Security Council Condemns Hizballah Violence
and Denies Lebanese Claim to Shebaa Farms
(January 20, 2005)
The Security Council's
report on the United Nations Interim
Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)...finds that, over the past six months,
the Blue Line has enjoyed a prolonged period of relative quiet. The
Secretary-General had hoped that this situation would present an opportunity
for achieving progress towards the objective of bringing international
peace and security to southern Lebanon.
But, as has been demonstrated more than once over the past four years,
and unfortunately again this month, significant periods of quiet along
the Blue Line are often followed by several episodes of hostilities.
Furthermore, while violent incidents were considerably fewer than during
the previous reporting period, tensions between the parties did not
at any point appreciably diminish. Hostile rhetoric remained the norm,
and stability continued to be threatened, most dramatically by the incidents
of January 9 and 17, 2005, but also by rogue acts and, for the first
time, air incursions from both sides.
The resumption of military measures, for which Hezbollah
took credit, asserting its claimed prerogative to resist Israeli occupation
of Lebanese territory by force, was disturbing, the report says. The
United Nations has made abundantly
clear that no violations of the Blue Line are acceptable. The continually
asserted position of the Government of Lebanon that the Blue Line is
not valid in the Shaba farms area is not compatible with Security
Council resolutions. The Council has recognized
the Blue Line as valid for purposes of confirming Israels withdrawal
pursuant to resolution 425 (1978).
The Government of Lebanon should heed the Councils repeated calls
for the parties to respect the Blue Line in its entirety.
The Security Council
subsequently renewed the mandate of UNIFIL and condemned the violence
along the Blue Line.