United Nations General Assembly Resolution 48/124

December 20, 1993


Respect for the principles of national sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of States in their electoral processes.

The General Assembly,

Reaffirming the purpose of the United Nations to develop friendly
relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace,

Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

Recalling also its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970, by which
it approved the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning
Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

Recalling further the principle enshrined in Article 2, paragraph 7, of
the Charter of the United Nations, which establishes that nothing contained in the Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any State or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the Charter,

Reaffirming the legitimacy of the struggle of peoples for independence,
territorial integrity, national unity and for liberation from colonial
domination and apartheid, and for the establishment of a society in which the people, irrespective of race, colour or creed, will fully enjoy political and other rights on a basis of equality and participate freely in the
determination of their destiny,

Reaffirming also the legitimacy of the struggle of all peoples under
colonial and foreign domination, particularly the Palestinian people, for the exercise of their inalienable right to self-determination and national
independence, which will enable them to decide freely on their own future,

Recognizing that the principles of national sovereignty and
non-interference in the internal affairs of any State should be respected in
the holding of elections,

Recognizing also that there is no single political system or single
model for electoral processes equally suited to all nations and their peoples, and that political systems and electoral processes are subject to historical, political, cultural and religious factors,

Convinced that the establishment of the necessary mechanisms and means
to guarantee full popular participation in electoral processes corresponds to States,

Recalling its resolutions in this regard, in particular resolution
47/130 of 18 December 1992,

Welcoming the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by
the World Conference on Human Rights, held at Vienna from 14 to 25 June 1993, in which the Conference reaffirmed that the processes of promoting and protecting human rights should be conducted in conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter,

1. Reiterates that, by virtue of the principle of equal rights and
self-determination of peoples enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, all peoples have the right, freely and without external interference, to determine their political status and to pursue their economic, social and cultural development, and that every State has the duty to respect that right in accordance with the provisions of the Charter;

2. Reaffirms that it is the concern solely of peoples to determine
methods and to establish institutions regarding the electoral process, as well as to determine the ways for its implementation according to their
constitution and national legislation, and that, consequently, States should
establish the necessary mechanisms and means to guarantee full popular
participation in those processes;

3. Reaffirms also that any activities that attempt, directly or
indirectly, to interfere in the free development of national electoral
processes, in particular in the developing countries, or that are intended to
sway the results of such processes, violate the spirit and letter of the
principles established in the Charter and in the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations;

4. Reaffirms further that there is no universal need for the United
Nations to provide electoral assistance to Member States, except in special circumstances such as cases of decolonization, in the context of regional or international peace processes or at the request of specific sovereign States, by virtue of resolutions adopted by the Security Council or the General Assembly in each case, in strict conformity with the principles of sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of States;

5. Urges all States to respect the principle of non-interference in
the internal affairs of States and the sovereign right of peoples to determine their political, economic and social systems;

6. Strongly appeals to all States to refrain from financing or
providing, directly or indirectly, any other form of overt or covert support
for political parties or groups and from taking actions to undermine the
electoral processes in any country;

7. Condemns any act of armed aggression or threat or use of force
against peoples, their elected Governments or their legitimate leaders;

8. Reiterates that only the total eradication of apartheid and the
establishment of a non-racial, democratic society based on majority rule,
through the full and free exercise of universal suffrage, can lead to a just
and lasting solution to the situation in South Africa;

9. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the struggle of all peoples under
colonial and foreign domination, particularly of the Palestinian people, for
the exercise of their inalienable right to self-determination and national
independence, which will enable them to determine their political, economic and social system, without interference;

10. Calls upon the Commission on Human Rights at its fiftieth
session to continue giving priority to the review of the fundamental factors
that negatively affect the observance of the principles of national
sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of States in their
electoral processes and to report to the General Assembly at its forty-ninth
session, through the Economic and Social Council;

11. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly
at its forty-ninth session on the implementation of the present resolution,
under the item entitled "Human rights questions."


Source: Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs