Memorandum of Agreement between the Governments of the United
States of America and the State of Israel
(March 26, 1979)
Recognizing the significance of the conclusion of the Treaty of Peace
between Israel and Egypt and considering the importance of full
implementation of the Treaty of Peace to Israel's security interests and
the contribution of the conclusion of the Treaty of Peace to the security
and development of Israel as well as its significance to peace and
stability in the region and to the maintenance of international peace and
Recognizing that the withdrawal from Sinai imposes additional heavy
security, military and economic burdens on Israel;
The Governments of the United States and the State of Israel, subject to
their constitutional processes and applicable law, confirm as follows:
- In the light of the role of the United States in achieving the
Treaty of Peace and the parties' desire that the United States continue
its supportive efforts, the United States will take appropriate measures
to promote full observance of the Treaty of peace.
- Should it be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the United States
that there has been a violation or threat of violation of the Treaty of
Peace, enhance friendly and peaceful relations between the parties and
promote peace in the region, and will take such remedial measures as it
deems appropriate, which may include diplomatic, economic and military
measures as described below.
- The United States will provide support it deems appropriate for proper
actions taken by Israel in response to such demonstrated violations of the
Treaty of Peace. In particular, if a violation of the Treaty of Peace is
deemed to threaten the security of Israel, including, inter alia, a
blockade of Israel's use of international waterways, a violation of the
provisions of the Treaty of Peace concerning limitation of forces or an
armed attack against Israel, the United States will be prepared to
consider, on an urgent basis, such measures as the strengthening of the
United States presence in the area, the providing of emergency supplies to
Israel, and the exercise of maritime rights in order to put an end to the
- The United States will support the parties' rights to navigation and
overflight for access to either country through and over the Strait of
Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba pursuant to the Treaty of Peace.
- The United States will oppose and, if necessary, vote against any
action or resolution in the United Nations which in its judgments
adversely affects the Treaty of Peace.
- Subject to Congressional authorization and appropriation, the United
States will endeavor to take into account and will endeavor to be
responsive to military and economic assistance requirements of Israel.
- The United States will continue to impose restrictions on weapons
supplied by it to any country which prohibit their unauthorized transfer
to any third party. The United States will not supply or authorize
transfer of such weapons for use in an armed attack against Israel, and
will take steps to prevent such unauthorized transfer.
- Existing agreements and assurances between the United States and
Israel are not terminated or altered by the conclusion of the Treaty of
Peace, except for those contained in Articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15 and
16 of Memorandum of Agreement between the Government of Israel and the
Government of the United States (United States-Israeli Assurances) of
September 1, 1975.
- This Memorandum of Agreement sets forth the full understandings of the
United States and Israel with regard to the subject matters covered
between them hereby, and shall be implemented in accordance with its