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Palestinian Public Opinion Polls:
Views on Government Infrastructure and Political System

(1993 - 1999)


Return to Palestinian Public Opinion Polls: Table of Contents


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How would you define your economic situation today? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1999)

 
Israeli Total 
Israeli Jews 
Israeli Arabs
Palestinian Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip
 
 n. = 1002
n. = 502 
n. = 500 
n. = 1199 
n. = 761 
n. = 438 
Very bad
 9.5
 8.9
14.2 
 18.1
14.2 
 25.3
Fairly bad 
 18.2
 17.8
 21.6
 29.9
 28.6
 32.0
Fairly good
 61.3
 62.0
 55.5
 47.5
 53.7
 36.5
Very good
 8.4
 8.4
 8.3
 3.8
 2.6
 5.9
Don't know
2.7
3.0
0.4
0.7
0.9
0.3

And now what about the situation of Palestinian (Israelis) economy, would you say that it is: (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1999) 

 
Israeli Total  (12/99)
Israeli Total (12/00) 
Israeli Jews (12/99)
Israeli Jews (12/00)
Israeli Arabs (12/99)
Israel Arabs (12/00)
Palestinian Total  (12/99)
Palestinian Total (12/00)
West Bank  (12/99)
West Bank (12/00)
Gaza Strip (12/99)
Gaza Strip (12/00)
 
 n. = 1002
n= 1004
n. = 502 
n=503
n. = 500 
n=501
n. = 1199 
n=1199
n. = 761 
n=759
n. = 438 
n=440
Very bad
 23.2
25.4
21.9 
22.7
 33.9
 47.3
37.6 
62.2
 30.4
59.4
50.3 
67.0
Fairly bad 
 34.0
33.4
 34.5
34.2
 29.8
27.6
 38.8
29.1
 40.7
30.4
 35.4
26.8
Fairly good
 33.9
34.8
 34.4
36.6
 29.8
19.4
 20.9
7.5
 25.9
8.6
 12.3
5.7
Very good
 4.8
4.1
 5.0
4.2
 3.5
3.7
 0.9
0.7
 1.3
0.9
 0.2
0.2
Don't know
4.1
2.4
4.2
2.4
3.0
1.9
1.8
0.5
1.7
0.7
1.8
0.3

(For the Palestinians) And what about the future of your economic situation with the achievement of a permanent peace will it: (Source: JMCC Poll)

 
Israeli Total (12/99)
Israeli Total  (12/00)
Israeli Jews  (12/99)
Israeli Jews (12/00)
Israeli Arab (12/99)
Israeli Arab (12/00)
Palestinian Total  (12/99)
Palestinian Total (12/00)
West Bank (12/99) 
West Bank (12/00) Gaza Strip (12/99) Gaza Strip (12/00)
n=1002
n= 1004
n. = 502 
n=503
n=500
n=501
n. = 1199 
n=1199
n. = 761 
n=759
n. = 438 
n=440
Get better 50.0
51.2
 46.2
47.7
81.2 
78.5 
54.5 
47.0
 55.5
47.7
52.7 
45.7
Stay the same 26.5
34.4
 28.7
37.4
 8.9
12.9
 25.6
27.0
 27.1
26.0
 23.1
28.9
Get worse 12.8
5.6
 13.9
5.8
 4.3
3.1
 11.1
13.0
 8.4
12.6
 15.8
13.6
Don't know 10.7
8.8
11.3
9.1
5.7
5.6
8.8
13.0
9.0
13.7
8.4
11.8

(For the Palestinians) The Israeli economy with the achievement of a permanent peace, will it be: (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1999) 

 
Palestinian Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip
 
n. = 1199 
n. = 761 
n. = 438 
Get better
 57.3
 58.5
55.3 
Stay the same 
 20.3
 20.2
 20.3
Get worse
 13.1
 11.8
 15.3
Don't know
9.3
9.5
9.1

(For the Israelis) The Palestinian economy with the achievement of a permanent peace, will it be: (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1999) 

 
Israeli Total 
Israeli Jews 
Israeli Arabs
 
 n. = 1002
n. = 502 
n. = 500 
Very bad
 3.2
3.2 
 3.5
Fairly bad 
 6.7
 6.9
 5.3
Fairly good 
 40.4
 40.1
 43.0
Very good
 27.1
 25.1
 42.9
Don't know
7.3
5.2
4.7

In general, how do you evaluate the local services which the municipality / the village council provides in your city or village? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Good 
 27.4
 33.0
17.6 
Very good
 6.8
 8.0
 4.8
Excellent 
 3.5
 4.7
 1.4
Fair
28.7
 26.0
33.4
Weak
29.3
22.8
40.5
No answer
4.3
5.5
2.3

If you needed an urgent help on a social issue, to whom do you resort first? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
The municipal council of the city 
 8.0
 11.5
1.8 
The Palestinian Authority representative of my area or the Palestinian Legislative Council's member
 6.5
 6.8
 5.9
The representative of my party (ex.: Fateh, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, etc...) 
 6.0
 7.2
 3.9
The local chamber of commerce
0.5
 0.5
0.5
Local religious person in charge 
3.3
3.7
2.7
The Mukhtar (Chief of village)
8.1
5.0
13.5
A foreign NGOs
0.3
0.4
0.0
The neighbors
1.9
1.7
2.3
Charitable organization
1.4
1.8
0.7
One of the relatives including husband, wife, etc...
34.2
32.8
36.6
I won't resort to anybody (nobody will listen)
22.3
22.3
22.4
Others
1.9
1.8
2.1
No answer
5.6
4.5
7.6

If you need to build a residence what are the opportunities of getting a license from your municipality? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Very possible 
 46.8
 50.5
40.5 
In between
 20.9
 15.6
 30.2
Not possible 
 24.4
 28.3
 17.4
No answer
7.9
5.6
11.9

How do you evaluate your health insurance system and the medical care provided to you? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Excellent 
 5.4
6.9
2.7 
Very good
 8.6
 8.1
 9.4
Good 
22.9
23.7
21.7
Fair
 17.2
 13.9
 22.9
Weak
 15.8
 13.6
 19.5
I don't have a health insurance
28.8
32.8
22.0
No answer
1.3
1.0
1.8

I would like to ask you some questions about your activities in your society

In our society, there are a large number of civil organizations (non-governmental) like the charitable associations, such as the trade unions, and the youth organizations like clubs, the developmental organizations that provide services in health and agriculture. Also, the research centers, women centers, human right centers, and any non-governmental organization. Are you a member in any of these organizations? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes 
 19.2
 19.1
19.2 
No
 78.0
 78.5
 77.3
No answer
2.8
2.4
3.5

If the answer is yes, please mention the name of the organization or organizations which you are a member in?* (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)
 Total

1st mention 
2nd mention 
3rd mention 
Workers unions 
 8.7
 0.0
0.0 
Professionals unions
 6.9
 3.5
 0.9
Athletic clubs and organizations 
 25.7
 0.8
 2.2
Women's organizations
 12.9
 2.5
 0.0
Religious organizations
 2.6
 0.0
 0.0
Health and medical organizations
4.8
2.2
2.7
Educational schools-organizations
4.2
0.4
0.4
Educational centers
1.7
2.1
0.4
Agricultural organizations
3.4
0.4
0.0
Social services 
12.9
10.0
3.4
Human rights organizations
0.4
1.7
0.9
Other organizations
7.5
0.0
0.0
No answer
8.3
76.4
89.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                West Bank
1st mention 
2nd mention 
3rd mention 
Workers unions 
 11.0
 0.0
0.0 
Professional unions
 4.9
 4.1
 0.7
Athletic clubs and organizations 
 31.7
 0.0
 3.5
Women's organizations
 9.7
 2.0
 0.0
Religious organizations
 2.1
 0.0
 0.0
Health and medical organizations
5.6
2.0
2.8
Educational schools-organizations
3.5
0.7
0.0
Educational centers
0.7
2.1
0.0
Agricultural organizations
2.8
0.0
0.0
Social services 
15.8
13.1
4.8
Human rights organizations
0.0
2.7
0.7
Other organizations
1.9
0.0
0.0
No answer
10.3
73.3
87.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Gaza Strip
1st mention 
2nd mention
3rd mention 
Workers unions 
 4.8
 0.0
0.0 
Professional unions
 10.8
 2.4
 1.2
Athletic clubs and organizations 
 16.8
 2.4
 0.0
Women's organizations
 19.1
 3.6
 0.0
Religious organizations
 3.6
 0.0
 0.0
Health and medical organizations
3.6
1.2
0.0
Educational schools-organizations
6.0
0.0
1.2
Educational centers
3.6
2.4
1.2
Agricultural organizations
4.8
1.2
0.0
Social services 
8.4
4.8
1.2
Human rights organizations
1.2
0.0
1.2
Other organizations
13.2
0.0
1.2
No answer
4.1
82.0
92.8
*For those who answered Yes in question 22

In general, how do you evaluate the role of civil organization (non-governmental) in Palestine?* (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Very good 
 2.0
 1.7
2.6 
Good
 27.4
 29.4
 24.0
Bad 
 6.6
 6.3
 7.1
Very bad
 2.9
 3.0
 2.7
Some are good / some are bad
 23.4
 24.9
 20.7
I don't know enough about their role
34.2
30.2
41.1
No answer
3.5
4.5
1.8
* For those who answered No in question 22

If you were a member in any of the mentioned organizations, what is the level of your activities? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I am only a member but not active 
 31.3
 32.2
29.8 
I attend meetings or activities when I am invited
 34.8
 36.3
 32.1
I organize meetings, workshops, or activities
 12.2
 13.0
 10.7
I speak in meetings and participate in elections
 14.3
 13.0
 16.7
No answer
7.4
5.5
10.7

Do you agree or oppose the following: (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)

The Palestinian Authority should implement the law in any case

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I agree 
 82.3
 84.0
79.4 
I oppose
 10.9
 8.8
 14.6
I don't know
 5.5
 5.6
 5.3
No answer
1.3
1.6
0.7
Using violence or threatening to use violence from the elected body for political purposes is not accepted at all
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I agree 
51.5 
52.8
49.0 
I oppose
39.4
39.3
39.6
I don't know
6.3
5.0
8.7
No answer
2.8
2.9
2.7
The right of establishing political parties should be always granted
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I agree 
 66.8
71.6
 58.8
I oppose
14.2
12.0
17.8
I don't know
15.2
12.2
20.4
No answer
3.8
4.2
3.0
The elections could be canceled if the majority decides on this
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I agree 
 51.3
51.4
51.5 
I oppose
34.8
34.6
35.0
I don't know
10.2
10.2
10.1
No answer
3.7
3.8
3.4
The majority could cancel certain laws concerning the minority
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I agree 
 23.5
23.0
24.5 
I oppose
64.3
65.0
62.9
I don't know
8.7
8.3
9.4
No answer
3.5
3.7
3.2
The Judicial system must be independent
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I agree 
 78.1
78.2
 78.0
I oppose
11.0
11.8
9.6
I don't know
8.7
7.7
10.3
No answer
2.2
2.3
2.1

Did you participate in the last legislative elections in Palestine? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
Yes 
58.6 
55.2
64.5 
No
40.5
43.6
35.0
No answer
0.9
1.2
0.5

Do you feel that you are obliged to help others in your society?
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
Yes 
80.3 
82.3
76.7 
No
13.3
11.5
16.2
I don't know
5.4
5.4
5.5
No answer
1.0
0.8
1.6

If a problem rises in your quarter or village, how do you deal with it?
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
I interfere by listening to both sides and try to reconcile between them 
 35.0
 37.0
31.5 
I interfere by listening to both sides and stand by the right opinion
 27.8
27.0 
 29.1
I don't interfere
34.2
33.8
34.8
I don't know
 2.5
 1.8
 3.9
No answer
 0.5
0.4 
 0.7

In your opinion do you feel that most people now like to be useful to others or most of them care about their own personal interest?
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza 
Most people would like to help others 
 6.8
 6.4
7.4 
Most people care about their own personal interest
 65.9
 67.6
 62.9
Nearly half of the people care about their own personal interest while the other half cares about others
25.0
24.1
26.8
I don't know/I have no opinion
 2.0
 1.6
 2.7
No answer
 0.3
0.3 
 0.2

In general, how do you evaluate the performance of the Legislative Council? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Very good 3.9 3.6 4.3
Good 47.6 49.9 43.5
Bad 24.8 21.8 30.2
Very bad 12.1 9.8 16.0
No answer 11.6 14.9 5.7

Some participated in the PLC elections while others boycotted them, now three years after those elections, do you think the boycott decision was correct or wrong? (Source: JMCC Poll, March 1999)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Correct 32.0 31.9 32.2
Wrong 57.2 55.5 60.3
No answer 10.8 12.6 7.5

In the base of the establishment of a Palestinian state, do you think the state should be run according to Islamic law or according to secular non-religious laws? (Source: JMCC Poll, March 1999)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Islamic Law 79.8 77.5 83.8
Secular non-religious Laws 15.8 18.7 10.7
No answer 4.4 3.8 5.5

If the Palestinian Authority implements the Islamic law, how will this effect your position from the authority; will it increase your support, decrease your support, increase your opposition, or will it not affect your position at all? (Source: JMCC, March 1999)

Total 
West Bank
Gaza Strip 
Increase my support
63.9
61.1
68.7
Decrease my support
2.4
2.5
2.2
Will not affect
27.0
28.8
24.0
Increase my opposition
1.9
2.6
0.7
Decrease my opposition
2.9
2.5
3.7
No answer
1.9
2.5
0.7

How knowledgeable are you in the cabinet reshuffle? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Very knowledgeable 
19.4% 
16.5%
24.4%
Somewhat knowledgeable 
59.5%
60.8%
57.2%
No knowledge at all
19.6%
21.3%
16.6%
No answer
1.5%
1.4%
1.8%

What do you think about the new cabinet reshuffle; did it make you more optimistic or more pessimistic, about the perforemance of the PA? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
More optimistic
20.3%
19.7%
21.2%
More pessimistic
33.6%
33.9%
33.3%
Did not change my opinion 
40.2%
40.4%
39.9%
No answer
5.9%
6.0%
5.6%

Do you think the Palestinian Legislative Council must grant or deny the new cabinet reshuffle a vote of confidence? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Must grant a vote of confidence 
31.4%
28.1%
37.1%
Deny the vote of confidence 
38.6%
37.8%
40.1%
I do not know
27.0%
31.1%
19.8%
No answer
3.0%
3.0%
3.0%

Did the new cabinet reshuffle increase or decrease your support to President Arafat, or did it make no change? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Increased my support 
23.8%
22.2%
26.7%
Decreased my support
23.3%
23.4%
23.0%
Did not make any change in my position 
48.4%
49.8%
46.0%
No answer
4.5%
4.6%
4.3%

Do you believe that the recent cabinet reshuffle will lead to an increase in corruption or deal with the corruption problem or it won't make any change? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Will increase corruption
33.4%
38.1%
26.3%
Will deal with the corruption problem
23.4%
24.3%
22.0%
Will not make any change regarding the corruption problem
37.9%
33.0%
45.5%
No answer
15.3%
4.6%
6.2%

Do you support or oppose the following expressions: (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)

Total
 

Support 
Oppose 
No answer 
The cabinet reshuffle will result in reducing criticism of the Executive Authority by the PLC
41.4%
46.5%
12.1%
The cabinet reshuffle increased the number of ministers, so the PA performance will be better
34.6%
56.8%
8.6%
The cabinet reshuffle will make President Arafat head a more successful Cabinet
45.1%
44.6%
10.3%
Increasing the number of ministers from Fateh will strengthen the PA
47.8%
42.4%
9.8%
The Cabinet reshuffle will strengthen Palestinian national unity
44.9%
44.5%
10.6%

West Bank
 

Support 
Oppose 
No answer 
The cabinet reshuffle will result in reducing criticism of the Executive Authority by the PLC
41.0%
47.6%
11.4%
The cabinet reshuffle increased the number of ministers, so the PA performance will be better
32.2%
58.3%
9.5%
The cabinet reshuffle will make President Arafat head a more successful Cabinet
44.2%
45.0%
10.8%
Increasing the number of ministers from Fateh will strengthen the PA
47.5%
42.6%
9.9%
The Cabinet reshuffle will strengthen Palestinian national unity
49.0%
41.4%
9.6%

Gaza Strip
 

Support 
Oppose 
No answer 
The cabinet reshuffle will result in reducing criticism of the Executive Authority by the PLC
41.9%
44.6%
13.5%
The cabinet reshuffle increased the number of ministers, so the PA performance will be better
38.7%
54.2%
7.1%
The cabinet reshuffle will make President Arafat head a more successful Cabinet
4.7%
44.0%
93%
Increasing the number of ministers from Fateh will strengthen the PA
48.3%
42.1%
9.6%
The Cabinet reshuffle will strengthen Palestinian national unity
37.6%
49.9%
12.5%

Do you support or oppose the resignation submitted by two of the ministers in the recent cabinet reshuffle? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1998)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
I support
32.1%
29.5%
36.7%
I oppose
26.5%
25.6%
28.0%
I do not know about the resignations 
22.3%
22.4%
22.1%
I have no opinion
14.7%
17.1%
10.5%
No answer 
4.4%
5.4%
2.7%

And how about our economy in general, since the peace process started, would you say that is better than before the peace process, about the same or worse? (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997)

      Palestinian Area         Israel      
  Total (12/97)
Total (2/99)
West Bank (12/97)
West Bank  (2/99)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza (2/99)
Total  (2/99)
Jews (12/97)
Jews  (2/99)
Arabs (12/97)
Arabs  (2/99)
Better 16.6
17.6
16.1
17.9
17.5
17.0
10.4
11.1
10.7
9.1
11.0
Same 21.1
26.6
22.9
28.6
17.8
32.2
30.1
40.2
30.2
37.7
26.6
Worse 58.6
54.5
56.3
52.3
62.7
58.2
52.3
39.5
51.6
48.1
55.7
No answer 3.7
1.3
4.7
1.2
2.0
1.6
4.0
9.3
7.5
5.0
6.7

How about your own personal economic situation since the peace process started, would you say that it is better than before the peace process, about the same or worse? (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997)

    Palestine PA Israel Israel  
  Total (12/97) West Bank (12/97) Gaza Strip (12/97) Total (12/97) Jews (12/97) Arabs (12/97)
Better 16.9 16.5 17.5 6.6 6.2 10.0
Same 38.1 43.2 28.8 72.1 73.8 53.3
Worse 43.7 39.1 52.2 17.8 16.5 28.3
No answer 1.3 1.2 1.5 3.5 3.5 3.4

And now after the elapse of sometime since the peace process started, would you say that your sense of personal security is better than before the peace process, about the same or worse? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1997)

      Israel      
  Total (12/97)
Total  (2/99)
Jews (12/97) Jews (2/99) Arab (12/97)
Arabs  (2/99)
Better 9.0
21.0
8.4
20.1
14.2
33.6
Same 54.5
56.0
54.4
57.0
55.7
46.3
Worse 34.6
19.9
35.6
20.5
26.4
10.8
No answer 1.7
3.2
1.5
2.4
3.7
9.3

Do you think that, in general, people know how to vote for the right candidate? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
23.5% 
22.5%
25.3%
Some
51.8%
53.6%
48.7%
No
20.0%
20.6%
18.9%
No answer 
4.7%
3.3%
7.1%

Do you think people voted rationally or irrationally? Do you think you yourself voted rationally or irrationally? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)

People
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Rationally
44.6%
42.3%
48.5%
Irrationally
43.8%
45.1%
41.5%
No answer
11.6%
12.6%
10.0%
You
 
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Rationally
50.1%
48.9%
52.2%
Irrationally
10.5%
8.3%
14.4%
I did not vote
28.7%
31.3%
24.1%
No answer
10.6%
11.4%
9.3%

Do you think people voted responsibly or irresponsibly? Did you yourself vote responsibly or irresponsibly? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)

People
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Responsibly 
55.6% 
52.9%
60.1%
Irresponsilby 
33.2%
35.2%
29.8%
No answer 
11.2%
11.9%
10.0%

You (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Responsibly
51.8% 
50.0%
54.9%
Irresponsibly 
8.5%
7.3%
10.5%
I did not vote
28.9%
31.9%
23.7%
No answer 
10.9%
10.8%
10.9%

Given the election results, do you think the elected members represent the views/concerns of the people?(Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
13.2% 
11.6%
15.9%
To a certain extent 
54.3%
57.4%
49.0%
No
27.2%
25.8%
29.6%
No answer 
5.3%
5.2%
5.5%

To what extent would you say the Council members know what the people want/need? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
A lot
29.3%
29.9%
28.2%
Not a lot
50.5%
49.9%
51.5%
Not at all 
16.2%
15.5%
17.3%
No answer
4.1%
4.8%
3.0%

Some people say that the PLC is very restricted by the Executive Authority, others say there are only some restrictions by the EA, and others say there are no restrictions by the EA. What do you think? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1997)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Very restricted by the EA 
35.2%
33.5%
38.3%
Some restrictions by the EA
43.2%
45.6%
39.0%
No restrictions by the EA
11.0%
10.6%
11.6%
No answer
10.6%
10.3%
11.2%

How has the Arab-Israeli peace process affected our economy. Has it had a very positive, positive, negative, or very negative effect on our economy, or has it had no effect at all? (Source: JMCC Poll, April 1997)

  Total (4/97) Total (11/97) West Bank (4/97) West Bank (11/97) Gaza Strip (4/97) Gaza Strip (11/97)
Very positive 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.7 2.2 2.1
Positive 17.8 17.3 18.4 19.4 17.0 13.7
Negative 42.7 42.6 42.0 42.3 13.7 43.2
Very negative 27.4 25.7 24.6 22.4 32.0 31.3
Had no effect at all 6.6 7.8 8.6 9.6 3.3 4.6
No answer 3.4 4.7 4.3 4.6 2.0 5.1

Currently there is a discussion about municipal elections in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Some believe that Palestinian refugees should participate in municipal election whereas others do not believe they should because of the political ramifications of their participation? What it your opinion? (Source: JMCC Poll, April 1997)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Refugees should participate 70.5 60.9 85.9
Should not participate 20.2 26.9 9.3
No answer 9.3 12.2 4.8

Looking at the political and economic changes after the establishment of the PA, would you say that your economic condition and living standard became better, worse, or remained the same? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1996) 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Better than before
9.0%
8.7%
9.6%
Worse than before 
47.9%
42.1%
59.0%
The same
40.3%
46.2%
28.9%
No opinion
2.8%
2.9%
2.5%

In general, how do you evaluate your feeling of security after the PA assumed its responsibilities in most of the areas in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip? Would you say your feeling of security is better than before redeployment, worse than before redeployment, or did it not change? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1996)

          Palestinian Authority              
  Total (8/96) Total (12/97)
Total (2/99)
Total (10/99) West Bank (8/96) West Bank (12/97) West Bank (2/99) West Bank (10/99) Gaza Strip (8/96) Gaza Strip (12/97) Gaza Strip (2/99) Gaza Strip (10/99)
Better 68.1 64.2
47.7
53.5 50.3 60.9 45.9 48.6 76.9 70.4 50.9 62.1
Worse 9.9 21.9
21.3
16.3 8.7 24.7 20.8 16.7 9.1 16.8 22.3 15.5
Did not change 18.7 11.8
29.9
28.2 20.5 21.6 32.1 32.7 11.1 10.3 26.1 20.3
No opinion 3.3 2.1
1.1
2.0 20.5 1.8 1.2 2.0 2.9 2.5 0.7 2.1

A considerable period has elapsed since the PA took over a unumber of responsibilities in many areas in the West Bank and Gaza. To what extent would you say that you support similar changes in your area? Would you say you strongly support that, cautiously support them, or strongly oppose them? Question was asked in Hebron and in Jerusalem. (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1996)

  Jerusalem Hebron
Strongly support 9.6 33.3
Somewhat support 45.8 24.6
Absolutely do not support 15.7 25.4
No opinion 28.9 16.7

To what extent would you say that the Palestinian Legislative Council represents the aspirations of the Palestinian people? Would you say that it represents the people in a good way, represents the people but with neutral effect, or would you say that the Council represents the people badly? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1996)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Represent the people well
23.8%
22.1%
26.5%
Represent the people but with no effect 
46.7%
45.3%
49.0%
Represents the people badly
10.8%
13.8%
5.7%
No opinion
18.8%
18.7%
18.8%

Would you say that you are well informed about the work of the Legislative Council, only reasonably informed, or not informed at all? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1996)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Well informed
8.2%
7.1%
10.2%
Informed but not enough
44.8% 
44.8%
44.9%
Not informed at all
39.6%
39.9%
39.0%
No Opinion
7.4%
8.3%
5.9%

How do you follow the work of the Council? Do you follow it via local newspapers, radio, TV or via friends and acquaintances, or via other means? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1996)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Newspapers 
17.6%
20.9%
12.0%
Radio
14.1%
18.9%
6.1%
TV
24.4%
14.5%
40.8%
Friends and acquaintances 
7.6%
7.6%
7.7%
More than one of the above
9.9%
11.1%
8.0%
No answer
26.4% 
27.0%
25.4%

If you wanted to get in touch with a Council member for assistance on some matter, would you say that accessibility to them is difficult or easy? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1996)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
I find difficulty
14.5%
14.0%
15.4%
I do not find any difficulty 
13.7%
14.1%
12.9%
I did not try to contact any CM 
63.7%
60.7%
68.7%
No answer
8.1%
11.3%
2.9%

Jerusalem residents: Have you participated in the elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council? (Source: JMCC Poll, March 1996)

  Total
Yes 47.5
No 50.6
Refused to answer 1.9

Are you aware of the clauses to be repealed from the Palestinian National Charter? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I know the clauses to be repealed 42.4 42.0 43.1
I do not know the clauses 49.5 50.9 46.9
No opinion 8.1 7.0 10.0

Do you support the repealing or amending of some clauses from the Palestinian National Charter? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I support amending the charter 15.1 16.0 13.6
I support it, but only under certain conditions 31.6 29.0 36.2
I oppose amending the charter 25.6 26.4 24.1
No opinion 27.7 28.6 26.1

In the transitional agreement signed between Israel and the PLO, Israel set conditions regarding the cancellation of clauses in the Palestinian National Charter that call for the destruction of Israel. Do you support or oppose the councils cancellation of these clauses or no, or do you think that these clauses should be repealed only if Israel approves the establishment of an independent Palestinian State? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I support repealing the charter by the council 6.3 8.1 3.1
I don't support repealing the charter by the council 30.5 27.9 35.3
I support repealing the charter by the council only in return for an independent Palestinian state 49.1 49.1 49.1
No opinion 14.1 15.0 12.5

Did you vote in the elections? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 82.5 78.7 89.5
No 15.9 19.1 10.3
No opinion 1.5 2.2 0.2

Why didn't you participate? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I did not register 13.5 13.2 14.6
Because I oppose the election 51.4 50.0 56.1
Others 35.1 36.8 29.3

If you oppose the elections, why? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Political prisoners 5.7 5.5 6.5
Yahiya Ayash's assassination 6.3 3.1 15.2
Lack of credibility of the election 14.4 10.9 23.9
Parents/brothers would not allow it 4.6 4.7 4.3
For religious reasons 14.9 18.0 6.5
Fear of violence 2.3 2.3 2.2
Political reasons 26.4 27.3 23.9
Others 25.4 28.2 17.4

To what extent would you say the election process was free and fair? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Changes to the better 42.4 42.9 41.5
Changes to the worse 30.4 29.0 32.8
Will not make any difference 20.5 20.6 20.3
No opinion 6.8 4.6 5.4

Did you support Samiha Khalil's decision to run against Yasser Arafat? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 33.5 36.3 28.6
No 60.4 56.4 67.6
No opinion 6.1 7.3 3.8

Why do you support Samiha Khalil's decision?

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I support democracy 53.3 55.0 49.2
I share her apprehension about the peace process 15.5 10.0 28.2
I valued her experience 6.3 6.9 4.8
I support the idea of a woman president 12.6 14.2 8.9
Others 12.3 13.9 8.9

Are you optimistic about the performance of the elected council in the future? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Optimistic 30.5 27.5 35.9
Somewhat optimistic 42.6 42.8 42.4
Pessimistic 21.5 23.8 17.4
No opinion 5.3 5.9 4.2

Did the election results meet your expectations? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Met my expectations 39.8 40.9 37.7
Somewhat met my expectations 32.4 29.2 37.9
Did not meet my expectations 21.0 21.8 19.6
No opinion 6.9 8.1 4.7

Do you think that the elected council members will comply with their election programs and platforms? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Will comply 16.8 14.0 21.9
Will comply to a certain extent 43.3 40.5 48.4
Will not comply 22.9 25.2 19.0
No answer 16.9 20.3 10.7

In general, were you exposed to harassment while voting or while waiting to vote? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes, a lot 3.9 3.3 4.9
Only a little 11.1 8.7 15.4
Not at all 70.6 70.6 70.5
No opinion 14.4 17.3 9.2

Do you know of any person who has received mony or gifts from candidates, their representatives, or parties in favor of voting from them? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes I know of this 14.1 13.5 15.2
I have only heard about it, I am not certain 29.6 27.1 32.9
I did not hear anything like this 52.7 54.6 47.2
No opinion 3.6 4.7 3.7

Given the election results, to what extent would you say that the elected members represent your point of view? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Represent my point of view 23.6 20.1 29.9
Represent my point of view to a certain extent 40.8 39.2 43.8
Do not represent my point of view 23.9 27.0 18.3
No opinion 11.7 13.8 8.0

I obtained information about the elections from? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Spouse 5.3 5.0 5.8
Parent 0.9 1.0 0.7
Sibling 1.1 1.5 0.4
Radio 7.9 10.8 2.7
TV 8.4 5.6 13.6
Party 3.6 4.2 2.5
Religious people 1.9 2.1 1.6
Friends 4.5 5.5 2.7
Newspapers 8.8 8.9 9.4
Campaign publications 6.5 5.5 8.3
From family in general 10.4 12.0 7.6
From the media in general 27.2 27.1 27.2
Many sources 12.3 9.8 16.7
No opinion 1.3 1.5 0.9

Have you participated in any campaign rallies or meeting? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 29.0 28.9 29.2
No 68.7 67.8 70.3
No opinion 2.3 3.3 0.4

Where those rallies and meetings: (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Very helpful 44.9 42.9 48.2
Somewhat helpful 43.8 45.9 40.1
Not helpful 11.3 11.2 11.7

Why did not you participate in such activities? (Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Couldn't participate in mixed meetings 15.5 11.1 23.0
Not interested 45.7 43.9 48.6
Didn't know about them 14.4 16.0 11.7
Other 24.3 29.0 16.7

What in your view is the position of the legislative council vis-a-vis the Palestinian people? Does it....(Source: JMCC Poll, February 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Represents the entire people 23.7 20.7 29.2
Represents only the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza 19.1 21.7 14.5
The council represents only the Palestinian people in the West Bank and Gaza strip while the PLO is the only representative for the Palestinian people everywhere 33.5 34.2 32.1
Other 6.5 8.6 7.8
No opinion 17.2 14.8 16.3

In general, to what extent would you say that you are comfortable with the PA's arrangements and organization of the peace process? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
The election arrangements are well organized 43.6 41.5 47.5
The election arrangements are somewhat organized 36.3 36.2 36.4
The election arrangements are badly managed 7.8 8.0 7.6
No opinion 12.3 14.3 8.5

Have you decided on whom are you going to vote for in your constituency? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 64.1 63.1 66.0
No 30.6 30.3 31.2
No opinion 5.3 6.6 2.8

 

In General, to what extent would you say you trust Palestinian political or religious parties? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I trust them 53.4 51.9 56.0
I do not trust them 22.8 23.5 21.5
No opinion 23.8 24.6 22.5

What is your opinion of the attitude of the opposition towards the election. Do you believe their position is right or wrong? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Their position is right 16.7 16.5 17.0
Their position is wrong 63.2 60.2 68.8
No opinion 20.1 23.3 14.2

What, in your opinion, is the role of the international observers? Do you believe their role is important or biased? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Impartial 55.3 53.5 58.6
Biased 14.7 13.3 17.3
No opinion 30.0 33.2 24.1

Are you going to vote in the election of the President of the Council? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 83.9 80.8 89.6
No 8.4 8.8 7.8
No opinion 7.7 10.4 2.6

Whom are you going to vote for in the Presidential election: Arafat or Samiha Khalil? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza
Yasser Arafat 80.7 83.9 78.8
Samiha Khalil 7.2 6.1 7.8
I will cast an empty ballot paper 4.0 3.7 4.1
No opinion 8.1 6.3 9.3

In general are you satisfied about the fairness of the election process? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 51.5 48.5 57.0
Somewhat satisfied 25.2 27.3 21.3
No 11.3 11.9 10.2
No opinion 12.0 12.3 11.5

On what bases would you say you would choose the candidate? Would you say that you would choose them on personal bases or on their political affiliation? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
On the bases of their personal merits 49.8 49.5 50.4
On the bases of their political affiliation 28.1 27.6 29.1
Other reasons 14.0 13.3 15.4
No opinion 8.1 9.6 5.1

In general, do you believe that the presence of a Palestinian Council would bring changes to the better, to the worse, or will it make no difference? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1996)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Changes to the better 68.8 67.5 71.2
Changes to the worse 4.7 6.1 2.1
Will not make any difference 17.3 16.1 19.6
No opinion 9.6 10.3 7.1

Do you believe your vote will make a difference in the final outcome of the elections? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1995)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 73.6 76.0 68.4
No 14.7 13.2 18.0
No opinion 11.7 10.8 13.6

In your opinion, the most important criterion for a candidate is: (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1995)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Family loyalty 3.0 3.4 2.3
Religious affiliation 17.5 17.8 17.0
Political affiliation 19.9 20.0 19.7
Personal qualifications of candidate 45.0 43.4 48.6
Others 7.6 7.8 6.8
No opinion 7.0 7.6 5.6

Do you intend to vote in the upcoming elections? (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1995)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 78.1 78.8 76.5
No 12.2 11.6 13.4
I have not decided yet 7.4 6.8 8.6
No opinion 2.3 2.8 1.5

If you do not intend to vote, the reason is:

This question was asked to those who said that they will not vote in the elections. n=193 (Source: JMCC Poll, December 1995)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
I don't have proper ID 5.7 5.2 5.0
I plan to boycott the elections because of ideological reasons 13.0 12.7 14.0
I don't believe in the peace process 33.7 32.9 36.0
I don't believe in democracy 4.2 3.0 7.0
I didn't register to vote 5.2 7.5 7.0
I won't vote until all the prisoners are released 4.7 3.7 2.0
(Women only) My husband/brother/father won't allow me 16.1 19.4 8.0
Others 11.4 9.7 15.0
No opinion 6.0 5.9 6.0

Would you say you believe in democracy? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes (Q. 3-1)
79.6%
78.1%
83.0%
No (Q. 3-3)
12.3%
12.6%
11.4%
No opinion (Q. 3-2) 
8.2%
6.8%
5.6%

What is democracy? (The question was asked only to those who said they believe in democracy) (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Rule of the people
15.5% 
13.9%
18.5%
Elections
9.9% 
9.6%
10.8%
Constitution & law superiority 
4.0% 
3.6%
4.3%
Pluralism
3.6% 
3.8%
3.4%
Human rights & minority protection 
13.5%
12.7%
15.1%
Rule of law
1.1%
1.3%
0.6%
Equality before law
10.9%
9.1%
14.5%
Freedom to all
8.9%
9.2%
8.4%
Freedom of expression
16.1%
17.5%
13.1%
Division of responsibility
0.4%
0.5%
0.3%
Consultation
1.1%
1.3%
0.6%
More than one thing
0.8%
0.8%
0.6%
Individual Freedom
7.1%
8.6%
4.0%
Love, understanding devotion
1.8%
2.0%
1.3%
No answer
5.3%
6.1%
3.7%

Some consider democracy as "rule of the people through free elections resulting in government that respects the law and constitution". Do you agree? (The question was asked to those who did not give their opinion regarding their belief in democracy) (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
62.1%
59.1%
75.0%
No
8.0%
7.6%
10.0%
No opinion 
29.9% 
33.3%
15.0%

If your answer was "I do not believe in democracy" what do you consider yourself then? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Islam & religion 
30.6%
28.6%
35.4%
Regular person
13.6%
17.3%
6.2%
Democracy does not exist 
10.9%
10.2%
12.5%
Believe in the right thing
6.8%
6.1%
8.3%
Our people do not deserve democracy 
2.0%
1.0%
2.1%
No opinion
36.1% 
36.7%
35.4%

What in your opinion is the best political system? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Proportional representation 
26.2%
24.6%
29.6%
Two-party system
2.9%
2.1%
4.7%
One party
16.3%
16.3%
16.1%
Islamic system
40.0%
42.0%
35.6%
No opinion 
14.6%
14.3%
14.1%

Which countries in the world you would say functions according to an Islamic system? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
No country
49.1%
52.8%
41.3%
Saudi Arabia
13.6%
11.2%
18.5%
Arab countries
4.1%
3.6%
5.3%
Palestine
0.2%
2.5%
1.8%
Iran & Afghanistan 
13.1%
0.3%
12.3%
Sudan
5.9%
13.6%
8.8%
Iraq
1.0%
4.4%
0.9%
Pakistan
2.8%
1.1%
2.1%
Chechnya
0.1%
3.2%
0.3%
Malaysia
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
A group of countries 
2.6%
1.7%
4.7%
No opinion
5.0%
5.4%
3.8%

Would you support the trying of people who are accused of infringing national security to the State Security Court? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995) 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Support
57.5%
54.3%
65.6%
Oppose
21.8%
20.0%
25.5%
No opinion 
20.7%
25.7%
9.9%

Does the government have the right to intervene in: (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Freedom of expression
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
All the time 
11.7%
10.8%
13.8%
Sometimes
44.8%
43.4%
37.8%
No intervention 
39.7%
42.2%
34.3%
No opinion
3.8%
3.6%
4.1%

Freedom of assembly
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
All the time 
17.5%
16.3%
20.2%
Sometimes
50.5%
50.1%
51.3%
No intervention 
26.2%
28.1%
22.3%
No opinion
5.8%
5.5%
6.2%

Freedom of religion
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
All the time 
12.0%
11.8%
12.6%
Sometimes
13.9%
13.0%
16.1%
No intervention 
70.1%
70.8%
68.0%
No opinion
3.9%
4.4%
3.2%

Freedom of Party formation
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
All the time 
24.0%
24.8%
22.9%
Sometimes
33.9%
31.8%
38.1%
No intervention 
32.1%
33.6%
28.7%
No opinion
10.0%
9.8%
10.3%

Individual rights
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
All the time 
10.0%
9.0%
12.3%
Sometimes
28.0%
27.2%
29.6%
No intervention 
53.8%
55.9%
49.6%
No opinion
8.2%
7.9%
8.5%

Opposition
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
All the time 
15.0%
14.7%
15.8%
Sometimes
38.4%
38.7%
38.1%
No intervention 
29.2%
29.5%
28.4%
No opinion
17.4%
17.1%
17.6%

Why do you say so? (This question was asked to those who said that the government has the right to interfere in individual rights). (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Public benefit
23.9%
23.5%
24.4%
Not everyone behaves in the right manner 
15.8%
15.2%
17.1%
To protect individual rights
18.3%
18.1%
20.1%
To prevent crime and maintain order
7.5%
7.0%
8.5%
Because individual rights contravene with Islamic concepts
4.0%
5.1%
1.8%
Because it is one of its responsibilities
7.3%
6.0%
9.7%
No opinion
23.3%
25.1%
18.4%

Why do you say so? (This question was asked to those who said that the government has the right to interefere with the opposition) (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Public benefit
9.3%
8.9%
10.1%
Has the right to interfere
9.3% 
9.6%
8.8%
To solve problems
12.8% 
15.0%
8.4%
To protect opposition
0.7% 
1.1%
0.0%
Interferes without using arms
0.9%
1.3%
0.0%
Because opposition is not always right 
16.8%
17.9%
14.5%
To attract the opposition
1.3%
1.8%
0.4%
Opposition is a watchdog
2.8%
2.9%
2.6%
To prevent violence
20.8%
18.1%
26.0%
For the continuation of peace
0.7%
0.9%
0.4%
Because opposition wil take the role of the government
0.6%
0.7%
0.4%
Interfering gradually only
0.3%
0.2%
0.4%
No opinion
23.6%
21.5%
27.9%

If the government was an elected one, would you insist that it should not interfere at all? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
51.7%
52.7%
49.4%
No
30.3%
29.5%
32.0%
No opinion 
18.0% 
17.8%
18.7%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

Agree
Disagree 
No opinion 
There are some situation in which the Palestinian Authority is justified in breaking the constitution to protect national interests
75.5% 
19.3%
5.0%
Using violence or the threat of violence by the elected authority as a political tool is never justified
73.5% 
23.5%
3.0%
Using violence or the threat of violence by the opposition as a political tool is never justified
78.5% 
16.4%
5.1%
Rights of the individuals should be determined by their adherence to the law
87.3% 
7.4%
5.3%
Rights of the opposition should be determined by their adherence to the law
80.2%
12.4%
7.4%
There is too much attention for rights and little for law and order
48.4%
42.0%
9.6%
Establishment of political parties should be always guaranteed to everyone
64.8%
27.9%
7.3%
Elections may be suspended if the majority decided so
63.7%
30.2%
6.1%
There should be total separation between the authorities of the President, Parliament, and judiciary
56.4%
34.2%
9.4%
The Parliament should be the highest authority in the state
66.1%
24.2%
9.7%
Parliament should be above the judiciary and courts
43.0%
45.1%
11.8%
The legislative authority should be above the law
36.2%
54.1%
9.7%
The authority of the President and the executive body should be above Parliament
32.0%
58.4%
9.6%
Judiciary must be independent
73.2%
20.9%
5.9%
The president may be impeached by parliament
68.8%
22.9%
8.3%

West Bank
 

Agree
Disagree 
No opinion 
There are some situation in which the Palestinian Authority is justified in breaking the constitution to protect national interests
75.4% 
19.6%
5.0%
Using violence or the threat of violence by the elected authority as a political tool is never justified
73.2% 
23.8%
3.0%
Using violence or the threat of violence by the opposition as a political tool is never justified
78.1% 
16.5%
5.4%
Rights of the individuals should be determined by their adherence to the law
87.3% 
7.1%
5.6%
Rights of the opposition should be determined by their adherence to the law
79.8%
12.6%
7.6%
There is too much attention for rights and little for law and order
49.3%
39.6%
10.9%
Establishment of political parties should be always guaranteed to everyone
65.1%
26.4%
8.5%
Elections may be suspended if the majority decided so
62.7%
30.6%
6.8%
There should be total separation between the authorities of the President, Parliament, and judiciary
57.5%
33.1%
9.4%
The Parliament should be the highest authority in the state
66.9%
23.1%
10.0%
Parliament should be above the judiciary and courts
44.0%
43.7%
12.3%
The legislative authority should be above the law
36.0%
54.1%
9.9%
The authority of the President and the executive body should be above Parliament
32.2%
58.5%
9.3%
Judiciary must be independent
75.9%
16.9%
7.2%
The president may be impeached by parliament
71.1%
19.8%
9.1%

Gaza Strip

Agree
Disagree 
No opinion 
There are some situation in which the Palestinian Authority is justified in breaking the constitution to protect national interests
76.2% 
18.5%
5.3%
Using violence or the threat of violence by the elected authority as a political tool is never justified
74.8% 
22.3%
2.9%
Using violence or the threat of violence by the opposition as a political tool is never justified
79.2% 
16.1%
4.7%
Rights of the individuals should be determined by their adherence to the law
87.4% 
7.9%
4.7%
Rights of the opposition should be determined by their adherence to the law
81.2%
12.3%
6.5%
There is too much attention for rights and little for law and order
46.0%
47.2%
6.8%
Establishment of political parties should be always guaranteed to everyone
63.9%
31.4%
4.7%
Elections may be suspended if the majority decided so
66.3%
29.3%
4.4%
There should be total separation between the authorities of the President, Parliament, and judiciary
44.3%
37.0%
8.8%
The Parliament should be the highest authority in the state
64.8%
26.7%
8.5%
Parliament should be above the judiciary and courts
41.1%
48.1%
10.8%
The legislative authority should be above the law
37.2%
54.0%
8.8%
The authority of the President and the executive body should be above Parliament
32.0%
58.0%
10.0%
Judiciary must be independent
68.0%
29.4%
2.6%
The president may be impeached by parliament
64.2%
29.3%
6.5%

 What do you think of majority rule? Is it an: (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Absolute right 
39.5%
38.2%
42.2%
Conditional right 
45.7%
47.0%
42.8%
Other
4.4% 
4.3%
4.7%
No opinion
10.5% 
10.5%
10.3%

What do you think of minority rights? Is it an: (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Absolute right 
13.2%
12.6%
14.7%
Conditional right 
58.3%
57.3%
60.7%
Other
13.1% 
13.6%
12.0%
No opinion
15.4% 
16.6%
12.6%

What do you think of the opposition right? Is it an: (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Absolute right 
20.9%
17.7%
27.6%
Conditional right 
60.5%
61.1%
59.8%
Other
5.6% 
6.5%
3.5%
No opinion
13.0% 
14.7%
9.1%

What do you think of the authorities of the President? Is it : (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Absolute right 
23.0%
22.3%
24.9%
Conditional right 
67.2%
67.5%
66.6%
Other
2.2% 
2.6%
1.5%
No opinion
7.6% 
7.6%
7.0%

Whom do you think is the best body for explaining the law? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Parliament
39.1%
39.1%
39.6%
President
10.4%
10.7%
10.0%
High court
40.2%
40.4%
39.9%
More than one
0.9%
1.2%
0.3%
Religion
1.3%
1.1%
1.8%
Experts
0.6%
0.4%
0.9%
No opinion
7.5%
7.1%
7.6%

Whom of the following must apoint the judges? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
President
12.5%
12.0%
13.8%
Parliament
26.8%
26.7%
27.3%
Judges should be elected 
52.5%
52.3%
53.1%
President & Parliament
0.7%
0.8%
0.3%
High court
0.9%
1.4%
0.0%
Government 
0.3%
0.4%
0.0%
Independent body
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
No opinion
5.9%
5.9%
5.3%

Whom of the following must hold the president accountable? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Parliament
36.9%
37.1%
36.7%
Cabinet
9.2%
7.6%
12.6%
Courts of Law
32.9%
36.1%
26.4%
President above accountability 
5.3%
5.0%
6.2%
People
5.1%
4.6%
6.2%
More than one of the above
1.8%
1.9%
1.5%
God / Islam
0.7%
0.3%
1.5%
No opinion
8.2%
7.5%
9.1%

Whom of the following must hold the cabinet accountable? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
President
28.1%
26.0%
32.6%
Law & Courts
57.0%
58.0%
55.1%
Parliament 
4.9%
5.9%
2.6%
People 
2.5%
2.5%
2.6%
More than one 
0.8%
0.8%
0.9%
No opinion
6.8%
6.8%
6.2%

How important is the role of the following in supporting democratic rule? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

Important  Somewhat important  Not Important 
No opinion 
Elected high government officials 
74.0% 
17.1%
2.8%
6.1%
Maintenance of the opposition rights 
64.4%
23.2%
7.0%
5.4%
Constitutional restrictions on the government 
64.6%
18.5%
7.5%
9.4%
Freedom and fair elections
89.4%
4.2%
1.5%
4.9%
Equality before the law
91.4%
3.6%
1.5%
3.6%
The opposition accepting the majority rule
61.7%
20.0%
10.1%
8.0%
Freedom of NGO's work
45.5%
28.7%
17.6%
8.2%

Gaza Strip
 

Important 
Somewhat Important 
Not Important 
No Opinion 
Elected high government officials 
73.9% 
17.9%
4.4%
3.8%
Maintenance of the opposition rights 
67.7%
21.7%
6.7%
3.8%
Constitutional restrictions on the government 
65.4%
19.6%
7.0%
7.9%
Freedom and fair elections
89.1%
5.6%
1.8%
3.5%
Equality before the law
91.2%
4.4%
1.2%
3.2%
The opposition accepting the majority rule
65.1%
19.1%
9.7%
6.2%
Freedom of NGO's work
41.3%
31.7%
20.8%
6.2%

West Bank
 

Important 
Somewhat Important 
Not Important 
No Opinion 
Elected high government officials 
74.1% 
16.9%
2.1%
6.9%
Maintenance of the opposition rights 
62.9%
24.1%
7.1%
5.9%
Constitutional restrictions on the government 
64.5%
18.1%
7.6%
9.8%
Freedom and fair elections
89.9%
3.6%
1.2%
5.3%
Equality before the law
91.7%
3.2%
1.7%
3.5%
The opposition accepting the majority rule
60.2%
20.1%
10.4%
8.8%
Freedom of NGO's work
47.4%
27.5%
16.0%
9.1%

What is the importance of the NGO's such as Labour union, Women's organizations, Research centers, Human rights organizations, Medical organization... etc in serving the democratic society? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

Important 
Somewhat important 
Not Important 
No opinion 
Their role in supporting democratic is
69.1% 
19.8%
4.4%
6.6%
Their role in monitoring state functions is
52.7%
24.8%
16.5%
6.1%
Their role in represent the point of view of their representatives in front of the government is
60.5%
25.1%
7.2%
7.2%

West Bank
 

Important 
Somewhat important 
Not Important 
No opinion 
Their role in supporting democratic is
68.9% 
20.5%
3.5%
7.2%
Their role in monitoring state functions is
52.4%
24.1%
17.0%
6.5%
Their role in represent the point of view of their representatives in front of the government is
61.3%
23.9%
7.1%
7.7%

Gaza Strip
 

Important 
Somewhat important 
Not Important 
No opinion 
Their role in supporting democratic is
70.4% 
18.5%
6.5%
4.7%
Their role in monitoring state functions is
53.7%
26.7%
15.2%
4.4%
Their role in represent the point of view of their representatives in front of the government is
59.8%
27.6%
7.3%
5.3%

Do you think the NGO's should be independent from the government somewhat independent or relate to the Government? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Independent
27.9%
26.1%
31.7%
Somewhat independent 
32.0%
32.6%
31.1%
Relate to Government
34.8%
35.3%
34.0%
No opinion
5.3%
5.9%
3.2%

In many countries governments may violate individual rights. What would you do if the government violates your individual rights? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Go to court
45.1%
46.7%
41.6%
Complain
26.3%
25.9%
27.6%
I will not elect the party responsible for that 
8.5%
6.1%
13.5%
Go to human rights groups
2.3%
2.4%
2.3%
Pray to God
3.6%
4.1%
2.6%
Go to the Media
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
Go to the highest authority
0.7%
1.0%
0.3%
Resist and revenge
5.9%
7.2%
3.2%
No opinion
7.3%
6.3%
8.5%

What about government violations of the rights of NGO's. If you were a member of one of the NGO's what would you do? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Go to court
40.8%
42.6%
37.0%
Complain and submit petitions
28.8%
26.1%
34.9%
I will not elect the party responsible body 
10.1%
8.9%
12.6%
Protect my rights
5.3%
6.4%
3.2%
Go to the media
0.8%
0.7%
1.2%
Go to the Parliament
0.3%
0.7%
0.3%
Go to the PLO
1.1%
0.3%
0.3%
Do Nothing
2.2%
1.5%
2.1%
No opinion
10.5%
13.5%
8.5%

Do you think that the opposition should comply with the principles of democracy? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
81.5%
81.5%
82.1%
No
10.1%
9.8%
10.9%
Somewhat
0.7%
1.1%
0.0%
No opinion 
7.7%
7.6%
7.0%

What do you think is the role of the opposition? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
For public interest
11.4% 
12.3%
9.7%
To express different view points
10.0% 
10.2%
9.4%
To prevent the government from faling in mistakes 
16.3% 
14.8%
19.4%
Constructive role in government
10.7% 
9.4%
13.5%
To preserve freedom
2.7%
1.8%
4.7%
To protect individual rights
4.6%
5.7%
2.3%
An alternative to the peace process
1.5%
1.8%
0.9%
I am against the opposition
4.7%
5.3%
3.5%
To put an end to the peace process
5.1%
4.6%
6.5%
Has no role, must accept reality
2.6%
2.9%
2.1%
Islamic shoura
0.7%
0.4%
1.2%
To work within the law
7.5%
7.3%
7.9%
To compy with government decision
1.8%
1.5%
2.3%
Opposing the government is her right
2.7%
2.6%
2.9%
We should all be united
0.5%
0.4%
0.6%
To make the people aware
1.6%
0.1%
1.5%
No opinion
15.6%
17.2%
11.7%

In your opinion, what are the responsibilities of the government towards the opposition? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Listen and direct opposition
7.1% 
7.1%
7.3%
Work according to law
6.0% 
6.4%
5.3%
Respect their opinions
43.3% 
40.5%
49.3%
Resist them
4.9% 
5.5%
3.5%
To attract them
2.1%
2.5%
1.2%
Guarantee their continuation
6.5%
7.6%
4.4%
Fulfill their demands
4.7%
4.6%
4.7%
Preserve freedom of expression
5.9%
4.7%
8.5%
Hold the opposition accountable
3.7%
3.7%
3.8%
To implement the law
0.5%
0.7%
0.0%
Stand against it in case of violence
0.9%
0.8%
1.2%
Calm the situation
0.5%
0.6%
0.3%
Depends on the opposition
0.6%
0.1%
1.5%
No opinion
13.4%
15.0%
9.1%

How important is the role of the following in supporting democratic rule? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

Important  Somewhat important  Not Important 
No opinion 
Elected high government officials 
74.0% 
17.1%
2.8%
6.1%
Maintenance of the opposition rights 
64.4%
23.2%
7.0%
5.4%
Constitutional restrictions on the government 
64.6%
18.5%
7.5%
9.4%
Freedom and fair elections
89.4%
4.2%
1.5%
4.9%
Equality before the law
91.4%
3.6%
1.5%
3.6%
The opposition accepting the majority rule
61.7%
20.0%
10.1%
8.0%
Freedom of NGO's work
45.5%
28.7%
17.6%
8.2%

Gaza Strip
 

Important 
Somewhat Important 
Not Important 
No Opinion 
Elected high government officials 
73.9% 
17.9%
4.4%
3.8%
Maintenance of the opposition rights 
67.7%
21.7%
6.7%
3.8%
Constitutional restrictions on the government 
65.4%
19.6%
7.0%
7.9%
Freedom and fair elections
89.1%
5.6%
1.8%
3.5%
Equality before the law
91.2%
4.4%
1.2%
3.2%
The opposition accepting the majority rule
65.1%
19.1%
9.7%
6.2%
Freedom of NGO's work
41.3%
31.7%
20.8%
6.2%

West Bank
 

Important 
Somewhat Important 
Not Important 
No Opinion 
Elected high government officials 
74.1% 
16.9%
2.1%
6.9%
Maintenance of the opposition rights 
62.9%
24.1%
7.1%
5.9%
Constitutional restrictions on the government 
64.5%
18.1%
7.6%
9.8%
Freedom and fair elections
89.9%
3.6%
1.2%
5.3%
Equality before the law
91.7%
3.2%
1.7%
3.5%
The opposition accepting the majority rule
60.2%
20.1%
10.4%
8.8%
Freedom of NGO's work
47.4%
27.5%
16.0%
9.1%

What is the importance of the NGO's such as Labour union, Women's organizations, Research centers, Human rights organizations, Medical organization... etc in serving the democratic society? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

Important 
Somewhat important 
Not Important 
No opinion 
Their role in supporting democratic is
69.1% 
19.8%
4.4%
6.6%
Their role in monitoring state functions is
52.7%
24.8%
16.5%
6.1%
Their role in represent the point of view of their representatives in front of the government is
60.5%
25.1%
7.2%
7.2%

West Bank
 

Important 
Somewhat important 
Not Important 
No opinion 
Their role in supporting democratic is
68.9% 
20.5%
3.5%
7.2%
Their role in monitoring state functions is
52.4%
24.1%
17.0%
6.5%
Their role in represent the point of view of their representatives in front of the government is
61.3%
23.9%
7.1%
7.7%

Gaza Strip
 

Important 
Somewhat important 
Not Important 
No opinion 
Their role in supporting democratic is
70.4% 
18.5%
6.5%
4.7%
Their role in monitoring state functions is
53.7%
26.7%
15.2%
4.4%
Their role in represent the point of view of their representatives in front of the government is
59.8%
27.6%
7.3%
5.3%

Do you think the NGO's should be independent from the government somewhat independent or relate to the Government? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Independent
27.9%
26.1%
31.7%
Somewhat independent 
32.0%
32.6%
31.1%
Relate to Government
34.8%
35.3%
34.0%
No opinion
5.3%
5.9%
3.2%

In many countries governments may violate individual rights. What would you do if the government violates your individual rights? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Go to court
45.1%
46.7%
41.6%
Complain
26.3%
25.9%
27.6%
I will not elect the party responsible for that 
8.5%
6.1%
13.5%
Go to human rights groups
2.3%
2.4%
2.3%
Pray to God
3.6%
4.1%
2.6%
Go to the Media
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
Go to the highest authority
0.7%
1.0%
0.3%
Resist and revenge
5.9%
7.2%
3.2%
No opinion
7.3%
6.3%
8.5%

What about government violations of the rights of NGO's. If you were a member of one of the NGO's what would you do? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Go to court
40.8%
42.6%
37.0%
Complain and submit petitions
28.8%
26.1%
34.9%
I will not elect the party responsible body 
10.1%
8.9%
12.6%
Protect my rights
5.3%
6.4%
3.2%
Go to the media
0.8%
0.7%
1.2%
Go to the Parliament
0.3%
0.7%
0.3%
Go to the PLO
1.1%
0.3%
0.3%
Do Nothing
2.2%
1.5%
2.1%
No opinion
10.5%
13.5%
8.5%

Do you think that the opposition should comply with the principles of democracy? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
81.5%
81.5%
82.1%
No
10.1%
9.8%
10.9%
Somewhat
0.7%
1.1%
0.0%
No opinion 
7.7%
7.6%
7.0%

What do you think is the role of the opposition? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
For public interest
11.4% 
12.3%
9.7%
To express different view points
10.0% 
10.2%
9.4%
To prevent the government from faling in mistakes 
16.3% 
14.8%
19.4%
Constructive role in government
10.7% 
9.4%
13.5%
To preserve freedom
2.7%
1.8%
4.7%
To protect individual rights
4.6%
5.7%
2.3%
An alternative to the peace process
1.5%
1.8%
0.9%
I am against the opposition
4.7%
5.3%
3.5%
To put an end to the peace process
5.1%
4.6%
6.5%
Has no role, must accept reality
2.6%
2.9%
2.1%
Islamic shoura
0.7%
0.4%
1.2%
To work within the law
7.5%
7.3%
7.9%
To compy with government decision
1.8%
1.5%
2.3%
Opposing the government is her right
2.7%
2.6%
2.9%
We should all be united
0.5%
0.4%
0.6%
To make the people aware
1.6%
0.1%
1.5%
No opinion
15.6%
17.2%
11.7%

In your opinion, what are the responsibilities of the government towards the opposition? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Listen and direct opposition
7.1% 
7.1%
7.3%
Work according to law
6.0% 
6.4%
5.3%
Respect their opinions
43.3% 
40.5%
49.3%
Resist them
4.9% 
5.5%
3.5%
To attract them
2.1%
2.5%
1.2%
Guarantee their continuation
6.5%
7.6%
4.4%
Fulfill their demands
4.7%
4.6%
4.7%
Preserve freedom of expression
5.9%
4.7%
8.5%
Hold the opposition accountable
3.7%
3.7%
3.8%
To implement the law
0.5%
0.7%
0.0%
Stand against it in case of violence
0.9%
0.8%
1.2%
Calm the situation
0.5%
0.6%
0.3%
Depends on the opposition
0.6%
0.1%
1.5%
No opinion
13.4%
15.0%
9.1%

Which of the following issues do you feel you need to know more about? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

Need information 
Do not need information 
No opinion 
Limitations on majority rule
66.2%
25.8%
8.0%
Responsibilities of decision makers 
70.3%
24.3%
5.4%
Rights and responsibilities of opposition 
63.2%
29.0%
7.8%
Role of NGO's
65.1%
27.0%
7.9%
Accountability
71.6%
21.9%
6.5%
Limitations on the powers of decision makers 
72.8%
19.1%
8.1%

West Bank
 

Need information 
Do not need information 
No opinion 
Limitations on majority rule
65.4%
25.3%
9.2%
Responsibilities of decision makers 
69.4%
24.8%
5.8%
Rights and responsibilities of opposition 
64.0%
27.4%
8.6%
Role of NGO's
63.8%
27.2%
9.0%
Accountability
70.1%
22.7%
7.2%
Limitations on the powers of decision makers 
71.2%
19.2%
9.6%

Gaza Strip
 

Need information 
Do not need information 
No opinion 
Limitations on majority rule
68.6%
27.0%
4.4%
Responsibilities of decision makers 
72.7%
23.5%
3.8%
Rights and responsibilities of opposition 
62.2%
32.6%
5.3%
Role of NGO's
68.3%
27.0%
4.7%
Accountability
75.4%
20.2%
4.4%
Limitations on the powers of decision makers 
76.5%
19.1%
4.4%

How many times do you listen to the news daily? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
None
6.2%
6.2%
5.9%
Once
21.4%
20.6%
23.2%
Twice
27.4%
26.8%
28.4%
Three times
17.9%
15.9%
22.3%
Four times
12.9%
14.0%
10.9%
Five+
13.1%
15.9%
7.3%
No opinion
1.1%
0.6%
2.1%

How many times do you read the newspaper a week? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
None
28.0%
26.8%
29.9%
Once
17.9%
16.7%
20.2%
Twice
10.0%
9.7%
10.9%
Three times
10.5%
10.7%
10.3%
Four times
6.4%
6.1%
7.9%
Five times
4.3%
4.4%
4.1%
Six times
2.2%
2.2%
2.1%
Seven times 
19.8%
23.0%
13.5%
No opinion
1.0%
0.4%
2.1%

I will list some sources that can provide information on democracy and autonomy in general. Who do you trust as a source of information: (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total
 

I trust
Depends 
Don't trust 
No opinion 
Local leaders
23.3% 
28.3%
38.8%
9.6%
Religious Leaders
45.4% 
29.5%
18.6%
6.5%
Political movements
21.4% 
32.8%
36.4%
9.4%
Family & Friends
57.9% 
27.6%
10.2%
4.2%
NGO's
23.8%
30.2%
36.4%
9.6%
Women's organizations
29.9%
27.0%
32.4%
10.7%
Research centre
58.0%
23.8%
9.8%
8.4%
Schools & colleges
72.0%
17.5%
6.6%
3.8%
Foreign experts
22.6%
25.4%
44.5%
7.5%
Palestinian National Authority 
51.1%
23.5%
18.1%
7.3%
Prisoners
53.6%
29.8%
9.2%
7.3%
UNRWA
41.4%
27.2%
21.1%
10.1%
Returnees
41.8%
32.4%
18.2%
7.6%

West Bank
 

I trust
Depends 
Don't trust 
No opinion 
Local leaders
19.8% 
29.9%
40.5%
9.7%
Religious Leaders
42.2% 
30.4%
20.7%
6.6%
Political movements
19.9% 
35.4%
35.1%
9.5%
Family & Friends
57.5% 
28.1%
10.1%
4.3%
NGO's
23.5%
31.3%
35.4%
9.8%
Women's organizations
32.4%
28.9%
28.4%
10.4%
Research centre
56.3%
24.6%
10.2%
8.9%
Schools & colleges
70.5%
18.1%
7.6%
3.7%
Foreign experts
17.8%
24.2%
50.1%
7.9%
Palestinian National Authority 
50.2%
23.3%
18.4%
7.1%
Prisoners
51.2%
33.6%
8.7%
6.5%
UNRWA
40.2%
26.0%
21.6%
12.2%
Returnees
43.3%
35.4%
13.7%
7.2%

Gaza Strip
 

I trust
Depends 
Don't trust 
No opinion 
Local leaders
31.1% 
25.5%
34.9%
8.5%
Religious Leaders
52.2% 
27.6%
14.4%
5.9%
Political movements
24.6% 
27.7%
39.6%
8.2%
Family & Friends
58.9% 
26.7%
10.6%
3.8%
NGO's
24.6%
28.2%
38.7%
8.5%
Women's organizations
24.6%
23.5%
41.1%
10.9%
Research centre
62.2%
22.0%
9.1%
6.7%
Schools & colleges
75.4%
16.4%
4.7%
3.5%
Foreign experts
32.6%
28.2%
33.1%
6.2%
Palestinian National Authority 
53.4%
22.0%
17.0%
7.6%
Prisoners
58.7%
22.3%
10.3%
8.8%
UNRWA
44.3%
30.2%
20.2%
5.3%
Returnees
39.0%
26.1%
27.9%
7.0%

Which in your opinion is/are the best source/s of information about policies? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Newspapers & magazines 
10.3%
10.9%
9.1%
Radio & TV
41.4%
40.0%
44.6%
Political leaflets
6.8%
6.6%
7.4%
Religious sermons & publications 
6.4%
5.8%
7.6%
Meetings & conferences
8.4%
8.7%
7.9%
Other
20.1%
20.6%
18.8%
Foreign & Hebrew press
0.5%
0.7%
0.0%
No opinion
5.8%
6.5%
4.7%

Are you willing to put more effort into finding more information on the political situation? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)
 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Yes
73.9%
73.0%
76.5%
No
22.2%
32.2%
19.6%
Other
1.0%
0.8%
1.5%
No opinion 
2.9%
3.0%
2.3%

How much do you know about the following: (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995)

Total  

Enough 
Not enough 
Not at all 
No opinion 
Paris Economic Agreement
4.8% 
26.0%
65.2%
4.0%
DOP (Oslo)
22.5%
44.7%
29.2%
3.6%
Cairo Agreement
19.3%
42.3%
34.2%
4.2%
Transfer of Authority
17.7%
40.2%
37.9%
4.2%
Early Empowerment
14.7%
34.9%
44.8%
5.6%

West Bank

Enough 
Not enough 
Not at all 
No opinion 
Paris Economic Agreement
4.1% 
25.6%
65.8%
4.4%
DOP (Oslo)
20.1%
44.8%
30.3%
3.9%
Cairo Agreement
18.0%
41.2%
36.1%
4.7%
Transfer of Authority
18.1%
40.4%
36.9%
4.6%
Early Empowerment
14.7%
35.4%
43.7%
6.2%

Gaza Strip  

Enough 
Not enough 
Not at all 
No opinion 
Paris Economic Agreement
6.2% 
27.3%
64.2%
2.3%
DOP (Oslo)
28.2%
43.1%
26.7%
2.1%
Cairo Agreement
22.3%
45.2%
30.2%
3.2%
Transfer of Authority
17.0%
40.5%
39.9%
2.6%
Early Empowerment
18.0%
34.3%
47.2%
3.5%

If you are aware of. From where did you get your information? (Source: JMCC Poll, May 1995) 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
Radui & TV 
43.2%
41.7%
44.0%
Newspapers 
7.9%
7.0%
9.5%
From people
2.4%
2.1%
2.5%
Political sources 
11.4%
10.2%
13.5%
More than one
19.9%
19.5%
19.8%
Israeli press
0.4%
0.1%
0.0%
No opinion
14.8%
19.4%
10.7%

What is your opinion on the latest demands for reform in the PLO? (Source: JMCC Poll, January 1994)

  Total West Bank Gaza Strip
Essential 57.8 64.2 43.9
Essential but it is not the time 24.3 18.6 36.5
Not essential 8.4 7.6 10.4
No answer 9.4 9.6 9.2

The Palestinian leadership will be unable to administer the affairs of the Palestinians during the transitional stage: (Source: JMCC Poll, September 1993)

  All West Bank Gaza Strip
Agree 26.2 31.6 17.6
Disagree 64.2 59.7 71.3
Other 9.7 8.7 11.1

What do you think of general strikes? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1993)

  All West Bank Gaza Strip
Calls for general strikes should stop 24.5 29.2 17.4
General strike days should be reduced 35.8 35.6 40.2
Strike days should increase 5.5 5.2 6.0
Number of strike days is suitable 33.9 29.8 36.4

Do you think there is a need for democratic reform in the PLO? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1993)

  All West Bank Gaza Strip
Yes 87.7 88.7 86.3
No 6.5 5.4 8.2
No opinion 5.6 5.8 5.4

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