Israel-Syria Draft Peace Agreement: “Clinton Plan”
(January 8, 2000)
A framework for peace between Israel and Syria
The Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic:
Aiming at the achievement of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East based on Security Council resolutions 242 and 338 and within the framework of the peace process initiated at Madrid on 31 October 1991;
Reaffirming their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and recognizing their right and obligation to live in peace with each other, as well as with all states, within secure and recognized boundaries;
Desiring to establish mutual respect and to develop honorable, friendly and good neighborly relations;
Resolved to establish permanent peace between them in accordance with this Treaty.
Have agreed as follows:
@Par1:ARTICLE I - Establishment of Peace and Security within Recognized Boundaries.
1. The state of war between Israel and Syria (hereinafter "the Parties") is hereby terminated and peace is established between them. The Parties will maintain normal, peaceful relations as set out in Article III below.
2. The permanent secure and recognized international boundary between Israel and Syria is the boundary set forth in Article II below. The location of the boundary has been commonly agreed (Syrian position: and is based on the June 4, 1967 line) (Israeli position: taking into account security and other vital interests of the Parties as well as legal considerations of both sides). Israel will (S: withdraw) (I: relocate) all its armed forces (S: and civilians) behind this boundary in accordance with Annex -- of this Treaty. (S: Thereafter, each Party will exercise its full sovereignty on its side of the international boundary, including as agreed in this Treaty.)
3. To enhance the security of both Parties, agreed security measures will be implemented in accordance with Article IV below.
4. The time line at Annex -- sets forth an agreed schedule for synchronized implementation of this and the other Articles of this Treaty.
@Par1:ARTICLE II - International Boundary
1. The international boundary between Israel and Syria is as shown on the mapping materials and co-ordinates specified in Annex --. This boundary is the permanent, secure and recognized international boundary between Israel and Syria and supercedes any previous boundary or line of demarcation between them.
2. The Parties will respect the inviolability of this boundary and of each other's territory, territorial waters and airspace.
3. A Joint Boundary Commission is hereby established. Its functions and activities are set out in Annex --.
@Par1:ARTICLE III - Normal Peaceful Relations
1. The Parties will apply between them the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law governing relations among states in time of peace. In particular:
2. The Parties will establish full diplomatic and consular relations, including the exchange of resident ambassadors.
3. The Parties recognize a mutuality of interest in honorable and good neighborly relations based on mutual respect and for this purpose will:
4. The Parties undertake to ensure mutual enjoyment by each other's citizens of due process of law within their respective legal systems and before their courts.
@Par1:ARTICLE IV - Security
A. Security Arrangements
Recognizing the importance of security for both Parties as an important element of permanent peace and stability, the Parties will employ the following security arrangements to build mutual confidence in the implementation of this Treaty and to provide for the security needs of both Parties:
B. Other Security Measures
As further steps to ensure a permanent cessation of hostilities of anform between the Parties or from their territories against each other.
C. Cooperation and Liaison in Security Matters
The Parties will establish a direct liaison and coordination mechanism between them as described in Annex ----- to facilitate implementation of the security provisions in this Treaty. Its responsibilities will include: direct and real-time communication on security issues, minimization of friction along the international border, addressing any problems arising during the implementation process, helping to prevent errors or misinterpretations, and maintaining direct and continuous contacts with the monitoring, inspection and verification mechanism.
@Par1:ARTICLE V - Water
1. The Parties recognize that full resolution of all water issues between them constitutes a fundamental element in ensuring a stable and lasting peace. (S: Based on relevant international principles and practices), the Parties have agreed to establish (I: arrangements that will ensure the continuation of Israel's current use in quantity and quality of all) (S: mutually agreeable arrangements with respect to water quantities and quality from) the surface and underground waters in the areas from which Israeli forces will (I: relocate) (S: withdraw) pursuant to Article I, as detailed in Annex -----. (I: The arrangements should include all necessary measures to prevent contamination, pollution or depletion of the Kinneret/Tiberias and Upper Jordan River and their sources.)
2. For the purposes of this Article and Annex ------, the Parties will establish (I: a Joint Water Committee and a supervision and enforcement mechanism) (S: a Joint Administrative Board). The composition, mandate and mode of operations of the (I: Joint Water Committee and the supervision and enforcement mechanism) (S: Joint Administrative Board) will be as detailed in Annex------.
3. The Parties have agreed to cooperate on water-related matters, as detailed in Annex ------, (I: including ensuring the quantity and quality of water allocated to Israel under other agreements concerning water originating in Syria.)
@Par1:ARTICLE VI - Rights and Obligations
1. This Treaty does not affect and shall not be interpreted as affecting in any way the rights and obligations of the Parties under the Charter of the United Nations.
2. The Parties undertake to fulfill in good faith their obligations under this Treaty, without regard to action or inaction of any other Party and independently of any instrument external to this Treaty.
3. The Parties will take all the necessary measures for the application in their relations of the provisions of the multilateral conventions to which they are Parties, including the submission of appropriate notification to the Secretary General of the United Nations and other depositories of such conventions. They will also abstain from actions that would curtail the rights of either Party to participate in international organizations to which they belong in accordance with the governing provisions of those organizations.
4. The Parties undertake not to enter into any obligation in conflict with this Treaty.
5. Subject to Article 103 of the United Nations Charter, in the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Parties under the present Treaty and any of their other obligations, the obligations under this Treaty will be binding and implemented.
@Par1:ARTICLE VII - Legislation
The Parties undertake to enact any legislation necessary in order to implement the Treaty, and to repeal any legislation that is inconsistent with the Treaty.
@Par1:ARTICLE VIII - Settlement of Disputes
Disputes between the Parties arising out of the interpretation or application of the present Treaty shall be settled by negotiation.
@Par1:ARTICLE IX - Final Clauses
1. This treaty shall be ratified by both Parties in conformity with their respective constitutional procedures. It shall enter into force on the exchange of instruments of ratification and shall supercede all previous bilateral agreements between the Parties.
2. The Annexes and other attachments attached to this Treaty shall constitute integral parts thereof.
3. The Treaty shall be communicated to the Secretary General of the United Nations for registration in accordance with the provisions of Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
DONE THIS DAY ------ IN -------- IN THE ENGLISH, HEBREW AND ARABIC LANGUAGES, ALL LANGUAGES BEING EQUALLY AUTHENTIC. IN CASE OF ANY DIVERGENCE OF INTERPRETATION, THE ENGLISH TEXT WILL BE AUTHORITATIVE
Source: Chaim Herzog Center