Chronology of Significant Terrorist Incidents
A United Nations (UN) plane carrying one US citizen, four Angolans, two
Philippine nationals and one Namibian was shot down, according to a UN
official. No deaths or injuries were reported. Angolan authorities blamed
the attack on National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)
rebels. UNITA officials deny shooting down the plane.
Unidentified Muslim militants fired four rockets at a police complex in
Pattan, Kashmir, killing one officer and his wife and seriously injuring
their five-year-old child, according to police reports.
Thirty armed UNITA rebels ambushed a vehicle, killing one Briton, one
Brazilian, and two Angolan security guards, according to reports from the
Australian-owned Cuango mine.
The Italian Embassy reported Armed Forces Revolutionary Council rebels
kidnapped two Italian missionaries. The missionaries were rescued on 13
January by government-sponsored forces.
Five unidentified youths firebombed a Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC)
restaurant in Cape Town, causing major damage but no injuries, according to
a KFC representative. No one claimed responsibility.
Unidentified assailants abducted a British oil worker from an oilfield
operated by a U.S. company, according to press reports. On 13 January the
kidnappers released the hostage unharmed.
In Chinacota two vacationing Italian citizens and one Colombian were
kidnapped at a false roadblock, according to local media reports. On 9 March
in Norte de Santander, the National Liberation Army (ELN) released one of
the Italian hostages.
Unidentified assailants entered the Peshawar home of Abdul Haq, a well-known
Afghan moderate, and murdered his wife, 11-year-old son, and a guard. Police
reported that Haq was not at home and the victims were sleeping when the
attack occurred. No one claimed responsibility.
Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels kidnapped a Spanish missionary,
according to reports from the Xaverian Monastic Order. On 22 January church
officials reported soldiers from the Economic Community of West African
States Cease-Fire Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) rescued the missionary.
Armed tribesmen kidnapped two Dutch aid workers, their two sons, and two
British aid workers. The kidnappers demanded the release of an imprisoned
tribesman, according to news reports. On 2 February the six hostages were
Armed tribesmen attempted to kidnap two US Embassy employees as they drove
to work. The victims drove around their attackers and escaped, according to
Two assailants attempted to assassinate celebrated Bangladeshi poet Samsur
Rahman, according to local police. Rahman, who has been outspoken against
Islamic extremism, escaped unharmed, but his wife suffered knife wounds.
Police arrested one Pakistani and one South African, who told investigators
that they received financial support from Usama Bin Ladin for training and
recruiting mujahidin in Bangladesh. Police suspect the Harakat ul-Jihad
Islami (HUJI) is responsible and arrested at least 47 members of the HUJI
and Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM).
Military sources reported RUF rebels robbed and kidnapped a Japanese
businessman. On 29 January the RUF released the hostage.
In the Alto Apure region, the ELN kidnapped five Venezuelan engineers
working for the Venezuelan Petroleum Company. The ELN released one hostage
on 15 February and the four others two days later.
Tribesmen kidnapped three German nationals and five Yemenis, according to
press reports. Kidnapped were a German midwife, her Yemeni husband and three
children, her visiting mother and brother, and their driver. On 28 January
the kidnappers released the five Yemeni citizens. No demands were made for
the release of the German hostages. The German foreign minister urged Yemeni
officials to avoid any rescue attempts that would endanger the hostages.
Tribesmen abducted a British oil worker employed by the US-owned Hunt Oil,
releasing him six hours later, according to news reports.
A bomb exploded near the Turkish Consulate in Komotini, wounding a member of
the bomb squad and causing minor damage. The US Embassy reported that a
telephone caller to local authorities warned of and later claimed
responsibility for the bomb on behalf of a group called the Support to
Ocalan--The Hawks of Thrace.
Police reported that suspected Muslim militants threw a grenade at a
security patrol in Pulwama Chowk, injuring 12 civilians and two security
Officials for an unidentified oil company reported that unknown assailants
kidnapped two employees, one British and one Italian. The Italian citizen
was released shortly after being abducted. No demands were made, and no
group claimed responsibility.
Church officials reported UNITA rebels kidnapped four persons. The victims,
two Portuguese nationals and two Spaniards, work for Navacong, a company
tasked with renovating M'Banza Congo's public infrastructure. The rebels
kidnapped the victims from a church where they had sought shelter from
intense fighting between government forces and UNITA militants.
A representative of SDM/Ashton mining company reported UNITA rebels attacked
the scout vehicle for a convoy of diamond mine vehicles, killing three
Angolan security guards and wounding five others. Angolan and Australian
mining companies jointly own SDM/Aston mining.
The Rome-based news agency, MISNA, reported the RUF kidnapped an Italian
missionary from a church. No demands were made. The rebels released the
hostage unharmed on 8 April.
According to authorities, suspected Lashkar-I-Tayyiba militants attacked a
village, killing a family of four and injuring one other person. The victims
were relatives of a member of the local village defense committee.
Officials for Shell oil company reported three armed youths kidnapped one
British employee and his young son. The captors released their victims
unharmed on 15 February. No ransom was paid, and no one claimed
Police reported a pipe bomb exploded inside a bar, killing five persons and
injuring 35 others. One Ethiopian and four Ugandan nationals died in the
blast, and one US citizen working for USAID, two Swiss nationals, one
Pakistani, one Ethiopian, and 27 Ugandans were injured. Eyewitnesses stated
two unidentified Asians and one Ugandan police officer also were wounded.
The explosion caused extensive damage to the bar. Ugandan authorities blamed
the attack on the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF).
Police reported that Muslim militants shot and critically injured the owner
of a video shop in Srinagar, Kashmir.
In an attempt to ban Western broadcasts, Muslim militants shot and wounded
three cable television operators in Srinagar, Kashmir, according to police.
The operators were shot in the legs and ordered to broadcast only news and
A bomb exploded in a crowded marketplace in Srinagar, Kashmir, injuring six
persons. Police suspect Muslim militants were responsible.
Kurdish protesters stormed and occupied the Greek Embassy in Vienna, taking
the Greek Ambassador and six other persons hostage. Several hours later the
protesters released the hostages and left the Embassy. The attack followed
the Turkish Government's announcement of the successful capture of the
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Ocalan.
Sixteen Kurdish protesters occupied the Kenyan Embassy in Paris and took
seven Kenyan officials hostage. According to press reports, local police
were able to end the occupation and gain the hostages' release without
Kurdish protesters occupied the Kenyan Embassy in Bonn and held one person
hostage for 12 hours before surrendering to police, according to press
Approximately 40 Kurdish protesters stormed the Kenyan National Tourist
office in Frankfurt and took four employees hostage. The protesters released
the hostages several hours after being assured no arrests would be made.
Approximately 75 Kurdish protesters occupied a travel agency located in a
building housing the Greek Consulate in Leipzig. Three travel agents were
held hostage until authorities stormed the premises and freed them,
according to press reports.
According to press reports, Kurdish protesters occupied the Greek Embassy in
Bonn and held one person hostage for 12 hours before surrendering to police.
Approximately 30 Kurdish protesters occupied the Greek Consulate in Milan
and held six persons hostage for four hours before surrendering, according
to press reports.
Approximately 150 Kurdish protesters stormed the Greek Ambassador's
residence in The Hague, taking the Ambassador's wife, their eight-year-old
son, and a Filipino servant hostage. The protesters released the hostages
early the next day and were arrested.
According to media reports, Kurdish protesters stormed the Greek Consulate
in Zurich, taking the building's owner and a Swiss police officer hostage.
On 17 February, US Embassy officials reported the release of both hostages
Approximately 100 Kurdish protesters stormed and occupied the Greek Embassy
in London, taking one night watchman hostage. On 18 February the protesters
left the Greek Embassy and surrendered to British authorities.
Approximately 200 Kurdish protesters armed with clubs broke into the Israeli
Consulate in Berlin and briefly took one Consulate worker hostage. Israeli
guards shot and killed three protesters and wounded 15 others during the
Local press reported the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
kidnapped two Spaniards, one Algerian, and two Colombians. On 2 November,
FARC rebels released the Spaniards and the Algerian unharmed.
Sudanese officials reported the Sudan People's Liberation Front (SPLA)
kidnapped seven International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) workers. Two
hostages were Swiss citizens and five were Sudanese nationals. On 12 March
the rebels released the two Swiss nationals. The SPLA executed the five
Sudanese hostages on 1 April.
Indian press reported that Muslim militants massacred 20 persons in two
districts in Jammu. A military spokesman said the Lashkar-I-Tayyiba is
The FARC kidnapped two Spanish citizens and seven Colombians, according to a
Colombian antikidnapping unit. The rebels released one Spanish hostage and
two Colombians and demanded 300 million pesetas for the release of the
second Spanish hostage. The rebels released the Spanish hostage on 28
February. No ransom was paid.
Police reported that suspected Muslim militants shot and killed a politician
from the National Conference party in Kashmir.
Suspected Muslim militants killed two persons and wounded two others in
Jigrayi, Kashmir, according to police reports.
In Udhampur District, Kashmir, police reported that suspected
Lashkar-I-Tayyiba militants killed three persons and shot one other.
The US Embassy reported armed youths kidnapped a US citizen, holding him for
ransom. A local militant group rescued the hostage but then demanded ransom
for his release. Bristow Helicopters, the victim's employer, paid the
demanded $53,000. The group released the hostage unharmed on 4 March.
The FARC kidnapped three US citizens, according to media reports. The
victims worked for the Hawaii-based Pacific Cultural Conservancy
International. On 4 March the bodies of the three victims were found in
Venezuela. FARC leaders claimed rogue elements within the organization were
Police reported an unidentified assailant detonated a powerful explosive
device at the headquarters of the Colombian Daily Company, a subsidiary of
Swiss-owned Nestle Multinational. The explosion caused major damage but no
Official sources reported that unidentified militants abducted and killed
five police officers near Hindwara, Kashmir.
The US Embassy reported 16 bombs exploded in and around Lusaka. An explosion
inside the Angolan Embassy killed one person and caused major damage. Other
bombs detonated near major water pipes and powerlines and in parks and
residential districts, injuring two persons and causing major damage. Bomb
experts detonated five more bombs and defused two others. No one claimed
responsibility. Zambian officials blame agents of neighboring Angola.
The ICRC reported a French citizen died of natural causes while a captive of
the ELN. The ELN had kidnapped the French national on 23 November 1998.
According to French diplomatic reports, 150 armed Hutu rebels attacked three
tourist camps, killed four Ugandans, and abducted three US citizens, six
Britons, three New Zealanders, two Danish citizens, one Australian, and one
Canadian national. On 2 March, US Embassy officials reported the Hutu rebels
killed two US citizens, four Britons, and two New Zealanders. The rebels
released the remaining hostages.
The US Embassy reported at least 20 armed assailants attacked a compound
housing a large Italian construction company and its workers, injuring six
persons. No group claimed responsibility.
Local press reported suspected guerrillas from the ELN or the FARC kidnapped
an Argentine citizen from a false checkpoint. No demands were made.
Local press reported the ELN or the FARC kidnapped one Swiss citizen and
seven Colombians from a false checkpoint. No one claimed responsibility.
The US Embassy reported unidentified assailants kidnapped a US citizen from
his office. No demands were made, and no one claimed responsibility.
Local press reported suspected ELN or FARC guerrillas attacked a Venezuelan
patrol unit, injuring one civilian and kidnapping three others.
Government officials reported an unidentified group kidnapped five oil
workers--two French citizens, two Portuguese nationals, and one Angolan.
According to local press, all hostages were released unharmed on 7 July.
Members of the Front for the Liberation of Cabinda (FLEC) may be
Unidentified militants shot and killed a man and his two daughters and
wounded his wife and three other relatives in Srinagar, Kashmir, according
to Indian officials.
The US Embassy reported armed guerrillas kidnapped a US citizen in Boyaca.
The ELN claimed responsibility and demanded $400,000 ransom. On 20 July, ELN
rebels released the hostage unharmed following a ransom payment of $48,000.
Government officials in Antioquia reported the FARC kidnapped two
engineers--one German and one Swiss--from the El Cairo Cement Works. No
demands were made.
In Skopje approximately 200 protesters occupied the US Embassy compound,
according to military reporting. The protesters, armed with rocks and
Molotov cocktails, set fire to several diplomatic vehicles, causing major
damage to the exterior of the Embassy. The protesters did not gain entry
into the Embassy, and police eventually dispersed them.
The US Embassy reported approximately 500 Greek and Serbian protesters broke
down the gate at the British Embassy in Athens and entered the British
Ambassador's residence, injuring three local guards and causing major
Serbian demonstrators burned down the United States Information Service (USIS)
In Peshawar the US Embassy reported unidentified assailants assassinated
Mohammed Jehanzeb, an Afghan national and secretary to Taliban opponent Haji
Qadir. Qadir was the brother of Afghan moderate Abdul Haq, whose wife and
son were murdered in Peshawar on 12 January.
In Kisoro suspected Rwandan rebels armed with machetes attacked a village,
killing three persons. According to military reporting, the attackers
crossed into Uganda from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Police reported suspected Muslim militants threw a grenade into a crowd in
Anantnag, injuring at least 28 persons.
Suspected Muslim militants shot and killed three family members in their
home in Kashmir, according to police reports.
In Poonch District, Kashmir, police reported suspected Muslim militants shot
and killed five family members.
According to press accounts, unidentified assailants opened fire on a
Stabilization Force (SFOR) vehicle carrying two Bosnian employees, injuring
one. No one claimed responsibility, but authorities believe SFOR was the
Government officials in Addis Ababa reported an unidentified armed group
kidnapped a French aid worker, two Ethiopian staff workers, and four
Somalis. On 4 May the Ogaden National Liberation Front released the French
The ELN abducted two Swiss nationals, one Israeli, and one Briton in Cauca
Department, according to press accounts. The British hostage escaped on 8
May. The ELN released the Israeli and one Swiss hostage on 15 May.
Police in Bucaramanga reported the ELN hijacked Avianca Airlines flight 9463
carrying one US citizen, one Italian, one Ecuadorian, and several
Colombians. On 13 April six hostages were released, three more on 16 April,
and seven more on 7 May. The ELN released eight additional hostages on 18
June, seven on 5 September, and the US citizen on 2 October.
The FARC kidnapped a rancher in Cunaviche, Apue State, according to press
accounts. The victim reported that the FARC released him in Caracolito,
Norte De Santander Department, on 18 April.
Unidentified assailants attacked a Save the Children vehicle in Salina,
killing six Angolans, according to US Embassy reporting. UNITA is suspected.
Two explosive devices detonated at the Detroit Motors car dealership in
Athens, causing no injuries but extensive damage. A group calling itself the
Enraged Anarchists claimed responsibility.
On the Pamplona-Bucaramanga road, FARC guerrillas stopped four vehicles at a
fake roadblock, kidnapping four prison guards and two truck drivers. The
FARC guerrillas also stole three tractor-trailers transporting 27 vehicles
from Venezuela and a cargo truck. The rebels later released the two drivers.
In Rajauri, Kashmir, a bomb exploded in a goldsmith shop, killing five
persons, injuring 47 others, and causing major damage, according to press
reports. No one claimed responsibility, but police suspect Muslim militants.
Government officials reported unidentified assailants from Guinea crossed
the border and attacked the town of Voinjama, kidnapping the visiting Dutch
Ambassador, the First Secretary of Norway, a European Union representative,
and 17 aid workers. The hostages were released later that day. Eyewitnesses
stated the assailants were members of the militia groups ULIMO-K and ULIMO-J.
A bomb exploded at the Intercontinental Hotel, killing one person and
injuring one other, according to press reports.
In Kupwara District in Kashmir, Muslim militants stormed the home of a
police informant, killing him and eight other persons and wounding three
others, according to press accounts.
Suspected Muslim militants killed four members of one family in Kupwara
District, Kashmir, according to police reports.
UNITA fired surface-to-air missiles to bring down a privately owned plane,
abducting the three Russian crewmembers and three Angolan passengers,
according to the US Embassy.
Four unidentified assailants kidnapped a US helicopter technician in Yopal,
according to press accounts. Police suspect the FARC or ELN.
The ICRC reported unidentified gunmen abducted two employees--one New
Zealander and one Russian. The Russian was released the same day. No one
claimed responsibility, and no demands were made. The New Zealander was
released on 19 July.
The press reported an explosion on a bus in Jammu killed one person, injured
eight others, and destroyed six buses, two tankers, and a gas pump. Kashmiri
militants are suspected.
In Cali local press reported heavily armed ELN militants attacked a church
in the neighborhood of Ciudad Jardin, kidnapping 160 persons, including six
US citizens and one French national. The rebels released approximately 80
persons, including three US citizens, later that day. On 3 June the ELN
released an additional five hostages. On 15 June the rebels released 33
hostages including two US citizens, according to US Embassy reporting. On 10
December local press reported the rebels released the remaining hostages
The US Embassy reported ELN militants kidnapped nine persons, including one
US citizen, near Barranquilla. On 24 September, ELN militants released the
Authorities safely defused a letter bomb sent to an Italian diplomat in
Burgos. The Italian Red Brigades were suspected.
Authorities safely defused a letter bomb sent to the Italian Consulate in
Barcelona. Authorities suspect the Italian Red Brigades.
Authorities safely defused a letter bomb sent to the Italian Consulate in
Zaragoza. Authorities suspect the Italian Red Brigades.
In Baghdad, according to press reports, a car bomb exploded next to a bus
carrying members of the Iranian opposition movement Mujahedin-e-Khalq
Organization (MEK), killing seven members and injuring 23 others, including
15 Iraqi civilians. MEK officials suspect the Iranian Government is
According to press reports, in Zamboanga armed militants kidnapped two
Belgium nationals. The Abu Sayyaf Group and the separatist Moro Islamic
Liberation Front (MILF) were suspected. One Belgian was released on 18 June
and the other on 23 June.
Suspected Serbian gunmen shot and killed two German journalists, according
to military reporting. No one claimed responsibility.
According to Iranian Government authorities, three armed assailants
kidnapped three Italian steel experts in Bam. On 20 June the hostages were
In Whitely Bay, Tyneside, an unidentified assailant shot and wounded a
former Special Branch Agent. Authorities suspect the Irish Republican Army's
Belfast Brigade was responsible.
The United Liberation Front of Assam, with the backing of Pakistan's
Inter-Service Intelligence, claimed responsibility for the bombing at the
Julpaiguri railroad station that killed 10 persons and injured 80 others,
according to senior government officials.
In Port Harcourt, a Royal Dutch Shell official reported five heavily armed
youths stormed a Shell oil platform, kidnapping one US citizen, one Nigerian
national, and one Australian citizen, and causing undetermined damage. The
assailants hijacked a helicopter and forced the hostages to fly them to a
village near Warri. On 16 July an Australian Government official reported
the youths released the hostages unharmed for an undisclosed ransom. A group
calling itself "Enough is Enough in the Niger River" claimed
Armed militants attacked a United Nations Mission in an East Timor outpost,
injuring 12 persons, according to press reports.
According to US Embassy officials, armed militants kidnapped two Indian
nationals as they drove through the city of Lagos. On 14 July the militants
released the hostages unharmed.
Near Medellin, US Embassy officials reported six armed FARC rebels kidnapped
a US citizen from his home in Antioquia Department. The rebels demanded
$60,000. On 26 July, FARC rebels released the hostage unharmed, but no
ransom was paid.
Local press reported UNITA rebels shot down an Angolan-owned plane with five
Russian crewmen aboard near Capenda-Camulemba. One crewmember died when the
plane crashed in UNITA-held territory. A UNITA official confirmed they
captured the four crewmen. No demands were made for the hostages' release.
World Food Program (WFP) officials reported suspected Hutu rebels fired on a
WFP vehicle near Bujumbura, injuring one person.
Near Aleibiri, US Embassy officials reported armed Oboro youths kidnapped
one US citizen, one British national, and one Nigerian citizen. The
assailants demanded a ransom of $80,000 for the release of the hostages. On
12 July the youths released the hostages unharmed. No ransom was paid.
Armed militants ambushed a United Nations convoy kidnapping an Australian
and 15 others. A driver and two other persons were wounded. The militants
are believed to be members of the Besi Merah Putih Militia group.
Local press reported UNITA rebels ambushed a German humanitarian convoy,
killing 15 persons, injuring 25 others, and causing major damage. The convoy
was transporting goods for Catholic Relief Service.
A bomb exploded outside the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia in
Sukhumi, causing minor damage. According to military reporting, authorities
discovered and safely defused a second bomb near the blast site. No one
Tribesmen in Omran kidnapped four Belgian tourists, according to local
officials. On 18 July the four hostages were released unharmed. No one
A Royal Dutch Shell representative reported armed youths stormed an oil rig
in Osoko, detaining seven British nationals and 57 Nigerian citizens. No one
was injured. On 22 July the youths released the hostages unharmed.
According to Angolan military sources, UNITA militants fired mortars and
long-range artillery at World Food Program and International Committee for
the Red Cross aircraft parked at the Huambo airport. No one was injured, and
no damage occurred.
According to police officials, an unidentified assailant threw a bomb into a
Turkish travel agency in Munich, injuring two persons and causing minor
damage. Authorities suspect the attack was connected to the conviction of
PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan.
According to police reports, a bomb exploded on a passenger bus, killing
eight persons and wounding 40 others. No one claimed responsibility.
In Shabwa Province, armed tribesmen kidnapped a Canadian citizen working on
the US-owned Hunt Oil pipeline, according to authorities. Tribesmen released
the hostage unharmed the following day.
US Embassy officials reported suspected FARC rebels hijacked a domestic
Avior Express flight out of Barinas. No one was injured in the attack. On 10
August local press reported FARC rebels released the hostages unharmed near
the Colombian-Venezuelan border. No ransom was paid. FARC officials denied
hijacking the plane.
UN officials reported an Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) faction
kidnapped 33 UN representatives near Occra Hills. The hostages included one
US citizen, five British soldiers, one Canadian citizen, one representative
from Ghana, one military officer from Russia, one officer from Kyrgystan,
one officer from Zambia, one officer from Malaysia, a local Bishop, two
UNICEF officials, two local journalists, and 16 Sierra Leonean nationals. No
one was injured in the attack. The rebels demanded the release of imprisoned
leader John Paul Karoma. On 5 August the rebels released one US citizen and
one local journalist. On 10 August the rebels released all remaining
In the Batken district, according to local press, unidentified Tajikistani
rebels kidnapped four Kyrgyzstani Government officials. On 13 August the
rebels released the hostages unharmed for an unspecified amount of ransom.
In the Niger-Delta Region, local press reported armed youths kidnapped three
British nationals from a US-operated oil platform. No one was injured, and
no one claimed responsibility. On 11 August the youths released the hostages
unharmed. No ransom was paid.In a different incident, a spokesperson for the
British-owned Niger-Benue Transport Company reported unidentified youths
kidnapped two British citizens in the Niger-Delta Region. No one claimed
responsibility, and no demands were made. The hostages were released on 11
In Kolahun the British Foreign Office reported an armed gang kidnapped four
British nationals, one Norwegian citizen, and one Italian national. The
victims worked for an unidentified humanitarian aid service. On 13 August a
British official reported the rebels released all the hostages unharmed. No
one claimed responsibility.
According to police reports, a bomb exploded in a van in Dina, killing six
persons and injuring 14 others.
In Kerman, according to press reports, armed militants kidnapped four
tourists, three Spanish and one Italian. On 31 August the militants released
the hostages unharmed. No one claimed responsibility.
In Dagestan local police reported unidentified assailants kidnapped two
Polish citizens and two Russian nationals. The kidnappers demanded $50,000
ransom. On 7 January 2000 the Chechen Parliament reported the hostages were
released unharmed in December.
Near Dire Dawa, US Embassy officials reported suspected al-Ittihad al-Islami
operatives detonated a mine beneath a train carrying 400 Djiboutian
nationals. The explosion severely wounded two Ethiopian conductors,
destroyed one locomotive, and caused extensive damage to the railway line,
shutting it down for four days. No one claimed responsibility.
In Bishkek, government officials reported unidentified Uzbekistani gunmen
kidnapped four Japanese geologists, their interpreter, and eight Kyrgyzstani
soldiers. On 13 October four Kyrgyzstani soldiers were released unharmed. On
18 October another two Kyrgyzstani hostages were freed. On 25 October the
remaining hostages were released unharmed. No ransom was paid.
In Marib Governorate, according to police reports, armed tribesmen kidnapped
a French diplomat and his wife when the driver of their vehicle stopped for
late afternoon prayers. On 2 September the hostages were released unharmed.
No one claimed responsibility.
Colombian Embassy officials reported a small bomb exploded outside the
Colombian Consulate in Caracas, causing minor damage but no injuries.
Security officials defused a second explosive device at the Consulate.
Venezuelan police located and safely defused a bomb found on the first floor
of Credival Tower, the building housing the Colombian Embassy. The Tupamaro
Revolutionary Movement claimed responsibility.
In Volograd unidentified assailants kidnapped the General Director of the
Coca Cola Volograd Company and demanded a $50,000 ransom, according to
police officials. The hostage, a Filipino citizen, escaped later the same
day. No one claimed responsibility.
According to police officials, near Yopal City, police suspected FARC or ELN
militants abducted a Scottish oil engineer working for the US-UK owned
British Petroleum-Amoco Corporation. No one claimed responsibility, and no
demands were made.
Muslim separatists opened fire on a taxi, killing four police officers and
their driver in Hanjiweera, according to police authorities.
Local press reported armed FARC militants stormed the Anchicaya
hydroelectric plant near Buenaventura, detaining 168 persons. No one was
injured. The rebels released several hostages unharmed later that day. The
FARC released 58 hostages on 4 September and all remaining hostages unharmed
on 5 September. The Pacific Energy Enterprise power plant is operated
jointly by US, Colombian, and Venezuelan companies.
Armed tribesmen kidnapped three Sudanese teachers in the Marib region,
according to press reports. On 17 September the tribesmen released the
On the Surankote-Poonch Road a bomb exploded in front of a motorcade
carrying the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, causing no injuries or
damage. According to military reporting Muslim militants were suspected.
A bomb exploded at a polling booth in Thanamandi, Kashmir, causing major
damage but no injuries. Military officials suspect Muslim separatists.
In Bayelsa State, according to local press, gunmen kidnapped an Indian
citizen. On 15 September the gunmen released the hostage unharmed. No one
claimed responsibility, no demands were made, and no ransom was paid. Ijaw
youths were suspected.
A Kashmiri militant threw a handgrenade into a jeep, injuring two police
officers and eight other individuals in Doda, according to military
Police officials reported 25 to 30 FARC rebels kidnapped 12 Westerners.
Eight hostages, one US citizen and seven Canadian nationals, worked for a
US-based oil pipeline company. The other hostages, three Spanish nationals
and one Belgian citizen, were tourists. Ecuadorian police rescued one
Canadian hostage later that day. No demands were made. FARC officials denied
participating in the kidnapping.
Near Tangmarg, Muslim insurgents ambushed a convoy carrying a government
minister, injuring a bodyguard and three civilians, according to military
reporting. The Hizbul Mujahedin group claimed responsibility
According to press reports, an unidentified militant threw a handgrenade at
an army patrol near a bus station in Shopian, injuring two soldiers and 24
other persons. Muslim militants were suspected.
Local authorities reported that Muslim militants shot and killed a
politician in Baramulla.
Unidentified militants shot and killed a National Conference party member in
his home, according to press reports. Muslim militants were suspected.
According to press reports, reported unidentified militants threw grenades
at a government building in Srinagar, killing one police officer and causing
undetermined damage. The Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM) claimed responsibility.
US Embassy officials reported rebels belonging to the Andres Castro United
Front (FUAC) kidnapped one Canadian citizen and one Nicaraguan military
officer in Bonanza Municipality. The rebels demanded $1 million and a
renegotiation of agreements made between the FUAC and the Nicaraguan
Government in 1997.
Suspected Muslim militants shot and killed a local politician at his
residence, according to press sources.
Five armed Burmese dissidents stormed the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok, taking
89 persons hostage. The hostages included three French nationals, three
Canadians, one German, one US citizen, and several citizens from Malaysia,
Singapore, and Thailand. The group, calling itself the Vigorous Burmese
Student Warriors, demanded the release of all political prisoners held in
Burma. On 2 October the hostages were released unharmed, and the militants
were flown to the Burmese border.
Local police reported a landmine exploded near a polling station in Pampore,
killing one election officer, wounding one other, and injuring three police
officers. Authorities suspect Muslim militants.
The US Embassy reported armed youths attacked a US oil-company compound
housing employees from the United States, United Kingdom, and Nigeria. The
attackers injured four US citizens and four Nigerian nationals and caused
massive damage to the compound. The youths demanded the oil facility replace
its existing Nigerian staff with local workers. On 11 October government
officials reported the attackers left the compound without further incident.
US Embassy officials reported suspected Rwandan Hutu rebels attacked
humanitarian aid workers in Rutana. One Chilean UNICEF official, one Dutch
World Food Program employee, four local military officers, and six Burundi
nationals died in the attack. One Belgian and one Burundi national working
for the UN and four Burundi citizens were wounded. No one claimed
In Sukhumi unidentified masked gunmen kidnapped six UN military
observers--from Germany, the Czech Republic, Greece, Switzerland, Sweden,
and Uruguay. A Georgian interpreter also was kidnapped. The abductors
demanded a $250,000 ransom. Four hostages were released unharmed on 14
October, and the remaining three hostages were freed the next day.
In Masombo the Missionary News Agency reported unidentified persons
kidnapped three clergymen--two Italian and one Sierra Leonian. No one
claimed responsibility, and no demands were made. AFRC rebels are suspected.
Kashmiri militants kidnapped and beheaded a father and daughter suspected of
spying for the Indian Army in Kupwara, according to government officials.
Unidentified armed tribesmen kidnapped three US citizens. The tribesmen
demanded the government release five fellow tribesmen, according to press
reports. The hostages were released unharmed on 28 October.
Local police reported Muslim militants fired six grenades at the secretariat
building, killing one person and injuring 11 others.
Local press reported armed youths seized a helicopter near Warri, kidnapping
three British citizens. The kidnappers forced the hostages, pilots for the
petroleum company Royal Dutch Shell, to fly to an undisclosed location. No
demands were made, but negotiations for release of the hostages were
US Embassy officials reported armed youths seized a US vessel near Bonny
Island, kidnapping one US citizen, one Polish national, and 12 Nigerian
locals. No one was injured in the attack, and the ship sustained minimal
damage. The attackers released all the hostages unharmed on 3 November. No
one claimed responsibility.
Police officials reported suspected FARC rebels hijacked two Panamanian
helicopters carrying four Colombian nationals, two Ecuadorian citizens, and
two Panamanian pilots near Colon. No one was injured in the attack. The
guerrillas released all the hostages unharmed later that day but retained
The US Embassy reported that 14 youths armed with machetes boarded a
Belize-owned vessel near Escravos, in Delta State, and kidnapped one US
citizen and one Nigerian national. The youths released the hostages unharmed
on 12 November. No ransom was paid.
A representative for the International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC)
reported FARC militants kidnapped a British national working for the ICRC.
On 14 November the rebels released the hostage unharmed following a meeting
between FARC and ICRC officials. No ransom was paid.
A bomb exploded on the Punjab Express bound for New Delhi, killing 13
persons and injuring some 50 others. No one claimed responsibility, but
authorities suspect Muslim separatists were responsible.
According to local press accounts, unidentified assailants fired seven
rockets from three vehicles parked at various locations, injuring six
persons and causing minor damage. One vehicle was parked in a lot at the US
Cultural center, another near the building housing UN offices, and the third
near the US Embassy.
Local police reported a bomb exploded outside a political party headquarters
in Srinagar, injuring five persons and causing major damage. Tehrik-i-Jihad
Near Buedu, Revolutionary United Front militants kidnapped one German
national and one Belgian citizen, both of whom work for the humanitarian
group Doctors Without Borders (Medicins Sans Frontieres). No one was injured
in the attack. The rebels released both hostages unharmed on 16 December. No
ransom was paid.
A bomb exploded in a marketplace, killing 10 persons, injuring 17 others,
and causing major damage, according to press reports.
An unidentified militant lobbed a grenade into a crowd in Anatnag, injuring
12 persons, according to press reports. Authorities suspect Muslim
separatists were responsible.
In the Santander Mountain region, local press reported Popular Liberation
Army militants kidnapped a US citizen. After deciding that their captive had
no ties to the US Government, the rebels released the hostage unharmed on 13
January 2000. No ransom was paid.
US Embassy officials reported a bomb exploded outside the Colombo-American
Bi-National Center in Cali, causing an unreported number of minor injuries
and major damage to the building. A group calling itself the Colombian
Patriotic Resistance claimed responsibility, but police suspect ELN members
carried out the attack.
Five heavily armed militants hijacked an Indian Airlines Airbus carrying 189
passengers and 11 crewmembers en route from Katmandu to New Delhi. After
refueling in Pakistan, the plane was diverted to Dubai, United Arab
Emirates, where the hijackers released 27 hostages along with the body of a
hostage they had murdered. The hijackers then flew to Qandahar, Afghanistan,
and demanded the release of 36 militants imprisoned in India. On 31 December
the Indian Government agreed to release three imprisoned militants in
exchange for the hostages' safe return. The plane and remaining hostages
were released unharmed later that day.
Police officials reported three unidentified persons kidnapped a Spanish
citizen from his residence in the Santa Ana neighborhood of Barrancabermeja.
The hostage, an engineer, was employed by a Venezuelan firm. No one claimed
responsibility. The attack bore the hallmark of the ELN.
Source: Patterns of Global Terrorism 1999, U.S. State Department