirut summit conference of 2002 forms a solution for the Arab-Israeli conflict? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
26.9%
No
55.1%
No opinion/I do not know
18%

Do you think that the Israeli measures (such as incursions and check points) after the formation of the unity government will--------------? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Increase
40.7%
Decrease
17%
Remain the same
35.4%
No opinion/I do not know
6.9%

Are you content with the formation of the unity government? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

I am content
79.9%
I am not content
16.4%
No opinion/I do not know
3.8%

Do you see that the Palestinian unity government has to recognize the conditions of the Quartet including the recognition of Israel? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
39.4%
No
52.1%
No opinion/I do not know
8.5%

In your opinion, do you believe that the Palestinian unity government is capable of maintaining a solid position before the international conditions? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
53.8%
No
34.3%
No opinion/I do not know
11.8%

Do you support or reject that the role of the future government be limited to providing services to people without having anything to do with the political affairs? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

I support
27.1%
I reject
66.3%
No opinion/I do not know
6.6%

Do you think that the Palestinian unity government is capable of solving the problem of salaries? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
69.6%
No
20.8%
No opinion/I do not know
9.6%

Do you think that employees should give the Palestinian unity government the chance to secure their salaries? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
80.2%
No
16.5%
No opinion/I do not know
3.3%

Do you think that the corruption in the PA's institutions will decrease or increase through the passage of time? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

It will increase
26.5%
It will stay the same
27.1%
It will decrease
38.1%
No opinion/I do not know
8.3%

What is your assessment of the performance of the Executive Force? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Good
32.4%
Bad
53.7%
No opinion/I do not know
13.9%

In your point of view how should the new government behave towards the Executive Force? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Integrate it with the security apparatuses
61.9%
Dissolve it
30.4%
No opinion/I do not know
7.6%

Do support or reject giving the responsibilities of negotiations with Israel to the PLO only? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

I support
51.5%
I reject
42.4%
No opinion/I do not know
6.2%

Do you support or reject the reformation of the PLO so that it would include all nonmember Palestinian factions? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

I support
80.1%
I reject
14%
No opinion/I do not know
5.8%

Do you support or reject concentrating Palestinian resistance within the 1967 borders alongside with political negotiations? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

I strongly support
24.5%
I support
43.7%
I reject
22.4%
I strongly reject
3.4%
No opinion/I do not know
6.1%

Do support or reject firing rockets by Palestinian factions from the Strip against Israel? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

I strongly support
19.7%
I support
29.9%
I reject
37.5%
I strongly reject
9%
No opinion/I do not know
3.9%

Do you think that firing rockets from the Gaza Strip against Israel hurts or helps Palestinian national struggle? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

It helps
32.9%
It hurts
40.4%
It is useless
20.8%
No opinion/I do not know
6%

Under your current circumstances, do you think of emigrating to another country? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
29.4%
No
69.9%
No opinion/I do not know
0.7%

If proper conditions are made available to you to live outside Palestine, will you think of emigrating? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Yes
33.1% (41.7% in Gaza)
No
65.7%
No opinion/I do not know
1.2%

What is the main cause that would make you think of emigrating? (Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies, March 21-23, 2007)

Lack of security
28.7%
The poor economic situation
45.9%
Fear of a civil war
8.5%
The absence of a possible political breakthrough that would give some hope
13.4%
No opinion/I do not know
3.6%

In general, how optimistic or pessimistic do you feel towards the future? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 

Total (%)

West Bank (%)

Gaza (%)

Very optimistic

7.3

5.7

10.0

Optimistic

60.5

58.7

63.7

Pessimistic

23.0

25.9

17.9

Very Pessimistic

8.3

8.5

8.2

No answer

0.9

1.2

0.2

How optimistic or Pessimistic are you towards reaching a peaceful settlement for the Arab-Israeli conflict? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 

Total (%)

West Bank (%)

Gaza (%)

Very optimistic

3.7

2.8

5.2

Optimistic

41.2

43.1

38.1

Pessimistic

33.1

30.1

38.1

Very Pessimistic

20.4

21.7

18.1

No answer

1.6

2.3

0.5

In your opinion, to what extent is Mecca Agreement capable of ending the internal Palestinian crisis? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 

Total (%)

West Bank (%)

Gaza (%)

To a great extent

28.5

27.3

30.6

To an average extent

32.7

31.2

35.4

To a low extent

22.9

22.7

23.1

Not capable at all

10.0

11.1

8.2

Don’t know \ no answer

5.9

7.7

2.7

Some believe that a two-state formula is the favoured solution for the Arab-Israeli conflict, while others believe that historic Palestine can’t be divided and thus the favoured solution is a bi-national state on all of Palestine where Palestinians and Israelis enjoy equal representation and rights. Which of these solutions do you prefer?(Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 
March 2007
September 2006
June 2006
Two-state solution: an Israeli state and a Palestinian state

46.7%

46.6%
52.4%
Bi-national state on all of historic Palestine

26.5%

30.4%
23.6%
No Solution
9.7%
9.8%
9.4%
One Palestinian state

11.0%

7.0%
7.4%
Islamic state

2.0%

3.7%
2.9%
Others
0.4%
0.4%
2.0%
Don’t know
3.7%
1.6%
1.0%
No answer
0.5%
1.3%

Do you expect the unity government to be able to accomplish each of the following? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

1. End the internal chaos and lack of  security

Total

West Bank

Gaza

Yes

68.9

68.2

70.1

No

25.5

26.2

24.3

No Answer/don’t know

5.6

5.6

5.6

2. End the Economic siege

     

Yes

63.9

59.4

71.4

No

29.1

33.4

21.8

No Answer/don’t know

7.0

7.2

6.8

3. Lift international boycott

     

Yes

53.3

49.9

59.0

No

39.3

43.3

32.4

No Answer/don’t know

7.4

6.8

8.6

4. Resume the peace process

     

Yes

47.9

46.6

50.1

No

44.2

46.0

41.0

No Answer/don’t know

7.9

7.4

8.9

5. Combat corruption and undertake reform needed

     

Yes

67.8

63.0

76.0

No

26.4

31.4

17.7

No Answer/don’t know

5.8

5.6

6.3

What do you think of the role the US Secretary of State, Rice is playing in reviving the peace process? Is It? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 

Total (%)

West Bank (%)

Gaza (%)

A very positive role

0.8

0.7

1.1

A positive role

10.7

10.3

11.3

A negative role

34.3

31.2

39.7

A very negative role

48.1

53.0

39.7

Don't know

5.0

4.1

6.6

No answer

1.1

0.7

1.6

In your opinion, did the US Secretary of State Rice's efforts in the region make the image of the US? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 

Total (%)

West Bank (%)

Gaza (%)

Better than before

4.6

6.3

1.6

Worse than before

44.4

44.5

44.2

Didn't change

46.3

44.3

49.9

No Answer/don’t know

4.7

4.9

4.3

With regards to the German policy concerning the Palestinian – Israeli conflict, do you think Germany is biased more towards the Israelis, the Palestinians, or it's not biased at all? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, March 19-21, 2007)

 

Total (%)

West Bank (%)

Gaza (%)

Germany is biased more towards the Israelis

61.1

60.8

61.7

Germany is biased more towards the Palestinians

4.3

4.0

5.0

Not biased at all

21.5

21.4

21.5

No Answer/don’t know

13.1

13.8

11.8

Do you feel more or less secure since the January 2006 elections? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

  December 2006 January 2007 February 2007 March 2007
Less secure
44%
48%
51%
47%

Which Palestinian personality do you trust the most? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

 
February 2007
March 2007
Ismael Hannieh
22%
22%-
Abu Mazen
19%
23%
Marwan Barghouti
16%
16%
Khaled Masha'al
9%
7%
Mustafa Barghouti
8%
8%
Mohammad Dahlan
6%
9%
Yasser Arafat
9%
4.9%

Do you support a peace settlement with Israel? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

  December 2006 January 2007 February 2007 March 2007
Yes
77%
72%
70%
68.4%

How long will the National Unity Government last? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

Less than six months
31.0%
Six months to one year
18.7%
More than one year
50.3%

Do you believe the likelihood of civil war has increased or decreased since the Mecca Agreement? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

Increased
9.3%
Decreased
80.1%
Remained the same
10.6%

Who represents the Palestinian people? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

The PLO
66.7%
The Palestinian Authority
33.3%

Has Hamas maintained its pre-election strategy or has its strategy become more reasonable or more extreme? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

Its strategy has remained the same
22.9%
Its strategy became more reasonable
52.8%
Its strategy became more extreme
24.3%

What can the new government formed of different factions do? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

End the chaos and restore security
46.9%
Enforce the law
17.2%
Revive the economy
16.2%
Improve foreign relations with other countries
6.8%
Make peace with Israel
4.1%
Other
2.1%
They will do nothing
6.6%

Should Hamas agree with Israel's conditions regarding the release of Gilad Shaleet? (Near East Consulting, March 19, 2007)

Yes
42.7%
No
57.3%

How would you describe the current economic situation of your family? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Very Good
3.3%
Good
16.7%
Fair
35.7%
Bad
27.2%
Very Bad
17%

Are you optimistic or pessimistic? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Optimistic
47.2%
In between
25%
Pessimistic
27%
Don't know
0.8%

Do you believe that Palestinian society is heading in the right direction? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Yes
39.7%
No
54.8%
Don't know
5.6%

Do you feel secure for yourself, your family and property? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Yes
18.8%
In between
21.7%
No
58.8%
Don't know
0.7%

How do you rate the performance of President Mahmoud Abbas? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Good
39.6%
Fair
30%
Weak
30.3%

How do you rate the performance of Prime Minister Ismael Hanneya? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Good
46.4%
Fair
28.6%
Weak
25%

Regarding Mahmoud Abbas's presidency, would you say that his actions and positions conform?(Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Most with the interests of Fatah
43.3%
Most with the interests of the Palestinian people, in general
50.6%
Unsure
6.1%

Regarding Ismael Hanneya, the prime minister, would you say that his actions and positions conform? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Most with the interests of Hamas
43.8%
Most with the interests of the Palestinian people, in general
50.5%
Unsure
5.7%

Do you believe that the Mecca Agreement (signed by Fatah and Hamas) will stop the fighting? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Yes
43.5%
Temporarily
45.1%
No
11.3%

Do you have information about the Mecca Agreement? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Yes, I know the details
7.4%
Yes, I know the main articles
24.7%
I have heard about it, but am not familiar with the main articles
58.7%
I have not heard about it
9.2%

Do you believe that there is a real chance to form a unity government? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Yes
72.8%
No
23.4%
No opinion
3.8%

Do you believe that the anticipated unity government will be capable of achieving the following goals? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

  Yes (%) Yes to some extent (%) No (%) I don't know (%)
Lifting the international boycott of the Palestinians
34.1
31.8
31.8
2.3
Reinforcing the rule of law and dealing with the security chaos
42.5
25.8
29.1
2.6
Achieving progress in the negotiations with Israel
27.1
19.5
49.7
3.8
Representing all Palestinians
45.3
21.5
29.5
3.7
Reinforcing democracy and freedoms
45.3
17.1
34.3
3.3
Reforming institutions and uprooting corruption
49.2
20.0
28.7
2.1
Improving economic and living conditions
45.5
24.0
28.4
2.1
Organizing popular resistance against the wall and the settlements
35.3
15.7
45.3
3.8

Do you believe that: (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

  Yes (%) Yes to some extent (%) No (%) I don't know (%)
Israel will place obstacles in the way of the new unity government
87.1
6.3
5.1
1.5
The United States will place obstacles in the way of the new unity government
87.9
5.6
5.1
1.4
The EU will place obstacles in the way of the new unity government
51.5
26.2
17.3
5.0
Iinternal political obstacles will stand in the way of the unity government's success
54.8
20.1
22.1
3.1

Which of the following mechanisms proposed for the management/settlement of the conflict with Israel is in your view the most sensible means for realizing the national liberation and the establishment of a Palestinian state? (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

Armed Resistence
15.3%
Negotiations
21.1%
Combination of armed resistance and negotiations
39.3%
Peaceful popular resistance and negotiations side-by-side
21.9%
Don't know
2.4%

Please rank the following priorities of the Palestinian society (for the coming 1-3 years): (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

  Important (%) Important to some extent (%) Not important (%) No opinion (%)
End occupation and establish an independent Palestinian state
91
5.5
3.2
0.4
Lay the foundations for national unity and maintain the cohesiveness of the Palestinian society
94
4.7
1.0
0.3
Enhance the economic conditions and reduce unemployment and poverty rates
95.7
3.5
0.7
0.1
Achieve progress in the negotiations and ultimately reach a comprehensive peace agreement
85.6
8.3
5.7
0.5
Realize democracy and enhance public and personal freedoms
87.6
8.0
3.7
0.7
End internal chaos and vigilantism
96.4
2.4
0.6
0.5
Fight corruption within the Palestinian political system
94.6
4.1
1.1
0.2
Preserve social norms and traditions as well as the religious values
90.4
7.4
1.8
0.5
Promote the status of Palestinian women and marginalized social groups
84.6
11.4
3.3
0.7
Enhance Palestinian diplomatic relations and secure financial support
92.5
5.0
1.8
0.7

Please evaluate the following statements on the impact of civil and political forces: (Birzeit University Development Studies Programme, February 22-24, 2007)

  True (%) Somewhat True (%) False (%)
Palestinian NGOs are incapable of having a significant impact on the current Palestinian crisis
50.3
26.2
23.5
In view of the severe polarization between Hamas and Fatah, there is a need to establish a third political way that brings together all the Palestinian democratic forces
52.5
13.0
34.6
It is better to shift all basic services to the Palestinian civil society to avoid a situation in which these services are affected by the political situation
66.9
15.2
17.9
Enhancing the role of the civil society and the public sector would contribute to the alleviation of the current state of political standoff/tension within the Palestinian society
82
11.2
6.8
There is a policy of exclusion practiced against groups which are neither affiliated with Fatah and represented by the presidency, nor affiliated to Hamas and represented by the government.
70.8
14.0
15.2

Do you support the Mecca agreement? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Yes
94%

Do you believe the Mecca agreement will hold? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Yes
79%

Do you believe that the envisaged Unity government in the Mecca agreement will succeed? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Yes
79%

Who do you believe benefited fromt the Mecca agreement? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Hamas
19%
Fatah
20%
Both
38%
The Palestinian people
23%

How concerned are you about the current situation in the West Bank and Gaza?(Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Extremely concerned
55%
Somewhat concerned
30%

What most concerns you? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

  December 2006 January 2007 February 2007
Economic hardship that their household is facing
32%
18%
19%
General absence of security for their families
30%
26%
31%
Internal power struggle
21%
42%
29%

Do you believe the Executive Force should be integrated within the other security forces? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

 
January 2007
February 2007
Yes
79%
82%

Following the recent Mecca agreement, do you feel secure or insecure with respect to yourself, your family, or your property? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Insecure
75%

Do you support the planned meeting on 19 February between Abu Mazen, Ehud Olmert, and Condaleeza Rice? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Yes
62%

Does Israel have a right to exist? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

No
75%

Do you support a one-state solution in historic Palestine where Muslims, Christians and Jews live together with equal rights and responsibilities? (Near East Consulting, February 12-15, 2007)

Yes
70%

Up to which extent are you worried about the naked subsistence of your family at present? (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

Very worried
45.2%
Worried
36.3%
Not so worried
13.0%
Not worried at all
5.2%
Don't know
.3%

Should donor countries? (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

The governments of the US and the EU should continue their financial and economical aid to the Palestinian government
81.5%
The governments of the US and the EU should halt aid to the Palestinian government
15.9%
Hesitated to answer
2.6%

Up to which extent the US-American and European financial and economical aid contribute in general to the well-being of the Palestinian people? (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

High degree
37%
Mediocre degree
48.1%
Unimportant degree
12.4%
Nil
2.5%

What would be your view of the EU and the USA if the financial assistance is resumed: (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

View would be highly positive
42.4%
View would be moderately positive
31%
View would remain unchanged
25.6%
Declined to answer
1%

The general economic condition in the Palestinian territories are: (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

Good
3%
Mediocre
22.5%
Bad
74%
Declined to answer
.5%

How was your financial condition in 2006 compared to 2005? (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

Worse
68.3%
Better
6.7%
Remained the same
24.8%
Declined to answer
.2%

Do you expect your financial condition in 2007 to: (PCPO, January 20-25, 2007)

Be better than in the foregoing year
28.2%
Be worse than in the foregoing year
35%
Be at the same level as the last year
28.7%
Declined to answer
8.1%

Who do you blame for recent internal problems? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

Hamas
24%
Fatah
22%
Both
54%

Who do you blame with respect to the security agency? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

Executive Force of Hamas
30%
Preventive Security
15%
Other security agencies
5%
All of the above
37%

Who should be responsible for the security forces? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

President
50%
Prime Minister
28%
Both
23%

Do you believe a civil war is likely? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

  December 2006 January 2007
No
59%
56%

When do you believe the crisis between Fatah and Hamas will end? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

January 2007
February 2007
It will end soon
76%
76%

Do you support Abu Mazen's call for presidential elections? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

Strongly support
22%
Support to a certain extent
35%

Do you support Abu Mazen's call for PLC elections? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

Strongly support
23%
Support to a certain extent
35%

Do you believe a call for elections will lead to an intensification of the current internal crisis? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

Yes
63%

Do you believe that Palestinian leaders are doing enough to end the crisis between Fatah and Hamas? (Near East Consulting, January 12-15, 2007)

 
Doing Enough
Abu Mazen
53%
Haniyyeh
52%

Up to which extent are you concerned about your personal security? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Too much worried
38.2%
Worried
42.2%
Not so much worried
14.1%
Not worried at all
5.5%

How do you see the prevailing security condition compared with that prior to the taking-over of the post of the Prime Minister by the present government?(PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Worse
76.1%
Better
22.8%
Don't know
1.1%

Is there a link between violence and the halt of the financial assistance? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

It will further increase the severity of violence in the region
77.2%
It will curtail the violence
8.5%
Its cut-off now is not effecting the violence at all
13.8%
No response
0.5 %

Do you believe that the security condition at present is worse than it was a year ago? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Yes
76.0%

Are you in favor or not in favor of conducting presidential elections at present? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Strongly in favor
34.2%
Somewhat in favor
25.3%
Somewhat opposed
19.8%
Strongly opposed
20.0%
Don't know
0.7 %

Who - according to your opinion - would be the favorite candidate of Fatah for the PA presidency in the coming presidential elections? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Marwan Bargouthi
39.2%
Mahmoud Abbas
38.7%
Ahmed Qurei
2.9%
Others
6.7%
Don't know
12.5%

Whom do you think would be the favorite candidate of Hamas for the PA presidency in the next presidential elections? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Ismael Haniyyeh
50.5%
Aziz El-Duwaik
15.5%
Mahmoud Azzahar
9.2%
Others
6.9%
Don't know
17.9%

Who is your favorite candidate for the PA presidency in the next presidential elections? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Mahmoud Abbas
35%
Ismael Haniyyeh
26.6%
Marwan Bargouthi
21.8%
Aziz El-Duwaik
2.4%
Mahmoud Azzahar
1.3%
Ahmed Qurei
1.0%
Others
5.3%
Don't know
6.6%

Are you in favor or not in favor of holding new PLC elections at present? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Strongly in favor
38.1%
Somewhat in favor
22.6%
Somewhat opposed
14.3%
Strongly opposed
24.3%
Don't know
0.7 %

Was it a right or wrong decision for Hamas to take part in the Palestinian Authority? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Right decision
41.0%
Wrong decision
53.4%
No answer
5.6%

A year after the present government being in office, has your conviction that this government would ever be successful in the implementation of its below-mentioned election campaign promises become bolstered or rather fainted?(PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

  Reform and Change One hand builds, the other hand resists To put an end to the lawlessness To put an end to the corruption
Bolstered
33.8%
30.2%
23.7%
32.9%
Fainted
64.7%
67.8%
74.3%
65.2%
Don't know
1.5%
2%
2%
1.5%

Whom do you think should be held responsible for the prevailing Palestinian crisis?(PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Israel
25.6%
The persistence of Hamas in its positions
21.5%
The American intervention
19.3%
The hesitation of the Prime Minister to take bold decisions in dealing with the crisis
11.5%
The weak position of the PA president in ruling the crisis
10.3%
The persistence of Fatah in its positions
9.3%
The Arab position
1.9%
I don't know
0.6%

Do you believe the political conditions at present are as "bad' compared with those conditions before the year 2006 or better? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

As bad
74%
Better
24.2%
No comment
1.8%

Do you believe the relations between the Palestinian factions at present compared with those of the year 2005 are worse than those conditions before the year 2006 or better? (PCPO, January 2-9, 2007)

Worse
76.6%
Better
20.9%
No comment
2.5%

Do you prefer an interim settlement establishing a Palestinian state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip or a peace treaty that would resolve all issues, including refugees? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, December 11-16, 2006)

A peace treaty that would resolve all issues, including refugees
81%

Do you support or oppose the Quartet's Roadmap for Peace? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, December 11-16, 2006)

Support
49%

Have you heard of the Arab League (Saudi) plan? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, December 11-16, 2006)

No
44%

Does Kassam rocket fire from the Gaza Strip serve Palestinian Interests? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, December 11-16, 2006)

Serves Palestinian Interests
48%
Damages Palestinian Interests
48%

Do you expect:(Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, December 11-16, 2006)

Negotiations will resume soon and armed confrontations will stop
19%
Negotiations will resume accompanied by some attacks
38%
Violence will continue and negotiations will not be renewed
37%

Do you support or oppose a peace agreement with Israel? (Near East Consulting, October 4-8, 2006)

  October 2006 September 2006 August 2006
Support 68% 64% 51%
Oppose 32% 36% 49%

How do you feel about the suicide bombings operations against Israeli civilians? Do you strongly support it, somewhat support it, somewhat oppose it or strongly oppose it? (Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, September 19-21, 2006)

Strongly support 22.5%
Somewhat support 25.5%
Somewhat Oppose 32.1%
Strongly Oppose 17.8%

Do you support the resumption of the military operations against Israeli targets as a suitable response within the current political conditions, or do you reject them and find them harmful to the Palestinian national interests?(Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, September 19-21, 2006)

Suitable response 43.1%
I reject them 53.2%

Do you support or oppose copying or cloning Hezbollah’s experience in resistance to be used inside the Palestinian territories?(Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, September 19-21, 2006)

I support 59.3%
I oppose 31.7%

Some believe that Hezbollah achieved a victory in the Lebanon war while others believe that Israel achieved a victory, and a third party thinks that neither side achieved any decisive victory. What do you think?(Jerusalem Media & Communication Center, September 19-21, 2006)

Hezbollah achieved a victory 76.3%
Israel achieved a victory 2.3%
Neither side achieved any decisive victory 18.8%

Do you think the war in Lebanon strengthened or weakened the willingness of Palestinians to resort to armed resistance against Israel? (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, September 14-16, 2006)

Strengthened
73%
Weakened
5%
No effect
20%

Do you believe that the halt of the financial assistance would accelerate the degree of violence in the region or have no effect? (PCPO, July 22-29, 2006)

It will increase it
68.8%
It will decrease it
9.9%
It will have no effect at all
20.2%
No answer
1.1%

Are you optimistic or pessimistic the future improvement of your economic conditions? (PCPO, July 22-29, 2006)

Pessimistic
58.2%
Optimistic
40.3%
Don't Know
1.5%

Do believe that the consensus reached on the Prisoners’ Document may constitute a substantial step towards the start of serious peace negotiations with Israel with the target of reaching a final solution? (PCPO, July 22-29, 2006)

Yes
58.6%
No
37.5%
No answer
3.9%

Do you favor or oppose President Mahmoud Abbas’ call for a halt of firing Al-Qassam rockets from the Gaza Strip at Israeli territories? (PCPO, July 22-29, 2006)

Favor
47.8%
Oppose
49.9%
No answer
2.3%

Do you believe that the international observers’ team monitoring the Rafah border-crossing are acting according to Israel’s wish or are they running the border-crossing impartially? (PCPO, July 22-29, 2006)

According to Israel’s wish
66.7%
Impartial
31.3%
Don't Know
2.0%

What is the extent of your support at present to the positions of the PA-President, Mr. Mahoud Abbas? (PCPO, July 22-29, 2006)

I strongly support him
26.3%
Somewhat support him
43.7%
Somewhat don’t support him
20.3%
Strongly don’t support him
9.2%
Don't Know
0.5%

Do you support the further kidnapping of Israelis civilians? (JMCC, July 9, 2006)

Yes
66.8
No
33.2

Do you support the continued Qassam rocket fire into Israel? (JMCC, July 9, 2006)

Yes
60
No
36
Don't Know
4

Given the current situation in which 8 PA Ministers and 20 PLC members have been arrested in the latest military invasion, what should Abu Mazen do? (NEC Poll, June 30, 2006)

Call for an emergency government
46
Dissolve the PA
8
Call for international control
20
Let the situation take its course
22
Hand-over control to Jordan & Egypt
4

In light of the situation, some people are calling upon Abu Mazen to take full control over the government, do you agree or disagree? (NEC Poll, June 30, 2006)

Agree
50
Disagree
50

Do you support or oppose the Prisoners’ Document? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
74
Oppose
23
Undecided
3

Do you support or oppose an Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with the exception of some settlement areas in less than 3% of the West Bank that would be swapped with an equal amount of territory from Israel? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
54
Oppose
44
Undecided
2

Do you support or oppose a refugee settlement in which both sides agree that the solution will be based on UN resolutions 194 and 242? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
41
Oppose
55
Undecided
4

Do you support or oppose a Jerusalem compromise in which East Jerusalem would become the capital of the Palestinian state with Arab neighborhoods coming under Palestinian sovereignty and Jewish neighborhoods coming under Israeli sovereignty? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
35
Oppose
63
Undecided
2

Do you support or oppose the establishment of an independent Palestinian state that would have no army, but would have a strong security force and would have a multinational force deployed in it to ensure its security and safety? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
25
Oppose
74
Undecided
1

Do you support or oppose a compromise whereby the Palestinian state would have sovereignty over its land, water, and airspace, but Israel would have the right to use the Palestinian airspace for training purposes, and would maintain two early warning stations in the West Bank for 15 years? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
40
Oppose
57
Undecided
3

Do you support or oppose a compromise on ending the conflict that would state that when the permanent status agreement is fully implemented, it will mean the end of the conflict and no further claims will be made by either side? With the parties recognizing Palestine and Israel as the homelands of their respective peoples? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
58
Oppose
40
Undecided
2

Do you agree or disagree that after reaching a permanent agreement to all issues of the conflict, there should be mutual recognition of Israel as the state for the Jewish people and Palestine as the state for the Palestinian people? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Agree
61
Disagree
36
Undecided
3

Do you support or oppose the Road Map? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
52
Oppose
43
Undecided
5

Do you support or oppose the collection of arms from Palestinian armed factions as mandated by the Road Map? (PSR, June 26, 2006)

Support
58
Oppose
39
Undecided
3

The goal of the Palestinian people is to establish an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital in all areas occupied in 1967, to guarantee the right of return, and to release all prisoners, all in accordance with international legitimacy. (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 19, 2006)

Support
85
Opposition
14
Don't know
1

Palestinian people have the right to resist occupation by all means but resistance should be concentrated in the lands occupied since 1967 and negotiations and popular resistance should continue. (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 19, 2006)

Support
73
Opposition
24
Don't know
3

Negotiations with Israel is the responsibility of the PLO and the president of the PA and agreements reached should be submitted to a vote in the PLO National Council or to a referendum. (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, June 19, 2006)

Support
62
Opposition
34
Don't know
4

The actual referendum question: Do you support the National Consensus Agreement (Prisoners' Agreement)? (NEC, June 3-11, 2006)

Yes
59.5
No
40.5

Support or opposition to the Prisoners' Agreement. (NEC)

 
5/19/06
5/27/06
6/2/06
6/11/06
Support
80
89
76
65
Oppose
20
11
24
35

Expectations about the on-going national dialogue. (NEC)

 
5/27/06
6/2/06
6/11/06
It will succeed
65
53
50.5
It will fail
35
47
49.5

Support or opposition to Abu Mazen's call for a referendum. (NEC)

 
5/27/06
6/2/06
6/11/06
Support
81
76
59
Oppose
19
24
41

Vote in favour or against the Prisoners' Agreement. (NEC)

 
5/27/06
6/2/06
6/11/06
I would vote in favor
85
77
60.9
I would vote against
15
23
39.1

Trust in Abu Mazen versus trust in Ismael Hanieh. (NEC)

 
4/22/06
5/19/06
5/27/06
6/2/06
6/11/06
Abu Mazen
52.8
51
62
55
54.4
Ismael Hanieh
47.2
49
38
45
45.6

Support or opposition to two-state solution according to the 1967 borders. (NEC)

 
5/27/06
6/2/06
6/11/06
Support
71
64
54.5
Oppose
29
36
45.5

Belief that a referendum is a good mean to end the crisis. (NEC, June 3-11, 2006)

It is a good mean
55.6
It is a bad mean
44.4

Attitude towards the correctness of the decision by the al-Qassam Brigades to end the 'hudna'. (NEC, June 3-11, 2006)

It is a correct decision
60.6
It is an incorrect decision
39.4

If in opposition to the referendum, was that the case last week or not? (NEC, June 3-11, 2006)

I opposed a referendum last week
60.4
I withdrew support due to the Israeli attacks on civilians
17.4
I oppose the ref because it will not solve anything
13.5
I withdrew support as I have doubts
8.7

Feeling of security since Hamas won the PLC elections. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

 
1/27/06
4/229/06
5/21/06
I feel more secure
34.4
25.9
28
I feel less secure
28.6
31.7
34.7
My feeling of security remained the same
28.0
42.5
37.3
DK/NA
8.9
   

The main reason behind the feeling of insecurity... (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Deterioration in the economic situation of my household
31.1
Chaos in internal security
34.2
Health reasons
0.8
Lack for future prospects for the children & others
2.3
Israeli occupation
6
Lawlessness
6
I feel secure
19.5

Excluding the factor of Israeli occupation, what would improve your feeling of security? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

An improvement of the role and empowerment of the security
32.6
Dismantling the factional military wings
20.1
Keeping weapons only with the security forces
33.6
An improvement in the economic situation
13.7

Impact of the establishment of a new security force on the security situation. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

It will improve the security situation
62.1
It will worsen the security situation
37.9

Abu Mazen decreed that no additional security force should be established, while Ismael Hanieh said that the new back-up force should stay, who should back down. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Abu Mazen
54.1
Ismael Hanieh
45.9

What in your opinion is more important: to keep weapons to resist Israel or to seize weapons to improve Palestinian internal security? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

To keep weapons to resist Israel
37.1
To seize weapons to improve internal security
62.9

Support or opposition to the integration of all factional military wings in the Palestinian security forces. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Support
80.5
Oppose
19.5

Who should control the Palestinian security forces? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

The President
46.6
The PA cabinet
53.4

Opinion about the decision by the Ministry of Interior to establish a new security force. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

To help the security situation
63.3
To compete with already existing security forces
36.7

In terms of effectiveness, level of satisfaction with the current and previous Ministries of Interior. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

I am satisfied with the current Ministry of Interior
40.1
I am satisfied with the previous Ministry of Interior
28.5
There is no difference between the two
31.4

Do Palestinians have a peace partner in Israel? (NEC)

 
4/229/06
5/21/06
Yes
13
21.7
No
87
78.3

Is there a Palestinian peace partner? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Yes
62
No
38

Priorities for the Hamas-led government. (NEC)

 
1/27/06
4/229/06
5/21/06
Solving the unemployment/poverty problem 12.4
20.8
18.1
Reaching a peace agreement with Israel 6.5
4.0
4.1
Combating corruption 29.8
14.9
8.0
Resisting occupation 3.0
6.8
3.4
Ending chaos in security 12.9
32.1
45.7
Implementing Islamic law 2.1
1.6
3.1
The refugee issue 4.6
2.3
2.4
The wall 1.3
3.5
2.0
Prisoners 11.2
10.3
5.8
Settlements 0.1
1.4
2.9
Other 2.3
2.4
4.6

Future prospects for the Hamas-led PA government. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

It will collapse within six months
28.1
It will stay in power for its term
45.1
It will step down
4.9
The president will dissolve the government and establish
9.3
A national Coalition government will be established
12.7

Ability of the Hamas-led PA government to pay the salaries of the PA employees. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Able
38
Unable
62

Who is to blame for the current security crisis in the Gaza Strip? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Hamas
22.8
Fatah
30.5
Both are responsible
46.8

elief that the current security crisis in the Gaza Strip will spread to the West Bank. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Yes
43.7
No
56.3

he likelihood of a civil war. (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Very likely
10.6
Likely
34.3
Unlikely
40.8
Very unlikely
14.2

hould Hamas maintain its position on the elimination of Israel? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Yes
40.8
No
59.2

actional Trust (NEC)

4/6/06
4/22/06
5/21/06
Hamas
39
46.3
42.4
Fateh
21.1
33.7
33.5
PFLP
1.9
2.4
1.6
Others
1.8
2.5
2.9
I trust no faction
36.2
15.1
19.6

Do you, your family or your property feel threatened? (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Yes
61.9
No
38.1

upport or opposition to the Prisoner agreement [IMRA: the "National Accord Document"] that was reached between Fateh and Hamas (Marwan Bargouthi and Natcheh) (NEC, May 19-21, 2006)

Support
79.9
Oppose
20.1

Compared with before the PLC elections of January 2006, do you feel more or less secure?(ALL PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

More Secure
13.9
Less Secure
40.6
No Change
45.5

How do you evaluate the role of the following parties in leading to the current crises? Did they play ... in leading to the crisis? [inter-Palestinian strife in Gaza] (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

ISRAEL

A Primary Role
95.7
A Moderate Role
2.2
No Role
2.2

How do you evaluate the role of the following parties in leading to the current crises? Did they play ... in leading to the crisis? [inter-Palestinian strife in Gaza] (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

THE UNITED STATES

A Primary Role
94.8
A Moderate Role
3.1
No Role
2.1

How do you evaluate the role of the following parties in leading to the current crises? Did they play ... in leading to the crisis? [inter-Palestinian strife in Gaza] (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

THE EUROPEAN UNION

A Primary Role
76.4
A Moderate Role
18.1
No Role
5.6

How do you evaluate the role of the following parties in leading to the current crises? Did they play ... in leading to the crisis? [inter-Palestinian strife in Gaza] (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

THE ARAB COUNTRIES

A Primary Role
58.5
A Moderate Role
27.6
No Role
14

How do you evaluate the role of the following parties in leading to the current crises? Did they play ... in leading to the crisis? [inter-Palestinian strife in Gaza] (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

FATAH

A Primary Role
33.5
A Moderate Role
30.1
No Role
36.5

How do you evaluate the role of the following parties in leading to the current crises? Did they play ... in leading to the crisis? [inter-Palestinian strife in Gaza] (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

HAMAS

A Primary Role
32.8
A Moderate Role
19.8
No Role
47.4

What is the best means to transfer money from international donors to the Palestinian society? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Through the President's office
18.8
Through an international institution such as the World Bank
26
None of these two choices, but through the Ministry of Finance
49
Don't know
6.2

In dealing with the current crisis faced by the Palestinians, which one of these proposals do you support? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Continuation of the current Hamas-led government
21
Forming a unified government with all political parties
63.7
Forming a technocratic government of independents
11.6
Don't know
3.7

As to funding the Palestinian National Authority, which one of these two directions do you support? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Hamas continues to reject recognizing Israel, while reaching out to countries like Iran and the Arab world to get funding
60.8
Hamas recognizes Israel and continue to receive funding from the international community
31
Others
8.2

Do you believe that the current government is handling the issue of international funding..? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Appropriately
26.2
Somewhat Appropriately
31.5
Not Appropriately
33.9
Don't know
8.4

Do you support or oppose the following statement? The PLO is the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian People. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Support
73.5
Oppose
22.5
No Opinion
3.9

Do you support or oppose the following statement? Hamas and Islamic Jihad joining the PLO. (ALL PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
82.5
To Some Extent
15
No
2.5

Do you support or oppose the following statement? The establishment of a Palestinian state on the occupied territories of 1967. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
84.2
To Some Extent
13.6
No
2.2

Do you support or oppose the following statement? Forming a national unity government with all political forces represented. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
90.7
To Some Extent
7.1
No
2.2

Do you support or oppose the following statement? Commitment to resistance with a focus in the occupied territories. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
83.4
To Some Extent
12.6
No
4

Do you support or oppose the following statement? A Palestinian united political initiative on the basis of a national unity program and international legality. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
89.6
To Some Extent
6.8
No
3.6

Do you support or oppose the following statement? Reforming and modernizing the security apparatus. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
94
To Some Extent
3.6
No
2.4

Do you support or oppose the following statement? Protecting and reinforcing the PNA as the core for the future Palestinian state. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
91.4
To Some Extent
5.6
No
2.9

Do you support or oppose the following statement? Commitment to democracy and to regular elections. (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
94.1
To Some Extent
3.8
No
2.1

Do you support or oppose that the (Prisoners' Declaration) be the basis for a national unity program? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Support
81.1
Oppose
13
No Opinion
5.9

Do you support or oppose that President Mahmoud Abbas calls for a referendum in case that the national dialogue does not reach a fruitful ending? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Support
76.8
Oppose
18.5
No Opinion
4.8

If a referendum is about adopting the (Prisoners' Declaration) as a basis for national consensus, will you vote (Yes) or (No)? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Yes
77
No
13.3
Don't Know
9.7

Which of the following political groups do you support? (PCPO, 2/6-5/31, 2006)

Fateh
35.7
Hamas
32.7
Independent, with Islamic leaning
4.1
Independent, with Fateh leaning
2.8
PFLP
2.3
Islamic Jihad
1
DFLP
0.5
Independent Palestine
0.4
Feda
0.3
Third Way
0.2
Other Islamic Factions
0.2
PPP
0.1
Other Leftist Faction
0.1
Independent, with Leftist leaning
0.1
Other National Faction
0
None
19.5

Preferred system of government for Palestine (NEC)

 
4/6/06
4/22/06
A European country
20.5
18.7
An Arab country
16.9
29.2
The US
5.0
0.7
An Islamic non-Arab country
36.9
35.8
A communist country
0.7
1.6
Japan
0.7
0.9
An Asian country
0.9
1.3
A Latin American country
0.6
0.9
Islamic Caliphate
14.5
9

Support or opposition to the establishment of a new security force by the Hamas Government (NEC, April 22, 2006)

Support
59.7
Oppose
40.3

Correctness of Abu-Mazen's decision to reject the establishment of a new security force by the Hamas Government (NEC, April 22, 2006)

It is a correct decision
42.2
It is not a correct deceision
57.8

Correctness or exaggeration of Mashaal's insinuations that Fateh and Abu Mazen are collaborating with Israel to weaken the Hamas Government (NEC, April 22, 2006)

These are correct statements
26.2
They are exaggerated statements
38.4
These are incorrect statements
35.4

The restrictions imposed by the UN on its dealing with the Palestinian government contradict the international regulations. (PCPO, April 14, 2006)

Agree
62.5
Disagree
33.2
No Response
4.3

The suspension of the financial and economical aid will increase the rate of violence in the region. (PCPO, April 14, 2006)

It will enhance it
59.8
It will decrease it
20.8
It will have no effect at all
19.1
No Response
0.3

The attitude of the Israeli government in regard to the suspension of all contacts with the Palestinian government will.... (PCPO, April 14, 2006)

Weaken the Hamas government
47.7
Strengthen the Hamas government
50.2
No Opinion
2.1

"In the light of the grave Israeli escalation against the Palestinian people and the corresponding declaration of the Israeli government about the suspension of its relations with the Palestinian Authority, and the resolutions of the governments of the US and EU to the effect of halting the financial and economical aid to the Palestinian people, what should - according to your opinion - the Palestinians do at present ? (PCPO, April 14, 2006)

Dissolve the Palestinian Authority
17.9
PA-President, Mr. Abbas, to resign and new presidential elections to be held
17.9
Form a government of national unity
46.7
The present Palestinian government should resign and to run new legislative elections
16.7
No Opinion
0.8

Do you agree or disagree to the following statement of the US-Secretary of State Department, Condoleezza Rice, "Because the new Hamas-led Palestinian government has failed to accept the Quartet principles of nonviolence, recognition of Israel and respect for previous agreements between the parties, the United States is suspending assistance to the Palestinian government's cabinet and ministries." (PCPO, April 14, 2006)

Strongly Agree
13.1
Somewhat Agree
28.6
Somewhat Disagree
22.8
Strongly Disagree
35.0
Don't Know
0.5

"After the formation of the present Palestinian government under Mr. Ismael Haniyyeh as Prime Minister, are you - upon viewing a possible improvement of the economical conditions - more optimistic or more pessimistic than in the past ?" (PCPO, April 14, 2006)

More optimistic
24.3
Same Optimism as in the past
31.3
Same Pessimism as in the past
20.0
More pessimistic
23.1
Don't Know
1.3

Do you believe a permanent peace agreement with the Israelis can be achieved in the near future (within 4 years of less)? (PCPO, April 10, 2006)

West Bank
Gaza Strip
Total
I am certain it is not possible.
18.80
28.00
22.30
I think it is not possible.
53.80
25.70
43.10
I think it is possible.
21.20
31.50
25.10
I am certain that it is possible.
5.50
13.60
8.60
I don't know or think differently.
0.70
1.20
0.90

Do you believe or not believe that your personal actions can contribute towards reaching a permanent peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians? (PCPO, April 10, 2006)

West Bank
Gaza Strip
Total
I am certain that I cannot impact the process.
13.30
18.70
15.40
I think I cannot impact the process.
30.20
27.20
29.10
Perhaps yes, perhaps no.
28.60
40.90
33.20
I think I can impact the process.
23.30
8.90
17.90
I am certain that I can impact the process.
4.30
2.70
3.70
I don't know or think differently.
0.20
1.60
0.70

There are those who say this conflict is mainly a conflict of Israelis vs. Palestinians, and there are those who say that the real conflict is between the moderate majority that wants peace on both sides vis a vis violent extremist groups that do not want peace. With which group do you agree more? (PCPO, April 10, 2006)

West Bank
Gaza Strip
Total
with the perspective that the conflict is primarily between Israelis vs. Palestinians.
67.4
72.3
69.2
with the perspective that the conflict is primarily between moderates vs. violent extremists on both sides.
31.7
21.1
27.6
I don't know.
1.0
6.6
3.2

Which reasons, you think, contributed to the victory of Hamas in the legislative elections held on January 25th, 2006? (PCPO, April 10, 2006)

West Bank
Gaza Strip
Total
Attitude of Hamas of not recognizing Israel.
8.6
10.5
15.40
Hamas is an Islamic political party.
37
31.5
34.9
Corruption of Fateh.
27.7
35.4
30.6
Mismanagement of the Palestinian Authority.
14.6
18.3
16
No any progress in the peace process.
12.2
4.3
9.2

International donor that provided most humanitarian and developmental assistance to Palestinian people. (NEC, April 6-8, 2006)

The European Union
47.7
The US
6.8
Arab countries
27.3
Japan
4.2
Non-Arab Islamic countries
14

Ability of the Arab countries to cover the assistance expected to be cut to the Palestinian Authority. (NEC, April 6-8, 2006)

Able
53
Unable
47

Ability of the Islamic countries to cover the assistance expected to be cut to the Palestinian Authority. (NEC, April 6-8, 2006)

Able
61.1
Unable
38.9

Who understands the Palestinian issue most? (NEC, April 6-8, 2006)

The Americans
24.7
The Europeans
33.7
The Asians
32.3
The Africans
9.3

Concerning armed attacks against Israeli civilians inside Israel. (PSR)

 
3/16/06
6/26/06
Support
52.4
56
Oppose
45.2
42
DK/NA
2.5
2

Do you believe that armed confrontations so far has helped achieved Palestinian national and political rights in ways that negotiations could not achieve? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Definitely yes
24
Yes
42.9
No
25.4
Definitely no
5.7
DK/NA
2.0

Are you satisfied or not satisfied with the performance of Mahmud Abbas since his election as president of the PA?

 
PCPSR 6/9/05
PSR 3/16/06
very satisfied
5.8
9.2
satisfied
54.5
52.2
not satisfied
27.6
28.3
not satisfied at all
7.7
8.2
DK/NA
4.5
2.1

Given the results of PLC elections which took place about two months ago, some say that Hamas won because most voters wanted first and foremost (select one only). (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

a fighting authority that resists occupation
6.7
a clean authority that fights corruption
35.6
a strong authority that ends anarchy and chaos
9.4
an Islamic authority that rules according to Sharia and religion
36.6
other reasons specify
9.3
DK/NA
2.4

Some say that Fateh Lost these elections because most voters first and foremost (select only). (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

punished it for the failure of the peace process
5.1
punished it for the spread of corruption in the PA
51.9
punished it for its inability to put an end to anarchy and chaos
17.2
it was divided leaderless
18.9
other reasons specify
3.7
DK/NA
3.3

Do you expect Hamas to succeed or fail in its work in leading and managing the affairs of the PA? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Certainly succeed
18.7
Succeed
51.7
fail
19.2
certainly fail
3.1
DK/NA
7.3

The PLO and the PA have recognized the state of Israel as part of the peace process which was based on the Oslo Agreement. Hamas refused and still refuses to recognize Israel. What do you think? Now that it has won the elections, should Hamas recognize or not recognize the state of Israel? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

It should recognize the state of Israel
35.7
It should not recognize the state of Israel
60.8
DK/NA
3.5

The Western donor community provides the PA economic and financial assistance reaching about one billion dollars every year. Do you think the PA can or can not do without this assistance? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

it certainly can do without it
7.5
it can do without it
23
it can not do without it
40.1
it certainly can not do without it
27.8
DK/NA
1.7

If the donor community does cut off its aid, do you believe the PA would collapse? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

certainly it will collapse
17.7
it will collapse
33.5
it will not collapse
38.1
certainly it will not collapse
7.9
DK/NA
2.8

The Western donor community provides the PA economic and financial assistance reaching about one billion dollars every year. Do you think the PA can or can not do without this assistance? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

 
Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Certainly yes

7.5

6.2

9.7

Yes

23.0

23.7

21.7

No

40.1

42.1

36.6

Certainly no

27.8

26.3

30.4

DK/NA

1.7

1.7

1.6

For the assistance to continue, the donor community demand that Hamas must recognize the state of Israel. Do you think Hamas should accept this demand and recognize Israel? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

 
Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Certainly it will stop the assistance

18.4

18.3

18.6

It will stop the assistance

32.0

34.2

28.0

It will not stop the assistance

35.3

34.7

36.4

Certainly it will not stop the assistance

10.0

8.2

13.1

DK/NA

4.3

4.5

3.8

If Hamas refuses to recognize Israel, do you think the donor community will indeed stop assisting the PA? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

 
Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Certainly yes

11.6

11.4

12.1

Yes

25.5

24.8

26.6

No

42.0

44.0

38.5

Certainly no

17.2

16.0

19.5

DK/NA

3.7

3.8

3.4

What do you think will happen? Do you expect Hamas to agree to the demands of the donor community by recognizing Israel or will it not agree to do that? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

certainly it will agree
5.3
it will agree
35.1
it will not agree
42.5
certainly it will not agree
10.7
DK/NA
6.4

If Israel agrees to conduct peace negotiations with a Hamas-led PA, do you think the Hamas-led PA should or should not negotiate with Israel? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

 
3/16/06
6/26/06
it should negotiate
75
70
it should not negotiate
22
26
DK/NA
3
4

Are you worried or not worried about your personal freedom now that Hamas has won the elections? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

very worried
8.1
worried
22.2
not worried
43.3
not worried at all
25.4
DK/NA
1

What do you expect to happen to the Palestinians and Israelis now that Hamas has won Palestinian elections? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Negotiations will resume soon enough and armed confrontations will stop
17.8
Negotiations will resume but some armed attacks will continue
40.8
Armed confrontations will not stop and the two sides will not return to negotiations
34.1
DK/NA
7.3

There is a proposal to absorb the members of armed groups belonging to Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Fateh into the security services whereby all armed forces become part of the Palestinian Authority. Do you support or oppose this proposal? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

strongly support
28.8
support
52.6
oppose
12.6
strongly oppose
3.3
DK/NA
2.6

Would you welcome or not welcome a further Israeli disengagements and withdrawals in the West Bank whether they were unilateral or by agreement? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

definitely welcome
32
welcome
53.9
do not welcome
10.3
definitely do not welcome
2.2
DK/NA
1.6

Do you prefer to see the Palestinian Authority and Israel negotiate further disengagements or withdrawals in the West Bank or do you prefer to see Israel withdraw unilaterally without negotiations? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

I definitely prefer to see the PA and Israel negotiate the withdrawal and disengagement
51.7
I think I prefer to see the PA and Israel negotiate the withdrawal and disengagement
20.9
I think I prefer to see Israel unilaterally withdraw without negotiations
16
definitely prefer to see Israel unilaterally withdraw without negotiations
6.9
DK/NA
4.4

If the PA decides to declare unilaterally an independent Palestinian state would you support or oppose such a declaration? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

definitely support
12.5
support
46.7
oppose
32.2
definitely oppose
5.2
DK/NA
3.3

And would you support such a declaration if it were negotiated with Israel? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

definitely support
19.7
support
60.6
oppose
15.1
definitely oppose
1.9
DK/NA
2.7

If both sides decide to go the unilateral path in handling the conflict between them who do you think will benefit from such a decision, Israel or the Palestinians? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Israel
41.3
Palestinians
13.8
both
25.9
neither
15.1
DK/NA
4

Will a decision to handle the conflict unilaterally increase or decrease the chances to eventually reach a final status settlement? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

definitely increase the chances
5.8
increase the chances
22.3
decrease the chances
50.5
definitely decrease the chances
8.6
no change
6.6
DK/NA
6.3

Do you support or oppose the current ceasefire between Palestinians and Israelis? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

strongly support
18.4
support
53.5
oppose
22.1
strongly oppose
4.5
DK/NA
1.5

If a peace agreement is reached, and a Palestinian state is established and recognized by Israel, would you support or oppose the efforts to reach full reconciliation between Israel and the Palestinian state? (PSR)

 
3/16/06
6/26/06
Support
74.2
71
Oppose
24
27
DK/NA
1.7
2

Do you think that there is corruption in PA institutions? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Yes
91.3
No
5.1
DK/NA
3.6

Would you say that these days your security and safety, and that of your family, is assured or not assured? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Completely assured
2.3
Assured
22.6
Not assured
59.3
Not assured at all
15.7
DK/NA
0.2

How would you evaluate the current status of democracy and human rights in the Palestinian Authority? Would you say it is? (PSR, March 16-18, 2006)

Very good
5.4
Good
28.9
Fair
26.3
Bad
24.4
Very bad
13
DK/NA
1.9

Do you think that the plan of the acting Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of the unilateral withdrawal from the West Bank by September 2010 without reaching a genuine peace agreement with the Palestinians will lead to? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)  

 
3/26/06
A warranty for Israel security
26.5%
Instability of Israel security
40.8%

Outbreak of disputes and continuation of wars in the region

31.3%
Don't know
1.4%
What will be, according to your opinion, the impact of the uni-lateral withdrawal of
Israel
from the West Bank on the Palestinian side? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)
 
3/26/06

It will boost the position of Hamas and weaken the position of Fateh.

29.8%

It will boost the position of Fateh and weaken the position of Hamas.

12.2%

It will absolutely have no effect.

55.5%
Don't know
2.5%
What are the consequences, you think, of a unilateral pullout of
Israel
from the West Bank? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)  
 
3/26/06

The establishment of a Palestinian state and the recognition of the State of Israel.

11.7%

Extension of the area of the Palestinian Authority jurisdiction with-out being obliged to recognize the State of Israel.

36.9%

Continuation of the conflict in the region.

49.4%
Don't know
2.0%
Which Israeli party, according to your opinion, is in the position to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)
 
 
3/26/06

Kadima

17.6%

Likud

14.7%

Labor Party

18.6%
None
48.0%
Don't know
1.1%

Do you still agree, or now disagree, to the demand of the President of the Palestinian Authority that Hamas should acknowledge the agreements concluded with Israel? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)

 
 
3/26/06

Strongly agree

12.1%

Somewhat agree

34.7%

Somewhat disagree

31.4%
Strongly disagree
21.0%
Don't know
0.8%

Do you think the Palestinian Authority should abide by the agreements concluded with Israel, or not? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)   

 
3/26/06

Yes

33.2%

No

62.7%
Don't know
4.1%

Subsequent to the raid of the Israeli forces on Jericho's prison, to what extent do you trust Israel's commitment to the deals signed with the Palestinian Authority? (PCPO, March 19-23, 2006)

 
 
3/26/06

Strongly trust

1.6%

Somewhat trust

11.7%

Somewhat distrust

30.5%
Strongly distrust
55.0%
Don't know
1.2%

I am going to read to you a series of policies and duties, which Hamas could follow. I would like you to tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of them. (PCPO, February 16-20, 2006)

Response

strongly agree

somewhat agree

somewhat disagree

strongly disagree

Don't know

Continue the truce with the Israelis.

48.5%

32.0%

11.3%

8.1%

0.1%

Improve economic conditions and diminish unemployment.

71.0%

22.8%

5.7%

0.3%

0.2%

Combat corruption.

72.6%

17.5%

8.8%

0.9%

0.2%

Recognize the State of Israel.

16.1%

34.7%

17.0%

31.5%

0.7%

Cease fire Al-Qassam rockets at Israel from Gaza.

27.7%

34.5%

25.8%

10.6%

1.4%

Resume the peace process with Israel.

32.2%

37.5%

20.0%

9.5%

0.8%

Employ new  Hamas activists in the PA 

37.4%

36.7%

18.8%

5.4%

1.7%

Collect unlicensed weapons.

54.7%

39.8%

11.8%

2.9%

0.8%

Carry out reforms and changes in the PA.

61.1%

24.1%

11.5%

2.8%

0.5%

Apply force against such groups or organizations that violate the truce conditions.

29.2%

24.2%

29.4%

16.0%

1.2%

Put an end to lawlessness and enforce security and safety.

64.7%

19.7%

12.1%

2.8%

0.7%

Impose the sovereignty of  law everywhere.

64.8%

17.3%

11.9%

5.6%

0.4%

Waive the "right of home-return" and accept financial compensation instead.

5.5%

10.3%

17.8%

65.5%

0.9%

Pass the "Law of Parties"

32.3%

27.1%

20.6%

14.0%

6.0%

Which of the following statements are the closest to your opinion concerning the Danish cartoons of the Prophet Muhammed? (MRO, April 4- May 4, 2006 (Saudis); PCPO, February 16-20, 2006 (Palestinians))

Response

Saudi Arabia

Palestine

They are an isolated example that does not reflect the overall views of the West toward Islam.

23%

20%

They reflect the increasing secular attitudes of the West towards all religions.

12%

26%

They reflect Western antagonism against Islam itself.

65%

52%

Don't Know

1%

1%

In your opinion, should the United States increase or decrease its involvement in trying to solve the Israel/Palestinian conflict? (MRO, April 4- May 4, 2006 (Saudis); PCPO, February 16-20, 2006 (Palestinians))

Response

Saudi Arabia

Palestine

Greatly increase involvement

33%

30%

Somewhat increase involvement

30%

30%

Somewhat decrease involvement

22%

14%

Greatly decrease involvement

14%

24%

Don’t know/don’t answer
0%
2%
Total Increase Involvement
63%
60%
Total Decrease Involvement
36%
38%

Please tell me if you have a very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of the United States? (MRO, April 4- May 4, 2006 (Saudis); PCPO, February 16-20, 2006 (Palestinians))

Response

Saudi Arabia

Palestine

Very Favorable

0%

2%

Somewhat Favorable

11%

27%

Somewhat Unfavorable

37%

26%

Very Unfavorable

52%

42%

Don’t know/don’t answer
0%
3%
Total Favorable
11%
29%
Total Unfavorable
89%
68%

In General, What is the extent of your optimism towards the Palestinian Future? Would you say you are optimistic, somewhat optimistic, or pessimistic? (Jerusalem Media & Communication, February, 2006)

Optimistic
41.2
Somewhat Optimistic
38.6
Pessimistic
19.6
No answer
0.6

To what extent would you say the elections process was free and fair? (Jerusalem Media & Communication, February, 2006)

Fair
77.6
Somewhat fair
16.4
Wasn't fair
4.1
No answer
1.9

Did you expect Hamas overwhelming majority's in the PLC's elections? (Jerusalem Media & Communication, February, 2006)

Yes
24.6
No
73.9
No answer
1.5

Are you optimistic about the performance of the elected council in the future? (Jerusalem Media & Communication, February, 2006)

Very Optimistic
30.9
Somewhat Optimistic
47.0
Pessimistic
21.0
No answer
1.1

In general, how do you evaluate the performance of the previous PLC? (Jerusalem Media & Communication, February, 2006)

Very good
2.0
Good
24.6
Bad
39.1
Very bad
32.7
No answer
1.6

 

The PA is committed to the option of political negotiations with Israel. Do you believe that the new government headed by Hamas has to continue with the political negotiations, stop the political negotiations and should adopt other options? (Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, February 2006)  

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza

 

N= 1200

N= 760

N= 440

To continue with the political

negotiations

66.3

68.0

63.2

Stop the political negotiations

29.6

27.1

33.9

No answer

4.1

4.9

2.9

 

The PLO and the PA signed an agreement with Israel , ( Oslo Agreement) do you think that the new government headed by Hamas should go on with this agreement? (Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, February 2006)  

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza

 

N= 1200

N= 760

N= 440

Hamas has to go on with this

agreement

51.7

56.4

43.6

Hamas doesn’t have to go with

this agreement

42.0

36.8

50.9

No answer

6.3

6.8

5.5

Do you see a contradiction between Hamas responsibility over the Palestinian government and its role in resisting Israel? (Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, February 2006)    

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza

 

N= 1200

N= 760

N= 440

I see a contradiction

44.6

45.1

43.6

I don’t see a contradiction

52.3

51.4

53.6

No answer

3.1

3.5

2.8

Some believe that the negotiations are the best path to achieve our national goals, whereas others believe that the armed struggle is the best way to do so. Which option is the closest to your opinion? (Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, February 2006)      

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza

 

N= 1200

N= 760

N= 440

Through Negotiations

38.8

43.3

31.1

Through armed struggle

17.9

18.0

17.7

Through negotiations and armed

struggle

40.3

35.0

49.5

Don't know

2.3

2.8

1.4

No answer

0.7

0.9

0.3

Under the current conditions, some believe that the peace process is dead and there is no chance of resuming the negotiations, while others see that the peace process is passing through difficult times with unclear future, and a third group believes that the peace process is still alive and there is a possibility of resuming negotiations. (Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, February 2006)    

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza

 

N= 1200

N= 760

N= 440

The peace process is dead and

there is no chance of resuming the

negotiations

19.4

20.1

18.2

The peace process is passing

through difficult times with an

unclear future

52.1

50.7

54.5

The peace process is still alive

and there is a possibility of

resuming negotiations

25.1

25.1

25.0

Others

0.8

0.9

0.7

Don’t know \ no answer

2.6

3.2

1.6

Some believe that a two-state formula is the favored solution for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, while others believe that historic Palestine cannot be divided and thus the favored solution is a bi-national state on all of Palestine where Palestinians and Israelis enjoy equal representation and rights. Which of these solutions do you prefer? (Jerusalem Media & Communications Center, February 2006)    

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza

 

N= 1200

N= 760

N= 440

Two-state solution: an Israeli and

a Palestinian

57.9

59.2

55.7

Bi-national state on all of historic

Palestine

22.3

24.2

19.1

One Palestinian state *

10.5

7.2

16.1

Islamic state *

2.7

2.8

2.5

No solution

3.9

3.9

3.9

Don't know

1.6

1.3

2.0

No answer

1.1

1.4

0.7

*These answers were not included as part of the options read to the interviewee

Do you support a National Unity government? (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Yes
73.3
No
16.8
Don't Know
9.9

Impact of Hamas victory on national interest. (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Positive
54.0
Negative
23.1
No difference
3.9
DK/NA
19.0

Who represents the Palestinian people? (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Fateh
15.6
Hamas
15.2
The PLO
51.1
Other
18.1

Under Hamas corruption will decrease. (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Yes
65.1
No
18.3
DK/NA
16.6

Under Hamas internal security will improve. (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Yes
54.5
No
25.8
DK/NA
19.7

Under Hamas peace negotiations will improve. (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Yes
36.4
No
41.3
DK/NA
22.4

If the late President, Yasser Arafat was still alive, whom would you have voted for? (NEC, January 27-29, 2006)

Fateh
61.2
Hamas
20.0
Others
4.4
DK/NA
14.4