On November 15, 2012, in response to Israel embarking on Operation Pillar of Defense to stop Hamas rocket fire from Gaza, the U.S. Senate passed Simple Resolution 599 expressing vigorous support and unwavering commitment to the welfare, security and survival of the State of Israel while also recognizing and strongly supporting Israel's right to act in self-defense to protect its citizens against acts of terrorism.
The resolution was sponsored by Senators Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY] and Mark Kirk [R-IL] and had bipartisan cosponsorship from another 65 senators. The simple resolution passed by unanimous vote.
Whereas Hamas was founded with the stated goal of destroying the State of Israel;
Whereas Hamas has been designated by the Secretary of State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization;
Whereas Hamas refuses to recognize Israel's right to exist, renounce violence, and accept previous agreements between Israel and the Palestinians;
Whereas Hamas has launched thousands of rockets and missiles since Israel dismantled settlements and withdrew from Gaza in 2005;
Whereas terrorists in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip have fired approximately 900 rockets and missile shells into Israel this year, an increase from roughly 675 attacks in 2011 and 350 in 2010;
Whereas Hamas has increased the range of its rockets, reportedly with support from Iran and others, putting additional large numbers of Israelis in danger of rocket attacks from Gaza;
Whereas, on November 14, 2012, President Barack Obama condemned the rocket fire from Gaza into Israel and reiterated Israel's right to self-defense; and
Whereas Israel, a fellow democracy, has an inherent right to self defense in the face of terrorist attacks: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the Senate--