The Involvement of Arafat & PA Officials in Terrorism against Israel
by Dani Naveh,
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
This report brings some very grave facts
to your attention. Israel's
military operation Defensive Shield has obtained
clear-cut hard evidence that the Palestinian
Authority under Yasser
Arafat is a supporting, encouraging and actively operating
body of terror. Arafat and his close aides are directly responsible
for the cold-blooded murder of Israeli citizens.
- Executive Summary
- Chapter I - The Ideological Dimension
- Chapter II - The Financial Dimension
- Chapter III - The Practical Dimension
- Chapter IV - Al Aqsa Brigades and Fatah
- Chapter V - Arms Procurement by the PA
- Chapter VI - Cooperation with Terror Sponsoring States
- Chapter VII - Corruption in the PA
- Jenin - Capital of Palestinian Terrorists
- Nablus - Infrastructure of Palestinian Terrorism
- Bethlehem - Mistreatment of Christian Population
The main findings of this report are:
Arafat was personally involved in the planning and execution
of terror attacks. He encouraged them ideologically, authorized
them financially and personally headed the Fatah Al Aqsa Brigades organization.
The closest aides to Arafat responsible
for terrorist activity are head of General Intelligence Tawfik
Tirawi and financier Fouad Shubaki, who operated the ongoing
logistics of financial aide and support of terrorism actions.
The Al Aqsa Brigades organization, headed
by Arafat, was put under the direct authority of Marawan
Barghouti, who had no compunction in using women and even
children to execute terrorist activity, which killed hundreds
Arafat and his men used the funds donated
to them by other countries, including the European Union,
to finance terrorist activity.
Authority allocated vast sums of money from its budget
to pay salaries to Fatah terrorists (45 million dollars a month from Arab countries,
9 million dollars a month from the European Unity).
Authority established close links with the "forces
of evil" - Iran and Iraq. These
countries supplied funds and terrorist warfare equipment
to the Authority.
Syria supplied the Hamas and Islamic Jihad with the funds, enabling them to found and operate the terrorist
infrastructure in Jenin.
Arabia financially supported the families of terrorists,
including families of suicide bombers who carried out mass
murder attacks in Israel.
Authority armed itself with weapons in complete violation
of all agreements signed with Israel.
At the head of the arms smuggling stands Fouad Shubaki.
Arafat's headquarters took great pains in
encouraging the Israeli
Arab population to join the war of violence and terror
The most prominent criminal activity carried
out by the Palestinian
Authority has been the stealing of Israeli vehicles and
forging of documents, in collaboration with Israeli
Arafat's compound in Ramallah became the
central command post for the terrorist activity and suicide
bombing. The "security forces" headed by Tawfik
Tirawi and directly responsible to Arafat himself, initiated,
planned and saw to the finest details of every action taken
against Israel and Israelis.
Corruption in the Palestinian
Authority. Economic management by means of monopolizing
and unjust division of foreign funds among the various stratas
of the Palestinians society. Embezzlements of payments and
unjust collection of public resources transferred to private
accounts of high ranking authority officials.
In this activity there has been complete
cooperation between all the terror organizations - the Fatah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad.
Jenin became the "haven of suicide
bombers" in the West Bank, with other towns following
campaign to eradicate terrorism,
the terrorists used the civilian population as a human shield.
They operated within private homes, holding their own people
hostage. They blew up houses and property, laid mines and
booby-traps, in the hope of afterwards accusing Israel of the devastation and destruction.
The Fatah and Arafat's intelligence network intimidated and maltreated
the Christian population in Bethlehem. They extorted money
from them, confiscated land and property and left them to
the mercy of street gangs and other criminal activity, with
ALL ALLEGATIONS MADE IN THIS REPORT ARE
THROUGH Israeli INTELLIGENCE AS A RESULT OF THE Israeli CAMPAIGN
TO ERADICATE THE SOURCES OF TERROR IN THE AREA UNDER THE
CONTROL OF THE Palestinian
1. During Operation Defensive Shield, the IDF captured numerous documents (only some of which have so far
been examined) and obtained much information from the questioning
of captured terrorists. Both the documents and the information
point at the direct and indirect involvement of Arafat, the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the Palestinian intelligence apparatuses in the
operation of a well oiled system which engaged in the execution
of terrorist attacks against Israel.
2. Throughout the years of the political
process with Israel, Arafat
preserved and developed the tool of violence (the non-eradication
of the Hamas terror infrastructure, development of the military capabilities
of the security forces and consolidation of the Tanzim as a means for activating the street, arming and preparing
it for "D-Day"). Arafat also employed terrorism against Israel, in varying
intensity, whenever he felt that the Oslo track was diverting
from its course - as defined by the Palestinians. This, in
the framework of Arafat's strategic concept which views terror
as a legitimate tool for obtaining Palestinian national goals.
Arafat, throughout his years of leadership, systematically
combined political negotiations and violence, while determining
the balance between the two according to the circumstances.
3. During the present confrontation, Arafat's
employment of terrorism reached new peaks, while refraining from restraining the
terror activity directed by the various organizations (Islamic
he gave terrorism "free reign" (by releasing senior terrorists from
prison and refrained from carrying out minimal counter-terrorist
activity) and even encouraged terrorism (inciting the Palestinian population - the "Shahid speeches",
financing and fostering terrorists).
4. The involvement of the PA and its leader
Arafat, as evidenced in the documents and from questioning
of captured terrorists, has three dimensions: The ideological
dimension, which essentially means the sanctioning of lethal
terrorist attacks (viewed as quality attacks which serve
the PA's goals) and the use of terrorism as an important tool in promoting the Palestinians' goals
vis-a-vis Israel; the
financial dimension, continuous financing of the terrorist
infrastructure, personally approved by Arafat and carried
out by the PA civilian institutions, the heads of the PA
security apparatuses and Arafat's associate (Fuad Shubaki);
the practical dimension, involvement of the PA intelligence
apparatuses, led by the General Intelligence, in direct and
indirect assistance to the terror infrastructures and activities,
including in the perpetration of lethal terrorist attacks
5. The captured documents prove unequivocally
that the Fatah organization and the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades are one and
the same and they cannot be separated. The documents clearly
indicate that not only are the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades a
pseudonym for terrorist attacks carried out by Fatah,
but they are also a terrorist apparatus, which up until IDF operation Defensive Shield was in the process of institutionalization
and intensification of its suicide and murderous attacks.
The captured documents demonstrate that Arafat and other
senior Fatah officials (Marwan Barghouti is of note) are the leaders of
the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and they finance its terror
activities. According to one of the documents, Arafat is
well aware of the negative implications of the terrorist
attacks carried out by the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades at the
time of General Zinni's stay in Israel,
and the inclusion of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades in the
US State Department's list of terror organizations. Therefore,
he tried to deny that Fatah and the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades are identical, and distanced
himself from them.
6. The terror supporting policy adopted
by the PA enabled all terror groups, those directed affiliated
to Fatah as
well as opposition groups, to broaden and consolidate their
infrastructure in the PA areas, while exploiting the civilian
population for the terror infrastructure.
7. As in the past, now too, the terrorist
activities inspired by Arafat are directed first and foremost
against defenseless civilians. These attacks are designed
to harm Israelis and Jews wherever they are, although there
are victims of other nationalities too, including Arabs (such
as Israeli Arabs) and foreign citizens of various nationalities.
8. In addition, corruption is rampant in
the PA, it includes irregularities in the administration,
management of the Palestinian economy by monopolies which
enable the financial rewarding of senior PA officials and
their families. In addition, the distribution of PA money
amongst the Palestinian population was characterized by inequality
and created large gaps between the majority of the Palestinian
population and senior PA officials who enjoy a high standard
of living, the expropriation of lands, and altering verdicts
by bribery and threatening the lives of judges.
1. During Operation Defensive Shield, the IDF captured numerous documents (most of which have not yet been
thoroughly examined) and at the same time, initial information
has been obtained from the questioning of terrorists arrested
during the operation. From the information which has already
accumulated, the clear involvement of some senior PA officials
- led by Arafat and the apparatuses - in direct and indirect
terror activity has been unveiled. Arafat's strategic choice
to take the route of terror for implementation of his political
goals, was translated into practice by the formulation of
the ideological dimension by Arafat and his senior officials,
upon which the terrorist activity was based and thus gave
a "license" to terrorism as an important component of PA policy in the struggle against Israel. This, at the same
time as ongoing financing of the terror infrastructures with
Arafat's personal approval and with the involvement of the
PA intelligence apparatuses led by the General Intelligence,
in direct and indirect financial aid to the terror infrastructures
and activities, including for the perpetration of lethal
terrorist attacks inside Israel.
2. The characteristics of this strategy, of the employment
of terrorism and the connection between the PA leaders and terror activists
are illustrated in the following drawings:
I - The Ideological Dimension - Education, Incitement and
Support by Senior PA Officials
1. Arafat and the PA sanction the use of terrorism as an important component in the struggle against Israel.
The terrorist attacks, and especially those deep inside Israel,
are defined as "quality attacks" that "help
and support" the PA and its security apparatuses. Thus,
Arafat encourages the use of terrorism as a tool for promoting his goals, not just by the "Fatah"
(in its various names: "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades",
"Battalions of the Return") of which he is head,
but also by the Islamic opposition organizations (the "Palestinian Islamic Jihad"
[PIJ], and "Hamas").
The legitimacy given by Arafat enabled the Fatah to become the dominant force leading the terrorism against Israel since the
beginning of 2002.
2. The PA did not make any attempt to instill the need for
a political process and for consolidating it in practice,
in order to achieve the "peace of the brave". Thus,
for example, the Palestinian education institutions in the
PA not only did they refrain from educating the Palestinian
youths for the goals of peace and coexistence, but the messages
which they transmitted led to a deepening of hatred and the
inflammation of passions. The result was the involvement
of Palestinian youths in the Intifada, and in various instances,
readiness on their part to carry out suicide attacks. Of
significance in this connection are the words of a senior Fatah/Tanzim activist from Jenin refugee camp, Abd Al Karim Aweis, who
directed mass murder attacks inside Israel and was arrested by the IDF on 30 March, that as a General Intelligence Apparatus activist
in the PA, he felt a need to act and encourage others to
act in the "spirit of the words" of Arafat and
3. A statement of policy published by Arafat's bureau was
sent to Arab notables in Israel through the "Liaison Committee" with Israeli Arabs,
which operates from Arafat's bureau. The statement, which
bears the emblem of the Palestinian
Authority (PA) and the President's Bureau, was issued
on September 30th 2001 to mark the Intifada's first anniversary,
it is concerned mainly with the incitement of Israeli Arabs
to take part in the violent events. The statement is full
of vile expressions of hatred towards Israel and its citizens, who are called "Zionist gangs",
"the robbers of the twentieth century", "the
killers of children, women and the elderly", "creators
of international terror", "land plunderers"
to quote a few examples.
4. Over and beyond that, the statement reflects the absence
of willingness by Arafat and the PA to recognize Israel's
right to exist, and the PA's aspiration to establish "one
homeland" belonging to "one people" on Palestine
soil with Jerusalem as its capital. In the statement there
is no trace of any mention of aspiration for peace and mutual
co-existence, of the peace process, of the Oslo accords or
the 1967 borders.
5. This is the language and terminology used by Arafat and
the PA vis-a-vis their own people, in total contrast to the
"positive" messages directed to the US and to Europe
(the content and the style of the article signed by Arafat
in the New York Times on February 3rd 2002, are significantly
different from those in the statement of policy). It is of
note that similar expressions of hatred and incitement that
reflect refusal to accept Israel's
existence and encouragement of violence and terrorism as a means for advancing the Palestinian strategic aims are
strongly imbued in the educational system of the Palestinian
Authority (which receives funds from the European Union)
as well as in the Palestinian media, in literature and the
various Palestinian cultural symbols.
6. Following is a statement transferred from Arafat's bureau
to Israeli Arabs.
The Palestinian Liberation Organization
The Palestinian National Authority
The President's Bureau
In the Name of Allah the Compassionate and Merciful
A Statement Made on Behalf of the Liaison Committee,
Marking the First Anniversary of the Al Aqsa Intifada.
Lo, the great crowd of our Palestinian people clutching
[its land], standing fast and patient, whose roots are
in the land of the fathers and grandfathers. You, with
your steadfast determination and adherence [to the land]
ever since Allah ordered so, [for] more than half a century,
fighting the conqueror who plunders our land and homeland.
It was fated that you and the next generations, until the
day of resurrection of the dead, shall keep this homeland.
You keep this deposit, which is [hanging] on your neck
and the neck of your grandchildren, because you are the
defenders and guardians [of the homeland] and live in it,
and you are its original and lawful owners, and you are
its heirs until the day you are resurrected. With you and
with your help, we pay homage to the first anniversary
of the spark of the Intifada... the blessed Al Aqsa Intifada
in which our people is waging in the liberated territories
and occupied territories, and abroad around the world,
stressing the strength of the struggle treasured in its
soul to explode the spark of anger accumulating at the
face of the robbers of the twentieth century, the creators
of international terrorism,
the killers of children, women and the elderly, plunderers
of land and livelihood, who destroy and burn the soil,
the seeds and the rocks.
Indeed, the people, with all its sects and groups, started
the Intifada everywhere it could. The ties have interlaced,
that connect the sons of Jerusalem and the West Bank with
those of the Gaza Strip and those of the cities occupied
since 1948 [i.e. the Israeli Arab citizens], who have always
been and forever will be the natural depth and fortified
wall of our Palestinian people and its just cause. The
[Palestinian] people has indeed started its Intifada in
order to pave, with its pure and stainless blood, the pavements
and alleys and squares of the holiest of holy places, the
capital of the independent Palestinian state.
The man and the rock, the bird and the tree, have started
the Intifada in the allies of Jerusalem and its holy places,
the mountains of the West Bank and its valleys, the shores
of Gaza and its refugee camps, the planes and hills and
peaks of Palestine, the cities and villages of Palestine
occupied since 1948 [i.e. Israel],
the supreme one, withstanding its bitterness, holding fast
and taking roots. Yes, we will draw up with blood the map
of the one homeland ["al watan al wahad"] and
the one people ["al shaab al wahad"]. We will
indeed outline the marks of the nobility and national coping
with the policy of discrimination, racism, land appropriation,
deportation and intended expulsion, taken against the Palestinian
person, in the absence of the international community [and
while maintaining] false justice.
Today, we expect absolutely nothing of the rulers of the
[Arab] nation, which is overcome with sleepiness and bound
by silence and overwhelmed by cowardice. We are expectant
and we follow with dreamy nationalist eyes our families
and great people in the towns and villages of the steadfast
resistance of 1948. For they share the cause and the fate,
share the one national dream. The Al Aqsa Intifada and
independence have fulfilled the unity and national alliance
of all the sons of the determined Palestinian people, despite
the blocks created by the occupation, despite all the acts
of massacre committed by the Zionist gangs since the 1948
disaster [the "Naqba"]. To commemorate this great
memory, we now emphasize, together and equally, the ongoing
will of the one people, the life of the noble liberty,
despite the policy of suppression and racial discrimination
taken against us by the bullies of the worst of occupiers
ever known in history, in order to express in its rage
the historical exploitation that came upon us since the
beginning of modern history by the stone Intifada, the
Intifada of the hidden rage...
Today, no voice can overcome the sound of the Intifada.
It will continue to be the Intifada of the one people and
one outburst of blood... it will continue to be a prolonged
Intifada of rage... a prolonged Intifada of independence...
an Intifada of innumerable generations which will continue
until our supreme national dream is fulfilled. Since we
are the lawful owners of the land and the truth, of the
independent homeland and independent state. Therefore,
with you and with your help, and by the respectable members
of our Arab Islamic nation, and by the people of freedom
in the world, we will establish our independent Palestinian
state whose capital shall be the holy Jerusalem... with
you and with your help we shall liberate our holy places,
the Church of the Nativity and the Al Aqsa Mosque, in order
for the Palestinian flag to fly free in the sky of Jerusalem,
cradle of the heavenly religions, land of the apostles,
the land where the people shall convene in the Day of Judgement.
Glory and eternity to our innocent casualties,
Quick recovery to our wounded heroes,
Liberty to our imprisoned heroes,
Disgrace and contempt to the agents [collaborators] and
those who were corrupted,
This is a revolution until victory.
The Liaison Committee
30 September 2001
Chapter II - The
Financial Dimension - The Financing of terrorism by PA Officials
1. The PA and its leader Arafat engaged in the financing
of the terrorist organizations under its patronage and enjoyed
its backing, inter alia, by the money of the "donor
states", instead of engaging in the construction of
the PA and in its preparation towards possible future independence.
2. Since the end of 2000, Arab states have transferred to
the PA monthly financial aid of $45 million for financing
the current budget (since April 2002 this sum was increased
to $55 million). The EU transfers to the PA approx. $9 million
(10 million euros) monthly and thus it finances approx. 10%
of the PA's current budget. In the PA's budget, which stands
at approx. $90 million per month, the salaries constitute
the main part - approx. two thirds of the budget. The implication
is that most of the salaries of the PA employees earners
are financed by foreign elements.
3. A perusal of the files of the General Security Apparatus
Organization and Administration Department reveals that the
PA leadership gave legitimacy to the granting of salaries
to hundreds of activists in the Fatah and in other organizations operating in a new framework in
early 2001 in the PLO - in integrating them in the list of
National Security employees, despite the fact that in practice
they operated in the framework of local branches of the Tanzim,
the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and other organizations in the
PA. Their integration in the list of PA employees enabled
them to continue to engage in the perpetration of attacks
against Israel, without
having the worry about problems of livelihood.
4. Moreover, Arafat was personally involved in the allocation
of money to terror activists, according to documents captured
during Operation Defensive Shield. The money is given to
those defined as "fighting brothers", some known
to be Fatah activists involved in murderous terror attacks in which Israelis
were killed. Many captured documents point to the manner
of budget approval. The commander in the field transfers
a list of "recommended activists" for receiving
of grants, Arafat approves, even though in most occasions,
he significantly cuts the requested sum. For example:
a. Arafat approved financial compensation of $4000 to
four Tanzim activists
who were injured during terrorist activity against Israel.
b. Atef Abayyat (Abu Jala'if) who until his death on 18
October 2001, headed the main terror network in the Bethlehem
area was mentioned in a list of 24 Fatah activists, each of which received $300 from Arafat via
the Fatah branch secretary in Bethlehem, and in a list of 9 families
of Fatah commanders which were killed Arafat gave financial aid
via the Bethlehem Fatah branch.
5. All the instructions for carrying out the payments are
transferred from Arafat to the PA's "Finance Ministry"
and senior intermediaries: Marwan Barghouti (senior Fatah/Tanzim official in the West Bank arrested by Israel in April 2002), Fa'ak Kana'an (head of Fatah in Tulkarm), Hikham Balawi (secretary of the PA's National
Security Supreme Committee) and Fuad Shubaki (the PA's main
financial official). In addition, the PA utilized extra budgetary
funds (created from funds which accumulated from various
PA activities, such as the import of oil and tobacco to its
areas, for the financing of activities connected to the confrontation
6. The documents are decisive proof of the role of Arafat
and the PA in the systematic, institutionalized and ongoing
financial support of the Fatah/ Tanzim/ Al Aqsa
Martyrs Brigades terror infrastructures and activists.
Examples of Arafat's Financing of Terror Activists
The Palestinian Liberation Organization
The Palestinian National Authority
The President's Bureau
To the Fighting President
Brother Abu Amar, may the Lord protect you,
I hereby request you to allocate financial aid in the
sum of $2500 for the following brethren:
1. Ra'ed el Karmi (note: former commander of a group in
the Fatah/Tanzim Tulkarm that masterminded the attack on the Bat-Mitzvah
party in Hadera).
2. Amar Qadan (note: a senior activist of Presidential
Security/Force 17 in Ramallah, involved in the activities
of its operational cell).
Your son, Hussein al Sheikh
(note: senior Fatah activist in the West Bank)
(Note: in Yasser
Asslocate $600 to each of them.
Yasser Arafat (signature)
Document no. 2
20 JAN-02 SUN 16:01 Fatah OFFICE FAX NO. 022985729
Sep 29'84 17:50 P.001
(Note: this is a fax that was sent twice: the first time
from Ra'ed el Karmi to Marwan Barghouti and the second
time from Barghouti to Arafat.)
fighter brother Abu al Kassam
(Note: Marwan Barghouti, head of the Fatah/Tanzim in the West Bank)
Subject: Urgent Financial Aid
1. Jamil Hamad Adwan
2. Majid Yussuf Subhi Jarad
3. Mahmud Raleb Mahmud Altahel
4. Mansour Saleh Sharim
5. Subhi Yussuf Jarad
6. Iyad Abed Al Rahim Jarad
7. Hazem Wael Subhi Hetab
8. Ahmed Sameh Al Adrisi
9. Sami Mahmud Dib Sabeh
10. Iyad Nasser
11. Marad Mustafa Abed Al Rahman Abdu
12. Muhamed Sharif Zidan
(Note: these activists are known Fatah operational activists in Tulkarm, who were involved in
Ra'ed al Karmi
(Note: was head of the Fatah/Tanzim infrastructure in Tulkarm)
To Brother President Abu Amar, may the Lord protect him,
I request of you to order the allocation of a thousand
dollars for each of the fighter brethren.
Marwan Al Barghouti
Note in Yasser
Please allocate $350 to each.
Yasser Arafat (signature)
Document no. 3
The Supreme Movement Committee
Tulkarm Districts Branch
The Palestinian National Liberation Movement
The Brother President Abu Amar, May God protect you
Please allocate the sum of $2000 to each of the following
For your handling.
(15 names including five who took part in shooting attacks
in the Tulkarm district and one activist - Bilal Abu Amsha
who participated in lethal attacks, including a shooting
attack towards a border guard base on 11 September 2001
[2 border guard policemen killed and one wounded] and the
murder of an Israeli in Baqa Al Gharbiyah on 31 May 2001)
Your son, the General Secretary
(Head of Fatah in Tulkarm)
Note 1 in Arafat's handwriting and signature
A sum of $800 should be allocated to each one
Note 2 in handwriting
The Supreme Movement Committee
The brother Marwan Barghouti
The Main Office - Tulkarm - Telefax: 9-2975444
8.4.2001 15:37, Fax No. 02-2885729
Financing of Fatah/Tanzim and Al Aqsa Brigades Infrastructures
and Activities by Arafat and his Aides
(Summary of Captured Documents)
Nature of the Request
The Approving Element
The Sum Approved
|Kamal Hamid, Fatah Bethlehem branch secretary
|Allocation of $2000 to each person on the list
of 24 Fatah members in the Bethlehem district. The name of
Atef Abayat is prominent in this list until his
death he headed the main terror cell in the sector which
perpetrated terrorist attacks in which Israelis were
killed and wounded.
Arafat with his personal signature
||$350 for each of the 24 members.
|An element in the "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" (his name does not appear in the document).
|Allocation of 38,000 shekels for current expenses
for tending to families of martyrs, acquisition of electrical
components and chemical materials for production of explosive
charges and bombs (5-9 charges per week); procurement
of Kalashnikov and M-16 bullets.
|The request is being handled by Fuad Shubaki,
head of financial directorate of the "General Security
Apparatus" and Arafat's confidante. It can be assumed
that Arafat personally approved the allocation of the
|According to Shubaki's calculations, the real cost
of these requests varies between 110,000-150,000 shehels.
It can be assumed that a sum of such scope was approved
|Hussein Al-Sheikh, a senior Fatah official in the West Bank.
|Allocation of $2,500 to 3 Fatah/Tanzim senior commanders involved in many lethal attacks, including
the killing attack in the Bat-Mitzvah party in Hadera.
Arafat (in his personal signature).
|$600 for each commander.
|Kamal Hamid, Fatah Bethlehem branch secretary
|Allocation of urgent aid of $3,000 for each
of the 9 families of martyr commanders killed in the
battle in Bet Jala. The name of Atef Abayat stands out
in the list.
Arafat (in his personal signature).
|$800 for each family
|Marwan Barghouti, head of the Fatah/Tanzim in the West Bank.
|Allocation of urgent financial aid for 12 Fatah/Tanzim terror infrastructure activists in Tulkarm who were involved
in lethal attacks. The request was in continuation to
an inquiry by Ra'ed Karmi, head of the Fatah/Tanzim terror infrastructure in Tulkarm.
Arafat (in his personal signature).
|$350 to each of the terror infrastructure activists.
|An element in the "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" (his name does not appear in the document).
|Allocation of $80,000 for construction of a
heavy arms production workshop (including a lathe, a
milling machine and equipment required for metal processing
in the production process of weapons such as rockets
and mortars). In addition, allocation of $16,600 for the regular operation of the workshop (salaries,
rent, electricity and raw materials)
|Fuad Shubaki is dealing with the request. It can be
assumed that Arafat personally approved allocation of
|It can be assumed that the request was approved by Arafat.
|Assistance in the acquisition of M-16 rifles for the Fatah/Tanzim terror infrastructure in Tulkarm.
|Arafat approved financial aid (to cover the
costs of buying the rifles)
Chapter III - The
Practical Dimension - PA and Fatah Security Apparatuses Support
1. Deep involvement of the PA intelligence apparatuses,
extensively deployed in the field, in supporting the terrorism:
the documents reveal that the PA security apparatuses, directly
subordinated to Arafat and highly influential in the "field",
directly and indirectly assist the terrorist infrastructures
and terrorist activity at various levels of involvement.
Of particular note in the documents is the role of the "General
Intelligence Apparatus" (GIA) in the West Bank, headed
by Tawfiq Tirawi, a clear associate of Arafat. GIA personnel
hold close ties with the "Fatah"/"Al
Aqsa Martyrs Brigades"/"Tanzim"
terrorist infrastructures and occasionally (in Jenin, for
instance) with those of the PIJ and Hamas,
and at times lend them practical support (while in parallel,
the GIA and other intelligence apparatuses closely watch
and keep tabs on those involved in terrorism,
but do not use their abundant information to foil terrorist
2. Many examples are noted in the captured documents for
the direct and indirect assistance given to the terrorist
organizations by the PA intelligence apparatuses. Thus, for
example, a document of the GIA in Jenin demonstrates that
and PA intelligence apparatuses maintain cross-organizational
cooperation with the "PIJ"
and the "Hamas".
This was expressed, inter alia, in a suicide attack in the
Israeli city of Afula (27 November 2001) which was financed,
according to the document, by funds that came from the "PIJ"
secretary in Damascus (2 Israeli civilians were killed and
50 wounded in the attack; the "PIJ"
and "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" claimed joint responsibility
for the attack).
3. Several expressions of the direct and indirect support
of terrorism provided by the GIA and other PA intelligence apparatuses
are listed below, as reflected in the captured documents:
a) Participation in terrorist attacks: from several documents
it can be learned that intelligence personnel were directly
involved in planning, preparing and carrying out terrorist
attacks, together with the Fatah / Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades / Tanzim/
"Battalions of the Return" cells.
b) Procurement of arms: PA intelligence apparatuses personnel
were involved in the procurement of arms, their transfer
to the terrorist organizations (Fatah, PIJ and Hamas)
and in one instance assisting in transferring arms from
one area to another (using an ambulance).
c) Refraining from foiling terrorist attacks despite having
early warning information: the documents clearly show that
no efforts or attempts were made to foil terrorist attacks,
not even suicide attacks inside Israel,
of which the "GIA" and other apparatuses had
early warning information. Thus, the intelligence apparatuses
allow the terrorist organizations to continue their regular
activity with almost no significant interference.
d) Providing early warning information to the terrorists:
according to one of the documents, the "GIA"
warned terrorists whose names were included in Israel's
Most Wanted List that they received; a computer file shows
that the "GIA" has systematic procedures for
warning senior activists when IAF aircraft are noted, including
senior activists known to be involved in terrorism.
e) Refraining from arresting terrorists who found shelter
in the PA areas, even ones who carried out lethal attacks
and suicide bombers-to-be: terrorists who carried out lethal
attacks inside Israel escape to their homes in the PA areas, without any attempt
being made by the intelligence apparatuses to arrest them
or to prevent them from additional attacks, not even terrorists
known to be potentially preparing to carry out suicide
attacks (the common procedure is to make a debriefing and
file the 'event' in the intelligence files; occasionally,
it is attempted to watch them after they are released or
recruit them to the intelligence apparatuses).
f) Assassination of alleged collaborators: a "GIA"
document includes a list titled - "Names included
in the Tulkarm assassination list" which has been
forwarded to the review of Tawfiq Tirawi. The document
implies that the GIA is about to assassinate them, after
Tirawi's approval. The document ends stating - "the
order is ready and the decision regarding the assassination
has been made" By assassinating those defined as so-called
"collaborators" with Israel,
the GIA indirectly assists the activity of the terrorist
organizations, by functioning as their "counter-intelligence"
1. In a detailed report of the "General Intelligence"
Apparatus (GIA) from 4 February 2002 regarding the activity
in the Jenin area it was stated that:
a) Cooperation takes place in the Jenin area between
the "Palestinian Islamic
and the Palestinian intelligence apparatuses. "Hamas"
and PIJ penetrated
the intelligence apparatuses in Jenin by means of payoffs.
The document details the names of persons belonging to
the GIA and the "Preventive Security Apparatus"
(PSA) who operate on behalf of the "PIJ"
b) Jamal Switat, Deputy Head of the PSA in Jenin, reports
on a regular basis to the activist in charge of the "PIJ"
on dates of arrests and names of wanted terrorists.
c) Jamal Switat, Deputy Head of the PSA, together with
an additional PSA officer, are procuring arms for the
and they constitute the source for most of the arms possessed
by these organizations.
d) The suicide terror attack in Afula on 27 November
2001 was a clear expression of the operational cooperation
between the intelligence apparatuses and the PIJ.
According to the document, one of the suicide bombers
who participated in the attack was a GIA member who was
recruited by the Deputy Head of the PSA in Jenin (the
and "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" took joint responsibility
for the attack).
"The Hamas movement and the PIJ have penetrated the security
"The Hamas movement and the PIJ have penetrated the security apparatuses in Jenin by means
of payoffs, including into the GIA."
"Jamal Switat (is) Deputy Head of the Preventive
(Intelligence Apparatuses) in Jenin and responsible for
the (Islamic) Jihad, he often contacts it and reprts to
it on the waves of arrests against them, their dates and
the names of wanted men. Additionally, he supplies arms
to the Hamas and to the (Islamic) Jihad by trading with it."
[First page of the GIA Report, 4 February 2002]
A detailed document by the Head of the GIA in the Tulkarm
district dated 6 February 2002 addressed to Tawfiq Tirawi
deals with the Fatah and Tanzim terrorist
infrastructure in the Tulkarm district. The report states
that the Ziad Da'as squad, one of the 3 Fatah/Tanzim squads in the local terrorist infrastructure, planned and
coordinated the "Hadera Action" (the lethal attack
at the Batmitzvah party, 17 January 2002). The Head of
the GIA in the Tulkarm district notes that the activities
of this squad are "qualitative and successful".
He adds that "the members (of this squad) are close
to us (i.e. to the GIA) and maintain ongoing coordination
and contacts with us". Two additional squads of the Fatah/Tanzim terrorist infrastructure in Tulkarm are in contact with
Marwan Barghouti, who is involved in the power struggles
against the intelligence apparatuses and is trying to deepen
his influence on the Tulkarm terrorist infrastructure.
The underlined lines:
"The Ziad Da'as squad...
This squad carried out qualitative and successful operations.
The last one in this framework was the coordination and
planning of the operation in Hadera to avenge the death
of the martyr Ra'ed Karmi
.Its men are very close
to us (i.e. to the GIA) and maintain constant coordination
and contact with us."
GIA document from the Tulkarm district dated 21 May 2001
addressed to the Head of the GIA in the Ramallah district
details the names of 232 terrorists wanted by Israel (nearby two names the word "intelligence" has
been added by hand, implying that. they are connected to
the intelligence apparatuses). The document notes in handwriting
"please inform the brothers whose names are mentioned
above to take cautionary measures" (and this in addition
to the holding of a full security investigation about them).
The underlined lines:
"Attached hereto is a form with the names of men
wanted by the Israeli occupation who are with you...
Note: Notify the brothers whose name appears above to
take precautionary measures..."
Examples of the Involvement of PA Apparatuses in
In a letter addressed to Fuad Shubaki (Arafat's crony and
confidant) an ambitious plan of the "Al Aqsa Martyrs
Battalions" (cover name for the Fatah operational arm in the West Bank) to establish a heavy arms
production workshop was uncovered. They intend to procure,
among other items, a lathe (for which the organization requires
$25,000) and a milling machine ($40,000). These machines
are required for metal processing in the production of weapons
such as artillery rockets and mortars (forbidden by the PA-Israel signed agreements).
Document no. 1
Aqsa Martyrs Brigades
1 Lathe - $25,000
2 milling machines - $40,000
3 aircraft canopies (Hood in original document) - $5000
4 welding machines - $2000
5 oxygen machines - $3000
7 working tool kits - $1500
8 tri-phasial electricity infrastructure - $2000
Sum total - $80,000
$4400 - 1
Monthly supplies 5000
+ container trucks 2000
$8800 - 2
1 + 2 = 13,200 per month
Blade (?) 75 cm
Internal and external screws from 1 mm until 1 inch
Variable speed - Fast-slow)
Engine 5 HP (tri-phasial)
Knives of various shapes and sizes
Drill supports and belt
Main drill cap
Milling Machine Specifications
Vertical and horizontal
Centimeter wide opening in both directions
Various types of knives
Document no. 2
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades
The debts which we have accumulated until now are estimated
to be 38000 shekels. The following are the details:
1. The cost of posters of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades:
Azam Mazhar, Usama Jubara, Shadi Afuri, Yasser Badawi,
Ahed Fares (addition in handwriting of 2000 shekels).
Costs of printed announcements, invitations and mourners
shelters for martyrs (addition in handwriting of 1250 shekels).
3. Cost of sticking photos of martyrs on wooden boards
and also of the martyrs Thabat Thabet and Mahmud Al Jamil
(addition in handwriting of 1000 shekels).
4. Cost of memorial ceremonies for the martyrs. Memorial
ceremonies were held for the martyr Azam and the martyr
Usama (addition in handwriting of 6000 shekels).
5. Costs of electrical parts and various chemical materials
(for manufacture of explosive charges and bombs). This
is the greatest expenditure (the cost of one ready explosive
charge is 700 shekels at least). We need every week 5-9
explosive charges for squads in the various areas (addition
in handwriting of shekel per week x 4 = 20000 shekels per
6. The cost of bullets
The cost of a Kalashnikov bullet is 7-8 shekels and M-16
bullet 2-2.5 shekels. We need bullets on a daily basis.
7. Note: There are 3000 Kalashnikov bullets at a cost
of 2 shekels per bullet. We require that you transfer to
us immediately a sum of money to purchase them (addition
in handwriting of 22,500 shekels for Kalashnikov bullets
and 60,000 shekels for M-16 bullets).
In conclusion, all the glory and pride to those supporting
the brave resistance against the oppressive occupation.
From the revolution until victory.
Palestinian Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades
16 September 2001
Chapter IV - The
"Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" and the Fatah Organization
are one and the same, and Yasser Arafat is their leader and
1. Documents captured by the IDF during Operation Defensive Shield prove that the Fatah organization and the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades are one and
2. The documents clearly indicate that the Al Aqsa Martyrs
Brigades are not just a pseudonym for terrorist attacks carried
out by the Fatah,
but also a dedicated apparatus aimed at perpetrating terror
attacks. Until Operation Defensive Shield, this apparatus
had been in the process of institutionalization, which is
expressed in the correspondence of the brigades with Fatah senior officials, particularly Marwan Barghouti. The Al Aqsa
Martyrs Brigades terror activity, their arms requirements,
their structure and organization (in the Jenin area, for
instance) and their financial requirements can be learned
from this correspondence (the financing of their activity
is very central in the correspondence).
3. According to the captured documents, at the head of the
pyramid is Yasser
Arafat, the leader of the Fatah,
in all its various pseudonyms and apparatuses (Al Aqsa Martyrs
One of the documents, which concerns a request to aid detained
or wanted terrorists (belonging to the Fatah and the Palestinian security apparatuses) is addressed by
the Fatah and the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades to Yasser
4. It is of note that the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades carried
out suicide and murder attacks in growing intensity during
the six months prior to Operation Defensive Shield, overshadowing
the Hamas and PIJ: after
perpetrating two attacks at the end of 2001, they proceeded
to carry out continuous attacks in early 2002: 4 terror attacks
in January (Hadera, Jerusalem, Tel Aviv), 6 in February (Mehola, IDF base, Jerusalem, Maccabim checkpoint), 9 attacks in March
(Netanya, Ashdod, Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Kfar Saba, and Efrat).
Most of these terror attacks were directed at civilians in
Israeli cities. This was the background for the brigades
inclusion in the U.S. terror organizations list (27 March
Aqsa Martyrs Brigades"
The Palestinian National Liberation Movement "Fatah"
Letter of Gratitude and Appreciation
The Palestinian National Liberation Movement, "Fatah"
/ "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" in the southern
area wishes to express its deep gratitude to the fighting
brother, Mahmud Jabari (familiar Fatah activist) for his cooperation with the fighters of this
people and for his loyal bond with the homeland and its
All of us together on the path towards an independent
state and its capital the holy Jerusalem.
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades - Southern Area
(The stamp of "Fatah"
and "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades")
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Palestinian National Liberation
To: The honorable brother commander Abu Amar, President
of the State of Palestine - May God protect and preserve
Via: The fighting brother, Nabil Amru, the Minister for
Parliamentary Affairs - May the Almighty protect him.
Request for Financial Aid
The brothers whose names are mentioned below are among
the active members of the movement [the Fatah movement] and have played a role during these events. Some
of them are wanted and others are held in the prisons of
the [Israeli] occupation and they are:
1. The family of the prisoner Nabil Hamad Mustafa al Birawi (Note: served in the General Intelligence Apparatus.
In his interrogation, he admitted to taking part in a shooting
attack against an IDF base in Suseya, the southern part of the Hebron mountains
and towards the Suseya bypass road.)
2. The family of the prisoner Nasser Hussein Ud Abu Qubeitah (Note: served as a policeman. Arrested for shooting
at the Israeli settlement of Suseya).
3. Muhammad Mahmud Ali al-Najajrah.
4. Jamal Ismail Mustafa Qisiyah.
5. Juad Jamil Khalil Hushiah (Note: PA National Security
Apparatus activist suspected of perpetrating the shooting
attack in Suseya).
6. Bakhr Khalil Shahadah al-Najar.
With the greatest respect,
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades - Southern Area
(The joint stamp of "Fatah"
and "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades")
Only those who believed in Allah and His emissaries are
the righteous who shall rest under their Lord's shadow
and will be rewarded with the light of truth. (Koranic
Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades emblem Fatah emblem
The National Palestinian Liberation Movement, Fatah,
and its military wing, the "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades"
in Palestine, is escorting its casualty, the commander
hero on his last trip.
Majdi Musa Tayb Jaradat
(Hero of the Special Operations, who carried out the Umm
el Fahm operation, whom the treacherous Zionist hand murdered
on 6 November 2001).
In the Name of the All-merciful Allah
"Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades"
The Palestinian National Liberation Movement "Fatah"
fighting brother Marwan Barghouti, secretary of the Fatah movement
We, in the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, Southern Area, request
of you to cooperate with the brother carrying this letter,
since we have requested him to establish a communications
channel between us and yourself, so that we can handle
several complicated problems that arose in our sector of
the struggle, at this stage of our national struggle.
Together on the path towards an independent state with
Jerusalem as its capital.
In the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades - Southern Area
(a stamp of "the Palestinian National Liberation
Movement - Fatah"
and "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades")
The Integration of Women and Children in the Perpetration
of Terrorist Attacks
1. The most prominent cases of this phenomenon are the terrorists
Wafa Idris, a resident of Ramallah, who carried out a suicide
attack in Jerusalem on 27 January 2002 in which one Israeli
was killed and 90 wounded, and Darin Abu Aysha from Beit
Wazan in Samaria who blew herself up on 27 February 2002
near the Maccabim checkpoint. 2 Israeli policemen were wounded
in this attack.
2. An additional case of a woman suicide terrorist is that
of Ayyat Al Ahras, aged 18 from the Deheisha refugee camp
near Bethlehem, who carried out the suicide attack in a supermarket
in the Jerusalem suburb of Kiryat Hayovel on 29 March 2002.
2 Israeli civilians were killed in this attack and 22 wounded.
3. The last suicide attack by a woman was perpetrated on
12 April 2002. The suicide terrorist, Andalib Suleiman, a Tanzim activist
aged 21 from Bethlehem, blew herself up in the Machane Yehuda
market in Jerusalem. 6 Israeli civilians were killed in the
attack, including two foreign workers from China, and over
60 Israelis were wounded.
4. In 2 additional cases, Palestinian women who were about
to carry out suicide attacks were arrested by security forces
prior to executing their plans.
5. On 11 April 2002, one day after the IDF withdrawal from Tulkarm, the terrorist Safa Al Qudsi, a Tanzim activist aged 26, divorced and mother to a daughter was found
in her parents' home. She was about to carry out a suicide
attack in Israel dressed
as a pregnant woman.
6. When IDF troops entered Bethlehem during Operation Defensive Shield,
Shirin Rabiye, a girl aged 15, was taken in for questioning.
She admitted to having been recruited by her uncle, a Tanzim activist, in order to perpetrate a suicide attack inside Israel.
7. These are not the only terrorist attacks in which Palestinian
women were involved. On 17 January 2001, an Israeli teenager,
Ophir Rahum, was kidnapped and murdered with the involvement
of Amana Mona, a journalist from Ramallah who belonged to
8. On 9 August 2001, a suicide attack was carried out in
the Sbarro restaurant in downtown Jerusalem. The suicide
terrorist was driven to the location by Ahla'am Tamimi, also
a journalist of Jordanian descent who resides in Ramallah,
and also engaged in intelligence collection for the attack.
Ahla'am was also responsible for the laying of an explosive
charge which was hidden in a beer bottle in a Jerusalem supermarket
on 30 July 2001.
9. On 3 August 2001, there was an attempt to lay an explosive
charge in the Tel Aviv Central Bus Station of Iman Asha from
10. On 31 August 2001, an explosive charge carried by Abir
Hamdan from Nablus exploded during a trip from Tulkarm to
Nablus, apparently a "work accident" in the framework
of preparations for an attack in a restaurant in Hadera.
11. Recently, the Palestinian terrorist organizations have
increased the use of youths in the perpetration of suicide
attacks and terrorist acts. In the last nine months, Palestinian
children were involved in suicide attacks or in plans to
carry out such attacks. Below are a number of examples in
which Palestinian youths have been involved in terrorist
a. Jamil Hamid, a boy aged 15 from Bethlehem who was recruited
by the Fatah organization, blew himself up on 31 March 2002 near the
clinic in Efrat. 6 Israeli civilians were injured in the
b. Anwar Hamed, a boy aged 17 from Rafah who was sent
to carry out a suicide attack against a vehicle convoy
transporting IDF soldiers in the Gaza Strip. Anwar, an uneducated illiterate
youth has engaged in drug trafficking, prior to his joining
12. The personal characteristics of the above youths demonstrate
once again the cynical exploitation and use made by Palestinian
terror organizations of children and unstable persons in
order to carry out mass attacks against Israel.
13. It is of note that the PA does not act against this
phenomenon and continues persistently to turn a blind eye
so that Palestinian boys and girls become a "self-sacrifice"
of the whole Palestinian society.
Chapter V - The Palestinian
Authority's Possession of Arms in Violation of International
1. In the framework of the agreements signed between Israel and the Palestinians, the Palestinian
Authority (PA) is committed to maintaining armed forces
for internal security purposes and to limiting the arms in
its possession. The PA also signed international agreements
which clearly define the types of arms and ammunition which
its forces can hold. In practice, PA officials have engaged,
under the direct instructions of Arafat, in the violation
of these agreements since the second half of the 1990s.
2. According to the interim accords signed between Israel and the PA (on 28 September 1995), Palestinian policemen
were permitted to carry rifles, pistols and machine-guns.
It was also decided that the Palestinian Police would maintain
an updated list of the arms carried by its personnel. Therefore,
the PA's security forces are not permitted to possess anti-tank
and anti-aircraft weapon systems, mortars and ammunition
for these systems.
3. The arms smuggling activities into the PA areas, as well
as the indigenous production of various types of weapon systems
which are banned according to agreements, were planned from
the outset by the PA leadership based on a strategic concept
regarding a potential conflict with Israel.
This concept was formulated and implemented during the second
half of the 1990s, i.e. at least 3 years before the start
of the present conflict between Israel and the PA in October 2000.
4. Special emphasis was placed by PA elements on the obtainment
of anti-tank, anti-aircraft and artillery weapons. During
2001, and especially following the IDF's
entry into the PA areas in March 2002, clear evidence was
uncovered regarding this continuing process in which an arms
and ammunition arsenal had been amassed in violation of agreements
concluded with Israel.
5. Senior PA officials engaged in these activities over
a long period. The connecting link in the arms smuggling
attempts and the arms build-up is Fuad Shubaki, Arafat's
close associate and confidante, whose formal role is Chief
Financial Officer. Shubaki's name rose to the headlines at
the beginning of 2002 with the exposure of his involvement
in the attempt to smuggle arms from Iran aboard the Karine-A ship. Shubaki continued his business
dealings as usual in the Mukata'a compound, even after the
exposure of his involvement in the Karine-A affair, and he
was "arrested" by Arafat following this operation.
6. From documents captured by the IDF in the Mukata'a compound in Ramallah, it is clear that the
PA is violating the international agreements which it signed.
A computer file containing tables regarding arms and ammunition
inventories (dated 1999) which was found in the PA Financial
Directorate's offices, details the weapons which are to be
found in PA facilities. Among other things, the table clearly
mentions 7 RPG-7 launchers and 11 rockets (bombs) for the
launchers. In addition, various types of heavy machine-guns
which are also prohibited by the agreements are in a storage
7. The second document is an approval for the dispatch in
practice of RPG-7 anti-tank launchers from PA facilities
to the PA's general security forces. The approval was given
in November 2001, on official paper of the Financial Directorate
headed by Fuad Shubaki. The person receiving the approval
was the officer responsible for administration and arms in
the office of Haj Ismail Zarzur, head of the General Security
Directorate and Commander of the National Security Forces
in the West Bank.
8. During March 2002, the IDF captured many weapon systems in the Mukata'a compound. These
arms include 2 RPG-7 anti-tank launchers, 43 rockets (bombs)
of various types for these launchers, and counterfeit Israeli
9. PA officials in Ramallah succeeded over the past years
in amassing launchers and bombs and distributed them to Palestinian
Security Forces in order to attack IDF armored tanks and APCs.
Fuad Shubaki and Arms Smuggling
10. Shubaki is a close associate and confidante of Arafat,
and accompanied him on official visits to Arab states. He
also held independent meetings in states willing to support
Palestinian terror efforts, such as Iraq,
which he visited in November 2001.
11. The arms smuggling network established by Shubaki includes Iran and Iraq (the "axis of evil" states). Shubaki also engaged
in other sectors and he is involved in arms smuggling from
Jordan and Egypt too, by means of underground tunnels in the Rafah area in
the southern Gaza Strip.
12. Fuad Shubaki coordinates the funding of Fatah elements perpetrating terrorist attacks under cover names.
In an additional letter addressed to him, an ambitious plan
was presented of the "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades"
(a cover name for Fatah's
operational wing in the West Bank) to construct a workshop
for heavy weapons production. Among other things, the intention
was to acquire a lathe (for this purpose the organization
required a sum of $25,000) and a milling machine ($40,000),
these two items of machinery are needed for metal processing
in the production process of arms such as artillery rockets
13. The "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" which is funded
by the PA, also engages in the production of artillery rockets
which are similar to the QASSAM rockets produced by Hamas.
The rockets are banned, as explained above, according to
international agreements signed by the PA.
14. The investment required for the arms workshop is approx.
$100,000 and the current operation expenses is estimated
to be about $15,000. It is no wonder that these requests
were forwarded directly to Shubaki, the man personally in
charge of acquisition and finance.
15. Palestinian attempts to smuggle significant quantities
of arms were exposed and foiled by Israel during the past year. In May 2001, the Santorini ship was
captured in the Mediterranean Sea and was found to be carrying,
inter alia, SA-7 anti-aircraft missiles, RPG-7 anti-tank
launchers, mortars and artillery rockets. The ship sailed
from Lebanon in
the service of the PFLP-GC
organization of Ahmed Jibril (which enjoys Syrian
patronage), with a cargo destined for Palestinian elements,
including PA elements in the Gaza Strip. The ship previously
carried out two smuggling attempts on behalf of the Hizballah
16. In January 2002, the Karine-A ship was intercepted in
the Red Sea while sailing from the Iranian
coast with a large shipment for the PA. 80 well sealed submergible
containers carried a large variety of weapon systems, with
an overall weight of approx. 50 tons. This affair also emphasized
the PA effort to obtain anti-tank launchers, mortars and
artillery rockets. Part of the anti-tank weapons aboard the
Santorini, also originated from Iran.
17. It transpires that PA elements were involved in the
obtainment of anti-tank launchers and their ammunition, which
they are not permitted to possess, and their distribution
to the security forces. As it appears from the captured documents,
they were most careful in documenting the weapons - but not
according to the text of the agreement with Israel,
which prohibits the PA from possessing such arms and ammunition.
Captured PA Document regarding Arms and Ammunition Inventory
in PA Facilities
1. B-7 - The intention is to RPG-7 anti-tank launchers.
2. B-7 bombs - The intention is to rockets for these launchers.
3. Guryanov and PKC are heavy machine-guns which the PA is
not permitted to possess.
The Allocation of Prohibited Arms from PA Offices to its
The document captured by the IDF in the offices of the Financial Directorate in the Mukata'a
in Ramallah is handwritten on paper of the PA - The General
Security Financial Directorate of the Northern Districts
("The West Bank"). The following is a translation
of the document:
Date: 18 November 2001
I, Mukadem (Lt. Colonel) Abd Al-Latif Abd Al Rahim have
received the following items from the Financial Directorate:
R.B.G.-7 bombs - 20 only.
B-7 launcher propellant charge - 7 only.
And thus I am the undersigned - Mukadem Abd Al Latif Naji.
1. Mukadem (Lt. Colonel) Abd AL Latif Naji is the person
responsible for money and administration in the office of
Haj Ismail Tsarzur, the head of the National Security Apparatus
in the West Bank. This Lt. Colonel is also responsible for
the arms of the National Security Apparatus.
2. The intention is to rockets and propellant charges for
RPG-7 anti-tank launchers.
PA Efforts to Obtain Arms Prohibited by International Agreements
The following table lists the types and quantities of arms
carried aboard ships during 2001/02 whose cargoes were destined
for PA elements, as well as additional attempts of PA elements
- official elements or elements financed and supported by
the PA - to obtain arms banned according to international
agreements. The table does not list all the arms captured
aboard these ships, but only specific types - anti-tanks
weapons, anti-aircraft missiles, mortars and artillery rockets
|RPG-7 anti-tank launcher
|Amassed by official PA elements in Ramallah
|Mortars (60, 81, 120 mm)
|Mortars produced by PA elements in the
|Single barrel rocket launchers (107, 122
|The "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades"
are trying to produce rockets similar to the QASSAM
|Bombs for anti-tank launchers
Anti-Tank Weapon Systems Banned by International Agreements
which were Captured in the Mukata'a Compound in Ramallah
of PG-7 Anti-Tank Rocket |
of PG-7M Anti-Tank Rocket |
of OG-7 Anti-Personnel Rocket
Chapter VI - Cooperation
Between the PA and Terror-Sponsoring States
1. The PA holds contacts with the "axis of evil"
states - Iran and Iraq, as well as
with Saudi Arabia.
The accumulating information, based, inter alia, on captured
documents, indicateS that the PA receives money, arms and
moral support from these states.
The Ties with Iran
2. The major role which the PA and its apparatuses played
in the armed struggle against Israel brought about a change in Iran's
attitude towards it. If until the Intifada, Iran viewed the PA as a "traitor" which seeks a political
settlement with Israel,
following the latest confrontation, the Palestinian apparatuses
are considered by Tehran as the leaders of the violent struggle.
On this background, the Iranian
leader published (Al Mastakabal, September 2000), a religious
decree permitting cooperation with the PA and Fatah.
In our assessment, in the future the Iranian
policy towards the PA will depend on its policies and activities
towards Israel, and the
PA's return to the political track will lead to the severing
of the ties established with Iran during the past year.
3. The improved relations was prominently reflected in the
cooperation during the Karine-A affair, which constituted
only one expression of the continuing Iranian
effort, which was significantly enhanced since the outbreak
of the Intifada - to smuggle arms and force multipliers into
the PA areas. This in order to create a "Lebanonization"
of the conflict; escalate the confrontation between Israel and the Palestinians and disrupt any attempt to calm the
situation and stabilize a cease fire. All this, in the framework
of Iran's call
to implement the "Lebanese model" in the PA as
an essential stage on the path to Israel's
destruction, in the more distant future.
4. On this background, Iran expresses persistent and declared support for suicide attacks
(in an interview to Der Spiegel on 24 September 2001, Foreign
Minister Kharazi stated that the suicide attack in the Dolphinarium
disco in Tel Aviv was not an act of terror since Israel is an "occupying power". Ayatollah Atma Fadal Lankarani
- a senior cleric in the Shi'ite world who resides in Qom
and is identified with the conservative camp, also published
a religious decree on 7 January according to which since
the Palestinians have no other choice than to endanger their
lives in suicide attacks in order to defend their state,
such activities are permitted.
5. The bottom line - Iran draws much encouragement from the PA's turn to the route
of terror (according to its method "legitimate resistance")
and perceives the situation as an historical "window
of opportunities" to achieve its ideological goals (the
destruction of Israel,
which the Iranian
regime continues to espouse) and its strategic goals (Israel's
weakening and containment in the framework of Iran's
attempts for regional hegemony). Since September 11 2001,
the escalation in the conflict serves Iran in an additional aspect, as reflected in the words of Majlis
member and Presidential advisor, Mohtashemi Pur (23 April
2002), who claimed that the US will not attack Iran and Iraq as long
as the Palestinian crisis continues; and therefore Iran must "increase the strength" of the Palestinians
and "prevent Israel from any possibility of solving the crisis in the Middle
The Ties with Iraq
Stronger Iraqi-PA Ties
6. Since the end of 2001, Iraqi-PA ties have expanded. The
convergence of their interests generates practical cooperation
in both the political and the military realms. The equation
appears to be comprised of terrorism,
arms and oil.
7. Iraq has a
distinct interest in causing an escalation in the Israel-PA
confrontation, therefore it rides the latest wave of suicide
attacks in Israel. The
escalation in the situation serves the Iraqi interest: it
draws the attention from the Gulf to the PA, turns the Arab
World against Israel and
postpones the US-initiated campaign against Iraq.
8. The Iraqis draw a simple equation, and this is how their
actions in the present crisis should be viewed: on one side
the US and "the Zionist Entity", vs. Iraq and Palestine on the other side.
9. Palestinian speakers describe this similarly:
"The Palestinian conflict and the Palestinians' steadfastness
will affect - if not all of the US' plans - at least those
plans directed against Iraq,
or at least their timing. This provides us with a safety
margin that enables consolidating a more determined Arab
stance for protecting Palestine and Iraq".
Nabil Sha'ath (15 March 2002).
10. The Iraqis have done and still do all they can to disrupt
the US effort to stabilize the situation in the PA. The Middle
East visits made by Vice President Cheney and General Zinni
were called by the Iraqis in March 2002 as "vicious
and failing tours having one goal - to deal Iraq and the Palestinian Intifada a blow... These are two facets
of one American aggressive action". According to the
Iraqis, Gen. Zinni was sent to the Middle East "in a
false trick by which President Bush wishes to present the
US as one interested in reducing the Zionist violence against
the Palestinian people... in a miserable attempt to moderate
the Arab stance which is growing extreme against the US"
(these descriptions were included in an analytical article
in the Al Jamhuriyah newspaper, 13 March 2002).
Encouraging the Suicide Attacks
11. In recent months, Saddam Hussein has openly praised
the suicide terrorists. In 3 consecutive statements - in
an Iraqi cabinet meeting (January 2002, cited on Iraqi Television),
in meetings he held with chiefs of tribes (December 2001)
and clergymen (March 2002) - he praised the suicide actions,
including the suicide attack in Jerusalem carried out by
Waffa Idris, a 16 year old Palestinian girl. Saddam declared
his intention to build a memorial in her name. According
to Saddam, these attacks protect the principles of the Arab
Nation and the Palestinian People.
12. At the end of the visit in Iraq of Faruq Qadumi, Head of the PLO Political Bureau, (March
2001), it was announced by Tareq Aziz, the Iraqi Foreign
Minister, that Saddam Hussein decided to raise the grant
given to Intifada 'victims' to $25,000 (instead of the earlier
13. The sum to be donated to the family of a killed Palestinian
by the Iraqi aid is comparable to an average salary in the
PA for 5 years.
14. To the list of Saddam Hussein's actions and statements
in the last decade should be added the fact that he is one
of the few Arab leaders to publicly justify the most horrific
terrorist attacks, directed against innocent civilians.
15. In addition to the direct support of the PA, Iraq encourages terrorism by operating pro-Iraqi terrorist organizations in the West
Bank. To this end, Baghdad has revived in the last two years
the PLF/Abu-Al-Abbas organization in the PA areas - it recruited
and trained Al Abbas activists in camps in Iraq,
equipped them with arms and sent them to carry out terrorist
attacks in Haifa (April 2001) and the West Bank together
with Hamas activists (July 2001). The arms smuggling and attempts to
infiltrate activists are apparently carried out from Jordanian
territory. The PLF/Abu-Al-Abbas is the organization which
carried out the terrorist attack on the Achille Lauro passenger
ship, in which a US citizen was murdered.
16. The Iraqis openly seek to encourage the waves of terror
against Israel, and especially
suicide attacks. As long as Arafat does not operate to stop
this terrorism he plays into the hands of the Iraqi game.
Arms for the Palestinians
17. Since the beginning of 2001, the Iraqis openly encourage
arms transfers to the PA. The Iraqi proposal to the Arab
League conference in Cairo (2 April 2002) included an explicit
paragraph concerning "support of the Palestinian Intifada
with all types of arms, primarily antitank weapons through Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon".
This proposition continues Saddam Hussein's words (Iraqi
News Agency, January 2001) that had the Palestinians had
antitank weapons, they would have succeeded to destroy the
Israeli armor and prevent it from reaching the Palestinian
towns. "If the Arabs had wanted - and that is simple
- it would have required only turning a blind eye to the
arrival of such weapons".
18. Since January 2001, the Iraqi President has publicly
emphasized the Palestinians' right to procure arms and the
duty of Arab states to assist them in this effort. This implies
that Iraq openly
calls for the violation of the international agreements which
the PA signed - agreements forbidding the procurement of
antitank arms. (Recently captured documents clearly indicate
that the PA procured RPG-7 antitank rocket launchers, forbidden
by the international agreements which the PA had signed).
Iraqi Oil Finances the Terrorist Activity
19. Iraq is acting
diligently to undermine the international sanctions regime
imposed on it. In its efforts to export oil outside the international
inspection envelope it operates vis-a-vis neighboring states
and other Middle East elements.
20. At the same time, Iraq views the oil weapon as a means to aid the Palestinians.
Saddam Hussein's declaration is a public expression of this
approach. However, we can assume that funds accumulated from
oil smuggling in recent years enable the Iraqis to aid the
Palestinians with money, smuggled weapons and encouragement
of suicide bombers.
21. Iraq is indeed
a state supporting terrorism,
and Iraqi oil finances this support.
Iraqi Financial Aid to the Palestinians
22. The Ba'ath Party representative (the ruling party in Iraq, has branches
in the PA areas) publicly expressed a month ago ("Al
Quds", 6 March 2002) the deepening Iraqi support of
the PA. According to him, Iraq has transferred to the PA a sum of $12 million as aid.
23. The PA views the Iraqi channel as an important economic
support. PA representatives (including Azam Al Ahmed, who
is in charge of liaison with Iraq)
visited Iraq on
numerous occasions in the last two years, in order to obtain
financial aid. This aid is given to the families of Palestinians
killed and wounded in the Intifada.
24. Ads thanking Saddam Hussein for this support appear
in the Palestinian press, and serve the Iraqi propaganda
machine, which encourages terrorism and endeavors to inflame the PA.
Palestinian Ads Praising Iraqi Support
The family of the Shahid Imad Adib Badr Aldaya expresses
gratitude and appreciation to the Chairman Yasser
Arafat and President Saddam Hussein, for their respectable
stance concerning our Shahid and those wounded in the defense
of Al Aqsa
("Al Hayat al Jadidah", December 2000)
Ad no. 2
relatives of the Shahids Amjad Husseina and Fadi Sabaya
express gratitude and appreciation to the Iraqi President
and his great people.
Jenin - relatives of the Shahids express their utmost gratitude
and congratulations to the Mujahed, warrior leader, the
President of Iraq Saddam Hussein, may God keep him safe.
(Al Quds, January 2001)
Ad no. 3
gratitude and appreciation to the honorable President Saddam
Hussein and members of Arab Liberation Front.
The father of the Shahid, his brothers and sisters, the
Abu Farhah family and his relatives and uncles on the mother
and father side, grandfather and mother on behalf of the
entire Palestinian people express their deep gratitude
to the Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, may God keep him
safe, the symbol of nationalism, patriotism and Arab determination,
for the honest condolences he offered to our Shahid Palestine
Muhammad Raab Qassem Abu Talab and the families of all
Shahids, as well as his great help in Palestine. Gratitude
to our Iraqi brothers, who give blood and money for the
victory of the Palestinian people, the freedom and independence
and liberation of Palestine. We also express to our friends
in the Arab Liberation Front, Jenin Area much gratitude
for their participation and national determination, the
condolences they offered, material and moral support. Together,
until the liberation of the holy Jerusalem with the help
The Ties with Saudi Arabia
26. During Operation Defensive Shield, documents were captured
that indicate direct and systematic Saudi financial support
of the families of Palestinian terrorists, including the
families of suicide terrorists who carried out lethal attacks
inside Israel. In addition,
documents were found that show direct Saudi aid to the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
two organizations that have been declared terror organizations
by the US.
27. One of the documents captured is a table found in the
"Tulkarm Charity Association", detailing the 10th
payments cycle to "casualties of Intifada Al Quds"
in the West Bank (in total, the payment cycle consisted of
2,040,000 Saudi Riyal, approx. $545,000). The table lists
payments made to 102 families of terrorists who died during
2001, each family receiving 20,000 Riyal (approx. $5340).
According to the table, the funds were transferred to the
families through the Arab Bank. They were handed over to
beneficiaries whose names and ID numbers are mentioned in
28. The implication of this document is that a suicide terrorist
embarking on a terrorist attack knows that his family will
receive continuous aid from the Saudi regime after his death,
by means of the Saudi committee for support of the Intifada.
29. It is of note that the Saudi aid does not only include
the support of terrorist families. According to additional
captured documents (Palestinian intelligence apparatus reports),
the Saudis transferred direct aid to extremist Islamic organizations
(Hamas and PIJ).
Chapter VII - Corruption
in the PA
According to accumulating information, corruption is rampant
in the PA's power centers. Below are a number of examples:
a) Administrative irregularities (the Deputy Chairman
of the Palestinian legislative council) detailed the PA's
shortcomings: "Key officials in the PA suffer from
a lack of reliability and talent, many unneeded without
need, the appointment of family relations, waste, a policy
of monopolies, corruption, the stealing of equipment and
money and the phenomenon of "hidden unemployment".
b) Sa'eb Arekat "As the raiser of budgets from states
contributing to the infrastructure development of the local
authorities, I am trying to create total transparency between
the donor state and the project taking place, by a direct
connection between it and the contractor, without middlemen
who put their hands in the money being used".
c) The management of the Palestinian economy by monopolies
in order to accumulate financial resources outside the
official framework and reward PA senior officials and their
families (on the eve of the confrontation, the scope of
revenues from the monopolies was estimated to be approx.
$300 million, with the business company of Muhammad Rashid,
Arafat's economic advisor, controls the major monopolies
including cement, fuel, the casino, the flour mill in Gaza
and economic projects in the tourist and industrial realms.
d) An unjust distribution of aid funds between the different
strata of the population. While the Palestinian population
suffers from economic predicament, senior PA officials
enjoy a high standard of living. Abu Ala completed the
construction of a villa in Jericho at a cost of $1.5 million.
The villa's appearance is ostentatious and stimulated sharp
criticism from the local population. Arafat distributes
funds to PA senior officials for personal needs, including
$50,000 for the wedding of the daughter of "minister"
Nabil Amar, the doubling of the living expenses of the
son of "minister" Nabil Sha'ath who is studying
in France and $100,000 for the deputy in charge of the
information portfolio for construction of a home. Residents
from Deir El Balah whose homes were destroyed did not receive
the Arafat grant of $2,000 promised to them 4 months ago;
Arafat's grant of $600 to the unemployed financed by salaries
from PA employees was distributed by the Ministry of Labor
to cronies who are not unemployed.
e) Salary delays and theft - the payment of salaries to
the public sector according to the low exchange rate of
the dollar: The salaries of January 2002 were paid according
to an exchange rate of 3.7 shekels to the dollar; A Gaza
resident: "PA elements demanded $2,000 from me, in
order for my daughter who works as a doctor in the European
hospital in Khan Yunis will receive her salary in an organized
manner, the security apparatuses in the Karni crossing
pay carriers working on the Israel side of the border salaries according to rates in the PA
territories, while the salaries of the carriers received
from Israeli manpower companies, which are calculated according
to salary rates in Israel,
find their way to their pockets.
f) The levying of taxes and special payments on the population
in order to gain profits and supplement income. The money
taken for medical treatment in the Sheikh Zayyad hospital
in Ramallah is transferred to the pockets of senior PA
officials, including the Province Governor; the Palestinian
Ministry of Transportation issues licenses for short periods
in order to profit from renewal of licenses; the police
in Hebron collect from vegetable stall owners sums of money
in return for continuing their trade "No one who earns
$800 will be hurt by $50".
g) Utilization of humanitarian aid received from abroad
for profits (the Palestinian Ministry of Agriculture granted
Beduin cattle owners from Ramallah money vouchers, a donation
from a European country in order to purchase barley. The
ministry concluded with a barley salesman a price of $800
per ton instead of $600, with the difference pocketed by
senior officials in the Ministry of Agriculture; Tanzim elements from Bethlehem forcefully seized food distributed
by UNRWA and decided by themselves who would receive the
h) Forceful contributions and false arrest of businessmen
by the PA security forces and their release in exchange
for money and bribes. A senior businessman from Tulkarm
was forced to pay $100,000 for the release of his brother
who was arrested by the security apparatuses for collaboration
with Israel. A Christian
businessman paid $5,000 for the release of his brother
arrested by counter-intelligence apparatus personnel.
i) The non-payment to PA suppliers. A gas station owner
in Jericho stated that the security apparatuses are systematically
not paying him for fuel and when they were not permitted
to fill up, they began to make threats.
j) The expropriation of lands arbitrarily. PA elements
seized lands of the Orthodox Church in the Bethlehem area
while using violence, forged documents and bribes. On some
occasions, there was cooperation between church officials
and the PA.
k) Subversion of justice by bribery of and threats to
the lives of judges. A senior Tanzim activist who was involved in the rape and murder of a young
woman from Bethlehem was set free after the judge was bribed.
Jenin - The Capital
of the Palestinian Suicide Terrorists
1. In Jenin, and especially in the refugee camp in its outskirts,
an extensive infrastructure of various terrorist organizations
existed prior to the IDF Defensive Wall Operation. These organizations cooperated
in "exporting" killing and suicide attacks to Israel.
An expression of this can be found in the following excerpt
from an internal Fatah document:
2. "(Jenin refugee camp) is characterized by an exceptional
presence of fighting men who take the initiative (on behalf
of) the national activity. Nothing will beat them and nothing
worries them. Therefore, they are ready for self-sacrifice
with all the means. And therefore, it is not strange, that
Jenin (has been termed) the suiciders capital" (A'simat
Al-Istashidin, in Arabic). (From a report of the Fatah movement in Jenin refugee camp addressed to Marwan Barghouti,
25 September 2001)
3. Jenin, "the suiciders capital" "exported
during the violent confrontation 28 suicide attacks (most
were implemented and some were foiled), and many more terrorist
attacks. This terrorism,
perpetrated by the Palestinian Islamic
Jihad (PIJ), Fatah and Hamas, resulted
in the death of many dozens of Israelis and the wounding
4. Previous to the IDF Defensive Shieldl Operation, terror infrastructures of various
organizations were concentrated in Jenin, mainly in its refugee
camp. Below are general characteristics of the infrastructures
of the three leading terrorist organizations:
a) Hamas - In Jenin and the surrounding villages, a Hamas network operated which was responsible for the perpetration
of a number of lethal suicide attacks inside Israel (the most recent in Haifa on 31 March 2002 in which 15
Israelis were killed). The Jenin network operated in cooperation
with many and diverse operational elements in the Hamas movement, as well as with the leadership abroad. This network
was severely damaged following IDF activity in Tubas (on 5 April) in which 6 major operational
activists from the Hamas were killed, including Qis Adwan (head of the Hamas infrastructure in Jenin who directed suicide attacks in Israel in which dozens
of Israelis were killed, and Sa'ed Awad (head of the QASSAM-2
rocket project in Samaria, whose death impaired the rocket
production infrastructure in Samaria). At the same time,
additional senior activists such as Nasser Jerar (involved
in the planning of spectacular attacks in Israel and the West Bank) and Jamal Abu Al Hija (head of Hamas in Jenin who directs terror activities and is involved
is the transfer of money for financing such activities),
are still at large and are active.
b) PIJ - Until
the IDF operation, the PIJ infrastructure in Jenin was the strongest in the PA territories,
mostly due to the massive financial aid it received for
its activities from the PIJ leadership in Syria (according to captured documents). The PIJ infrastructure suffered a severe blow with the death of
the head of the military infrastructure in Jenin, Mahmud
Tu'albe (involved in the perpetration of terrorist attacks,
including inside Israel),
and the arrest of senior operational activists. Amongst
the senior activists arrested, the most prominent are Ali
Safuri (involved in the direction of a large number of
terrorist attacks, including suicide and killing attacks
inside Israel) and Thabet
Mardawi (directed a large number of terrorist attacks,
including suicide and killing attacks inside Israel).
Aqsa Brigades/Tanzim - The Fatah network in Jenin (with all its names) served as a central
terror focus. Local Fatah activists who according to captured documents were in close
contact with Marwan Barghouti, perpetrated many shooting
and explosive charges attacks in the West Bank and inside Israel, against the IDF and Israeli civilians. The last of these attacks was the
suicide attack in a coffee shop in Tel Aviv on 30 March
2002 (one Israeli civilian killed and 45 wounded). Amongst
the senior Fatah activists, the most notable are Jamal Hawil (responsible
for direction of lethal terrorist attacks, arrested by
and Ita Abu Ramila (Fatah and Preventive Security Apparatus activist in Jenin).
Laboratory Found in Jenin
5. Expressions of the scope and power of the terror infrastructures
in the Jenin refugee camp, in Jenin and in the nearby villages
(Qabatiyah and Tubas for example) can be found during Operation
Defensive Wall: The intense fighting in the refugee camps which
exacted a heavy price from the IDF,
the large quantities of arms and explosives laboratories captured
(see Appendix A) and the high number of senior and junior terrorist
activists arrested or killed - all these are evidence of the
depth of the terror infrastructure in the Jenin region.
6. During the fighting, a large number of gunmen in small
squads operated in the Jenin refugee camp from inside civilian
buildings. Unlike in other towns, senior PIJ activists remained in the camp, stubbornly fighting against
The instructions they received were clear: There must be
no surrender and you must spill as much as blood as possible
from the IDF soldiers. Contrary to the Palestinian claims of a massacre
ostensibly carried out by IDF soldiers in the camp, in which framework 500-600 innocent
civilians were killed, in practice, according to IDF reports (correct for 16 April), 46 bodies were found in the
refugee camps, 44 bodies of gunmen/fighters and 2 bodies
7. It is important to emphasize that the terror activists
who transformed the refugee camp into their "fortress"
made cynical use of the local civilian population:
a) They operated from inside populated houses, knowing
that this would restrict the IDF reaction and with the hidden hope that severe casualties
to civilians will damage Israel's
image and lead to international pressure on it. (according
to a press report, there were 1,500 civilians in Jenin
refugee camp during the fighting and they did not leave
b) They activated explosive charges whose detonation caused
the destruction of homes and property of civilians. Thabet
Mardawi, a senior PIJ activist from Jenin, admitted during his interrogation
that during the battle with IDF soldiers in Jenin refugee camp, he exploded gas cylinders
which destroyed homes in which civilians lived.
Characteristics of the Terror Infrastructure in Jenin and
its Refugee Camp According to Captured Documents
8. The captured documents unveil the extensive scope of
the terror infrastructures of the various organizations and
the terrorist attacks originating from the Jenin area, and
principally from Jenin refugee camp. Below are the main characteristics
of this terror infrastructure according to captured documents
examined so far:
a) The depth of the human terror infrastructure in Jenin.
In a Fatah report from Jenin refugee camp addressed to Marwan Barghouti,
it is written that from all the districts, Jenin district
is "overflowing with fighters of tremendous quality
and quantity" who belong to Fatah and the other national and Islamic movements. The report
states that Israel defines
Jenin as a "hornet's nest" and this name is indeed
correct since there are many youths in Jenin who are willing
to sacrifice themselves, and therefore Jenin has been called
the "Suiciders Capital" (and indeed many suicide
and killing attacks which resulted in the deaths of dozens
of Israelis and the wounding of hundreds were ""exported"
to Israel by the terror
infrastructure in Jenin).
b) The mention of terrorist attacks, including killing
and suicide attacks which were directed and perpetrated
by the terror infrastructure in Jenin in order to weaken Israel. The captured
documents mention attacks carried out against soldiers
and civilians which originated in Jenin and the names of
the organizations and terrorists who planned them. For
1) Thabet Azmi Mardawi, a senior activist in the PIJ military arm, of whom it is written that he "participated
in the preparation of a few suicide acts" (Mardawi
is now under arrest in Israel.
He is responsible for a large number of terrorist attacks,
including suicide attacks inside Israel such as the suicide attack in Binyamina [16 July 2001]
and the bus explosion in Wadi Ara [20 March 2002]).
2) Ali Suleyman Al-Safuri, a senior activist in the PIJ military
arm, of whom it is written that he "has a prominent
role in the preparation of explosive belts and charges"
(Al-Safuri is under arrest in Israel.
He is responsible, amongst other things, for the suicide
attacks in Binyamina [16 July 2001] and Hadera (28 October
3) Muhammad Salah Salim Yassin, a senior activist in
the PIJ military
arm, of whom it is written that he "participated
in the perpetration of a few suicide acts" (Yassin
was killed by the IDF on 7 March 2002 and was indeed involved in killing attacks
4) Wa'el Ahmad Jalamnah from the PIJ (he is known to have driven his partner to the suicide
attack in "Paris Square" in Haifa [26 February
2002] and succeeded in escaping to Jenin refugee camp).
According to a captured document, the two activists departed
from Jenin refugee camp. According to the document, Jalamnah
succeeded in fleeing to Jenin (after the attack in Haifa
was foiled and his partner was arrested).
5) A captured document mentions the "mur he der
of a settler" and twounding of 20 others during
activity of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades originating
6) A captured document mentions the implementation
of the "Umm el Fahm act" in "Israel's
depth" which was perpetrated by the Al Aqsa Martyrs
Brigades (the intention is to the firing carried out
on 28 April 2001 at a car in Umm Al Fahm. An Israeli
civilian was killed in the attack and another was wounded).
7) An additional captured document mentions a suicide
attack in Afula in which PA intelligence apparatus activists
from Jenin were involved together with the PIJ (the intention is to the killing attack in Afula on 27
November 2001 perpetrated by the PIJ and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades).
c) The existence of a strong terror infrastructure which
was built by the PIJ and Hamas,
which depends, amongst other things, on intensive use of
its financial resources. According to the documents, the
large amounts of money flowing to Jenin from Damascus (see
below) enable PIJ and Hamas to recruit to their ranks youths with motivation, provide
them with a monthly salary and solve their financial problems
(while posing a challenge to Fatah which does not have such large financial resources and
whose members, as reported in one document, receive financial
aid from PIJ).
The strength of their financial sources enabled these organizations,
inter alia, to penetrate the ranks of the Palestinian intelligence
apparatuses, bribe senior commanders of apparatuses in
the Jenin area and receive assistance from them in operational
activity and in protection against expected PA moves.
d) The existence in Jenin of a terror infrastructure of
the Fatah and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades/Tanzim which is in contact with Marwan Barghouti, who provides
them with money and budgets, and which competes with PIJ and Hamas.
A captured document states that Jenin "refugee camp"
is considered to be a Fatah "fortress" in the (Jenin) district and the Al
Aqsa Martyrs Brigades in the camp are those "who consolidated Fatah's
presence and operational capabilities". According
to a captured document from May 2001, there are 63 Al Aqsa
Martyrs Brigades fighters in the Jenin district divided
into four military units (it is assumed that their number
has since risen). Their activity, it is written "focuses
on the weakening of the Israeli enemy" and the defense
of the refugee camp (in cooperation with other elements).
The main constraint which blocked their progress (at least
in the first half of 2001) was the financial constraint,
and the Fatah activists in Jenin expected Marwan Barghouti to assist
them in overcoming this problem.
e) Trans-organizational operational cooperation expressed
by joint terrorist attacks in Israel and joint preparations to defend Jenin. There are a few
expressions of this cooperation in the captured documents:
1) The existence of joint frameworks for all the terrorist
organizations. The documents mention the "combined
force" which apparently operates in the context
of a defense plan for Jenin and whose men belong to all
the organizations operating there (it is possible that
the units operating in this framework are called "guard
units". One document mentions a joint operations
room in Jenin.
2) The existence of inter-organizational operational
cooperation in the perpetration of terrorist attacks
inside Israel. One
document notes that the commander of the Al Aqsa Martyrs
Brigades in the Jenin area recruited one of the terrorists
who took part in the suicide attack in Afula (on 27 November
2001 in which 2 Israeli civilians were killed and approx.
50 wounded). The responsibility for this attack was indeed
jointly claimed by the PIJ and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades. We are familiar with additional
cases of inter-organizational cooperation (Fatah and PIJ) in
perpetration of terrorist attacks inside Israel which originated in the Jenin area (see following section).
3) Cooperation in various realms between Fatah and local PA intelligence apparatuses and the PIJ and Hamas.
This is expressed not only in joint terrorist attacks
but also in warnings of expected activities by the PA
which were transferred to the PIJ by the Deputy Chief of the Preventive Security Directorate
in Jenin; in early reporting of expected arrests and
names of wanted persons by the PA, in the procurement
of arms by Preventive Security officers for the PIJ and Hamas in the Jenin area. One captured document states that
the Deputy Head of the Preventive Security Directorate
supplied Hamas and PIJ with
weapons from "the arms depot in northern Palestine
whose contents were stolen" (the intention is to
the arms stolen from Kibbutz Manara, some of which, according
to a press report was found by the IDF in Jenin).
f) The direction of the PIJ terror infrastructure in the Jenin area by the organization's
headquarters in Damascus. In this framework, one document
states that Dr. Ramadan Shalach, the PIJ secretary, transfers large sums of money to PIJ activists in Jenin, for financial aid to the families of
martyrs and also for payment of expenses for suicide and
killing attacks. According to this document, he transferred
a large sum of money for the suicide and killing attacks
in Afula (27 November 2001), whose "sundry expenses"
was a sum of $31,000. In addition, a sum of $127,000 is
mentioned as aid to support the families of martyrs and
activists under arrest (these sums of money also constituted
a source for corruption and internal strife amongst PIJ members in Jenin.
g) One captured document indicates ties between senior
activists in the Jenin terror infrastructure and Israeli
Arabs, while exploiting the fact that the refugees living
in the Jenin area originate from the Galilee. The document
notes that Bassam Ragheb Al Sa'adi, a senior PIJ activist in Jenin who deals in money transfers, conducts
"extensive ties with people inside the green line
(areas)". (Bassam Sa'adi is known to be a PIJ senior activist in Jenin who is responsible for the perpetration
of a few bomb attacks inside Israel including in Hadera (25 May 2001) and Netanya (30 January
Major Attacks Carried out by the Terrorist Infrastructure
1. 9 September 2001 - A suicide attack in Nahariya, 3 Israelis
killed and 48 wounded, the attacker was an Israeli Arab from
2. 19 March 2002 - A shooting attack in Hamam Al Maliach
(Jordan Valley), an IDF officer was killed and 3 Israelis were wounded.
3. 31 March 2002 - Suicide attack in Haifa, leaving 15 Israeli
civilians dead and 33 wounded. The attacker was from Jenin
refugee camp, and had an Israeli ID card.
1. 16 July 2001 - A suicide attack at the Binyamina railway
station killing 2 Israelis and wounding 10.
2. 28 October 2001 -. A shooting attack in Hadera killing
4 Israelis and wounding 42.
3. 29 November 2001 - A suicide attack at a junction near
an army base near Pardes Hanna killing 3 Israelis and wounding
4. 25 January 2002 - A suicide attack at the old Central
Bus Station in Tel Aviv leaving 23 wounded (in cooperation
5. 5 January 2002 - A suicide attack in Afula, killing one
Israeli and wounding 15.
6. 20 March 2002 - A suicide attack in a bus in Wadi Ara,
killing 7 Israelis and wounding 28.
7. 10 April 2002 - A suicide attack at the Yagur junction,
killing 8 Israelis and wounding 20.
1. 1 February 2001 - The murder of Lior Ataya.
2. 28 April 2001 - Shooting at a car near Umm al Fahm, killing
one Israeli civilian and wounding another (female).
3. 1-3 May 2001 - Test firing of mortar bombs produced by Fatah activists.
4. 28 June 2001 - Shooting at a vehicle near Ganim, one
woman was killed.
5. 8 August 2001 - The laying of a charge at Golani Junction,
there were no casualties.
6. 11 September 2001 - Shooting at "Bezek" workers
near Shaked and detonation of a charge at an IDF force that was carrying out searches in the area. An Israeli
civilian and 4 soldiers were wounded.
7. 9 March 2001 - Shooting at an Israeli vehicle near Yabed.
An Israeli civilian woman was killed.
8. 4 October 2001 - A terrorist disguised as a soldier fired
at Israeli civilians in the central bus station in Afula.
3 civilians were killed and 14 wounded.
9. 27 October 2001 - Infiltration to the settlement of Me
Ammi and laying of a charge there. There were no casualties.
10. 27 November 2001 - A joint PIJ and Fatah suicide attack, in which terrorists fired at civilians in
the Afula central bus station. 2 Israeli civilians were killed
and 50 wounded.
11. 8 February 2002 - Masterminding of a joint PIJ and Fatah suicide attack aimed at Tel Aviv. The attack was prevented
when the squad was intercepted in Jenin, when the terrorists
detonated the explosive belt in their possession.
12. 7 March 2002 - A terrorist hurls a charge that was hidden
in a birds cage during a chase in Karkur.
13. 11 March 2002 - Shooting at a truck. An Israeli Arab
incurred medium wounds.
14. 12 March 2002 - Shooting at an Israeli vehicle on the
road to the village of Katsir, one Israeli was severely wounded
and 2 lightly wounded.
15. 21 March 2002 - A suicide attack in a Jerusalem cafe,
killing 3 Israeli civilians and wounding 71.
16. 22 March 2002 - A suicide terrorist blew himself up
near an IDF force, near Anin village, a soldier incurred medium wounds.
17. 30 March 2002 - A suicide attack in a Tel Aviv cafe,
killing one Israeli civilian and wounding 45.
Nablus - The
Main Infrastructure of Palestinian terrorism
that served for concealing and smuggling arms
1. Nablus constituted the main Palestinian terrorism infrastructure and the headquarters of the terrorist organizations'
leaderships in the West Bank. This infrastructure directed
and executed suicide attacks in which scores of Israeli citizens
were killed and over 400 were wounded. The terrorism operational centers in Nablus instructed terrorist squads in
the Jenin, Tulkarm, Qalqilya, and Ramallah areas to perpetrate
terror attacks in the West Bank and inside Israel.
2. The operational cooperation between the various terror
organizations in Nablus resulted in murderous terror attacks,
which were jointly carried out by the planners of the PIJ in Jenin, the Hamas explosives laboratories in Nablus, and Fatah/Tanzim suicide bombers.
3. During Operation Defensive Shield and in previous IDF activities, 18 explosives laboratories, 10 explosive belts,
and hundreds of kilos of explosives (some standard high power
explosives) were found in Nablus. In addition, 7 Qassam rockets
and their production labs were found. Most of the labs and
the arms caches were found in the Balata refugee camp (RC)
and in the Casbah (the old city) of Nablus. Tunnels were
also discovered in the Casbah used for hiding and smuggling
arms. Arms caches and wanted terrorists were also found in
the homes of the mayor of Nablus and the commander of the
Palestinian Police, which attests to the direct involvement
of PA officials in terrorist activities in the Nablus area.
found in an explosives lab in the Nablus Casbah
4. The continuous IDF activities in the Nablus area, especially Operation Defensive
Shieldl, significantly damaged the Hamas and Fatah terror
infrastructure. Nevertheless, the activists who escaped from
Nablus will attempt to return and execute terror attacks as
revenge for the IDF operation, and in order to prove that Israel did not manage to eliminate terrorism.
5. The main terror organizations operating in Nablus were: Hamas, Fatah,
and the PFLP.
According to captured documents, these organizations cooperated
in order to defend the city and the neighboring refugee camps
vis-a-vis the IDF troops. At least 30 Fatah activists who operated in Nablus were soldiers in the "National
Security Apparatus" and were attached to the Fatah/Tanzim in the city. They received regular salaries from the PA during
the entire confrontation with Israel.
In our assessment there were hundreds of gunmen in the city.
6. The cooperation network between the organizations was based
on geographical sectors - the old city, the refugee camps,
etc. Each sector incorporated members of the Fatah, Hamas, the DFLP, PFLP, PDA (a DFLP
branch headed by the PA Information Minister Yasser Abd Rabu),
Front and the "People's HQ" (former Communists).
The Terror Infrastructures According to Organizations and
a) The leadership and the heads of the Hamas operational apparatus ("Az-al-Din al-Qassam battalions")
in the West Bank resided in Nablus.
b) Most of the explosive charges and explosive belts used
for the Hamas suicide bombings in Israel,
including the attack in Haifa (December 2001, 15 Israelis
killed) and the massacre on Passover Eve in Netanya (27
March, 2002, 28 Israelis killed) were produced in Nablus.
c) The apparatus activists in Nablus directed the Hamas network activities in Tulkarm which perpetrated the suicide
attack in Netanya.
d) The Hamas activists in Nablus who constitute in practice the organization's
leadership in the West Bank, masterminded and directed
from the city areas which served as its main headquarters,
most of the murder attacks which the movement carried out
in Israel and in the
West Bank since the outbreak of the current confrontation
with the Palestinians, e.g. Emmanuel (December 2001, 11
Israelis killed, and 27 wounded), Hamra in the Jordan Valley
(February 2002, 3 Israelis killed), Elon Moreh (28 March,
2002, 4 Israelis killed).
found in an explosives lab in the Nablus Casbah
8. The Qassam rockets
a) In Nablus operated the Hamas infrastructure which produced Qassam 2 rockets (6-7 kilometer
range with an enlarged explosives warhead). Nablus constituted
the center of knowhow for the production and operation
of the rockets in the West Bank.
found in an explosives lab in the Nablus Casbah
b) The rockets were developed in the Gaza Strip by the Hamas infrastructure.
The knowhow and operational doctrine were transferred from
Gaza to Sa'ed Awad in the West Bank who was in charge of
the Qassam program, assembled the activists and established
the production labs disposition. Awad made an effort to
transfer the knowhow and rockets to other organizations
and activists in order to extend the use of rockets as
the main weapon against Israel.
These infrastructures were led by Sa'ed Awad and Majdi
Balasmeh (who were killed in a clash with IDF troops in April 2002).
found in an explosives lab in the Nablus Casbah
c) The Nablus infrastructure transferred the operational
rockets to Tulkarm, in order to launch them at cities in
the center of Israel.
In addition, it tried to transfer them to Jenin, an attempt
foiled by Israeli forces in January 2002 (8 rockets and
launchers were captured).
d) The infrastructure's core was uncovered and destroyed
during an IDF operation in Balata RC on 27-28 February 2002, in which
Israeli forces broke into several production laboratories
and seized 7 rockets.
9. The Fatah
A number of Fatah cells operated in Nablus, and carried out hundreds of shooting
and explosive charge attacks. The main Fatah cell in Nablus was headed by Nasser Aweis (arrested April
2002), it was responsible for the following:
a) At least 7 suicide attacks in Israel in which 15 Israeli civilians were killed and over 200
b) Served as the center for planning and logistics for Fatah cells
in Tulkarm, Qalqilya, and Ramallah, which carried out attacks
under the name of "Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades".
It provided the terrorists in these cities with funds,
arms and knowhow to produce explosive charges.
c) The network of Fatah cells was supported by Marwan Barghouti (arrested in April
2002), the head of the "Fatah Supreme Council" in the West Bank and the leader of
the Fatah/Tanzim in this area.
10. Cooperation between the various terrorist organizations
The various organizations cooperated between them on the
basis of the relative advantage of each organization. Thus,
the PIJ planners
joined forces with the highly lethal Hamas explosive charges and the Fatah suicide bombers. This collaboration led to the following:
a) An attempted double suicide attack at the old central
bus station in Tel Aviv (25 January 2002, 26 Israelis injured).
b) The transfer of Qassam rockets and some of the production
knowhow to other terrorist organizations, particularly
to the Fatah.
11. The PA's involvement in terror
The PA security apparatuses in Nablus were involved in terror
both by giving terrorist activists a safe haven and by directly
perpetrating terrorist attacks:
a) The head of military intelligence in Nablus, Maher
Fares, operated a terrorist cell which placed an explosive
charge on a Tel Aviv bus (28 December 2000, 9 Israelis
wounded) and carried out various shooting and explosive
charge attacks in the sector. Three senior activists of
the cell were killed while attempting to prepare a car
bomb (30 July 2001). The head of military intelligence
in Nablus also operated a terrorist squad in the village
of Salfit, which perpetrated over 10 shooting attacks in
the Nablus area.
b) Various terror activists joined the PA ranks, which
enabled them to receive monthly salaries while continuing
their terrorist activities. Nasser Aweis, a senior Fatah terror activist in the West Bank, was on the PA General
Intelligence payroll and later also on the PA National
Security payroll. In his interrogation, Aweis confessed
that he himself and terror activists of the Fatah/Tanzim carried out attacks in Israel that were financed by Arafat, who would personally sign
the approval of aid provided him via Barghouti.
c) Individual PA security apparatus activists joined up
to carry out terror attacks. Ibrahim Hasouna, who carried
out the "Sea Food Market" restaurant attack in
Tel Aviv (5 March 2002, 3 Israelis killed) belonged to
the PA Naval Force apparatus in Nablus. Said Ramadan, who
carried out the suicide attack in the center of Jerusalem
(22 January 2002, 2 Israelis killed) also belonged to the
PA Naval Force.
Major Terrorist Attacks that Originated in the Nablus Terrorist
No. of Israelis Killed
No. of Israelis Wounded
|Tel Aviv "Dolphinarium" discotheque
|Sbarro restaurant, Jerusalem
|Samaritans Neighborhood in Nablus
|Ra'anana (home of an IDF officer)
|Tel Aviv Central Bus Station
|IDF Camp (near Pardes Hanna)
- Mistreatment of the Christian Population
1. A document captured by the IDF in Bethlehem during Operation Defensive Wall concerns a request
by the "Fatah/Al
Aqsa Martyrs (and Church of) Nativity Brigades" to the
Bethlehem municipality for aid in the form of monetary contributions
for its military arm. The request (dated November 7th 2001)
is explained by the fact that the Fatah's
widening military activity has caused an increase in its
military infrastructure's daily expenses (fees for communications
sets, fuel for vehicles and so on).
2. The implications arising from this document:
a) Audacity and brazenness in the very adopting of a Christian
religious symbol by a terrorist organization. The "Al
Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" (which the document proves
are identical to Fatah),
which was recently declared a terrorist organization by
the US, has adopted in Bethlehem a Christian religious
symbol recognized worldwide. This, in our view, in order
to try to gain legitimacy among Bethlehem's Christian residents,
and portray itself as their protector. It requires no small
degree of blatant audacity, brazenness and cynicism to
add the Church of the Nativity to the name of an organization
that perpetrates suicide attacks against innocent civilians
inside Israel, and make
a link between the places holy to Islam and Christianity
in the context of terrorist activities.
b) The maintaining of a protection racket by armed groups
that abuse the local population. It is not known how the
Bethlehem municipality responded to the request. However,
the request itself for aid from municipal budgets earmarked
for the local civilian population's needs is not "innocent"
and it is part of a protection racket imposed on the local
population, local businessmen and civilian institutions.
c) The transfer of funds from PA civilian institutions
terrorist infrastructure. The document gives expression
to the various financing channels at the disposal of "Fatah/Al
Aqsa Martyrs Brigades". In one of its documents the
"Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades" make a request to
Fuad Shubaki, a close associate of Arafat, to finance vital
ongoing and infrastructure needs for continuing their terrorist
activities. In this document they address a civilian municipal
authority that receives its budget from the Palestinian
"Finance Ministry" (which receives European Union
grants) and from contributions of Christian institutions
3. The contents of this document correspond with many reports
on extortion, unwarranted arrests, protection and corruption
prevailing in Bethlehem, simultaneously with the terrorist
campaign waged against Israel.
The following are some examples:
a) Extortion and unwarranted arrests of Bethlehem businessmen
to gain bribes:
1) Men of the Bedouin Taamra tribe (a tribe that resides
in the Bethlehem area from which includes many violent
thugs that terrorize Bethlehem's civilian population)
extort money from Christian businessmen.
2) After the car of the senior Fatah terrorist activist Atef Abayat exploded (in one of the
captured documents Arafat allocates for him a sum of
money) he had gold rings on his fingers identified as
having been robbed from the Christian businessman George
b) Criminal activities by the Fatah/Tanzim:
1) Fatah activists, who are not satisfied with the financial aid
they receive from the PA, extort money from businessmen
and property owners in the city (souvenir shops, real
estate, petrol stations owners). This criminal activity
is carried out in cooperation with the Palestinian security
apparatuses, which customarily summon the businessmen
for "clarifications", on so-called suspicions
of cooperation with Israel,
and demand payment in return for closing the "file".
Security apparatus personnel also collect money from
businessmen as "monetary aid" to cover various
2) In mid-March 2001 a Bethlehem woman called Saadah
Hamidan (formerly a security prisoner who worked in the
prisoners club in Bethlehem) was raped and murdered.
Involved in the affair was a senior Tanzim official called Iman Ali Azmi al-Kadi, a close friend
of Abdallah al-Nu'ura (Abu Hadid) one of the Tanzim's
heads in Bethlehem. Al Kadi was brought before a judge
for trial, but after the judge was bribed by Fatah activists in Bethlehem, he was acquitted.
c) Appropriation of Christian lands. Moslem personnel
- PA personnel and private people, sped up their appropriation
of the lands of the Greek Orthodox Church in Bethlehem.
This was carried out by violent means, the forging of documents
and bribes. In some cases this was carried out in cooperation
between church elements and PA elements. In one case a
plot of land in Bethlehem was appropriated to build a mosque
with the involvement of the commander of Force 17 in the
area, in the claim that this was being done by Arafat's
orders. Requests to Jibril Rajoub and Haj Ismail to intervene
and stop the construction works were in vain.
d) "Protection services" by Fatah/Tanzim for extremist Islamic elements. Protection is imposed not
only on the civilian population in Bethlehem. Elements
in the Islamic Jihad and the Hamas transferred funds in the sum of 1500-3000 dollars to Tanzim activists and Palestinian intelligence officers in return
for intervening on their behalf to prevent their arrest.
By this arrangement, Hamas and Islamic Jihad operatives were given early warning by General Intelligence
and Preventive Intelligence officers of their imminent
arrest. (Such "arrangements" whereby Islamic
Jihad and Hamas activists were prewarned of their imminent arrest are noted
also in a captured document concerned with the Jenin area)
e) Failure to provide protection to the Christians by
the judicial system of the PA that operates in Bethlehem,
which is plagued by irregularities and distortion of justice.
Of note in this regard is the failure to provide protection
to Christian land-owners, which Moslem migrants from Hebron
are taking over. The following is one example. The Comtsieh
family (a Christian family) has a plot of land with a building
that serves as a business center in the city. Several years
ago a Moslem family from Hebron took possession of the
building and started to use it without permission. The
Comtsieh family filed a claim with the judicial system
and after long and arduous court hearings, the court ruled
in the claimant's favor. However, the verdict was never
enforced by the police and representatives of the family
from Hebron later appeared with a new court verdict (signed
by the same judge who ruled in the claimants' favor previously),
canceling the previous verdict and ratifying the Hebron
family's ownership of the property.
Translation of the Original Document
Emblem of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades
Stamp: Bethlehem Municipalty
In the Name of the All-merciful Allah
To: Brothers, Bethlehem Mayor and Honorable Municipality
Greetings of the Homeland to you..., greetings of the pure
blood that has saturated the soil of our beloved province.
Our blessings to you and to the tremendous efforts that you
invested in order to develop this province.
Honorable brothers, we intend to put the issue to you, an
issue that is of utmost importance for us and will have a
deep influence on our moves. The issue is your participation
in a small portion (of the expenses) of our daily needs,
in the shadow (of expenses) which lie heavily on us, due
to the difficult circumstances our people and us especially
are in. we wish to draw your attention to the fact and tell
you that we pay the LC Public Trade Company, owned by Faez
Hazboun a sum which does not exceed 5,000 shekels a month,
as fees for the use of communications sets by military arm
personnel" (Note: Faez Hazboun is a businessman from
Bethlehem who owns a cellular phone company).
In addition, (we also pay) for fuel which is a basic and
important component in our movements from place to place
and this, in accordance with the demands of the national
interest.... your participation in this matter will lead
to our glorification and of pride in you.
We request your serious reference to this subject.
Please accept our appreciation and the honor which we have
The Palestinian National Liberation Movement
Al Aqsa Martyrs (and Church) of the Nativity of the city
of Bethlehem Brigades
(Stamp of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades)
Note in handwriting of some clerk in the Bethlehem Municipality:
Sir, Director of the Municipality
(to be raised) in the meeting