The Washington Declaration
(July 25, 1994)
After generations of hostility, blood and tears and in the wake of years of pain and wars, His Majesty
King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin are determined to bring an end to bloodshed and sorrow.
It is in this spirit that His Majesty King Hussein of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and Prime Minister
and Minister of Defense, Mr. Yitzhak Rabin of Israel, met in Washington today at the invitation of
President William J. Clinton of the United States of America. This initiative of President William J.
Clinton constitutes an historic landmark in the United States' untiring efforts in promoting peace and
stability in the Middle East. The personal involvement of the President has made it possible to realise
agreement on the content of this historic declaration.
The signing of this declaration bears testimony to the President's vision and devotion to the cause of
In their meeting, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin have jointly reaffirmed
the five underlying principles of their understanding on an Agreed Common
Agenda designed to reach the goal of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace between the Arab
States and the Palestinians, with Israel.
Jordan and Israel aim at the achievement of just, lasting and comprehensive peace between Israel and
its neighbours and at the conclusion of a Treaty of
Peace between both
The two countries will vigorously continue their negotiations to arrive at a state of peace, based on
Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 in all their aspects, and founded on freedom, equality and justice.
Israel respects the present special role of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Muslim Holy shrines in
Jerusalem. When negotiations on the permanent status will take place, Israel will give high priority to the
Jordanian historic role in these shrines. In addition the two sides have agreed to act together to promote
interfaith relations among the three monotheistic religions.
The two countries recognise their right and obligation to live in peace with each other as well as with
all states within secure and recognised boundaries. The two states affirmed their respect for and
acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the
The two countries desire to develop good neighbourly relations of cooperation between them to ensure
lasting security and to avoid threats and the use of force between them.
- The long conflict between the two states is now coming to an end. In this spirit the state of
belligerency between Jordan and Israel has been terminated.
- Following this declaration and in keeping with the Agreed Common Agenda, both countries will
refrain from actions or activities by either side that may adversely affect the security of the other or may
prejudice the final outcome of negotiations. Neither side will threaten the other by use of force, weapons,
or any other means, against each otherm and both sides will thwart threats to security resulting from all
kinds of terrorism.
- His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin took note of the progress made in the
bilateral negotiations within the Jordan-Israel track last week on the steps decided to implement the sub-
agendas on borders, territorial matters, security, water, energy, environment and the Jordan Rift
In this framework, mindful of items of the Agreed Common Agenda (borders and territorial matters) they
noted that the boundary sub-commission has reached agreement in July 1994 in fulfillment of part of the
role entrusted to it in the sub-agenda. They also noted that the sub-commission for water, environment
and energy agreed to mutually recognise, as the role of their negotiations, the rightful allocations of the
two sides in Jordan River and Yarmouk River waters and to fully respect and comply with the negotiated
rightful allocations, in accordance with agreed acceptable principles with mutually acceptable quality.
Similarly, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin expressed their deep satisfaction
and pride in the work of the trilateral commission in its meeting held in Jordan on Wednesday, July 20th
1994, hosted by the Jordanian Prime Minister, Dr. Abdessalam al-Majali, and attended by Secretary of
State Warren Christopher and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres. They voiced their pleasure at the
association and commitment of the United States in this endeavour.
His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin believe that steps must be taken both to
overcome psychological barriers and to break with the legacy of war. By working with optimism towards
the dividends of peace for all the people in the region, Jordan and Israel are determined to shoulder their
responsibilities towards the human dimension of peace making. They recognise imbalances and disparities
are a root cause of extremism which thrives on poverty and unemployment and the degradation of human
dignity. In this spirit His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin have today approved a
series of steps to symbolise the new era which is now at hand:
Direct telephone links will be opened between Jordan and Israel.
The electricity grids of Jordan and Israel will be linked as part of a regional concept.
Two new border crossings will be opened between Jordan and Israel - one at the southern tip of Aqaba-
Eilat and the other at a mutually agreed point in the north.
In principle free access will be given to third country tourists traveling between Jordan and Israel.
Negotiations will be accelerated on opening an international air corridor between both countries.
The police forces of Jordan and Israel will cooperate in combating crime with emphasis on smuggling
and particularly drug smuggling. The United States will be invited to participate in this joint
Negotiations on economic matters will continue in order to prepare for future bilateral cooperation
including the abolition of all economic boycotts.
All these steps are being implemented within the framework of regional infrastructural development plans
and in conjunction with the Jordan-Israel bilaterals on boundaries, security, water and related issues and
without prejudice to the final outcome of the negotiations on the items included in the Agreed Common
Agenda between Jordan and Israel.
His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin have agreed to meet periodically or
whenever they feel necessary to review the progress of the negotiations and express their firm intention to
shepherd and direct the process in its entirety.
- In conclusion, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin wish to express once
again their profound thanks and appreciation to President William J. Clinton and his Administration for
their untiring efforts in furthering the cause of peace, justice and prosperity for all the peoples of the
region. They wish to thank the President personally for his warm welcome and hospitality. In recognition
of their appreciation to the President, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin have
asked President William J. Clinton to sign this document as a witness and as a host to their meeting.
His Majesty King Hussein
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
President William J. Clinton
Sources: Israeli Foreign