State Sponsors of Terrorism - Libya
The end of 1996 marked the fifth year
of the Libyan regime's refusal to comply with the demands
of UN Security Council Resolution 731. This measure
was adopted following the indictments in November 1991
of two Libyan intelligence agents for the bombing of
Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988. UNSCR 731 ordered Libya to
turn over the two Libyan bombing suspects for trial
in the United States or the United Kingdom, pay compensation
to the victims, cooperate in the ongoing investigations
into the Pan Am 103 and UTA Flight 772 bombings, and
cease all support for terrorism.
UN Security Council Resolution 748 was adopted in
April 1992 as a result of Libya's refusal to comply
with the demands of UNSCR 731. UNSCR 748 imposed sanctions
that embargoed Libya's civil aviation and military procurement
efforts and required all states to reduce Libya's diplomatic
presence. In November 1993 UNSCR 883 was adopted, imposing
additional sanctions against Libya for its continued
refusal to comply with UNSC demands. UNSCR 883 included
a limited assets freeze and a ban on sales of some oil
technology to Libya and strengthened existing sanctions
in other ways.
By the end of 1996 Qadhafi had yet to comply in full
with the UNSC demands. He did, however, allow a French
magistrate to visit Libya in July to further his investigation
of the 1989 bombing of UTA 772. As a result of that
investigation, France has issued a total of six arrest
warrantstwo in 1996for Libyan intelligence
officers, who are still at large.
Tripoli continues to deny any involvement in Pan Am
103 and has made no attempt to comply with the UN resolutions.
Most significantly, it still refused to turn over for
trial in the United States or the United Kingdom the
two Libyan agents indicted for the Pan Am bombing. In
response to continued Libyan and Iranian support for
terrorism, the US Congress passed the Iran and Libya
Sanctions Act of 1996. This Act imposes new sanctions
on companies that invest in the development of either
country's petroleum resources. The law is intended to
help deny revenues that could be used to finance international
In addition to the Pan Am and UTA airliner bombings,
Libya continues to be held responsible for other terrorist
acts of the past that retain current interest. In October
1996 warrants were issued by German authorities for
four Libyans who are suspected of initiating the 1986
Berlin discotheque bombing that killed two US citizens.
The four are believed to be in Libya. Also, Libya is
widely believed to be responsible for the 1993 abduction
of prominent Libyan dissident and human rights activist
Mansur Kikhia. The current whereabouts of Kikhia, a
US green card holder, remains unknown.
Libya also continued in 1996 to provide support to a variety of Palestinian terrorist groups, including the Abu Nidal organization (ANO), the Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ), and Ahmed Jabril's Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine¡General Command (PFLPGC). The ANO maintains its headquarters in Libya, where the group's leader, Sabri alBanna (a.k.a. Abu Nidal) resides.
Source: Excerpted from Patterns of Global Terrorism 1996, U.S. State Department