State Sponsors of Terrorism - Sudan
Sudan in 1996 continued to serve as a refuge, nexus,
and training hub for a number of international terrorist
organizations, primarily of Middle East origin. The
Sudanese Government also condoned many of the objectionable
activities of Iran, such as funneling assistance to
terrorist and radical Islamic groups operating in and
transiting through Sudan.
Following the passage of three critical UN Security
Council resolutions, Sudan ordered the departure of
terrorist financier Usama Bin Ladin from Sudan in May.
Sudan failed, however, to comply with the Security Council's
demand that it cease support to terrorists and turn
over the three Egyptian alGama'at alIslamiyya
(IG) fugitives linked to the 1995 assassination attempt
of President Mubarak. Khartoum continued to deny any
foreknowledge of the planning behind the Mubarak attempt
and claimed not to know the whereabouts of the assailants.
Since Sudan was placed on the list of state sponsors
of terrorism in August 1993, the Sudanese Government
has continued to harbor members of several international
terrorist and radical Islamic groups, including the
Abu Nidal organization (ANO), Lebanese Hizballah, the
Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ), the Islamic Resistance
Movement (HAMAS), and the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS)
of Algeria. The National Islamic Front, which is the
dominant influence within the Sudanese Government, also
supports opposition and insurgent groups in Uganda,
Tunisia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea.
In April 1996 the Department of State expelled a Sudanese diplomat at the Sudanese UN Mission who had ties to the conspirators planning to bomb the UN building and other targets in New York in 1993. A Sudanese national, who pleaded guilty in February 1995 to various charges of complicity in the New York City bomb plots foiled by the FBI, indicated two members of the Sudanese UN Mission had offered to facilitate access to the UN building in support of the bombing plot.
Source: Excerpted from Patterns of Global Terrorism 1996, U.S. State Department