Human Dignity and Liberty
|| 1. The purpose of this Basic Law is to protect human
dignity and liberty, in order to establish in a Basic Law tile values
of the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state.
| Preservation of life, body and dignity
|| 2. There shall be no violation of the life, body or dignity of
any person as such.
| Protection of property
|| 3. There shall be no violation of the property of a person.
| Protection of life, body and dignity
|| 4. All persons are entitled to protection of their life, body
| Personal liberty
|| 5. There shall be no deprivation or restriction of the liberty
of a person by imprisonment, arrest, extradition or otherwise.
| Leaving and entering Israel
|| 6. (a) All persons are free to leave Israel.
(b) Every Israel national has the right of entry into Israel
|| 7. (a) All persons have the right to privacy and to intimacy.
(b) There shall be no entry into the private premises of a person
who has not consented thereto.
(c) No search shall be conducted on the private premises of
a person, nor in the body or personal effects.
(d) There shall be no violation of the confidentiality of conversation,
or of the writings or records of a person.
| Violation of rights
|| 8. There shall be no violation of rights under this Basic Law
except by a law befitting the values of the State of Israel, enacted
for a proper purpose, and to an extent no greater than is required.
| Reservation regarding security forces
|| 9. There shall be no restriction of rights under this Basic Law
held by persons serving in the Israel Defence Forces, the Israel
Police, the Prisons Service and other security organizations of
the State, nor shall such rights be subject to conditions, except
by virtue of a law, or by regulation enacted by virtue of a law,
and to an extent no greater than is required by the nature and character
of the service.
| Validity of laws
|| 10. This Basic Law shall not affect the validity of any law (din)
in force prior to the commencement of the Basic Law.
|| 11. All governmental authorities are bound to respect the rights
under this Basic Law.
|| 12. This Basic Law cannot be varied, suspended or made subject
to conditions by emergency regulations; notwithstanding, when a
state of emergency exists, by virtue of a declaration under section
9 of the Law and Administration Ordinance, 5708-1948, emergency
regulations may be enacted by virtue of said section to deny or
restrict rights under this Basic Law, provided the denial or restriction
shall be for a proper purpose and for a period and extent no greater
than is required.
President of the State
Speaker of the Knesset
* Passed by the Knesset on the 12th Adar Bet, 5752 (17th March, 1992)
and published in Sefer Ha-Chukkim No. 1391 of the 20th Adar Bet, 5752
(25th March, 1992); the Bill and an Explanatory Note were published in
Hatza'ot Chok, No. 2086 of 5752, p. 60.
Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty - Amendment*
In the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty (5752 - 1992):
| Amendment of
| (1) Section 1 shall be designated 1(a) and shall be
preceded by the following section:
1. Fundamental human rights in Israel are founded upon recognition
of the value of the human being, the sanctity of human life, and
the principle that all persons are free; these rights shall be
upheld in the spirit of the principles set forth in the Declaration
of the Establishment of the State of Israel.
(2) At the end of section 8, the following shall be added:
"or by regulation enacted by virtue of express authorization
in such law."
* Passed by the Knesset on the 21st Adar, 5754 (9th March,
1994) and published in Sefer Ha-Chukkim No. 1454 of the 27th Adar 5754
(10th March, 1994), p. 90; the Bill and an Explanatory Note were published
in Hatza'ot Chok No. 2250 of 5754, p. 289.
Sources: The Knesset