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Terrorism:
Middle East Terrorist Incidents

(1968 - 1973)


Terrorism: Table of Contents | Counter-Terrorism | Suicide Attacks


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Date Act Outcome Perpetrators ... and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 1
23 July 1968 El Al plane hijacked Plane forced to 2 Palestinians, Freed
on flight from land at Algiers. 1 Syrian. quickly.
Rome to Lod. 21 Israel i and 11 Apprehended by
crew members Algerian
detained for five authorities.
weeks.
INCIDENT NO. 2
26 December 1968 Gunfire attack on 1 Israeli passenger 2 Palestinians. Freed after the
El Al plane at killed; I stewardess Sentenced to Olympic Airways
Athens airport. wounded. 17 and 14 years hijacking in July
imprisonment 1970 (see Incident
respectively. No. 17 below).
INCIDENT NO. 3
18 February 1969 Gunfire attack on Co-pilot killed; 5 Palestinians. 1 woman freed
El Al plane at pilot wounded. 1 killed and 4 quickly.
Zurich airport. arrested. 3 men freed after
1 (a woman) freed the Zerqa affair in
quickly; the three September 1970
men sentenced (see Incident No.
to 12 years 19 below).
imprisonment with
hard labour.
INCIDENT NO. 4
22 May 1969 Attempt to Forestalled. 2 Arabs (a man Freed after three
assassinate and a woman) weeks on the
David Ben-Gurion and 1 Swede ground that
in Copenhagen. arrested by "intent to kill" was
Danish authorities. not sufficient
reason for charging
them.
INCIDENT NO. 5
23 August 1969 Attack on the Abortive. 2 Jordanian Unknown.
Israeli Commercial students injured by
Fair at Izmir. the bomb employed
in the attack.
1 died from injuries;
1 arrested.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators ...and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 6
29 August 1969 TWA plane hijacked 6 Israeli passengers 2 Palestinians. Not brought to trial
from Los Angeles, detained, two of
forced to land at whom held until 5
Damascus, where it December 1969.
was sabotaged.
INCIDENT NO. 7
8 September 1969 Hand-grenade Damage to building. 2 Arab boys, one One boy took
attack on El Al of them 13 years refuge in the
office in Brussels. old. Both recruited Iraqi Embassy,
by A I-Fatah. which helped him
to escape.
INCIDENT NO. 8
27 November 1969 Hand-grenade 1 Greek child 2 Jordanians. Freed after the
attack on El Al killed; 13 persons Sentenced to 11 Olympic Airways
office in Athens. wounded. and 8 years hijacking in July
imprisonment 1970 (see Incident
respectively. No. 17 below).
INCIDENT NO. 9
5 December 1969 Attack planned on Forestalled. 4 terrorists Unknown.
plane at London arrested.
airport.
INCIDENT NO. 10
17 December 1969 Attack planned on Forestalled. 2 British nationals. I still in gaol.
an El Al plane at I sentenced to 10
London airport. years imprisonment;
the other turned
"Queen's" evidence.
INCIDENT NO. 11
21 December 1969 Attempt to hijack Abortive. 3 Lebanese detained. Freed after the
a TWA plane in Olympic Airways
Athens. hijacking in July
1970 (see Incident
No. 17 below).
INCIDENT NO. 12
9 January 1970 TWA plane hijacked Plane released. 1 Frenchman. Freed after a
to Beirut from Paris. few days.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 13
10 February 1970 Attack on airport I Israel i passenger 2 Jordanians; Freed after the Zerqa
bus headed for killed; 8 others 1 Egyptian. affair in September
El Al plane at wounded. 1970 (see Incident
Munich airport. No. 19 below).
INCIDENT NO. 14
17 February 1970 Conspiracy to Abortive. 1 Jordanian and Released after less
hijack an El Al 2 Iraqis arrested on than 2 months.
plane at Munich arrival by plane at
airport. Munich airport.
Sentenced to 3
months imprisonment.
INCIDENT NO. 15
4 May 1970 Attack on Israeli Wife of Israeli 2 Palestinians. Released after
Embassy at diplomat killed; Sentenced to 3 serving sentences.
Asuncion (Paraguay). 1 secretary years imprisonment.
wounded.
INCIDENT NO. 16
23 June 1970 Attacks planned on Forestalled. 1 Arab arrested in Still in gaol.
hotels in Israel. Israel.
Sentenced to 12
years imprisonment.
INCIDENT NO. 17
22 July 1970 Olympic Airlines Greek authorities 6 members of None was brought
plane hijacked to set free 7 convicted Palestine Popular to justice, but 7
Beirut from Athens. Arab terrorists. Struggle Front. convicted Arab
terrorists were set
free by the Greek
authorities (see
Incidents 2, 8 & 11
above).
INCIDENT NO. 18
6 September 1970 Attempt to hijack Abortive, but 2 members of Leila Khaled freed
El Al plane from 1 El Al steward Popular Front for after the Zerqa
Amsterdam to wounded. Of the the Liberation of affair (see Incident
New York. hijackers, 1 killed Palestine (PFLP). No. 19 below).
and Leila Khaled
wounded.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 19
6 September 1970 3 planes (Pan Am All three planes Members of PFLP. None was brought to
TWA and Swissair) were blown up. justice. But 7 Arab
with a total of 400 Arab terrorists terrorists imprisoned
passengers, hijacked imprisoned in in Britain, West
on flights to New various countries Germany and
York from set free. Switzerland were
Brussels, set free (see Incidents
Frankfurt and Nos. 3, 13 & 18
Zurich respectively. above).
The TWA and
Swissair planes
forced to land at
Zerqa in Jordan;
the Pan Am plane
in Cairo.
INCIDENT NO. 20
9 September 1970 BOAC plane Plane blown up. Members of PF LP. None was brought
hijacked on flight to justice (see
from Bombay to Incident No. 19
Rome, and forced above).
to land at Zerqa
in Jordan.
INCIDENT NO. 21
17 December 1970 Conspiracy to Forestalled. 5 terrorists. Served three months
sabotage an El Al Arrested on board imprisonment.
plane. a Yugoslav plane
during a stop-over
in Munich.
INCIDENT NO. 22
29 December 1970 Attacks planned on Forestalled. 2 Arabs arrested. Unknown.
targets in West
Germany and
Switzerland.
INCIDENT NO. 23
3 January 1971 Suitcase full of Forestalled. 1 person arrested. F reed
arms discovered quickly.
in Italy.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators ... and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 24
19 April 1971 Attacks planned on Forestalled. Elderly French Elderly couple
hotels in Israel. couple, 2 sisters reprieved , on
from Morocco, and grounds of health
1 Frenchman and age. Others
arrested on arrival serving 10, 12 and
in Israel, All 17 year terms in gaol.
sentenced to
varying lengths of
imprisonment.
INCIDENT NO. 25
23 June 1971 Attack on Jordanian 1 Arab arrested. Unknown.
target in Paris.
INCIDENT NO. 26
4 October 1971 Attempt to hijack Abortive. 2 Palestinians Unknown.
an Alia plane (one a young
(Jordanian) in woman) arrested.
Beirut.
INCIDENT NO. 27
28 November 1971 Prime Minister of Wasfi Tal murdered. 4 members of Black Freed in January
Jordan Wasfi Tal September, arrested 1973.
attacked in Cairo. in Cairo.
INCIDENT NO. 28
19 February 1972 Attempt to hijack Abortive. 1 Arab arrested. Unknown.
an Alia plane
(Jordanian) in
Cairo.
INCIDENT NO. 29
8 May 1972 Sabena plane Plane and 4 Palestinian Two men were
hijacked on flight passengers released terrorists (two men killed by security
from Brussels, and by Israeli authorities. and two women). guards at Lod
forced to land at airport. The two
Lod. women are serving
life imprisonment
in Israel.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 30
28 May 1972 Lebanese woman in Forestalled. 1 Lebanese woman. Freed and expelled
possession of arms to Beirut.
apprehended in
Rome. Plans
unknown.
INCIDENT NO. 31
30 May 1972 Three Japanese 27 persons killed, 3 Japanese 2 Japanese killed
terrorists machine- 80 wounded. Most despatched by by security guards
gun pilgrims and of the victims were PFLP. at Lod airport.
other passengers Puerto Rican 1 serving life
at Lod airport. pilgrims. imprisonment
in Israel.
INCIDENT NO. 32
16 August 1972 Booby-trapped Explosion in 2 British girls, 2 Arabs freed.
gramophone on luggage unaware that the
El Al plane on compartment, gramophone given
flight from Rome causing slight to them by 2 Arab
to Lod. damage. acquaintances in
Rome was booby-
trapped.
The 2 Arabs were
arrested in Italy.
INCIDENT NO. 33
5 September 1972 Seizure of Israeli 11 Israeli 7 Arabs, of whom 3 Arabs freed after
athletes in Olympic athletes murdered. 4 killed at airport hijacking of
Village near Munich. near Munich and Lufthansa plane
3 arrested. in October 1972
(see Incident No.
34 below).
INCIDENT NO. 34
29 October 1972 Lufthansa plane on Plane released, Members of Al- None brought to
flight from Beirut after the Arab Fatah acting under trial.
to Ankara hijacked terrorists who had the cover-name of
to Zagreb. murdered 11 "National Youth
Israeli athletes at Group for the
the Munich Liberation of
Olympics had been Palestine".
set free.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 35
23 October 1972 Algerian "diplomatic Forestalled. 1 Palestinian (on Freed.
courier" arrested in Algerian diplomatic
Amsterdam airport passport).
for carrying arms.
Plans unknown.
INCIDENT NO. 36
24 December 1972 Palestinian arrested Forestalled. 1 Palestinian. Sentenced to 18
at London airport; months imprisonment.
planned attacks on Released after one
Israeli Embassies in year.
Scandinavia.
INCIDENT NO. 37
9 January 1973 Conspiracy to attack Forestalled. 4 Arabs arrested in Freed.
targets in Haifa Cyprus.
where group
intended to arrive
by ship.
INCIDENT NO. 38
20 January 1973 Attack planned on Forestalled. 3 Arabs arrested Given suspended
transit camp in in Vienna. prison sentences,
Austria for Jewish and expelled from
immigrants from Austria.
Russia.
INCIDENT NO. 39
30 January 1973 Attack planned as Forestalled. 3 Arabs arrested Given suspended
in Incident No. 38 in Italy at border sentences, and
above. with Austria. expelled from Italy.
INCIDENT NO. 40
1 March 1973 Saudi-Arabian The American 8 Palestinians Not yet brought to
Embassy at Ambassador and arrested by trial.
Khartoum (Sudan) Deputy Head of Sudanese
seized. Mission, and the authorities.
Belgian Charge
d'Affaires,
murdered.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 41
15 March 1973 Attack planned on Forestalled. 2 Arabs arrested by 2 Arabs imprisoned
Israeli and French police at for 6 months and
Jordanian Embassies French-Italian expelled from
in Paris. border, leading to France. 2 others
the arrest of I freed and expelled
Palestinian and 1 immediately.
English doctor in
Paris.
INCIDENT NO. 42
4 April 1973 Attempt to attack Abortive. 2 Arabs, who were Freed and sent
passengers of E I Al arrested at the back to Lebanon.
plane at Rome airport.
airport.
INCIDENT NO. 43
9 April 1973 Attempt to attack Abortive. 4 Arabs. Sentenced to 6
Arkia plane (Israeli) years impris-
at Nicosia airport onment, but set
and attack on free in context
Israeli Ambassador's of KLM hijacking
residence in Nicosia. in November (see
Incident No. 56
below).
INCIDENT NO. 44
27 April 1973 Attack on an Italian Italian clerk 1 Palestinian. Not yet brought to
clerk of the El Al murdered. trial, since he is
office in Rome. alleged to be unfit
to stand trial.
INCIDENT NO. 45
27 April 1973 3 Arabs apprehended Forestalled. 3 Arabs. Unknown.
at Beirut airport
carrying explosives
on board plane
bound for Nice.
Plans unknown.
INCIDENT NO. 46
20 May 1973 Letter bombs sent 2 Arabs arrested Interrogated and
to Jewish and Israeli by British police. expelled from
addresses in Britain Britain two days
and Holland. later.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 47
17 June 1973 Car parked near Forestalled. 2 Arabs arrested. Freed without trial.
El Al office in Rome
exploded and 2
Arabs injured in it.
INCIDENT NO. 48
19 July 1973 Attack on El Al Abortive. I Palestinian. Freed and allowed
office in Athens. Terrorist took two to fly to Kuwait,
hostages in whence he departed
adjoining hotel, but immediately for
released them after unknown destination.
negotiations with
police.
INCIDENT NO. 49
20 July 1973 Japanese Jumbo jet Plane blown up at 5 terrorists. One Not yet brought to
hijacked on flight Tripoli airport of them, apparently trial.
from Amsterdam to (Libya). the leader, an Arab
Tokyo. girl, was killed by a
grenade that she
carried. Another
was a Japanese.
INCIDENT NO. 50
5 August 1973 Machine-gunning 5 dead, 2 Palestinians. Sentenced to death,
passengers in lounge 55 wounded. with right to appeal.
subsequently
agreed to commute
their sentences
after 3 Arabs
pirated a Greek
freighter at
Karachi on
2 February 1974.
INCIDENT NO. 51
5 September 1973 Attack planned on Forestalled. 5 Palestinians 2 released on bail.
El Al plane over arrested in Rome. Trial opened on 14
Rome airport with December, but the 2
ground-to-air rockets released on bail did
supplied by the not appear.
Soviet Union to
Egypt, Iraq and
Syria.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 52
5 September 1973 Saudi-Arabian French authorities 5 Arabs arrested Handed over to
Embassy at Paris allowed perpetrators by Kuwaiti Palestine Liberation
attacked. to fly from France authorities. Organization on
with 6 Saudi 11 October 1973.
diplomats as
hostages. The group
reached Kuwait
aboard a Syrian
plane.
INCIDENT NO. 53
11 September 1973 1 member of Al- Forestalled. I Arab Freed after
Fatah arrested by interrogation.
Australian authorities.
Plans unknown.
INCIDENT NO. 54
28 September 1973 3 Jewish immigrants Hostages released 2 Palestinians Freed and flown
from Russia taken after Austrian arrested by to an Arab
hostage, aboard Government Austrian country.
train bound for promised to close authorities.
Vienna. transit camp at
Schonau for Russian
immigrants en
route to Israel.
INCIDENT NO. 55
26 October 1973 4 Arabs in Forestalled. 4 Arabs. Not yet brought
possession of to trial.
explosives arrested
by West German
authorities.
Plans unknown.
INCIDENT NO. 56
25 November 1973 KLM Jumbo on Perpetrators 3 Arabs. Not known if
flight to New Delhi surrendered at arrested by Abu
hijacked to Abu Dhabi and Dhabi authorities.
Abu Dhabi. Jumbo released.





Date Act Outcome Perpetrators and their treatment





INCIDENT NO. 57
2 December 1973 Weapons and Forestalled. 2 Palestinians, Not yet brought to
explosives brought 1 Algerian and trial,
into France for 1 Turk arrested
unknown purposes. by French
authorities.
INCIDENT NO. 58
17 December 1973 Attack on Pan 32 passengers 5 Arabs arrested Apparently
American and killed. The Pan- by Kuwaiti handed over to
Lufthansa planes American plane authorities. Palestine
at Rome airport. was badly damaged Liberation
and the Lufthansa Organization after
plane hijacked with Kuwaitis refused to
13 hostages aboard, extradite them to
of whom 1 died Italy.
before the plane
reached Kuwait.
INCIDENT NO. 59
20 December 1973 Various plans Forestalled. 10 Turks, Not yet brought to
shown on maps 1 Palestinian, trial.
seized. I Algerian
arrested in villa
near Paris.
INCIDENT NO. 60
29 December 1973 2 Arabs Forestalled. 2 Arabs. Freed after
arrested at interrogation.
London airport.
Plans unknown.

Sources: Israeli Foreign Ministry

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