The ADL Audit of Anti-Semitic Incidents has
tracked anti-Semitic acts on college campuses since 1984. In this time,
reported incidents have increased from the 1984 low of 4 to a high of
143 in 1994. Such incidents include, for example, vandalism of Jewish
student offices and other property, personal harassment, anti-Semitic
speeches delivered on campus and Holocaust-denial ads printed in college
Following years of increases, 1995 provided a welcome
downturn in the number of such episodes; the 1995 total of 118 was a
decrease of 25 incidents from the 1994 high of 143-a 17 percent decrease
in campus incidents, down approximately to the level recorded in 1992.
It should be noted that many incidents are never reported.
Anti-Semitism on the college campus in some ways mirrors
the rest of society in terms of types of incidents and trends of increase
or decrease. Incidents of personal harassment, including threats and
assault, outnumber incidents of property destruction and vandalism on
campus, as they do in the country generally. Additionally, some incidents
in 1995 had the potential to become violent tragedies, such as one at
the University of Pennsylvania (see below).
Anti-Semitic speakers continue to be invited to address
campus audiences in disturbing numbers. Individuals such as the Nation
of Islam's Khalid Abdul Muhammad, CUNY Professor Dr. Leonard Jeffries,
Wellesley Professor Tony Martin and Kwame Ture (formerly Stokely Carmichael)
regularly include anti-Semitic statements and historical distortions
in their campus speeches.
Paid advertisements denying the Holocaust were again
submitted to and printed by several college newspapers in 1995. Ads
were printed in student newspapers at SUNY-Binghamton (NY), Northeastern
University (MA), Oberlin College (OH), Radford University (VA), Sacred
Heart University (CT), and Wittenberg University (OH). Additionally,
the newspaper at Ithaca College (NY) ran the ad as an unpaid Op-Ed piece.
Holocaust-denial ads were rejected at Washburn University (KS), the
University of Massachusetts, North Essex Community College (MA), SUNY-Albany
(NY), SUNY-Stony Brook (NY), and Williams College (MA).
The following is a selection of serious recent campus
anti-Semitic incidents; for more detailed discussion of other anti-Semitic
incidents, see subsequent sections of this report.
Sources: Schooled in Hate: Anti-Semitism On Campus, ADL, 1997. Copyright Anti-Defamation League (ADL). All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission.