Attitudes of American Jews


ISRAEL
WORLD AFFAIRS AND TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION & NATIONAL AFFAIRS
INTERNATIONAL JEWISH ISSUES
JEWISH IDENTITY
WAR ON TERRORISM AND IRAQ

 

ISRAEL

Do you think there will or will not come a time when Israel and its Arab neighbors will be able to settle their differences and live in peace? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
Will
38%
37%
Will not
56%
55%
Not sure
6%
8%

Do you think that negotiations between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas can or cannot lead to peace in the forseeable future? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Can
36%
Cannot
55%
Not sure
9%

Do you think that Israel can or cannot achieve peace with a Hamas-led, Palestinian government? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
Can
22%
17%
Cannot
68%
74%
Not sure
10%
9%

Was Israel justified in invading Lebanon in the wake of the kidnapping of two of its soldiers by Hezbollah?* (UPI/Zogby International, December 4-6, 2006)

Israel was justified

69.9%

Israel was not justified

19.3%
*Not the exact question wording

Have you ever visited Israel? (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Yes
41%

Number of visits to Israel, ever visited (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

1
54%
2
17%
30 or more
29%

Age when visited, visited once (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

0-17
19%
18-34
28%
35-54
29%
55 and older
24%

Age on last visit (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

0-17
35%
18-34
30%
35-54
28%
55 and older
7%

Duration of visit, visited once (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Less than 2 weeks
29%
2 to 4 weeks
52%
More than 4 weeks
19%

Duration of longest visit, visited more than once (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Less than 2 weeks
13%
2 to 4 weeks
46%
More than 4 weeks
41%
Total
100%

Only visit was with an organized Jewish group, visited once (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Yes
33%

First visit was with an organized Jewish group, visited more than once (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Yes
31%

Never visited Israel and reason for not visiting (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Cost
36%
Safety
13%
Not enough time
11%
No major reason
11%
Not interested
10%
Other
29%
Total
100%

Financial cost prevented Israel travel in past 5 years (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Yes
38%

Financial cost prevented sending a child to Israel in past 5 years (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Yes
31%

Family or close friends living in Israel (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Yes
46%

Familiarity with social and political situation in Israel (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Very familiar
37%
Very or somewhat familiar
88%

Level of emotional attachment to Israel (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Very attached
32%
Very or somewhat attached
69%

American and Israeli Jews share a common destiny (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Strongly agree
37%
Strongly or somewhat agree
74%

Israel is the spiritual center of the Jewish people (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Strongly agree

57%

Strongly or somewhat agree
84%

How much being Jewish involves caring about Israel (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

A lot
45%
A lot or some
81%

Israel still needs the financial support of American Jews (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Strongly agree
55%
Strongly or somewhat agree
87%

Reason for charitable giving: supporting the people of Israel (United Jewish Communities Report Series on NJPS 2000-2001)

Very important
46%
Very or somewhat important
88%

Now, I’m going to read a series of statements about Israel and the Palestinians. For each statement, I’d like to know your views. As I read them, tell me whether you Agree, or Disagree, are Mixed, or Not sure: (Ameinu, April 2005)

 
Agree
Disagree
Mixed
Not Sure
In the context of a signed peace agreement, the great majority of Israelis are prepared to live in peace with the Palestinians. 64% 6% 18% 12%
In the context of a signed peace agreement, the great majority of Palestinians are prepared to live in peace with the Israelis 24% 35% 23% 19%
The current official leaders of the Palestinian Authority are ready to hold serious negotiations with Israel toward a peaceful resolution of their conflict. 40% 15% 24% 21%
Even with a signed agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, a large number of Palestinians will continue to use terrorism against Israel. 70% 9% 11% 10%

Now I’m going to ask you five questions about how the U.S. government should relate to the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. Again, in each case, tell me whether you Agree, Disagree, are Mixed, or Not sure. (Ameinu, April 2005)

 
Agree
Disagree
Mixed
Not Sure
The U.S. should push Palestinian leaders to be more conciliatory toward the Israelis. 67% 9% 16% 8%
The U.S. should push Israeli leaders to be more conciliatory toward the Palestinians. 46% 20% 24% 10%
In all or almost all instances, the U.S. should support the positions of the Israeli government in its dealings with the Palestinians. 48% 14% 29% 9%
Rather than almost always taking Israel’s side as it does now, the U.S. should be more even-handed in its approach to the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, sometimes supporting the Israelis, and sometimes the Palestinians. 39% 31% 24% 6%
The U.S. should push both sides to move toward a peace agreement, even in the face of objections from Israelis or Palestinians. 76% 9% 11% 5%

Now I’d like to hear you views about what is called, “Israel’s disengagement plan.” As you may know, in a few months, the Israeli government is planning to withdraw from the Gaza Strip and some settlements in the West Bank, and to hand these areas over to Palestinian control. Many Israeli settlers, and their supporters, vigorously oppose this move. (Ameinu, April 2005)

Favor 58%
Oppose 22%
Don’t know/ No Answer 13%

Do you think the plan will make Israel somewhat more safe, somewhat less safe, or are you not sure?(Ameinu, April 2005)

Somewhat more safe 22%
Somewhat less safe 16%
Not sure 62%

Do you think the plan will help move Israel and the Palestinians closer to a peace agreement? (Ameinu, April 2005)

Yes 55%
No 21%
Not sure 23%

Some say that Israel and the Palestinians may soon try to negotiate a peace treaty where each side promises to end the conflict, once and for all. In the context of such an agreement, do you think Israel should be prepared to accept each of the following conditions, sought by the Palestinians? (Ameinu, April 2005)

 
Yes
No
Not sure
The establishment of an independent Palestinian state? 69% 10% 21%
Withdrawal of most of the Jewish settlements in the West Bank? 41% 27% 32%
Return of a token number of refugees to those parts of Israel they or families left in 48 or 67? 41% 30% 29%

How close do you feel to Israel? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2000
Very close
37%
36%
31%
31%
29%
28%
Fairly close
39%
41%
44%
43%
44%
46%
Fairly distant
16%
18%
19%
18%
20%
18%
Very distant
6%
5%
6%
8%
6%
7%
Not sure
2%
1%
0%
1%
1%
1%

To what extent do you feel attached to Israel? Are you very attached, somewhat attached, or not attached? (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)

Not attached
15.9%
Somewhat attached
51.1%
Very attached
33.0%

Here are a few questions about your connections, if any, with Israel (Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Yes No Not Sure
Do you closely follow the news about Israel? 74 24 2
Do you frequently talk about Israel with Jewish friends? 53 45 2
Do you frequently talk about Israel with family members? 51 47 2
Do you have any family or close friends living in Israel? 38 59 3
Do you frequently talk about Israel with non-Jewish friends? 33 63 4
Do non-Jewish friends frequently talk to you about Israel? 28 67 6
Do you often read an Israeli newspaper in English or Hebrew) either directly or on the Internet? 12 86 2
Are you planning to visit Israel in the next 3 years? 12 68 20

IF NO or NOT SURE:) If the violence were to stop, would you plan on visiting Israel in the next 3 years?

27 43 30

During the last 12 months, have you … (Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Yes No Not Sure
Made a contribution to an Israel-related charity? 49 50 1
Made any special effort to buy Israeli-made products? 31 66 3
Forwarded Israel related email petitions, articles, etc) to others? 30 69 1
Attended an Israel-related program, lecture, or discussion? 27 72 2
Written to someone by letter or email) in Israel? 20 80 1
Encouraged someone to visit Israel? 19 78 3
Attended a rally or meeting in solidarity with Israel? 13 86 1
Tried to discourage someone from visiting Israel? 10 90 1

Over the last two years, have you become more involved with Israel, less involved, or has there been not much change in your level of involvement? (Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Yes
More involved 11
Less involved 3
Not much change 86
Not sure 1

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Caring about Israel is a very important part of my being a Jew? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2000
Agree
74%
79%
74%
76%
73%
80%
Disagree
25%
19%
25%
22%
26%
18%
Not sure
2%
1%
1%
2%
1%
2%

Have you ever been to Israel? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2002
2000
No
59
63
58
Yes -- once
20
20
23
Yes -- more than once
20
17
20

(If answered never been to Israel) Why have you never been to Israel?? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
Personal safety concerns
20%
Lack of interest
18%
Travel costs
49%
Hostility to Israel
2%
Not sure
11%

Have you been to Israel? (Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Yes
No, Never 60
Yes, Once 24
Yes, 2-4 times 10
Yes, 5 times or more 4
Yes, I have lived in Israel 2

Looking ahead 3 to 5 years, do you see Jews in Israel and in the United States becoming closer, drifting apart, or neither? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
2002
2000
Becoming closer
29%
36%
38%
32%
Drifting apart
10%
9%
8%
12%
Neither
59%
53%
53%
50%
Not sure
2%
2%
2%
6%

How would you characterize relations between Israel and the United States today? Are they very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative, or very negative? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2004
2003
2002
2000
1999
1998
1997
Very positive
21%
13%
15%
21%
20%
15%
14%
23%
Somewhat positive
65%
71%
71%
69%
70%
70%
70%
67%
Somewhat negative
12%
14%
13%
9%
7%
14%
14%
9%
Very negative
1%
1%
1%
1%
0%
1%
1%
0%
Not sure
1%
1%
1%
1%
2%
1%
1%
0%

Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's decision to unilaterally withdraw from the Gaza Strip? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
Support 65%
Oppose 28%
Not sure 7%

Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's decision to build a security fence separating Israelis and Palestinians? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2004
Support 73% 69%
Oppose 24% 28%
Not sure 3% 3%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Israel no longer needs the financial support of American Jews." (American Jewish Committee)

 
2000
Agree 10%
Disagree 87%
Not sure 2%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Regardless of their individual views on the peace negotiations with the Arabs, American Jews should support the policies of the duly elected government of Israel." (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
2002
2000
Agree
63%
63%
61%
62%
Disagree
33%
34%
36%
32%
Not sure
3%
4%
4%
7%

Do you agree or do you disagree with each of the following statements? (Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Strongly
Agree
Agree Not Sure Disagree Strongly
Disagree
American Jews are critical to Israel’s survival 43 38 12 6 1
Israel is critical to sustaining American Jewish life 26 33 24 15 2
Israel is a dangerous place to visit 18 46 21 13 2
The organized American Jewish community should press the US to let Israel keep its settlements in Gaza and the West Bank 11 23 43 17 7
The Jewish settlements in Gaza and the West Bank constitute strategic assets that help make Israel safer 9 25 45 15 6
The Jewish settlements constitute an obstacle to peace 9 23 38 22 7
The US Administration should prod Israel to remove the settlements in Gaza and the West Bank 4 9 37 34 16
Though I don't condone terrorism, I am sympathetic with the Palestinians’ drive for national liberation 2 18 22 26 31
When dealing with Palestinian civilians, Israeli soldiers engage in unnecessary brutality 2 13 36 28 21
Unfortunately, Israel has been acting as a colonial power 2 9 33 30 27
There is something racist in the idea of a “Jewish State" of Israel 1 7 17 30 45

With respect to the Israel-Palestinian conflict, the US should… (Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Yes No Not Sure
Be highly active in efforts to formulate a peace agreement 71 5 23
Allow Israel a free hand when responding to terrorist attacks 66 11 23
Clearly support the current Israeli leadership over the current Palestinian
leadership
61 8 30
Try to remain fairly even-handed so as to maintain reasonably good ties
with both Israel and the Palestinians
47 19 34
Avoid all forms of pressure on the Israeli government 37 25 39
Urge Israel to evacuate settlements on the West Bank and Gaza in return for a peace agreement 21 33 46
Urge Israel to exercise restraint when responding to terrorist attacks 16 62 22

In your view, to what extent have the following been pro-Palestinian, pro-Israel, or even-handed? Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)

  Pro-Palestinian Evenhanded Pro-Israel Not Sure
President Bush 5% 28% 38% 29%
The Congress 5% 26% 35% 35%
The Christian right 21% 5% 24% 50%
Secretary of State Colin Powell 10% 40% 21% 29%
The New York Times 19% 16% 13% 52%
The American left 25% 9% 12% 55%
Fox News 11% 24% 11% 55%
CNN 26% 19% 6% 49%
The United Nations 45% 18% 3% 35%

To what extent do each of the following Arab leaders support or oppose peace with Israel? (American Jewish Committee)

 
President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt
President Bashar Assad of Syria
King Abdullah of Jordan
PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas
Strongly support    

2005

12%
1%
21%
5%

2002

8%
1%
12%
1%

2000

19%
2%
17%
7%
Somewhat support
 

2005

48%
10%
42%
29%

2002

50%
13%
46%
7%

2000

48%
17%
44%
33%
Somewhat oppose
 

2005

19%
22%
18%
26%

2002

24%
32%
22%
20%

2000

12%
28%
13%
25%
Strongly oppose
 

2005

9%
51%
10%
28%

2002

8%
39%
9%
70%

2000

6%
28%
8%
28%
Not sure
 

2005

12%
17%
11%
13%

2002

10%
15%
11%
3%

2000

15%
25%
19%
8%

 

Overall, do you support or oppose the Israeli government's handling of the peace negotiations with the Arabs? (American Jewish Committee)

  2003+ 2000 1998* 1997* 1996 1995 1994 1993
Support 60 59 66 61 79 68 77 84
Oppose 32 24 27 24 13 15 10 9
Not sure 8 17 7 15 8 17 14 8

*The question in 1997 began by first noting the election of Netanyahu, then inserting his name in place of the word "Israeli." In 1998, "Netanyahu was used instead of "Israeli."
+The question in 2003 asked about negotiations with "the Palestinian Authority" and not "the Arabs."

As you may know, on issues of peace and territory, Israelis are divided between doves and hawks. With which do you identify with more, the Israeli doves or the hawks? (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)

Doves
51.0%
Hawks
49.0%

Below are a variety of policy options facing the leaders and people of Israel. From what you know, which of the following policies would you recommend to the leaders of Israel? Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)
Would you recommend this policy to Israel's leaders?

  Yes No Not Sure
Target and eliminate Palestinian terrorists 78 6 16
Insist on a complete cessation of all violence before negotiations can begin 59 15 25
Refuse to deal with Yasser Arafat as a negotiating partner 56 12 33
Continue to expand housing in existing settlements on the West Bank to accommodate natural growth 25 33 42
Remove the settlements in Gaza, even without a peace agreement 14 42 45
Remove most of the settlements on the West Bank, even without a peace agreement 13 44 44

Suppose it were possible for Israel to conclude a peace agreement with the Palestinian leadership. Under such circumstance, which of the following conditions do you think, that, if necessary, Israel should accept? Forward, November-December, 2002, published January 2003)
For a peace agreement, should Israel accept this condition?

  Yes No Not Sure
The establishment of an independent Palestinian state 53 14 33
Allowing a token number of Palestinian refugees to move to Israel 26 31 42
Agreeing to international control over Jerusalem’s Temple Mount 25 34 41
Removal of nearly all Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza 19 38 43
Agreeing to Palestinian control over Arab neighborhoods in Jerusalem 16 44 41

As part of a permanent settlement with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to dismantle all, some or none of the Jewish settlements in the West Bank? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2004
2003
2002
1999
1998
1995
1994*
Yes/All 15% 12% 12% 10% 5% 5% 5% 37%
Some 46% 57% 57% 55% 53% 52% 52%  
No/None 36% 29% 29% 34% 40% 40% 39% 52%
Not sure 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 5% 8%

*The question in 1994 combined the West Bank with Gaza and asked for a yes/no answer. "Yes" replies compare to the sum of "All" and "Some" replies in the other surveys.

How much land should Israel be willing to give up on the Golan Heights in order to reach a peace agreement with Syria? (American Jewish Committee)

  1999 1998 1995 1994 1993
All of it 2 2 2 3 2
Most of it 4 3 3 4 5
Some of it 23 23 26 27 29
Only a small part of it 32 26 28 27 30
None of it 37 42 33 32 27
Not sure 2 3 7 7 6

In the current situation, do you favor or oppose the establishment of a Palestinian state? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
1999
1998
1995
1994
1993
Favor
46%
54%
56%
57%
54%
49%
44% 42% 46% 53% 57%
Oppose
43%
38%
38%
37%
41%
47%
47% 49% 39% 34% 30%
Not sure
12%
9%
6%
6%
5%
5%
9% 9% 15% 13% 13%

Do you support or oppose the recognition of the right of the Jewish people to statehood and the recognition of the right of the Palestinian people to statehood?

In the framework of a permanent peace with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to compromise on the status of Jerusalem as a united city under Israeli jurisdiction? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2000
1999
1998
1995
1994
1993
Yes
36%
40%
36%
42%
42%
41%
36% 42% 33% 33% 32% 30%
No
58%
52%
60%
53%
54%
55%
57% 55% 61% 62% 60% 62%
Not sure
7%
7%
5%
5%
4%
4%
7% 4% 5% 5% 8% 8%

If yes, to previous question) In the framework of a permanent peace with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to relinquish sovereignty of the Old City of Jerusalem? ( American Jewish Committee)

 
2000
Yes 17%
No 76%
Not sure 7%

If the Palestinian Authority (PLO) unilaterally declares statehood, what response by Israel would you most favor? ( American Jewish Committee)

 
2000
Israel should accept the declaration of statehood 24%
Israel should break off negotiations with the Palestinians 28%
Israel should annex the remainder of the West Bank 17%
Other 18%
Not sure 13%

Tension between secular and ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel is becoming sharper. In your view, who is principally responsible for this increase in tension? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2000
Secular israelis 7%
Ultra-Orthodox Israelis 72%
Both equally 12%
Not sure 9%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? “The goal of the Arabs is not the return of occupied territories but rather the destruction of Israel.” (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
2005
2003
2002
2000
1999
1998
1995
1994
1993
Agree
82%
81%
78%
81%
82%
69%
66%
68%
56%
51%
42%
Disagree
12%
13%
18%
16%
15%
23%
27%
24%
37%
41%
50%
Not sure
6%
6%
5%
3%
4%
8%
7%
7%
7%
8%
9%

Is the Palestinian Authority PLO) doing enough or not doing enough to control terrorist activity against Israel by Hamas and other Palestinian extremist groups? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
1999
1998
1996
1995
Is doing enough
1%
6%
3%
9%
5%
Is not doing enough
98%
91%
94%
82%
91%
Not sure
1%
4%
3%
9%
4%

How concerned are you that the United States will pressure Israel to make concessions to the Palestinians in order to keep the Arab countries in the anti-terrorist coalition? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not concerned at all? 2002) ( American Jewish Committee)

Very concerned 35%
Somewhat concerned 47%
Not concerned at all 18%
Not sure 0%

As compared with one year ago, are you now more optimistic about the chance for a lasting peace between Israel and the Arabs, less optimistic, or do you think the chance for a lasting peace is about the same as it was one year ago? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2004
2003
2002
More optimistic now
21%
5%
5%
2%
Less optimistic now
19%
34%
37%
49%
Same as one year ago
59%
61%
58%
49%
Not sure
1%
0%
0%
0%

Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's current handling of relations with Yasir Arafat's Palestinian Authority? [...with the Palestinian Authority? 2004] (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2004
2003
2002
Support
67%
63%
60%
67%
Oppose
26%
28%
32%
29%
Not sure
7%
9%
8%
5%

With respect to Israel's search for peace with the Palestinians, do you think the Israeli government should be more conciliatory than it has been, less conciliatory, or just as conciliatory as it has been? (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)

More conciliatory
24.9%
Less
24.3%
Just as conciliatory
50.8%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements: The terror attacks on September 11 were at least partly as a result of America's support for Israel. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Disagree strongly
30.5%
Disagree
25.6%
Agree
31.9%
Agree strongly
12.0%

Do you think there will or will not come a time when Israel and the Arabs will be able to settle their differences and live in peace? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
Will
37%
38%
Will not
55%
56%
Not sure
8%
6%

In the fighting between Hezbollah and Israel in Lebanon, who emerged the winner? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
Hezbollah 15%
Israel 24%
Neither (vol.) 49%
Both (vol.) 2%
Not sure 10%

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Israeli government has handled the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
Approve 55%
Disapprove 35%
Not sure 10%

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States government has handled the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
Approve 53%
Disapprove 39%
Not sure 8%

Do you think that the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon is likely to lead to a larger war involving other countries in the Middle East or not? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
Yes, likely 46%
No, not likely 44%
Not sure 10%

In your opinion, does the United Nations treat Israel fairly or unfairly in its deliberations? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
Fairly
27%
27%
Unfairly
61%
66%
Not sure
12%
7%

 

WORLD AFFAIRS AND TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS

How desirable is it that the United States exerts strong leadership in world affairs? Is it very desirable, somewhat desirable, somewhat undesirable, or very undesirable? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
Very desirable
45%
43%
Somewhat desirable
42%
44%
Somewhat undesirable
2%
8%
Very undesirable
9%
3%
Not sure
1%
1%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "When dealing with common problems, the United States and Europe should be more willing to make decisions jointly, even if this means that the United States, as well as Europe, will sometimes have to go along with a policy that is not its first choice." ( American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
Agree
77%
75%
Disagree
21%
22%
Not sure
3%
3%

In general, in responding to international crises, do you think the United States should or should not act alone, if it does not have the support of its allies? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
Should act alone
33%
37%
Should not act alone
64%
60%
Not sure
3%
3%

Do you believe that the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon reflect the true teachings of Islam? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2003
Yes
19%
No
76%
Not sure
5%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements: Since September 11, the possibility of Islamic attacks against American Jews and their institutions have markedly increased. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Disagree strongly
7.5%
Disagree
36.7%
Agree
39.3%
Agree strongly
16.5%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements: Since September 11, more Americans are upset with Jews over America's support for Israel. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Disagree strongly
17.2%
Disagree
52.7%
Agree
23.4%
Agree strongly
6.8%

The Bush administration, in its effort to include Arab states in its coalition against Osama bin Laden, was right to call on Israel to exercise restraint in responding to Palestinian terrorism. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Disagree strongly
17.2%
Disagree
31.4%
Agree
40.8%
Agree strongly
10.7%

Israel should respond positively to American calls for restraint in responding to Palestinian terrorism. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Disagree strongly
13.6%
Disagree
38.9%
Agree
38.0%
Agree strongly
9.5%

American Jewish organizations were right to criticize the Bush administration for pressing Israel to exercise restraint in responding to Palestinian terrorism. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Disagree strongly
5.0%
Disagree
33.5%
Agree
45.3%
Agree strongly
16.2%

Jewish organizations should quietly urge Israel to exercise restraint in responding to Palestinian terrorism. (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)

Disagree strongly
15.5%
Disagree
46.4%
Agree
33.9%
Agree strongly
4.2%

WAR ON TERRORISM AND IRAQ

Do you approve or disapprove of the way President George W. Bush is handling the U.S. campaign against terrorism? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004*
2003
2002
Approve
42%
41%
59%
Disapprove
52%
54%
37%
Not sure
6%
5%
5%

*Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States government is handling the campaign against terrorism?

Compared to one year ago, do you feel more safe from the threat of terrorism, less safe, or about as safe as you felt one year ago? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
More
8
Less
31
Same
61
Not sure
0

Do you think that Americans will or will not have to give up some of their personal freedoms in order to make the country safe from terrorist attacks? (American Jewish Committee)

  2002
Will 78
Will not 20
Not sure 2

Here are some increased powers of investigation that law enforcement agencies might use when dealing with people suspected of terrorist activity, which would also affect our civil liberties. For each, please say if you would favor or oppose it. (American Jewish Committee)

  2002 2002 2002
  Favor Oppose Not sure
Expanded undercover activities to penetrate groups under suspicious 86 12 2
Adoption of a national I.D. system for all U.S. citizens 67 30 3
Expanded camera surveillance on streets and in public places 65 33 3
Profiling of people and searching them based on their nationality, race, or religion 35 62 2

To what extent, if at all, do you feel personally more endangered as a Jew than you felt before September 11? (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)

None
47.2%
A little
17.3%
Somewhat
26.1%
To a great extent
9.4%

Do you approve or disapprove of the United States taking military action against Iraq to try and remove Saddam Hussein from power? 2002)
Do you approve or disapprove of the war with Iraq 2003/2004) (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
2002
Approve
30%
43%
59%
Disapprove
66%
54%
36%
Not sure
4%
3%
5%

If the United States takes military action against Iraq, do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States will increase, decrease, or stay about the same? 2002)
Do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States has increased, decreased, or stayed about the same as a result of the war with Iraq? 2003/2004)
(American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
2002
Increased
57%
42%
62%
Decreased
37%
9%
6%
Stay about the same
35%
48%
32%
Not sure
1%
1%
1%

In your opinion, do you think that a war between the United States and Iraq is likely to lead to a larger war between other countries in the Middle East? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
Yes, likely
56
No, not likely
41
Not sure
3

Do you agree or disagree with those who claim that the West and the Muslim world are engaged in a clash of civilizations? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
Agree
64
Disagree
29
Not sure
7

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION & NATIONAL AFFAIRS

In politics, as of today, do you consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat, or an Independent? (American Jewish Committee)

> > > > > > > > > > > >
 
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Republican
17%
15%
15%
16%
16%
16%
18%
Democrat
56%
58%
54%
54%
54%
51%
48%
Independent
25%
26%
29%
29%
29%
31%
32%
Not sure
2%
2%
3%
1%
2%
1%
2%

I'm going to read you a list of political views that people might hold. They are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale? (American Jewish Committee)

> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >
 
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Extremely liberal
5%
4%
4%
7%
5%
4%
4%
Liberal
28%
23%
26%
22%
23%
19%
19%
Slightly liberal
11%
16%
12%
15%
17%
17%
14%
Moderate, middle of the road
30%
31%
32%
29%
30%
33%
34%
Slightly conservative
10%
9%
10%
12%
12%
13%
15%
Conservative
12%
13%
12%
11%
9%
12%
12%
Extremely conservative
2%
3%
3%
3%
2%
2%
2%
Not sure
2%
3%
2%
1%
1%
1%
2%

If the election for president were being held today, for whom would you vote-- John McCain, Republican or Barack Obama, Democrat? (American Jewish Committee, September 8-21, 2008)

John McCain
30%
Barack Obama
57%
Not Sure
13%

Do you approve or disapprove of Barack Obama's selection of Joseph Biden as his vice-presidential running mate? (American Jewish Committee, September 8-21, 2008)

Approve
73%
Disapprove
15%
Not Sure
13%

Do you approve or disapprove of John McCain's selection of Sarah Palin as his vice-presidential running mate? (American Jewish Committee, September 8-21, 2008)

Approve
37%
Disapprove
54%
Not Sure
9%

Which one issue would you most like to hear the candidates for president discuss during the 2008 presidential campaign? (American Jewish Committee, September 8-21, 2008)

Economy
54%
War in Iraq
6%
Health Care
11%
Immigration
2%
Energy
5%
Education
2%
Israel
3%
Taxes
2%
Social Security
2%
Supreme Court Nominations
1%
Terrorism
5%
Not Sure
6%

Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican Party or the Democratic Party is more likely to make the right decision in dealing with the following issues? (American Jewish Committee, September 8-21, 2008)

 
Republican
Democratic
Not Sure
Terrorism
36%
53%
11%
Ensuring a strong economy
28%
62%
10%
Support for Israel
32%
52%
16%
Energy independence
26%
63%
11%
War in Iraq
31%
61%
7%

What is the most important problem facing the United States today? Please select one of the following. (American Jewish Commitee)

 
2007
War in Iraq
16%
Economy and jobs
22%
Terrorism and national security
15%
Health care
19%
Immigration
8%
Education
8%
Energy crisis
7%
Not sure
4%

In deciding who you would like to see elected president next year, which issue will be most important to you? Please select one of the following. (American Jewish Commitee)

 
2007
War in Iraq
16%
Economy and jobs
23%
Terrorism and national security
14%
Health care
19%
Support for Israel
6%
Immigration
6%
Education
4%
Energy crisis
6%
Not sure
5%

Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican party or the Democratic party is more likely to make the right decision about the war in Iraq? (American Jewish Committee)

>> > >> > >> > >> > >> >
 
2007
2006
Republican
21%
22%
Democrat
61%
59%
Both (vol.)
0%
2%
Neither (vol.)
13%
11%
Not sure
6%
7%

Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican party or the Democratic party is more likely to ensure a strong economy? (American Jewish Committee)

>> > >> > >> > >> > >> >
 
2007
2006
Republican
26%
27%
Democrat
62%
60%
Both (vol.)
1%
1%
Neither (vol.)
6%
6%
Not sure
6%
6%

Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican party or the Democratic party is more likely to make the right decision when it comes to dealing with terrorism? (American Jewish Committee)

>> > >> > >> > >> > >> >
 
2007
2006
Republican
30%
28%
Democrat
53%
51%
Both (vol.)
2%
5%
Neither (vol.)
8%
10%
Not sure
7%
6%

How serious a problem do you think the issue of illegal immigration is for the United States right now — very serious, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

>> > >> > >> > >> > >> >
 
2007
2006
Very serious problem
42%
40%
Somewhat serious problem
37%
38%
Not too serious problem
16%
17%
Not a problem at all
5%
4%
Not sure
0%
1%

Which comes closest to your view about what the government policy should be towards illegal immigrants currently residing in the United States? Should the government deport all illegal immigrants back to their home country, OR allow illegal immigrants to remain in the United States in order to work but only for a limited amount of time, OR allow illegal immigrants to remain in the United States and become U.S. citizens but only if they meet certain requirements over a period of time? (American Jewish Committee)

>> > >> > >> > >> >
 
2007
2006
Deport all
15%
14%
Remain to work for limited amount of time
14%
17%
Remain to work if meet certain criteria
67%
66%
Not sure
4%
3%

In the 2000 presidential election, did you vote for Al Gore, the Democrat, or for George W. Bush, the Republican? (American Jewish Committee)

> > > > >
 
2003
Al Gore
66%
George W. Bush
24%
Other
3%
Did not vote
3%
Not sure
4%

Suppose the next general election for president were being held today and you had to choose between George W. Bush, the Republican, John Kerry, the Democrat or Ralph Nader, the independent - - for whom would you vote? (2004) (American Jewish Committee)

> > >
George W. Bush
24%
John Kerry
69%
Ralph Nader
3%
Not sure
5%

Suppose the next general election for president were being held today and you had to choose between George W. Bush, the Republican, and [ ], the Democrat - - for whom would you vote? (2003) (American Jewish Committee)

> > >
George W. Bush 29%
Wesley Clark 59%
Not sure 12%

 

> > >
George W. Bush 31%
Howard Dean 60%
Not sure 9%

 

> > >
George W. Bush 31%
John Kerry 59%
Not sure 10%

 

> > >
George W. Bush 31%
Richard Gephardt 60%
Not sure 9%

 

> > >
George W. Bush 24%
Joseph Lieberman 71%
Not sure 6%

In the elections for the House of Representative held on November 5, 2002, did you vote for the Republican candidate or the Democratic candidate? (American Jewish Committee)

> > > > >
  2002
Republican 22%
Democratic 61%
Other candidate vol.) 2%
Did not vote vol.) 8%
Not sure 7%

When the Senate votes on a Supreme court nominee, should it consider only that person’s legal qualifications and background, or along with legal background, should the Senate also consider how that nominee might vote on major issues the Supreme Court decides?(American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
Legal Only
27%
Issues, too
70%
Not sure
3%

If a nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court favors overturning the Roe v. Wade decision on abortion, in your view, should that alone disqualify that person from serving on the Supreme Court, or not? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
Should
50%
Should not
49%
Not sure
2%

Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (American Jewish Committee)

  2003 2002
Increased a lot 4 3
Increased a little 11 9
Left the same as it is now 43 43
Decreased a little 21 21
Decreased a lot 20 22
Not sure 2 2

Which do you think is better for the United States - to encourage immigrants to blend into American culture by giving up some important aspects of their own culture, or to encourage immigrants to maintain their own culture more strongly, even if that means they do not blend in as well? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
Blend in
61%
Maintain own culture
31%
Both
4%
Not sure
4%

Do you think that the government should or should not provide taxpayer funds for social service programs run by religious institutions, such as churches or synagogues? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2003
2002
Should
32%
25%
24%
Should not
66%
73%
73%
Not sure
3%
3%

Do you favor or oppose government aid to parochial or other religious schools? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
2002
Favor 25% 25% 22%
Oppose 72% 73% 76%
Not sure 3% 2% 2%

Some people have said that because the people who remained in New Orleans after the hurricane and flooding were mostly African American, help was slow to come, and that if the people who remained left in New Orleans had been mostly white, help would have come faster. Do you think the fact that those who remained in New Orleans were mostly black was a major factor, a minor factor, or not a factor in the government's response in New Orleans? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
Major factor
25%
Minor factor
26%
Not a factor
47%
Not sure
1%

Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship? (2004) (American Jewish Committee)

Legal marriage
49%
Civil union
36%
No legal recognition
13%
Not sure
2%

Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the United States Constitution that defines marriage as a union only between a man and a woman and makes same-sex marriages unconstitutional? (2004) (American Jewish Committee)

Favor
24%
Oppose
74%
Not sure
2%

A federal appeals court has ruled that the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional and cannot be recited in schools because the phrase 'under God' violates the separation of church and state. Do you think the phrase 'under God' should or should not be part of the Pledge of Allegiance? (2003) (American Jewish Committee)

Should
66%
Should not
31%
Not sure
3%

In your opinion, how important is it that the United States achieve energy independence? Is it very important, somewhat important, or not important at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
2005
2003
2002
Very important
81%
77%
73%
71%
Somewhat important
18%
21%
24%
27%
Not important
1%
1%
2%
2%
Don't Know/Not Application
1%
0%
1%
1%

What is the best way for the United States to handle its energy needs--by encouraging greater energy production, by encouraging greater energy conservation, or both equally? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2006
2005
2002
Greater energy production
7%
5%
6%
6%
Greater energy conservation
6%
9%
11%
18%
Developing alternative energy sources*
75%
74%
72%
 
Both equally / All Three*
10%
11%
11%
75%
Don't Know/No Answer
2%
2%
1%
1%


*Added in 2005

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "The United States should develop independent sources of energy even at the risk of damaging the environment." (American Jewish Commitee)

 
2007
Agree
22%
Disagree
73%
Not sure
5%

International Jewish Issues

D. INTERNATIONAL JEWISH ISSUES

I would like your opinion of some countries today. Is your overall opinion of INSERT COUNTRY) very favorable, somewhat favorable, neutral, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (2002)

I would like you to rate your feelings toward some countries, institutions and people, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. How would you rate your feelings toward [ ]. (2003/04)

(American Jewish Committee)

  Mean Score (2005) Mean Score (2004) Mean Score (2003) Very favorable (2002) Some what favorable (2002) Neutral (2002) Somewhat unfavorable (2002) Very unfavorable (2002) Not sure (2002)
United States
82
84
Iran
27
1
2
11
30
56
0
Australia
50
29
19
1
1
1
Saudi Arabia
29
0
7
18
37
37
1
Germany
50
47
45
5
28
39
19
9
1
Jordan
43
4
27
32
27
10
1
Egypt
45
2
23
35
29
10
1
Great Britain
77
77
57
29
11
2
1
0
Pakistan
1
10
27
37
24
1
Russia
52
51
3
31
46
17
3
1
France
37
35
33
8
22
27
27
15
1
The Vatican
54
45
51
6
18
42
22
11
2
Syria
24
1
4
18
32
44
1
Turkey
51
52
6
28
43
18
4
2
India
57
55
4
25
47
20
3
1
China
46
44
1
19
39
29
10
1
Bulgaria
2
10
68
10
3
8
The European Union
57
54
--
--
--
--
--
--
Poland
56
56
--
--
--
--
--
--
The Palestinians Palestinian Authority)
21
--
--
--
--
--
--
Italy
59
62
Spain
57
62
South Africa
56
53
Mexico
59
               
Japan
62
               

I would like you to rate how various foreign governments feel toward Israel, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. How would you rate the government of [ ] in terms of feelings toward Israel? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
2005
2004
2003
United States
77
75
76
76
Saudi Arabia
22
Germany
44
50
46
41
Jordan
36
33
Egypt
37
35
Great Britain
65
64
65
Poland
49
49
Iran
16
France
30
33
30
30
Syria
15
16
Turkey
38
45
45
India
50
47
The Vatican
54
43
49
Italy
50
54
Spain
49
53
Russia
38
43
45
South Africa
51
48
China
36
45
42
Mexico
48
   
Japan
53
   

Is your opinion of the United Nations very favorable, somewhat favorable, neutral, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
2002
Very favorable
7%
9%
Somewhat favorable
32%
34%
Neutral
21%
22%
Somewhat unfavorable
23%
24%
Very unfavorable
18%
11%
Not sure
0%
0%

Do you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with the following statement: "Germany today is making a sincere effort to deal with the legacy of the Holocaust." (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2002
Agree strongly
18%
13%
Agree somewhat
53%
50%
Disagree somewhat
19%
24%
Disagree strongly
8%
10%
Not sure
3%
2%

I am going to name some countries in Europe. In each case tell me whether anti-Semitism in the country is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all. (2004) (American Jewish Committee)

 
Very serious problem
Somewhat of a problem
Not a problem at all
Not sure
Germany
25%
65%
6%
4%
Great Britain
4%
60%
31%
4%
France
64%
29%
5%
3%
Italy
4%
64%
24%
8%
Spain
8%
63%
21%
8%
Russia
25%
64%
6%
4%
Belgium
6%
49%
33%
13%
Holland
4%
42%
45%
10%

In your opinion, what proportion of each of the following groups in Europe is anti-Semitic—most, many, some, very few, or none? (American Jewish Committee)

 
Most
(2004)
Aggregate#
(2004)
Catholics
7%
79%
Muslims
43%
93%
The far Left
13%
69%
Protestants
4%
74%
The far Right
21%
78%

#Sum of Most, Many and Some

JEWISH IDENTITY

How important would you say being Jewish is in your own life? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Very important
50%
61%
61%
55%
50%
54%
50%
Fairly important
36%
29%
28%
33%
38%
34%
38%
Not very important
13%
10%
10%
12%
11%
12%
12%
Not Sure*
1%
           

* Added in 2008

 

Which one of the following qualities do you consider most important to your Jewish identity? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2003
2002
Being part of the Jewish people
43%
41%
41%
Religious observance
14%
16%
13%
Support for Israel
6%
6%
5%
A committment to social justice
20%
19%
21%
Something else
16%
17%
18%
Not sure
1%
2%
2%

Please rate the importance of each of the following to your Jewish identity, indicating whether it is extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not important. (American Jewish Committee)

 
Participation in synagogue services
Jewish Study
Travel to Israel
Jewish organizational activity
Celebration of Jewish holidays
Remembrance of the Holocaust
Extremely important    

2005

10%
10%
5%
6%
21%
25%
Very important
 

2005

30%
32%
24%
28%
49%
58%
Somewhat important
 

2005

34%
41%
38%
42%
25%
15%
Not important
 

2005

26%
17%
32%
24%
5%
2%

Do you belong to a synagogue or temple? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
205
2004
2003
2002
Yes
50%
53%
57%
51%
50%
51%
No
50%
46%
43%
49%
50%
49%

Do you think of yourself as . . . (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Orthodox
8%
8%
8%
10%
7%
8%
7%
Conservative
28%
29%
33%
32%
31%
33%
31%
Reconstructionist
1%
2%
2%
2%
2%
2%
2%
Reform
30%
30%
31%
29%
29%
30%
30%
Just Jewish
31%
29%
24%
26%
30%
28%
30%
Not sure
2%
2%
         

In your opinion, which is a greater threat to Jewish life in the United States today--intermarriage or anti-Semitism? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2004
2003
2002
Intermarriage
33%
32%
27%
31%
Anti-Semitism
62%
66%
68%
66%
Both equally Vol.)
3%
2%
3%
2%
Not sure
2%
1%
2%
2%

How close do you feel to Israel? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
Very close
29%
30%
Fairly close
38%
40%
Fairly distant
23%
21%
Very distant
8%
8%
Not sure
2%
1%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? “Caring about Israel is a very important part of my being a Jew.” (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Agree
69%
Disagree
28%
Not sure
3%

To what extent, if at all, do you feel more in touch with your identity as a Jew than you did before September 11? ( Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)

None
40.4%
A little
15.3%
Somewhat
27.7%
To a great extent
16.7%

To what extent do you feel your identities as an American and a Jew are in harmony or in conflict? (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
Very much in conflict
.9%
Somewhat in conflict
8.1%
Somewhat in harmony
31.6%
Very much in harmony
59.4%

Since September 11, would you say that your identities as a Jew and an American have become more harmonious, more in conflict, or has there really been no change? (Forward, Oct. 28-31, 2001)
More harmonious
13.6%
More in conflict
4.0%
More in conflict
82.5%

Anti-Semitism

Please tell me if you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with the following statement: “Nearly 60 years after the end of World War II, it is time to put the memory of the Nazi extermination of the Jews behind us.” (American Jewish Committee)

 
2003
Agree strongly
4%
Agree somewhat
8%
Disagree somewhat
16%
Disagree strongly
71%
Not sure
0%

Do you think that anti-Semitism in the Muslim world is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Very serious problem
68%
Somewhat of a problem
30%
Not a problem at all
1%
Not sure
1%

Do you think that anti-Semitism in the United States is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Very serious problem
23%
27%
26%
27%
27%
37%
29%
Somewhat of a problem
63%
60%
65%
65%
67%
60%
66%
Not a problem at all
14%
12%
9%
8%
6%
3%
5%
Not sure
1%
2%
1%
0%
0%
0%
0%

Do you think that anti-Semitism on American college campuses is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2004
2004
2003
2002
Very serious problem
25%
24%
28%
23%
Somewhat of a problem
54%
56%
54%
57%
Not a problem at all
13%
12%
11%
12%
Not sure
9%
8%
8%
7%

Looking ahead over the next several years, do you think that anti-Semitism in the United States will increase greatly, increase somewhat, remain the same, decrease somewhat, or decrease greatly? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2004
2004
2003
2002
Increase greatly
18%
7%
9%
10%
9%
Increase somewhat
37%
33%
33%
39%
35%
Remain the same
36%
48%
45%
42%
46%
Decrease somewhat
5%
9%
9%
7%
8%
Decrease greatly
1%
1%
2%
1%
1%
Not sure
4%
2%
3%
1%
2%

In your opinion, what proportion of each of the following groups in the United States is anti-Semitic? most, many, some, very few, or none? (American Jewish Committee)

 
Most (2007)

Aggregate# (2007)

Most
(2006)
Aggregate#
(2006)
Most
(2005)
Aggregate#
(2005)
Most
(2004)
Aggregate#
(2004)
Most
(2003)
Aggregate#
(2003)
Most
(2002)
Aggregate#
(2002)
Asians
2%
35%
2%
43%
1%
43%
2%
44%
2%
46%
2%
38%
Muslims
31%
84%
32%
88%
31%
88%
36%
91%
28%
88%
31%
80%
Hispanics
2%
46%
2%
54%
2%
58%
4%
63%
3%
60%
3%
56%
Blacks
7%
69%
5%
76%
5%
73%
7%
78%
6%
76%
6%
76%
Evangelical Protestants*
9%
61%
9%
65%
13%
72%
10%
70%
20%
78%
19%
76%
Catholics
4%
62%
5%
68%
5%
71%
4%
75%
5%
73%
4%
70%
Mormons**
5%
53%
4%
69%
3%
65%

#Sum of Most, Many and Some
*Changed in 2004 to Evangelical Protestants from The Religious Right
**Changed in 2004 to Mormons from Mainstream Protestants

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Virtually all positions of influence in the United States are open to Jews." (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
Agree
56%
Disagree
44%
Not sure
0%

Do you think that anti-Semitism in Europe is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2003
2002
Very serious problem
55%
41%
Somewhat of a problem
41%
53%
Not a problem at all
2%
3%
Not sure
2%
3%

Do you think that anti-Semitism in the Muslim world is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Very serious problem
73%
76%
72%
77%
75%
Somewhat of a problem
23%
22%
22%
20%
22%
Not a problem at all
2%
1%
2%
2%
2%
Not sure
3%
1%
2%
1%
2%

Do you think that anti-Semitism at the United Nations is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
Very serious problem
29%
Somewhat of problem
55%
Not a problem at all
13%
Not sure
4%

Looking ahead over the next several years, do you think that anti-Semitism around the world will increase greatly, increase somewhat, remain the same, decrease somewhat, or decrease greatly? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
Increase greatly
17%
16%
19%
20%
13%
Increase somewhat
36%
38%
42%
47%
42%
Remain the same
36%
40%
31%
26%
38%
Decrease somewhat
7%
5%
6%
4%
5%
Decrease greatly
1%
1%
1%
1%
1%
Not sure
3%
1%
2%
2%
2%

I am going to name some countries around the world. In each case tell me whether anti-Semitism in the country is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all. (American Jewish Committee)

 
Germany
Mexico
France
China
Great Britain
India
Russia
Turkey
Japan
Very serious problem    
     

2005

24%
2%
54%
5%
7%
4%
29%
14%
2%
Somewhat of a problem
 

2005

64%
44%
38%
38%
57%
42%
58%
61%
54%
Not a problem at all
 

2005

8%
45%
6%
46%
33%
43%
10%
15%
34%
Not Sure
 

2005

3%
10%
2%
11%
3%
12%
3%
10%
11%

WAR ON TERRORISM AND IRAQ

Do you approve or disapprove of the way President George W. Bush is handling the U.S. campaign against terrorism? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007*
2006**
2005*
2003
2002
Approve
31%
31%
36%
41%
59%
Disapprove
59%
62%
60%
54%
37%
Not sure
10%
8%
4%
5%
5%

*Question wording changed. Instead of the way Bush is handling terror, it asks how "the United States government" is handling it.
**Question wording changed. Instead of the way Bush is handling the U.S. campaign, it asks how “the United States government is handling the war against terrorism.”

Compared to one year ago, do you feel more safe from the threat of terrorism, less safe, or about as safe as you felt one year ago? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
More
5%
Less
22%
Same
73%
Not sure
1%

Do you approve or disapprove of the war with Iraq? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2005
Approve
28
Disapprove
70
Not sure
2

Looking back, do you think the United States did the right thing in taking military action against Iraq, or should the U.S. have stayed out? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
2006
Right thing
27%
29%
Stayed out
67%
65%
Not sure
6%
6%

How would you say things are going for the United States in its efforts to bring stability and order to Iraq? Would you say things are going very well, somewhat well, somewhat badly, or very badly? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Very well
3%
Somewhat well
20%
Somewhat badly
33%
Very badly
43%
Not sure
2%

As you may know, the United States has sent more than 20,000 additional troops to Iraq. From what you have heard or read, would you say this troop increase is making the situation in Iraq better, making it worse, or is it having no impact on the situation in Iraq so far? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Better
30%
Worse
16%
No impact
52%
Not sure
3%

Which of these do you think is most likely? Iraq will become a stable democracy in the next year or two, OR Iraq will become a stable democracy, but it will take longer than a year or two, OR Iraq will probably never become a stable democracy.(American Jewish Committee)

  2006
Will in the next year or two
3%
Will take longer than a year or two
27%
Will never become a stable democracy
66%
Not sure
4%

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States government is handling the situation with Iran's nuclear weapons program? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2006
Approve
33%
Disapprove
54%
Not sure
13%

How concerned are you about the prospect of Iran obtaining nuclear weapons? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not concerned, or not concerned at all? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Very concerned
59%
Somewhat concerned
33%
Not concerned
7%
Not sure
0%

Would you support or oppose the United States taking military action against Iran to prevent it from developing nuclear weapons? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2008
2007
2006
2005
Support
42%
35%
38%
49%
Oppose
47%
57%
54%
46%
Not sure
11%
8%
8%
6%

Do you think that Americans will or will not have to give up some of their personal freedoms in order to make the country safe from terrorist attacks? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2002
Will
78
Will not
20
Not sure
2

Here are some increased powers of investigation that law enforcement agencies might use when dealing with people suspected of terrorist activity, which would also affect our civil liberties. For each, please say if you would favor or oppose it. (American Jewish Committee)

  2002 2002 2002
  Favor Oppose Not sure
Expanded undercover activities to penetrate groups under suspicious
86
12
2
Adoption of a national I.D. system for all U.S. citizens
67
30
3
Expanded camera surveillance on streets and in public places
65
33
3
Profiling of people and searching them based on their nationality, race, or religion
35
62
2

Do you approve or disapprove of the United States taking military action against Iraq to try and remove Saddam Hussein from power? (2002)
Do you approve or disapprove of the war with Iraq (2003)
(American Jewish Committee)

  2003 2002
Approve 43 59
Disapprove 54 36
Not sure 3 5

If the United States takes military action against Iraq, do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States will increase, decrease, or stay about the same? (2002)
Do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States has increased, decreased, or stayed about the same as a result of the war with Iraq? (2003)
(American Jewish Committee)

  2003 2002
Increase 42 62
Decrease 9 6
Stay about the same 48 32
Not sure 1 1

In your opinion, do you think that a war between the United States and Iraq is likely to lead to a larger war between other countries in the Middle East? (American Jewish Committee)

  2002
Yes, likely 56
No, not likely 41
Not sure 3

Do you agree or disagree with those who claim that the West and the Muslim world are engaged in a clash of civilizations? (American Jewish Committee)

 
2007
Agree
63%
Disagree
26%
Not sure
10%