State Sponsors of Terrorism - Iraq
Iraq has not managed to recover its pre-Gulf war international
terrorist capabilities, but it is slowly rebuilding
its intelligence network. Acts of political violence
continued in northern Iraq, and intraKurdish fighting
in August led to an increased number of operatives there
under Baghdad's control. At the time of its military
attack on Irbil, Iraq reportedly murdered more than
100 Iraqis associated with the dissident Iraqi National
Congress (INC). Later, Baghdad renewed its threat to
charge foreign relief personnel and other Iraqi staff
with "espionage," a crime punishable by death.
Iraq continues to provide safehaven to a variety of
Palestinian rejectionist groups, including the Abu Nidal
organization (ANO), the Arab Liberation Front (ALF),
and the former head of the now defunct 15 May Organization,
Abu Ibrahim, who masterminded several bombings of US
aircraft. The Mujahedine Khalq (MEK), a terrorist
group that opposes the current Iranian regime, also
is based in Iraq.
In midNovember a Jordanian diplomatic courier
was murdered in Iraq on the road from Amman to Baghdad,
and his diplomatic pouch stolen. The perpetrators of
the act have yet to be identified. The diplomatic bag
contained 250 new Jordanian passports, which could be
used by terrorist operatives for travel under cover.
The terrorist Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) continues to attempt to use northern Iraq as a safehaven and base for attacks on Turkey.
Source: Excerpted from Patterns of Global Terrorism 1996, U.S. State Department