United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46/39

(December 6, 1991)

By early December, the General Assembly was ready to start the vote on the traditional resolutions dealing with the Arab-Israel conflict. There was a great deal of interest to note whether the opening of the peace process, the Madrid Peace Conference and the new reality in the Middle East after the Gulf War, would have any impact on the voting pattern in the usual anti-Israel resolutions. There was no major change. The resolution dealing with Israel's nuclear armament was adopted by a majority of 76 for, 3 against, 75 abstentions. On this issue there was a growing number of abstentions. The resolution calling for the establishment of a nuclear free Middle East, was as usual, adopted without a vote. There was no change in the voting pattern on UNR WA, with a vast majority voting for the continuation of its efforts. The resolution on Israeli practices in the territories was adopted by a majority of 153 in favour, I against with 3 abstentions. The resolution on the Question of Palestine, failed to mention the Madrid Peace Conference and was adopted by a majority of 121 for, 2 against with 28 abstentions. The resolution on an international peace conference for the Middle East did note and welcome the Madrid Peace Conference, but requested that an international conference be held under United Nations auspices with the participation of the PLO based on previous UN resolutions, including the 1947 partition plan and calling for placing areas to be vacated by Israel under UN auspices for a transition period This resolution was adopted by 104 nations (fewer than in previous years), 2 against with 43 abstentions. The resolution dealing with the Intidafah was approved by a majority of 142, 2 against with 5 abstentions. Text of the resolutions follow:

The General Assembly,

Bearing in mind its previous resolutions on Israeli nuclear armament, the latest of which is resolution 45/63 of 4 December 1990,

Recalling its resolution 44/108 of 15 December 1989, in which, inter alia, it called for placing all nuclear facilities in the region under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards, pending the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East,

Recalling also that the Security Council, in its resolution 487 (1981), called upon Israel urgently to place all its nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards,

Noting with grave concern Israel's persistent refusal to commit itself not to manufacture or acquire nuclear weapons, despite repeated calls by the General Assembly, the Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency,

Taking note of resolution GC (XXXV)/RES/570, adopted on 20 September 1991 by the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency,

Taking into consideration the final document on international security and disarmament adopted by the Ninth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Belgrade from 4 to 7 September 1989, and in particular its paragraph 12, which relates to Israel's nuclear capabilities,

Deeply alarmed by the information with regard to the continuing production, development and acquisition of nuclear weapons by Israel and its testing of their delivery systems in the Mediterranean and elsewhere, thus threatening the peace and security of the region, and equally alarmed by reports of Israel's placing on alert its nuclear arsenal during conflicts in the Middle East,

Aware of the grave consequences that endanger international peace and security as a result of Israel's development and acquisition of nuclear weapons and Israel's collaboration with South Africa in developing their delivery systems,

Deeply concerned that Israel has not committed itself to refrain from attacking or threatening to attack safeguarded nuclear facilities,

1. Deplores Israel's refusal to renounce possession of nuclear weapons;

2. Expresses grave concern at the cooperation between Israel and South Africa in the military nuclear fields;

3. Expresses its deep concern regarding the information on Israel's continuing production, development and acquisition of nuclear weapons and testing of their delivery systems;

4. Reaffirms that Israel should promptly apply Security Council resolution 487 (1981), in which the Council, inter alia, requested it to place all nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards and to refrain from attacking or threatening to attack nuclear facilities;

5. Calls upon all States and organizations that have not yet done so not to cooperate with or give assistance to Israel that could enhance its nuclear-weapons capability;

6. Requests the International Atomic Energy Agency to inform the Secretary-General of any steps Israel may take to place its nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards;

7. Requests the Secretary-General to follow closely Israeli nuclear activities and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its forty-seventh session;

8. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-seventh session the item entitled "Israeli nuclear armament".

Source: Israeli Foreign Ministry