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Palestinian Public Opinion Polls:
Attitudes on Jerusalem


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With regards to Jerusalem, please indicate which of the following options you consider to be essential, desirable, acceptable, tolerable and unacceptable. (AWRAD, August 2010)

 
Essential
Desirable
Acceptable
Tolerable
Unacceptable
All of Jerusalem (East and West) should remain in Palestine
84.1%
10.3%
2.2%
1.6%
1.7%
Jerusalem should be internationalized as a city of peace under the authority of a Multi-faith Municipal Covenant
12.9%
15.6%
17.5%
14.7%
39.3%
Jerusalem should be divided into East and West along the pre-1967 border
10.4%
10.8%
11.9%
16.6%
50.3%
Jerusalem should be internationalized as a city of peace under the authority of the UN
10.8%
11.9%
11.9%
14.6%
50.9%
Divide the city according to Palestinian and Israeli current neighborhoods
6.3%
9.6%
13.1%
16.9%
54.1%

In your opinion what is the importance of Jerusalem to the Palestinians? Is it religious, political, economical or other specify? (Source: JMCC Poll, September 2001)

 
Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip
 
n= 1198
n=758
n=440
Religious
 82.6
78.8 
 89.3
Political
 9.2
 13.1
 2.5
Economical
 0.8
 1.1
 0.2
Religious and political
 1.5
 2.0
 0.7
All the above
 4.9
 4.0
6.6 
Religious and Economical
0.2
0.3
0.0
No answer
0.8
0.7
0.7

From your point of views how important is Jerusalem to the Palestinian would you say, it is very important, somewhat important, somewhat not important, not important at all? (Source: JMCC Poll, September 2001)  

 
Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip
 
n= 1198
n=758
n=440
It is very important
96.5 
 95.3
98.6
Somewhat important
 2.3
 3.2
 0.7
Somewhat not important
 0.0
 0.0
 0.0
Very little important
 0.5
 0.8
 0.0
No answer
0.7
0.7
0.7

In your opinion what is the importance of Jerusalem to the Israelis? Is it, Religious political, economical or other specify? (Source: JMCC Poll, September 2001)  

 
Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip
 
n= 1198
n=758
n=440
Religious
 36.8
36.7 
37.0
Political
 40.2
 44.1
 33.6
Economical
 14.8
 10.8
 21.6
Religious and political
 1.3
 2.1
 0.0
All the above
 1.2
 1.1
 1.4
Political and Economical
0.5
0.8
0.0
Historical
0.1
0.1
0.0
Touristic
0.3
0.3
0.2
No answer
4.8
4.0
6.2

From your point of view how important is Jerusalem to the Israelis would you say: it very important, somewhat important, somewhat not important or not important at all? (Source: JMCC Poll, September 2001)  

 
Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip
 
n= 1198
n=758
n=440
It is very important
 51.6
57.5 
 41.4
Somewhat important
 23
 17.8
 31.8
Somewhat not important
 11.4
 9.5
 14.8
Very little important
9.1 
 10.7
6.4 
No answer 
 4.9
 4.5
5.6 

What, in your opinion, is the best and final solution to the Jerusalem problem? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes)

  Palestinian Authority PA         Palestinian Authority Palestinian Authority
  Total (8/95) Total (2/99) Total (8/99) Total (12/99) Total (3/00) Total (9/01) Muslims (8/95) Christians (8/95)
A confederation between Israel and the Palestinian State -- -- -- -- 3.6   -- --
Unified capital of Israel 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.8   0.2 0.5 --
A Jewish state in the entire territory west of the Jordan river -- -- -- -- 1.2   -- --
Unified capital of Palestine -- 9.4 48.9 32.9   42.6 -- --
Capital of Palestine -- 20.1 -- --     -- --
A Palestinian state in the entire territory west of the Jordan river -- -- -- -- 35.5   -- --
Capital of Muslims (Capital of Islamic State) -- 2.4 24.3 25.0 -- 28.2 -- --
An Islamic state in the entire territory, west of the Jordan river -- -- -- -- 42.8   -- --
An independent Palestinian state with entire sovereignty -- -- -- -- 6.6   -- --
A confederation with Jordan -- -- -- -- 1.2   -- --
The Jews leave Palestine -- -- -- -- 1.2      

East Jerusalem as the capital of the Palestinian State and West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel

41.5 3.3 10.4 18.6 -- 17.9 43.4 25.5
International Jerusalem 23.3 17.1 6.7 9.1 -- 4.8 21.8 35.3
Jerusalem as an open city and a capital of the two states 15.3 -- 5.1 7.6 -- 2.4 14.2 25.5
Jerusalem as an open city and capital of Palestine -- 13.2 -- -- --   -- --
West Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, the Old City is under a joint sovereignty & East Jerusalem is under Palestinian sovereignty 6.7 3.3 2.9 4.4 -- 2.3 6.7 6.8
There is no solution to this conflict         4.8      
Other 7.0 0.4 1.6 0.3 1.8   7.7 2.0
No opinion / Don't Know 5.7 3.3 -- 1.3 1.3   5.7 3.9

What, in your opinion, is the best and final solution to the Jerusalem problem? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes)

  Israel   Israel   Israel  
  Total (2/99) Total (3/00) Arabs (2/99) Arabs (12/99) Jews (2/99) Jews (12/99)
A confederation between Israel and the Palestinian State -- 7.7 -- -- -- --
Unified capital of Israel 52.1 -- 2.1 3.8 59.3 81.0
A Jewish state in the entire territory west of the Jordan river -- 57.2 -- -- -- --
Unified capital of Palestine -- -- -- 18.8 -- 1.1
Capital of Palestine -- -- --- -- --  
A Palestinian state in the entire territory west of the Jordan river -- 5.2 -- -- -- --
Capital of Muslims (Capital of Islamic State) --   --- -- -- --
An Islamic state in the entire territory, west of the Jordan river -- 3.9 -- -- -- --
An independent Palestinian state with entire sovereignty --   -- -- -- --
A confederation with Jordan --   -- --- --- --
The Jews leave Palestine            

East Jerusalem as the capital of the Palestinian State and West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel

8.5   33.2 36.7 5.0 4.0
International Jerusalem 11.4   16.7 9.4 10.0 4.2
Jerusalem as an open city and a capital of the two states --   -- 12.4 -- 3.0
Jerusalem as an open city and capital of Palestine 11.6   33.2 12.4 5.0  
West Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, the Old City is under a joint sovereignty & East Jerusalem is under Palestinian sovereignty 12.1   5.7 11.5 13.2 6.7
There is no solution to this conflict            
Other --   3.9 -- -- --
No opinion / Don't Know 4.3   6.2 -- 3.9 --

When you say Jerusalem which of this do you mean? (Source: JMCC)  

Total  (8/99)
Total (9/01)
West Bank  (8/99)
West Bank (9/01)
Gaza Strip  (8/99)
Gaza Strip (9/01)
The Old City 
 12.3
11.0
 13.1
10.4
11.1 
12.0
East Jerusalem before June 6, 1967
 17.2
17.7
20.4
18.2
 11.7
16.8
Jerusalem - East & West, before the expansion on June 9, 1967
 26.2
38.6
 29.4
34.2
 20.6
46.4
The Israeli's Municipality boundaries in 1999
0.5
1.8
 0.5
1.1
0.5
3.0
 Israeli greater Jerusalem
2.3
5.0
2.6
5.8
1.6
3.6
The Palestinian Jerusalem governance
33.2
21.5
26.9
26.5
44.2
13.0
I don't know
5.0
3.6
5.5
3.0
4.1
4.5
No answer
3.3
0.8
1.6
0.8
6.2
0.7

 

If Jerusalem formed the last obstacle in signing a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, do you then approve making Jerusalem the unified capital of Israel? (The Jerusalem Media and Communication Centre)  

Total  (8/99)
Total (12/99) Total (12/00)
West Bank  (8/99)
West Bank (12/99) West Bank (12/00)
Gaza Strip  (8/99)
Gaza Strip (12/99) Gaza Strip (12/00)
Agree 
2.0 
2.3 2.7
 2.5
3.2 4.1
 1.2
0.9 0.2
Disagree
 93.7
94.4 94.3
 93.2
93.8 91.4
 94.5
98.2 99.3
I don't know
 2.8
2.3 2.4
 2.8
3.0 3.7
2.7 
0.9 0.2
No answer
1.5
-- 0.6
1.5
-- 0.8
1.6
-- 0.3

If the issue of Jerusalem is the last obstacle to the signing of the peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, will you then agree that the city of Jerusalem will remain the unified capital of Israel? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1999)  

 
Israeli Total 
Israeli Jews 
Israeli Arabs
 
 n. = 1002
n. = 502 
n. = 500 
Agree
 34.1
 27.8
85.5 
Disagree
 59.1
 65.6
 6.6
Don't know
6.8
6.7
7.9

Some people think that the Palestinian Authority cares about Jerusalem issue, others believe that the Palestinian Authority ignores it, what do you think: (Source: JMCC, August 1999)  

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
The Palestinain Authority cares about Jerusalem issue 
 33.3
 35.4
29.5 
The Palestinian Authority doesn't care enough about Jerusalem issue
 44.5
 40.6
 51.3
The Palestinian Authority doesn't care about Jerusalem issue
 17.5
 18.2
 16.5
No answer
4.7
5.8
2.7

During the current final status negotiations on Jerusalem there are suggestions of compromised solutions including: The Palestinian Authority will have total responsibility over religious sites, the Aqsa and Holy Sepulchre, as well as administrative responsibilities over East Jerusalem. The capital of Palestinian will become parts of Jerusalem neighborhoods such as Abu Dees while postponing final resolution of the political future of east Jerusalem to the future. What is your opinion of this suggested solution? (Source: JMCC Poll, June 2000)

 
Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip
n= 1200
n=762
n=438
The mentioned solution is acceptable
6.2
5.4
 7.3
The mentioned solution should be studied and deeply thought of before making a viewpoint on it
26.3
28.6
22.4
The mentioned solution is unacceptable
62.3
59.1
68.0
I don't know 
3.8
4.9
2.1
No answer
1.4
2.0
0.2

What is more important reaching a fair solution to Jerusalem's issue or reaching a fair solution to refugees issue? (Source: JMCC Poll, March 2000)

 
Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip
n= 1200
n=762
n=438
Jerusalem issue
33.0
35.6
28.5
Refugees  issue
12.3
14.0
9.1
Both are equally important
52.3
47.8
60.3
I don't know
0.0
0.0
0.0
No answer
2.4
2.6
2.1

(Israeli View) Looking at the issue of JERUSALEM, the Israeli position on this issue was: Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem which will also include "Maale Edomim" "Gush Etzion" and "Givat Zeev". The Capital of the Palestinian State, will be established in neighborhoods currently part of east Jerusalem and will be named El Kuds. Palestinians will have full sovereignty over some of these neighborhoods and wide authonomy in others. A special arrangement with the Palestinians will take place in the "Old City" under overall Israeli sovereignty. Palestinians will also be the guarantors in "Har Habait".

Would you say that Israel's position on Jerusalem was right, that Israel could compromise more, or that Israel made already too much of a compromise? (Source: PSR, July 2000)

 
ISRAEL Total

This is the right position

27.9

Israel could compromise more

16.4

Israel made too much of a compromise

55.7

 

Looking at the issue of Jerusalem, the Palestinian side demanded full sovereignty over the Arab neighborhoods and holy places in East Jerusalem. Some media reports say also that the Palestinian side agreed to allow Israel to annex the settlements of Ma'aleh Adumim, Givat Zeev, and Gush Etzion, to become part of West Jerusalem and to put the Jewish Quarter and the Wailing Wall under Israeli sovereignty. What is your opinion of this position? (Source: PSR, July 2000)

  Total% West Bank% Gaza Strip%

1.This position is just right

27.1

27.6

26.3

2. Not enough of a compromise

8.9

6.9

11.9

3. Too much of a compromise

57.1

57.2

57.0

4. Don't know

7.0

8.4

4.8

Jerusalem has been closed in front of the people from West Bank and Gaza for several years, how did it affect the following aspects in your life? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)  

Commerce in general:

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A very positive effect 
 0.4
 0.6
0.1 
A positive effect
 2.4
 3.5
 0.5
It didn't have any effect 
 14.1
 15.3
 11.7
A negative effect
 31.4
 31.7
 30.9
A very negative effect
 47.8
 45.9
 51.3
No answer
3.9
3.0
5.5

 Psychologically - feeling isolated:

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A very positive effect 
0.3 
 0.5
0.0 
A positive effect
 1.0
 1.4
 0.3
It didn't have any effect 
 8.8
 10.0
 6.6
A negative effect
 34.4
 36.7
 30.4
A very negative effect
 52.5
 48.0
 60.4
No answer
3.0
3.4
2.3
    
Family relations (with relatives in Jerusalem / West Bank):

Total
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A very positive effect 
 1.0
 1.1
0.9 
A positive effect
 1.9
 2.2
 1.4
It didn't have any effect 
 27.3
 28.2
 25.9
A negative effect
 27.8
 31.5
 21.3
A very negative effect
 33.3
 32.2
 35.2
No answer
8.7
4.8
15.3

Work conditions:

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A very positive effect 
 0.5
 0.5
0.5 
A positive effect
 1.7
 2.0
 1.4
It didn't have any effect 
 23.7
 24.9
 21.5
A negative effect
 23.6
 25.0
 21.0
A very negative effect
 44.0
 44.8
 42.6
No answer
6.5
2.8
13.0

Freedom of movement:

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A very positive effect 
 0.3
 0.4
0.0 
A positive effect
 1.7
 1.4
 2.1
It didn't have any effect 
 14.0
 17.3
 8.2
A negative effect
 32.5
 31.2
 34.8
A very negative effect
 48.5
 47.3
 50.8
No answer
3.0
2.4
4.1

Cultural opportunities:

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A very positive effect 
0.3 
 0.1
0.6 
A positive effect
 2.7
 2.1
 3.7
It didn't have any effect 
 27.4
 28.7
 25.5
A negative effect
 28.0
 29.9
 24.7
A very negative effect
 33.3
 32.6
 34.6
No answer
8.3
6.6
11.2

To what extent, do you agree or disagree to the argument that Jerusalem is already practically divided between East and West? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1999)  

Israel 
Palestinian Authority
Arabs 
Jews 
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
Total
Strongly agree
20.2
18.3
18.6
20.5
5.7
15.1
Agree
43.1
29.9
30.6
37.0
25.9
33.0
Fairly disagree
18.2
14.2
14.7
15.0
31.1
20.9
Strongly disagree
9.3
34.4
31.7
22.6
33.6
26.6
Don't know
9.2
3.2
3.9
4.9
3.6
4.4

In the framework of the final status negotiations, do you support the idea that says that Jerusalem remains unified and a capital of Israel, and to have Jerusalem (Abu Deis), which lies outside the boundaries of present Jerusalem, as the Palestinian Capital, and provided that the Aqasa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock be outside Israel's sovereignty and administered by the Palestinian? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1996)  

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Agree
9.0% 
9.5%
8.1%
Disagree
85.0% 
83.4%
88.1%
No opinion 
6.0% 
7.1%
3.8%

Are you.... (Source: JMCC Poll, March 1996)

 
Total
In support of seperating East Jerusalem from West Jerusalem
20.9
In support of seperating East Jerusalem from West Jerusalem only if East Jerusalem becomes a part of the West Bank
11.4
I am against seperating East from West Jerusalem
45.2
Other
1.1
Refused to answer
21.3

More than three years since the peace process began, how do you feel about Jerusalem? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Very optimistic 8.0 9.0 --
Somewhat optimistic 34.4 34.3 31.4
No opinion 24.7 23.9 21.6
Somewhat pessimistic 21.9 22.0 21.6
Very pessimistic 11.1 10.6 11.7

Do you think the Palestinian Authority is doing enough on the issue of Jerusalem? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Yes 38.9 40.8 25.5
No 49.7 47.3 60.8
No opinion 11.4 10.9 13.7

Which passport would you prefer to have? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Jordanian 16.4 14.8 29.4
Israeli 9.2 9.0 9.8
Palestinian 66.1 68.0 51.0
No opinion 8.4 8.1 9.8

Do you agree with the steps taken by some Jerusalem Palestinians, who have obtained Israeli passports? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Yes 10.6 10.4 11.8
No 78.9 80.8 72.5
No opinion 10.5 9.5 15.7

If Israeli elections for the Jerusalem Municipality were held today, would you participate? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Yes 13.1 12.8 --
No 83.2 83.8 82.4
No opinion 3.7 3.4 3.9

To what extent is it true that the way the Palestinians landlords in Jerusalem dealt with their tenants contributed to the city's eviction of its Palestinian occupants? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christian
Very true 54.8 56.1 47.1
Somewhat true 30.1 29.7 33.3
It had no effect 11.2 10.9 13.7
No opinion 3.9 3.2 5.9

What, would you say, is the main problem which Palestinian Jerusalem residents face? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Taxes 22.5 22.5 23.5
Housing/Building permits 25.6 25.1 33.3
Closure/Feeling of isolation 16.0 15.8 15.6
Settlements/Occupation 7.1 8.1 --
General situation 11.7 11.4 11.8
Racism 3.9 3.5 7.8
Other (including imprisonment, drugs and social breakdown) 5.4 5.5 6.0
No opinion 7.8 8.1 2.0

Do you believe it is possible to reach a just and comprehensive political solution while there are still Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Yes 9.8 9.0 15.7
No 84.3 85.4 76.5
No opinion 5.9 5.5 7.8

Would you approve putting Jerusalem under international supervision? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
Yes 49.9 47.3 60.8
No 46.2 47.8 37.3
No opinion 3.9 9.0 2.0

How long, do you think, will it be before there is a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christianss
Less than 10 years 28.5 28.7 30.0
10-20 years 16.5 16.0 19.6
20-50 years 9.8 10.8 9.8
50-100 years 2.6 2.5 3.9
Many years 13.4 13.0 13.5
Never 9.2 9.3 9.6
No opinion 20.0 18.8 13.6

If you have a choice between war and continued Israeli control over Jerusalem, what will you choose? (JMCC, Jerusalem Arab Residents Attitudes, August 1995)

  Total Muslims Christians
War 62.8 67.7 21.6
Continued Israeli control 16.0 14.4 27.5
No opinion 21.2 17.9 51.0

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