Political Zionism stressed
the importance of political action and deemed
the attainment of political rights in Palestine
a prerequisite for the fulfillment of the Zionist enterprise.
Political Zionism is linked to the name of Theodor
Herzl, who considered the Jewish problem
a political one that should be solved by overt
action in the international arena. His aim
was to obtain a charter, recognized by the
world leadership, granting the Jews sovereignty
in a Jewishowned territory. The Basle
Program, drawn up in accordance with these
principles, states that Zionism aims to establish
a secure haven, under public law, for
the Jewish people in the Land of Israel.
Organizational and economic mechanisms (the
Zionist Organization [ZO], the Jewish National
Fund [Keren Kayemet L'Israel], the
Jewish Colonial Trust and so on) were established
to carry out this program.