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UN General Assembly Resolutions:
Resolution 39/147

(December 17, 1984)


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Israel was asked to place its nuclear research efforts under international supervision, it was condemned for its failure to renounce any possession of nuclear weapons and nations were asked to cease all scientific ties with Israel. Paragraphs 3 and 4 of the resolution were adopted by a small majority (78 and 70) of Arab, Moslem, Communist and Third World Nations, none of whom had any scientific contacts with Israel. The Western Nations voted against these paragraphs fearing interference in their domestic affairs.

The General Assembly,

Recalling its previous resolutions on Israeli nuclear armament, resolution 38/64 of 15 December 1983, in which, inter alia, it called upon all countries of the Middle East, pending the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, to agree to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards, and invited those countries also, pending the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region, to declare their support for establishing such a zone and to deposit those declarations with the Security Council,

Considering that the Israeli statements contained in a letter dated 12 July 1984 continue to disregard the safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency,

Recalling further Security Council resolution 487 (1981) of 19 June 1981 in which, inter alia, the Council called upon Israel urgently to place its nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards,

Noting with concern Israel's persistent refusal to commit itself not to manufacture or acquire nuclear weapons, despite repeated calls by the General Assembly, the Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and to place its nuclear facilities under Agency safeguards,

Conscious of the grave consequences which endanger international peace and security as a result of Israel's development and acquisition of nuclear weapons and Israel's collaboration with South Africa to develop nuclear weapons and their delivery systems,

Recalling its repeated condemnation of nuclear collaboration between Israel and South Africa,

Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on Israeli nuclear armament,

1. Condemns Israel's continued refusal to implement Security Council resolution 487 (1981), unanimously adopted by the Council on 19 June 1981, and its refusal to renounce any possession of nuclear weapons,

2. Requests the Security Council to take urgent and effective measures to ensure that Israel complies with the resolution and places all its nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards;

3. Requests again the Security Council to investigate Israel's nuclear activities and the collaboration of other States, parties and institutions in these activities;

4. Reiterates its request to the International Atomic Energy Agency to suspend any scientific co-operation with Israel which could contribute to Israel's nuclear capabilities;

5. Reiterates further its condemnation of the Israeli threat, in violation of the Charter of the United Nations, to repeat its armed attack on peaceful facilities in Iraq and in other countries;

6. Reaffirms its condemnation of the continuing nuclear collaboration between Israel and South Africa;

7. Requests the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, in cooperation with the Department for Disarmament Affairs of the Secretariat and in consultation with the League of Arab States and the Organization of African Unity, to prepare a report providing data and other relevant information relating to Israeli Nuclear Armament and further nuclear developments taking into account, inter alia, the report of the Secretary-General on Israeli nuclear armament, and to submit it to the General Assembly at its fortieth session;

8. Requests the Secretary-General to provide the necessary support to the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research to enable it to carry out the task entrusted to it under the present resolution and for the Institute to submit a report to the General Assembly at its fortieth session;

9. Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fortieth session the item entitled "Israeli nuclear armament."


Sources: The United Nations

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