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American Public Opinion Polls:
Attitudes Toward the Peace Process

(2000 - 2002)


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Who do you think is mainly to blame for the violence, the Israelis or the Palestinians? (Harris)

Nov

2000

July

2001

March

2002

April

2002

May

2002

June

2002

July

2002

Aug

2002

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

Israelis

13

14

10

11

13

10

9

12

Palestinians

34

26

32

36

34

39

42

43

Neither/Both

26

26

44

39

40

28

30

30

Not sure/Refused

27

34

12

14

13

22

19

15

Who do you think is more to blame for the current problems, the Israeli government or the Palestinian authorities? (Harris)

1997

1998

April

August

May

%

%

%

Israeli Government

28

20

25

Palestinian authorities

31

37

28

Both equally/No difference (vol.)

22

31

26

Don’t know/Refused

19

11

21

How would you rate the job Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon/Chairman Yasser Arafat of the Palestinian Authority is doing to work for a reasonable solution to the future relations between Israel and the Palestinians – excellent, pretty good, only fair or poor? (Harris)

Positive

Negative

Not Sure/ Refused

Prime Minister Sharon

August 2002

%

27

60

12

July 2002

%

26

59

14

June 2002

%

26

58

16

May 2002

%

25

63

12

April 2002

%

23

66

10

March 2002

%

24

62

13

July 2001

%

22

55

23

Chairman Arafat

August 2002

%

7

83

10

July 2002

%

7

82

12

June 2002

%

7

79

13

May 2002

%

9

82

8

April 2002

%

6

85

9

March 2002

%

10

80

10

July 2001

%

12

69

19

May 1998

%

22

66

12

August 1997

%

20

76

4

A recent proposal is that all the Arab states would recognize, and make peace with, Israel in return for an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza with its capital in East Jerusalem. Do you favor this or not? (Harris)

 

April

2002

May

2002

June

2002

July

2002

 

%

%

%

%

Favor

51

54

50

54

Do not favor

22

23

27

22

Not sure/Refused

26

23

23

24

Do you feel that, over the last few years, the (Israelis/Palestinians) have been too willing to compromise, too unwilling to compromise or about right? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

 
Israel
Palestinians
Too willing - strongly 10% 3%
Too willing - somewhat 7% 3%
About right 28% 11%
Too unwilling - somewhat 23% 29%
Too unwilling - strongly 19% 41%
Don't know 15% 14%

Who do you think is more to blame for the failure to reach peace in the Middle East: the Israelis, the Palestinians, or both sides about equally? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

The Israelis 7%
The Palestinians 29%
Both sides about equally 58%
Don't know 5%

Do you think that the events of September 11th have made resolving the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians more important or less important for the US? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

More important 73%
Less important 12%
Made no difference (Vol.) 10%
Don't know 4%

Overall, do you think that President Bush did the right thing or made a mistake recently by getting involved in trying to reduce the level of conflict between Israel and the Palestinians? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Did the right thing 70%
Made a mistake 23%
Don't know 7%

Thinking back, do you think that President Clinton did the right thing or made a mistake by getting as involved as he did in trying to make peace between Israel and the Palestinians? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Did the right thing 59%
Made a mistake 30%
Don't know 11%

In April, President Bush demanded that Israel withdraw its troops from the Palestinian towns it recently took over. Do you approve or disapprove of President Bush taking this action? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Approve 63%
Disapprove 26%
Don't know 10%

If Israel does not fully withdraw its troops, do you favor or oppose telling Israel not to use US-provided battlefield weapons in these operations? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Favor 52%
Oppose 35%
Don't know 12%

In April, Secretary of State Colin Powell met with Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Do you approve or disapprove of Secretary Powell meeting with Yasser Arafat? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Approve 78%
Disapprove 15%
Don't know 7%

Do you think that the recent Israeli military intervention in the West Bank has increased or decreased the likelihood of further suicide bombings against Israeli civilians? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Increased 62%
Decreased 15%
Made no difference (Vol.) 5%
Don't know 17%

Do you think that Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories since 1967 has increased or decreased the security of Israel? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Increased 43%
Decreased 34%
Made no difference (Vol.) 4%
Don't know 18%

Overall, do you favor or oppose the US putting more pressure on Israel to make compromises with the Palestinians? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Favor 56%
Oppose 35%
Don't know 9%

[IF "DK" OR "OPPOSE" ABOVE] I'd like you to imagine that the Palestinians stopped engaging in all forms of terrorism, including suicide bombing, and instead used nonviolent forms of protest such as demonstrations, strikes, and boycotts. Would you then favor or oppose putting more pressure on Israel to make compromises with the Palestinians? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Favor 64%
Oppose 26%
Don't know 9%

Two questions above combined (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Favor 56%
Favor if non-violent 28%
Oppose 12%
Don't know 3%

If Israel and the Palestinian Authority were to come to a peace agreement, would you support or oppose the US participating, together with a number of other countries, in a UN-sponsored peacekeeping force to monitor and enforce the agreement? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Support 77%
Oppose 16%
Don't know 7%

Who do you think should take the lead in trying to resolve the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians: the US, the United Nations, a group of leading nations including the US, or no outside country or group should take the lead? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

The US 13%
The United Nations 41%
A group of leading nations including the US 27%
No outside country or group 15%
Don't know 4%

I would like to know your impression, even if you are not very sure about it. Is it your impression that, so far this year, more Israelis or more Palestinians have died in the conflict, or is the number roughly equal? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Israelis 15%
Palestinians 32%
Roughly equal 35%
Don't know 18%

As you may know, the US has called for the Israelis and the Palestinians to declare a ceasefire and return to the negotiating table. Here are some things that the US could say it will do, if they continue to refuse. For each one, please tell me if you think this would be a good idea or not a good idea. The US could: [For the following, half of the sample heard the text in parentheses; the other half did not. There was no statistical difference between responses with different wordings; thus, combined results are reported below. (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

 
Good idea
Not a good idea
Don't know
Say it will withhold some of the (three billion dollars a year in) aid that the US gives to Israel. 61% 35% 4%
Say it will withhold spare parts for some of the advanced weapons the US has given Israel. 64% 29% 5%
Say it will withhold some of the (80 million dollars a year in) aid that the US gives to the Palestinians. 63% 31% 5%
Say it will no longer deal with Yasser Arafat. 50% 41% 8%

Do you think that Israel's struggle with the Palestinians is best described as a part of the war on terrorism, like the US struggle with Al Q'aeda; as a conflict between two national groups fighting over the same piece of land; OR would you describe it some other way? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Part of war on terrorism 17%
Conflict over land 46%
Other 29%
Don't know 7%

A highly controversial issue is that Israel has built villages for Israelis, called settlements, in the West Bank and Gaza, which are territories where Palestinians live that have been occupied by Israel since the 1967 war? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

All right to build 35%
Should not build 52%
Don't know 12%

Here are some statements in support of the Palestinian position. Please tell me if you find them convincing or unconvincing:

UN resolutions 242 and 338, which were endorsed by nearly all members of the UN, including the US, called for Israel to withdraw from territories it invaded in the 1967 war. Thus, for Israel to build new settlements in these areas is illegal under international law. Do you find this statement convincing or unconvincing? Would that be very or somewhat (un)convincing? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Very convincing 27%
Somewhat convincing 30%
Somewhat unconvincing 18%
Very unconvincing 15%
Don't know 11%

During the peace process, Israeli settlement activity doubled. As Israel was negotiating about land with the Palestinians, they continued to illegally confiscate land. Clearly the Israelis are negotiating in bad faith and undermining the peace process. Do you find this statement convincing or unconvincing? Would that be very or somewhat (un)convincing? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Very convincing 26%
Somewhat convincing 26%
Somewhat unconvincing 23%
Very unconvincing 17%
Don't know 9%

Here are some statements in support of the Israeli position. Please tell me if you find them convincing or unconvincing.

Israel has a right to build settlements in the West Bank and Gaza because Jews have lived in these areas for centuries and have legitimate historical claims to property there. Do you find this statement convincing or unconvincing? Would that be very or somewhat (un)convincing? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Very convincing 27%
Somewhat convincing 27%
Somewhat unconvincing 20%
Very unconvincing 16%
Don't know 9%

Just as Arabs live in Israel, Jews should be able to live in the areas that could come under Palestinian control in the future. Thus, Israel has a right to build housing for Jews who want to live in those areas. Do you find this statement convincing or unconvincing? Would that be very or somewhat (un)convincing? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Very convincing 24%
Somewhat convincing 27%
Somewhat unconvincing 23%
Very unconvincing 17%
Don't know 9%

Now, having heard these statements, do you think it is all right for Israel to build settlements in the West Bank and Gaza, or do you think they should not? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

All right to build 32%
Should not build 54%
Don't know 13%

Now I am going to tell you about some new ideas that have been proposed for dealing with the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.

To resolve the conflict over the borders between Israel and a future Palestinian state, the United Nations Security Council could hear both sides' arguments and then decide where the borders should be. Do you think this would be a good idea or not a good idea? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Good idea 67%
Not a good idea 27%
Don't know 5%

The UN could make an offer to Israel and the Palestinians, that if Israel withdraws from the Palestinian territories, the UN would then temporarily take over the governance of the territories, like the UN has in Kosovo, and gradually develop the structures of a Palestinian state. Do you think this would be a good idea or not a good idea? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Good idea 58%
Not a good idea 34%
Don't know 7%

As you may know, the US, together with the European Union, Russia and the UN, have agreed to hold a major international conference to try to help resolve the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. Do you think this is a good idea or not a good idea? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Good idea 82%
Not a good idea 12%
Don't know 5%

Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statement: "Israel truly wants peace with its Arab neighbors." (ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

  2002 1992
Agree 59% 58%
Disagree 29% 32%

Who do you think is more responsible for the recent escalation of violence in the Middle East -- the Israelis or the Palestinians? (ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

  2002 10/2001
Israelis 17% 13%
Palestinians 42% 42%

Please tell me which of the following statements best represents your viewpoint:
The economic and political difficulties of the Palestinian people are primarily the fault of Israel and its leaders who have kept the Palestinian people under their military and political rule for more than thirty years.
-or-
The economic and political difficulties of the Palestinian people are primarily the fault of Yasser Arafat who has repeatedly failed to seize real opportunities for peace with Israel.
(ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

  2002
Fault of Israel 29%
Fault of Arafat 52%

Please tell me which of the following statements best represents your viewpoint:
The Palestinians and their leader, Yasser Arafat, are genuinely interested in reaching a longterm peace agreement with Israel.
-or-
The real goal of Yasser Arafat and the Palestinians is to destroy Israel.
(ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

  2002 2001
Interested in peace 28% 34%
Destroy Israel 58% 46%

Please tell me which of the following statements best represents your viewpoint:
The U.S. and Israeli governments should no longer deal with Yasser Arafat because he has refused or been unable to stop the terror attacks against Israel.
-or-
Yasser Arafat is the duly elected leader of the Palestinian people -- the U.S. and Israel have no choice but to deal with him.
(ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

No longer deal with Arafat 42%
No choice but to deal with Arafat 47%

Do you believe that the leaders of the moderate Arab countries like Saudi Arabia and Egypt are doing enough to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict -- or should they be doing more? (ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

Doing enough 11%
Should do more 79%

Assuming that a cease fire and peace agreement were reached between Israel and the Palestinians, would you favor or oppose sending U.S. troops to the region as peace keepers? (ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

Favor 48%
Oppose 44%

As a world leader trying to bring peace to the Middle East, it is important for the U.S. to work with Arab nations like Egypt and Saudi Arabia, even if it means weakening our historic alliance with Israel.
-or-
The U.S. has a moral and strategic obligation to keep its strong relationship with Israel, its most loyal ally in the Middle East -- even if it weakens our relationship with the Arab world.
(ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

Work with Arab nations 43%
Keep strong relationship with Israel 40%

Please tell me which of the following statements best represents your viewpoint:
Israel's use of force against the Palestinian people has been excessive.
-or-
Their use of force has not been excessive.
(ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

  2002 10/2001
Excessive 49% 34%
Not Excessive 36% 39%

How likely do you think it is that a comprehensive peace agreement will be reached between Israel and the Palestinians in the next three years. (ADL, April 26-May 6, 2002)

Likely 38%
Unikely 58%

Do you think that the current conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians will lead to a major Middle East war involving other countries? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Major war likely 54%
Major war unlikely 34%
Depends 5%
Not sure 7%

 

Do you think that United States policy in the Middle East is more supportive of Israel or more supportive of the Palestinians or equally supportive of both? (Harris)

 

April

2002

May

2002

June

2002

July

2002

 

%

%

%

%

More supportive of Israel

51

54

50

51

More supportive of the Palestinians

3

2

2

3

Equally supportive of both

33

32

32

33

Not sure/Refused

14

13

16

13

Do you think that United States policy in the Middle East is too supportive of Israel, too supportive of the Palestinians, or has the balance just right? (Harris)

April

2002

May

2002

June

2002

July

2002

Aug

2002

%

%

%

%

%

Too supportive of Israel

31

34

29

33

29

Too supportive of Palestinians

6

7

7

6

10

Has the balance just right/both

41

39

40

40

40

Not sure/Refused

21

19

24

20

22

Do you think that the United States has been too one-sided or even-handed in dealing with Israel and the Palestinians? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Too one-sided 36%
Even-handed 51%
Not sure 13%

The United States has called for Israel to use greater restraint in dealing with attacks on its citizens. Which of the following statements you agree with more? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

It is the right policy because it will help reduce violence and could encourage peace talks 52%
It is the wrong policy because it rewards the suicide bombings and could encourage more terrorism 32%
Depends 4%
Not sure 12%

Do you favor or oppose the United States pressuring Israel to give back lands it seized in the 1967 war, in exchange for Arab countries' fully normalizing relations with Israel? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Favor 59%
Oppose 26%
Not sure 15%

Do you favor or oppose sending United States troops to Israel as part of a United Nations' peace-keeping force? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Favor 47%
Oppose 48%
Not sure 5%

Do you favor or oppose negotiating with Yasser Arafat, even if suicide bombings continue? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Favor 34%
Oppose 60%
Not sure 6%

Do you think that Yasser Arafat wants to stop the suicide bombings against Israel? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Wants to stop suicide bombings 16%
Does not want to stop suicide bombings 69%
Not sure 16%

On Thursday, President Bush demanded that Israel withdraw from the Palestinian territories it has occupied in the West Bank. Do you approve or disapprove of this policy? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Approve 71%
Disapprove 24%
No Opinion 5%

Would you describe Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat as an enemy of the United States, or not? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Yes, enemy 59%
No, not enemy 34%
No Opinion 7%

On Thursday, President Bush demanded that the Palestinian Authority stop encouraging suicide bombings against the Israelis. Do you approve or disapprove of this policy? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Approve 92%
Disapprove 6%
No Opinion 2%

Do you think the Israelis should -- or should not -- stop their violence against the Palestinians, regardless of what the Palestinians do? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Yes, should 60%
No, should not 34%
No Opinion 6%

Do you think the Palestinians should -- or should not -- stop their violence against the Israelis, regardless of what the Israelis do? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Yes, should 74%
No, should not 19%
No Opinion 7%

Do you think the Israeli actions in the current conflict with the Palestinians over the past few days have been -- [ROTATED: mostly justified (or) mostly unjustified]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today)

  4/5-7/02 4/3/02
Mostly justified 49% 44%
Mostly unjustified 41% 34%
No Opinion 10% 22%

Do you think the Palestinian actions in the current conflict with Israel over the past few days have been -- [ROTATED: mostly justified (or) mostly unjustified]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today)

  4/5-7/02 4/3/02
Mostly justified 22% 17%
Mostly unjustified 66% 62%
No Opinion 12% 21%

How would you describe the recent violence committed by the Palestinians against the Israelis -- [ROTATED: as acts of terrorism (or) as legitimate acts of war against their opponents]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Acts of terrorism 70%
Acts of war 24%
No Opinion 6%

How would you describe the recent violence committed by Israelis against the Palestinians -- [ROTATED: as acts of terrorism (or) as legitimate acts of war against their opponents]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Acts of terrorism 39%
Acts of war 53%
No Opinion 8%

How likely is it that Secretary of State Colin Powell will be successful in negotiating a peaceful resolution to the current conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians -- very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Very likely 6%
Somewhat likely 33%
Not too likely 44%
Not at all likely 15%
No Opinion 2%

Do you favor or oppose sending U.S. troops to the Middle East before a peace settlment is reached? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Favor 26%
Oppose 71%

Do you favor or oppose sending U.S. troops to the Middle East as art of a peacekeeping force after a settlment is reached? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Favor 48%
Oppose 48%

Does the Bush administration have a clear and well-thought out policy on the situation in the Middle East? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 5-7, 2002)

Yes, it does have 48%
No, it does not have 47%

Do you think -- [ROTATED: the Israelis should take the first step and end military action before the Palestinians agree to end suicide bombings, (or do you think) the Palestinians should take the first step and end suicide bombings before the Israelis agree to end to military action]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 3, 2002)

Israelis should take the first step 25%
Palestinians should take the first step 52%
No Opinion 23%

Thinking about Israel’s ties with the U.S., do you think Israel’s current military action will make it more difficult for the U.S. to win the war on terrorism, or not? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 3, 2002)

Yes, more difficult 54%
No, not 35%
No Opinion 11%

In terms of U.S. policy toward Israel, should the U.S. -- [ROTATED: actively support Israel in what it is doing, apply strong pressure to Israel to stop military action against the Palestinians, or should the U.S. do nothing at all]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 3, 2002)

Actively support 32%
Apply pressure to stop military action 39%
Do nothing at all 19%
No Opinion 10%

Do you think the U.S. should -- [ROTATED: develop a peace plan and attempt to get the Israelis and the Palestinians to accept it, (or do you think the U.S. should) encourage the two sides to find a solution on their own but not develop a peace plan]? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 3, 2002)

Develop a peace plan 36%
Encourage to find solution on their own 58%
No Opinion 6%

At this time, do you think President Bush should -- or should not -- become personally involved in negotiations to solve the problems in the Middle East? (Gallup/CNN/USA Today, April 3, 2002)

Should 41%
Should not 55%
No Opinion 4%

Generally speaking, whom do you blame for the breakdown of the Middle East peace process, the Israelis, the Palestinians, or both sides? (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002)

Israelis 3%
Palestinians 23%
Both sides 69%
Other 2%
Not Sure 4%

Overall, who would you say is to blame for the breakdown of the Middle East peace process? (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002) [asked above question again at end of the survey]

Israelis 3%
Palestinians 27%
Both sides 64%
Other 3%
Not Sure 3%

Which of the following best describes how you feel that the George W. Bush Administration is pursuing peace in the Middle East? It is (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002)

Leaning-Israel 44%
Leaning-Palestinians 1%
Both 45%
Other 10%

Which of the following best describes how you feel that the George W. Bush Administration should pursue peace in the Middle East? It should (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002)

Lean Israel 22%
Lean Palestinian 2%
Both 67%
Other 9%

In order to get the peace process moving again, should President Bush pressure Israel, pressure the Palestinians, pressure both of them, or pressure no one? (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002)

Israelis 5%
Palestinians 7%
Both sides 59%
Neither 24%
Not Sure 5%

In the current conflict in the Middle East, is Israel using excessive force against Palestinians, the right amount of force or not enough force? (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002)

Excessive force 33%
Right amount 31%
Not enough 19%
NS/NO 17%

Do you agree or disagree that the US is currently acting as a fair and honest broker in the Middle East conflict? (Zogby International, April 2-4, 2002)

Agree 60%
Disagree 30%
Not Sure 10%

How much, if at all, do you think the Clinton Administration's efforts to arrange a Middle East peace in its final days are to blame for creating a situation that led to the recent violence betewen the Israelis and Palestinians? Do you think the Clinton Administration's efforts deserve...? (Newsweek, March 21-22, 2002)

A lot of blame 14%
Some blame 26%
Only a little blame 20%
No blame at all for the recent violence 33%
Don't know 7%

In which of the following ways, if any, do you think the United States should get involved in trying to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian dispute and end the violence? (Newsweek, March 21-22, 2002)

 
Yes
No
DK
Increasing diplomatic efforts to broker a peace settlement
71%
23%
6%
Sending U.S. troops to Israel as part of an international force with monitoring and peace-keeping responsibilities
32%
62%
6%
Providing more money to create conditions helpful to peace, such as paying Israeli and Palestinian settlers money to relocate and funding for general economic development
26%
66%
8%

What do you think Israel has to do to get enough Palestinian support for a peace plan? Do you think...(Newsweek, March 21-22, 2002)

The Palestinians would agree to a plan where Israel gives back a major portion of the West Bank BUT is still allowed to have some kind of military or civilian presence there 16%
The Palestinians would ONLY agree to a COMPLETE Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank 21%
Even a complete withdrawal would not satisfy enough Palestinians to reach a settlement and end the violence 46%
Don't know 17%

 

Who do you think is more responsible for the outbreak of violence in the Middle East--the Israelis or the Palestinians? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News)

  Israelis Palestinians Both Equally Neither (Vol) Not Sure
April 2002 13% 44% 29% 1% 13%
Dec. 2001 13% 47% 23% 1% 16%
Oct. 2000 14% 39% 29% 1% 17%

Do you think it is or is not possible for the Israelis and Palestinians to achieve peace in the Middle East? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, December 8-10, 2001)

Is possible to achieve peace 36%
Is not possible to achieve peace 54%
Depends (VOL) 5%
Not sure 5%

Do you think the Israelis' use of force in responding to violence by the Palestinians has been excessive, or is appropriate given the circumstances? (Newsweek)

Newsweek
Excessive
Appropriate
Don't Know
Dec. 2001 27% 55% 18%
Oct. 2000 34% 38% 28%

Which side do you think is more to blame for the recent violence in the Middle East... (Newsweek)

Newsweek
The Israelis
The Palestinians
Both equally
Neither/Other
Don't Know
Mar. 2002 12% 49% 23% 3% 13%
Dec. 2001 11% 42% 23% 4% 20%
Oct. 2000 14% 30% 27% 4% 25%

Which ONE of the following statements comes closer to your own views on U.S. involvement in the dispute between the Israelis and the Palestinians? (Newsweek)

Newsweek
Dec. 2001
Oct. 2000
The U.S. should be involved because of our historic commitment to Israel 42% 31%
The U.S. should be involved because the Middle East is an important source of oil 18% 23%
It's not in the best interests of the U.S. to be involved 29% 34%
Don't Know 11% 12%

Do you see Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon more as someone who is committed to the Middle East peace process, or more as an obstacle to peace? (Newsweek)

  3/21-22/02 12/6-7/01
Committed to peace 32% 35%
Obstacle to peace 40% 35%
Don't know 28% 30%

Do you see Palestinian Authority chairman Yasir Arafat more as someone who is committed to the Middle East peace process, or more as an obstacle to peace? (Newsweek)

  3/21-22/02 12/6-7/01
Committed to peace 16% 18%
Obstacle to peace 70% 63%
Don't know 14% 19%

From what you've seen or heard in the news, do you think Arafat has the ability to control extremist Palestinian groups, like those responsible for the recent violence, or not? (Newsweek)

  3/21-22/02 12/6-7/01
Yes, can control 28% 29%
No, cannot 64% 63%
Don't know 8% 8%

From what you've seen or heard in the news, do you think Ariel Sharon has the ability to control extremist elements on his side, or not? (Newsweek, March 21-22, 2002 )

Yes, can control 42%
No, cannot 44%
Don't know 14%

Do you think the interests of Middle East peace would be better served... (Newsweek, December 6-7, 2001)

If Israel and the United States continue to try to work with Yasir Arafat to negotiate a compromise settlement 58%
If Arafat is replaced by other Palestinian leaders even if some are leaders of extremist groups responsible for the recent violence 22%
Don't know 20%

In your opinion, how likely is it that violence between tbe Israelis and Palestinians might lead to a wider war involving other countries in the Middle East region? Is it... (Newsweek)

  3/21-22/02 12/6-7/01
Very likely 37% 38%
Somewhat likely 40% 41%
Not too likely, OR 14% 11%
Not at all likely? 4% 5%
Don't know 5% 5%

Thinking again about the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians ...Once the violence has lessened, do you think the U.S. should.... (Newsweek)

  3/21-22/02 12/6-7/01
Put more pressure on ISRAEL to negotiate over basic differences with the Palestinians 7% 8%
Put more pressure on the PALESTINIANS to negotiate over basic differences with Israel 9% 10%
Put more pressure on BOTH sides 60% 60%
Put more pressure on NEITHER side? 19% 17%
Don't know 5% 5%

President Bush has said that there ought to be a Palestinian state, provided that it recognizes the right of Israel to exist. Do you support or do you oppose this position? (Program on International Policy Attitudes, November 1-4, 2001)

Support 76.8%
Oppose 12.7%
Don't know/Refused 10.4%

Given America's current struggle with terrorism, do you think it is reasonable or not reasonable for the US to expect Israel to make a special effort to reduce its level of conflict with the Palestinians? (Program on International Policy Attitudes, November 1-4, 2001)

Reasonable 63.9%
Not Reasonable 24.5%
Don't know/Refused 11.6%

As you may know, there is currently a major conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians about the future status of Jerusalem, because both parties see it as their traditional capital. It has been proposed that Jerusalem become an international city that would be policed by an international police force, so that they can each have their capitals in different parts of the city. Do you think the US should or should not support this idea? (Program on International Policy Attitudes, November 1-4, 2001)

Should support 50.7%
Should not support 33.8%
Don't know/Refused 15.6%

If the Palestinians come to terms with Israel in a peace agreement, do you think the US should equalize the amount of aid it gives to Israel and to the Palestinians, or should the US continue to give Israel more? (Program on International Policy Attitudes, November 1-4, 2001)

Equalize Aid 61.7%
Give Israel More 23.0%
Don't know/Refused 14.9%

Do you favor or oppose the establishment of a Palestinian homeland in the occupied territories of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip? (CBS/New York Times, Oct. 28, 2001)

Favor 38%
Oppose 29%
No Opinion 33%

Overall, do you believe that the Arab world sincerely accepts Israel's right to exist, or do you believe that the Arab world seeks the eventual destruction of Israel? (New Atlantic Initiative/Chicago Sun Times, Oct. 15, 2001)

Accepts Israel
15%
Seeks destruction
62%
DK/Refused
23%

Do you think that -- at this time -- the United States should or should not favor creating a Palestinian state? (Newsweek)

  Should Favor Should not favor No Opinion/DK
March 2002 39% 44% 17%
Dec. 2001 40% 39% 21%
Nov. 2001 33% 39% 28%
Oct. 2001 33% 35% 28%
June 1996 35% 39% 26%


#Question in 1996 and 2001 did not use phrase "at this time."

Do you think the United States should or should not recognize Palestine as an independent nation? (ABC News, Oct. 8-9, 2001)

Should 55%
Should not 28%
No Opinion 17%

I'd like to find out what you think the impact of the United States endorsing the idea of a Palestinian state would be. First, do you think this would help the United States' effort to build a coalition to fight terrorism, hurt the U.S. effort, or would it not make any difference? (Newsweek, Oct. 4-5, 2001)

Help fight against terrorism 35%
Hurt fight against terrorism 11%
Make no difference 43%
Don't know 11%

Next, do you think this would help Israel, hurt Israel or would it not make any difference? (Newsweek, Oct. 4-5, 2001)

Help Israel 24%
Hurt Israel 29%
Make no difference 34%
Don't know 13%

 

Next, do you think this would help the Palestinian people, hurt them or would it not make any difference? (Newsweek, Oct. 4-5, 2001)

Help the Palestinian people 38%
Hurt the Palestinian people 19%
Make no difference 32%
Don't know 11%

 

Do you see U.S. endorsement of a Palestinian state as making peace in the Middle East more likely or less likely - or not making much difference either way? (Newsweek)

  More likely Less likely Make no difference No Opinion
Dec. 2001 33% 17% 42% 8%
Oct. 2001 27% 19% 47% 7%

 

As you may know, Egypt and Jordan are the only two major Arab countries that have formally recognized Israel's right to exist as an indepenent state. How important do you think it is that the other Arab countries recognize Israel's right to exist as an indepenent state...very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (Newsweek, Oct. 4-5, 2001)

Very important 59%
Somewhat important 27%
Not too important 5%
Not important at all 4%
Don't know 5%

Regarding the Middle East Peace Process, would you say that your positions are generally closer to the Israeli position or the Palestinians' position? (The Mellman Group, August 2001)

Israeli Position 
36%
Palestinian Position 
10%
Neither 
34%
Don't Know
20%

 

In general, who do you think is more at fault for the current violence in the Middle East - the Israelis or the Palestinians? (The Mellman Group, August 2001)

Israelis 
9%
Palestinians
31%
Both 
28%
Don't Know
32%

On a scale of 1 to 5 how much do you support the Middle East peace process in general -  where 1 means you support it very strongly and 5 means you do not support it at all? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

General 
Public
Elites
American Jews 
  Influential Americans
45%
45%
53% 
0%
21%  
26%
12% 
0%
19% 
16%  
16%
0%
8% 
5%
 4%
 0%
7% 
8% 
16% 
0%


IF ANSWER CHOICE 1, 2 IN PREVIOUS: Why?

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
They need to be able to live in harmony / They need to work out an agreement 
9%  
12%
10% 
0%
People are dying /They are killing each other 
9%  
5%
6%
 0%
Do not want our troops over there 
1% 
0% 
0% 
0%
Affects the whole world 
5% 
7% 
3% 
0%
Affects us/our economy 
3%  
4%
2% 
0%
Could lead to WW3 
2% 
0% 
2% 
0%
Volatile area / Too much unrest / Needs stability 
3% 
5% 
4% 
0%
Been going on long enough 
3% 
3% 
2% 
0%
Heading in the right direction / They are trying 
3% 
0% 
0% 
0%
We need to help them / We need to help find a solution 
2% 
4% 
1% 
0%
Interested in the people / I love the Jews / For the prosperity of the Jews 
2% 
0%  
1%
0%
Needs improvement / They are not trying hard enough / Do not like the direction they are going in 
2%  
1%
1% 
0%
There will never be peace there 
1% 
1% 
1%
 0%
It is important / I believe in peace/ I want peace there / I want world peace 
30% 
32% 
50%
 0%
I do not know much about it 
2% 
1% 
1% 
0%
No particular reason / I support it    
3%
7%
2%
0%
Others
 11%  
12%
14% 
0%
Don't Know / No Response  
8% 
4%
3% 
0%


IF ANSWER CHOICE 4, 5 IN PREVIOUS: Why?

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
It is an impossible situation / There will never be peace there / It is a waste of time 
17% 
15% 
26%
 0%
We should not get involved 
9%  
0% 
0%
0%
They are not going about it the right way / I do not agree with a lot of things going on 
6% 
31% 
5% 
0%
Israeli's should not be giving back/away their land 
4%
 0% 
3% 
0%
They need to have peace there / I believe in peace / Peace would benefit the whole world 
28% 
31% 
8% 
0%
I do not know much about it 
6% 
0% 
3% 
0%
No particular reason 
4% 
0% 
3% 
0%
Others    
11%
23%
18%
0%
Don't Know / No Response  
17%
0% 
11% 
0%
It is one sided / The Palestinians do not want peace 
0% 
0% 
 24%
0%


Regarding the Middle East peace process, would you say that your positions are generally closer to the Israeli position or the Palestinian position? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Israeli position   
51%
55%
83% 
48%
Palestinian position 
11%  
11%
2% 
13%
Neither 
22% 
27% 
12% 
35%
Don't know 
16% 
7% 
3%
 5%


In your opinion, how serious is Israel about wanting to reach a peace agreement with the Palestinians - is it very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious or not at all serious? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Very serious 
28% 
35% 
60% 
27%
Somewhat serious  
48%
39% 
28% 
45%
Not very serious 
12% 
17% 
6% 
20%
Not at all serious 
5%  
6%
1% 
5%
Don't know 
7% 
3% 
5% 
2%


In your opinion, how serious is the Palestinian Authority about wanting to reach a peace agreement with Israel - is it very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious or not at all serious? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Very serious 
12%  
16%
9% 
15%
Somewhat serious  
34%  
33%
25%
 43%
Not very serious 
33%   
34%
30%
33%
Not at all serious 
13%   
13%
31%
6%
Don't know 
9%   
4%
5%
3%


Some people believe the Palestinians really want to reach a long-term peace agreement with the Israelis. Others believe the real goal of the Palestinians is to destroy Israel. Which is closer to your view? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Palestinians want to reach a long-term peace agreement 
33%   
44%
24%
0%
Palestinians really want to destroy Israel 
48% 
38% 
66% 
0%
Don't know 
19%  
18%
10%
 0%


Do you think the Palestinians have shown great willingness to make concessions in return for peace, some, not very much or no willingness at all to make concessions in return for peace? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Great willingness 
3% 
5%  
5%
6%
Some   
42%
31%
21% 
49%
Not very much 
33%  
41% 
34%
33%
None  
14%  
20%
38%
11%
Don't know 
8% 
3% 
3% 
2%


Do you think the Israelis have shown great willingness to make concessions in return for peace, some, not very much or no willingness at all to make concessions in return for peace? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Great willingness 
12%   
17%
41%
16%
Some   
55%  
51%
49% 
58%
Not very much 
22%  
25%
7% 
22%
None  
4% 
6% 
 2%
3%
Don't know 
6%   
2%
2%
2%


In general, who do you think is more at fault for the current violence in the Middle East - the Israelis or the Palestinians?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Israelis   
14%
15%
5% 
20%
Palestinians 
42%  
40%
70% 
35%
Both 
30% 
30% 
16% 
37%
Don't know   
14%
15%
10% 
8%


Has Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat had a positive impact, a negative impact or no impact at all on the peace process? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Positive  
26%
39%  
23%
47%
Negative 
38% 
31% 
52% 
31%
No impact   
20%
21% 
15%
15%
Don't know 
16% 
9% 
10% 
7%


In your opinion, is Yasser Arafat sincerely committed to the peace process? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Yes 
34% 
40% 
21% 
0%
No 
51% 
53%
 66% 
0%
Don't know 
15% 
7%  
12%
0%


In recent months, there has been a serious outbreak of violence between Palestinians and Israelis. Has your support for the peace process strengthened, diminished, or stayed about the same during this period?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

 
General 
Public
Elites
American Jews 
  Influential Americans
Strengthened 
21%  
19%
24%
 29%
Diminished 
18% 
19% 
31% 
15%
Stayed about the same  
55%
59% 
42%
 54%
Don't know 
6% 
3% 
3% 
2%


Do you believe the Israeli government should continue to negotiate with Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority or should they end the negotiations? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

 
General 
Public
Elites
American Jews 
  Influential Americans
Continue to negotiate with Yasser Arafat  
82%  
89%
77%
0%
End the negotiations 
13% 
5% 
20% 
0%
Don't know 
6%  
6%
3% 
0%


How likely do you think it is that a comprehensive peace agreement will be reached between Israel and the Palestinians within the next two years? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
very likely 
6% 
2% 
4%
 0%
somewhat likely 
23%  
26%
19% 
0%
somewhat unlikely 
31%   
35%
31%
0%
very unlikely  
36% 
33%
42% 
0%
don't know    
4%
4%
3%
0%


Palestinian leaders argue that under any final peace agreement the Palestinians who were displaced in 1948 when Israel was created must be given the right to return to their villages in Israel. Israelis argue that the return of millions of Palestinian refugees to Israel, which has only 6 million people, would mean the end of the Jewish state. Instead, the refugees should move to the Palestinian state that will be created in the West Bank and Gaza. Which is closer to your view? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Refugees should return to their villages in Israel 
33% 
22% 
15%
22%
Refugees would mean the end of the Jewish state, so they should  move to the Palestinian state   
45%
61% 
70%
65%
Don't know 
22% 
17% 
15% 
13%


Israel has also built a number of settlements in the West Bank and Gaza - where Israeli citizens live under Israeli control in the midst of large Palestinian populations. As Israel gives back land to the Palestinians on the West Bank and in Gaza, do you think the Israelis should dismantle all the settlements, some of the settlements or none of the settlements?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Dismantle all of the settlements 
18% 
24% 
19% 
25%
Dismantle some of the settlements 
38% 
36% 
41% 
51%
Dismantle none of the settlements 
27%
 21% 
26% 
15%
Don't know 
17%
 19% 
14%
 9%


Palestinian leaders are inciting the violence because they haven't gotten everything they want in the negotiations.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree 
35% 
26% 
55% 
0%
Somewhat agree 
38% 
37%  
26%
0%
Somewhat disagree 
15%  
20%
9%
0%
Strongly disagree  
6% 
11%
6% 
0%
Don't know 
6%   
6%
4%
0%


Israel is overreacting by shooting live bullets at Palestinian demonstrators who are throwing stones.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree  
35% 
24%
16% 
0%
Somewhat agree 
19%
 35% 
21% 
0%
Somewhat disagree 
22%   
23%
17%
0%
Strongly disagree 
15%  
16%
43% 
0%
Don't know 
9% 
3% 
4% 
0%


In general, when clashes occur on the West Bank and in Gaza, who typically starts the fighting. Is it:
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Israeli soldiers who start by shooting at the Palestinians 
7% 
3%  
2%
0%
Palestinians who start by throwing stones or shooting at the Israeli soldiers 
53% 
62% 
78% 
0%
Don't know 
40% 
35%  
20%
0%


The goal of the Palestinians and the Arab states is not peace or the return of occupied territories but rather the destruction of Israel.  Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
29%
22%
48%
 0%
Somewhat agree 
29%
 31% 
30% 
0%
Somewhat disagree 
21% 
23%  
14%
0%
Strongly disagree  
10%
20% 
6% 
0%
Don't know  
10%
5% 
3%
 0%


Now that Israel is at peace with Egypt and Jordan and now that negotiations are underway with the Palestinians, Israel doesn't really have to worry about its military security anymore.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
5%  
1% 
1%
0%
Somewhat agree 
14%   
11%
3%
0%
Somewhat disagree 
29%   
20%
10%
0%
Strongly disagree  
49%  
65%
85% 
0%
Don't know  
3%   
3%
1%
0%

 


Palestinian leaders have knowingly put children in the front lines of the violence for propaganda purposes.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
28%   
24%
61%
0%
Somewhat agree 
21%   
23%
16%
0%
Somewhat disagree 
14%   
16%
4%
0%
Strongly disagree  
21%   
19%
10%
0%
Don't know  
16%  
18%
 9%
0%


If the Palestinians start a fight by throwing stones or shooting at Israeli soldiers, the soldiers have the right to retaliate in a way that guarantees they will win the fight and that minimizes their chances of getting injured.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
35%   
32%
64%
0%
Somewhat agree 
31% 
 31%
23% 
0%
Somewhat disagree 
17% 
20%  
4%
0%
Strongly disagree  
13%  
8% 
6%
0%
Don't know  
4%  
7%
 2%
0%


Do you believe the United States should continue to work aggressively to bridge the gap between the two sides, or should the United States back off of that role? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Continue to work 
64%
 70% 
73% 
75%
Back off  
32%
27% 
 24%
23%
Don't know 
3% 
 3%
2% 
2%


Do you strongly agree that Israel is a democratic country, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
22%  
46%
74% 
0%
Somewhat agree 
43%  
36% 
22%
0%
Somewhat disagree 
14%   
7%
3%
0%
Strongly disagree  
10%   
7%
0%
0%
don't know  
11%  
3% 
1%
0%


Some people believe that the current uprising by Palestinians against Israel is the result of spontaneous anger on the part of Palestinians frustrated by the political situation. Others believe it is a carefully planned violence sponsored by the Palestinian leadership. Which is closer to your view?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Spontaneous anger
 41%
 41% 
19%
 0%
Carefully planned violence sponsored by the Palestinian leadership 
47% 
39% 
67% 
0%
Don't know 
13% 
20% 
14% 
0%


In general, when clashes occur on the West Bank and in Gaza, who typically starts the fighting. Is it:
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Israeli soldiers who start by shooting at the Palestinians
7%
3%
2%
0%
Palestinians who start by throwing stones or shooting at the Israeli soldiers
53%
62% 
78%
0%
Don't know
40%  
35%
20%
0%

Some people say the cause of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is that Palestinians wont allow Israel to live in peace with secure borders. Others say it is that the Israelis wont acknowledge the Palestinian right to self-determination. Which is closer to your view? (Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General
Public
Elites American Jews   Influential Americans
Palestinians won't allow Israel to live in peace with secure borders  
41%
37%
70%
33%
Israelis won't acknowledge the Palestinian right to self-determination
36%
41% 
13%
32%
Don't know 
23%
22%
17%
35%

How concerned are you that the recent events in the Middle East will lead to war between Israel and the Palestinian Arabs -- very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned? (Gallup, Oct. 2000)

Very Concerned Somewhat Concerned Not Too Concerned Not at All Concerned No Opinion
41% 39% 11% 7% 2%

 

Please tell me which of the following should be the top foreign policy priority for the United States? (JINSA, January 10-11, 2000)

Improving Relations with China and Russia 23%
Building an Anti-missile Defense System 20%
Bringing Peace to the Middle East 19%
Getting Rid of Saddam Hussein 16%
Ending Famine and Civil War in Africa 12%
Other (Do Not Read) 3%
Don’t Know/ Refused (Do Not Read) 8%

As you may know. . . Last week, at the invitation of President Clinton, Israel and Syria began peace negotiations in the United States. Would say you have been following this news event……(JINSA, January 10-11, 2000)

Extremely Closely 4%
Fairly Closely 18%
Somewhat Closely 25%
Not Closely 52%
Only a Little Bit 29%
Not at All 24%
Don’t Know/ Refused (Do Not Read) 1%

As you may be aware. . . Israel and Syria are currently negotiating a peace agreement between their countries. As part of this peace agreement the U.S. would be required to help fund more than 25 billion dollars, and to send up to 10,000 U.S. troops, as part of a multinational peacekeeping force, to the border between these countries to help ensure the peace. Do you support or oppose helping to fund more than 25 billion dollars and sending U.S. troops to the border between Syria and Israel? (JINSA, January 10-11, 2000)

Strongly Support 10%
Somewhat Support 12%
Somewhat Oppose 19%
Strongly Oppose 54%
No Opinion (Do Not Read) 3%
Don’t Know/ Refused (Do Not Read) 2%

Now, I’m going to read you a couple of true statements. . .

The Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff supports the peace agreement and asks you to do the same.

U.S. intelligence experts believe a peace agreement will reduce the threat of terrorist acts against Americans both at home and abroad.

Europe and Japan agree to split the cost with the U.S. and to also send troops.

The U.S. has had troops stationed on the border between Israel and Egypt for the past 20 years without any harm to a single U.S. soldier and without any incidents.

And, peace between Israel and Syria reduces the likelihood that the U.S. will ever again have to fight a war in the Middle East.

Based on the true statements I have just read you, do you support or oppose a peace agreement in which the U.S. helps fund more than 25 billion dollars and sends up to 10,000 U.S. troops, as part of a multinational peacekeeping force, to the border between Syria and Israel? (JINSA, January 10-11, 2000)

Strongly Support 16%
Somewhat Support 22%
Somewhat Oppose 16%
Strongly Oppose 38%
No Opinion (Do Not Read) 4%
Don’t Know/ Refused (Do Not Read) 3%


Switching subjects. . . Now, I’m going to read you another true statement. . . In addition to the $25 billion required for the peace agreement, another $40 billion will be required over the next 20 years as economic assistance to Syria to encourage it to honor the peace agreement. Please tell me if the information in this statement makes you more or less likely to support helping fund more than 25 billion dollars for this peace agreement and sending U.S. troops to the border between Syria and Israel to help ensure the peace? If this statement makes no difference to you, just say so.
(JINSA, January 10-11, 2000)

Much More Likely 6%
Somewhat More Likely 8%
Somewhat  17%
Much Less Likely 47%
No Difference 18%
Don’t Know/ Refused (Do Not Read) 5%


Would you be more or less likely to vote to re-elect your member of Congress if your member of Congress supported a peace agreement that required the U.S. to help fund 25 billion dollars and send U.S. troops to the border between Syria and Israel? If your member of congress’ support would make no difference to you, just say so.
(JINSA, January 10-11, 2000)

Much More Likely 11%
Somewhat More Likely 10%
Somewhat  14%
Much Less Likely 28%
No Difference 33%
Don’t Know/ Refused (Do Not Read) 5%

As you may know, a key dispute between Israel and the Palestinians is about certain areas of East Jerusalem, which Israel has occupied since the 1967 war. Past negotiations over a peace agreement have broken down because both sides want to control these areas. Just based on what you know, are you more inclined to believe that Israel should have control, the Palestinians should have control, or that both sides should allow the UN to have control unless they later come to some other compromise? (PIPA, May 8, 2002)

Israelis should have control 26%
Palestinians should have control 7%
UN should have control 57%
Don't know 10%

Do you favor or oppose the United States pressuring Israel to give back lands it seized in the 1967 war, in exchange for Arab countries' fully normalizing relations with Israel? (Wall Street Journal/NBC News, April 5-7, 2002)

Favor 59%
Oppose 26%
Not sure 15%

Israel should agree to divide Jerusalem with the Palestinians.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
21%  
25% 
11%
0%
Somewhat agree 
30%  
28% 
22%
0%
Somewhat disagree 
16%  
18% 
10%
0%
Strongly disagree  
25%  
19% 
51%
0%
Don't know  
9%  
11%
6% 
0%


Israel has proved its commitment to peace by making concession after concession to the Palestinians in return for promises.
Do you strongly agree with this statement, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with this statement?
(Penn, Schoen & Berland Inc., and First International Resources Inc., January 25 and February 17, 2001)

  General 
Public
Elites American Jews    Influential Americans
Strongly agree   
19% 
16% 
58% 
0%
Somewhat agree 
44%  
41%
30%
0%
Somewhat disagree 
19% 
25% 
7% 
0%
Strongly disagree  
8%  
15%
5%
 0%
Don't know  
10%   
4%
1%
0%


As part of a peace agreement between Syria and Israel...There is a plan to place American troops between Israel and Syria on the Golan Heights. Do you favor or oppose this plan to put American soldiers on the Golan Heights? (Middle East Quarterly, 1/13/2000)

Favor 21%
Oppose 64%
DK/Refused 15%

In return for Syria signing a peace treaty with Israel, should the U.S. Congress authorize a multi-billion-dollar package to strengthen Syria's economy? (Middle East Quarterly, 1/13/2000)

Yes 21%
No 64%
DK/Refused 15%

At present, there are about 35,000 Syrian troops occupying Lebanon. Should Syria be required to evacuate all those forces from Lebanon before the U.S. Congress authorizes any financial aid for Syria? (Middle East Quarterly, 1/13/2000)

Yes 66%
No 17%
DK/Refused 18%

According to the U.S. State Department, Syria continues to provide sanctuary and support for a number of terrorist groups. Should Syria be required to expel all terrorist organizations from Syria and Syrian-controlled Lebanon before the U.S. Congress authorizes any financial aid for Syria? (Middle East Quarterly, 1/13/2000)

Yes 68%
No 17%
DK/Refused 15%

Should Syria be required to end its anti-American, anti-Israel, and anti-Semitic incitement in the state-controlled media and school textbooks before the U.S. Congress authorizes any financial aid to Syria? (Middle East Quarterly, 1/13/2000)

Yes 65%
No 20%
DK/Refused 16%

It has been reported that Syria has been working on weapons of mass destruction ... In return for Syrian [cooperation], should the U.S. Congress authorize a multi-billion-dollar package to strengthen Syria’s military? (Middle East Quarterly, 1/13/2000)

Yes 17%
No 67%
DK/Refused 17%

How would you rate the job (READ ITEMS) is doing in trying to reduce the violence and work for peace – excellent, pretty good, only fair or poor? (Harris, November 2000)

 

Excellent

Pretty Good

Only Fair

%

Poor

%

Not Sure

/Refused

%

Positive

%

Negative

%

President Bill Clinton

17

42

26

12

3

59

38

Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak

4

21

40

20

15

25

60

Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat

2

15

35

36

12

17

71

*Positive = excellent or pretty good.

**Negative = only fair or poor.

Which do you think is more likely – there will be a real peace agreement between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the next 5 years, or that there will still be violence in 5 years time? (Harris, November 2000)

Total

%

 
Total %

There will be real peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the next 5 years

11

There will still be violence in 5 years time

84

Not sure

5

 

 

 

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