United Nations General Assembly Resolution 45/63

(December 4, 1990)

When the General Assembly came around to voting on the annual and "traditional" anti-Israel resolutions, it was already clear that unless Iraq withdraws from Kuwait, the newly created coalition will launch a war against it by 15 January 1991. In fact, on 29 November, the Security Council authorized the use of all "necessary means" against Iraq unless it withdraws by 15 January. Iraq rejected the resolution. Mr. Shamir visited Washington on 11 December, and after meeting with President Bush was assured that there would be no deals at Israel's expense. The Assembly adopted the following resolutions as though there were no preparations for operation "Desert Storm." There was no change in the voting pattern from previous years. The degree of seriousness of the resolution, dealing with the situation in the Middle East, can be seen by the insertion of its conviction that "the question of Palestine is the core of the conflict in the Middle East, " and that 99 nations accepted this formulation, while 19 opposed and 32 abstained. The Arab states did want to deflect attention, somewhat, from the growing threat of war in the region caused by an Arab state - Iraq. They also wanted to cover up for the split which occurred in that world, when Egypt, Syria, Morocco and Saudi Arabia, not to mention Kuwait and the Gulf Emirates, joined forces with the United States against Iraq. Libya, Algeria, Yemen and the PLO openly supported Iraq while Jordan gave logistical support. Text of the Resolutions with the number of nations voting for them follows:

The General Assembly,

Bearing in mind its previous resolutions on Israeli nuclear armament, the latest of which is resolution 44/121 of 15 December 1989,

Recalling its resolution 44/108 of 15 December 1989, in which, inter alia, it called for placing all nuclear facilities in the region under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards, pending the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East,

Recalling also Security Council resolution 487 (1981) of 19 June 1981, in which, inter alia, the Coiincil called upon Israel urgently to place all its nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards,

Noting that only Israel has been specifically called upon by the Security Council to place its nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards,

Noting with grave concern Israel's persistent refusal to commit itself not to manufacture or acquire nuclear weapons, despite repeated calls by the General Assembly, the Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency,

Taking note of resolution GC (XXXIV)/RES/526 of 21 September 1990, adopted by the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency,

Taking into consideration the final document on international security and disarmament adopted by the Ninth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Belgrade from 4 to 7 September 1989, in paragraph 12 of which Israel was condemned for continuing to develop its nuclear military programmes and weapons of mass destruction and for its refusal to implement the resolutions of the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency in this regard,

Deeply alarmed by the information with regard to the continuing production, development and acquisition of nuclear weapons by Israel and its testing of their delivery systems in the Mediterranean, thus threatening the peace and security of the region,

Aware of the grave consequences that endanger international peace and security as a result of Israel's development and acquisition of nuclear weapons and Israel's collaboration with South Africa to develop nuclear weapons and their delivery systems,

Deeply concerned that Israel has not committed itself to refrain from attacking or threatening to attack safeguarded nuclear facilities,

1. Reiterates its condemnation of Israel's refusal to renounce any possession of nuclear weapons;

2. Reiterates also its condemnation of the co-operation between Israel and South Africa in the military field;

3. Expresses its deep concern regarding the information on Israel's continuing production, development and acquisition of nuclear weapons and testing of their delivery systems;

4. Reaffirms that Israel should promptly apply Security Council resolution 487 (1981), in which the Council, inter alia, requested it to place all nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards and to refrain from attacking or threatening to attack nuclear facilities;

5. Calls upon all States and organizations that have not yet done so not to co-operate with or give assistance to Israel that could enhance its nuclear-weapons capability;

6. Requests the International Atomic Energy Agency to inform the Secretary-General of any steps Israel may take to place its nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards;

7. Requests the Secretary-General to follow closely Israeli nuclear activities and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its forty-sixth session;

8. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-sixth session the item entitled "Israeli nuclear armament". Adopted by 98 in favour, 2 against, 50 abstentions.

Source: Israeli Foreign Ministry