Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty


Annex I (a)

Israel-Jordan International Boundary
Delimitation and Demarcation


  1. It is agreed that, in accordance with Article 3 of the Treaty, the international boundary between the two states consists of the following sectors:

     

    1. The Jordan and Yarmouk Rivers
    2. The Dead Sea
    3. The Emek Ha'arva/Wadi Araba
    4. The Gulf of Aqaba

       

  2. The boundary is delimited as follows:

     

    1. Jordan and Yarmouk Rivers:

       

      1. The boundary line shall follow the middle of the main course of the flow of the Jordan and Yarmouk Rivers.

         

      2. The boundary line shall follow natural changes (accretion or erosion) in the course of the rivers unless otherwise agreed. Artificial changes in or of the course of the rivers shall not affect the location of the boundary unless otherwise agreed. No artificial changes may be made except by agreement between both Parties.

         

      3. In the event of a future sudden natural change in or of the course of the rivers (avulsion or cutting of new bed) the Joint Boundary Commission (Article 3 below) shall meet as soon as possible, to decide on necessary measures, which may include physical restoration of the prior location of the river course.

         

      4. The boundary line in the two rivers is shown on the 1:10,000 orthophoto maps dated 1994 (Appendix III attached to this Annex).

         

      5. Adjustment to the boundary line in any of the rivers due to natural changes (accretion or erosion) shall be carried out whenever it is deemed necessary by the Joint Boundary Commission or once every five years.

         

      6. The lines defining the special Naharayim/Baqura area are shown on the 1:10,000 orthophoto map (Appendix IV attached to this Annex).

         

      7. The orthophoto maps and image maps showing the line separating Jordan from the territory that came under Israeli Military government control in 1967 shall have that line indicated in a different presentation and the legend shall carry on it the following disclaimer:
        "This line is the administrative boundary between Jordan and the territory which came under Israeli military government control in 1967. Any treatment of this line shall be without prejudice to the status of the territory."

         

    2. Dead Sea and Salt Pans

      The boundary line is shown on the 1:50000 image maps (2 sheets, Appendix II attached to this Annex). The list of geographic and Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates of this boundary line shall be based on Israel Jordan Boundary Datum (IJBD 1994) and, when completed and agreed upon by both parties, this list of coordinates shall be binding and take precedence over the maps as to the location of the boundary line in the Dead Sea and the salt pans.

       

    3. Emek Ha'arava/Wadi Araba

       

      1. The boundary line is shown on the 1:20,000 orthophoto maps (10 sheets, Appendix I attached to this Annex).

         

      2. The land boundary shall be demarcated, under a joint boundary demarcation procedure, by boundary pillars which will be jointly located, erected, measured and documented on the basis of the boundary shown in the 1:20,000 orthophoto maps referred to in Article 2-C-(1) above. Between each two adjacent boundary pillars the boundary line shall follow a straight line.

         

      3. The boundary pillars shall be defined in a list of geographic and UTM coordinates based on a joint boundary datum (IJBD 94) to be agreed upon by the Joint Team of Experts appointed by the two parties (hereinafter the JTE) using joint Global Positioning System (GPS) Measurements. The list of coordinates shall be prepared, signed and approved by both parties as soon as possible and not later than 9 months after this Treaty enters into force and shall become part of this Annex. This list of geographic and UTM coordinates when completed and agreed upon by both parties shall be binding and shall take precedence over the maps as to the location of the boundary line of this sector.

         

      4. The boundary pillars shall be maintained by both Parties in accordance with a procedure to be agreed upon. The coordinates in article 2-C-(3) above shall be used to reconstruct boundary pillars in case they are damaged, destroyed or displaced.

         

      5. The line defining the Zofar/Al-Ghamr area is shown on the 1:20,000 Emek Ha'arava/Wadi Araba orthophoto map (Appendix V attached to the Annex).

         

    4. The Gulf of Aqaba

      The parties shall act in accordance with Article 3.7 of the Treaty.

       

  3. Joint Boundary Commission

     

    1. For the purpose of the implementation of this annex, the Parties will establish a Joint Boundary Commission comprised of three members from each country.

       

    2. The Commission will, with the approval of the respective governments, specify its work procedures, the frequency of its meetings, and the details of its scope of work. The Commission may invite experts and/or advisors as may be required.

       

    3. The Commission may form, as it deems necessary, specialized teams or committees and assign to them technical tasks.

       



ANNEX I (b)

THE NAHRAYIM/BAQURA AREA

 

  1. The two Parties agree that a special regime will apply to the Naharayim/Baqura area ("the area") on a temporary basis, as set out in this Annex. For the purpose of this Annex the area is detailed in Appendix IV.

     

  2. Recognising that in the area which is under Jordan's sovereignty with Israeli private land ownership rights and property interests ("land owners") in the land comprising the area ("the land") Jordan undertakes:

     

    1. to grant without charge unimpeded freedom of entry to, exit from land usage and movement within the area to the land-owners and to their invitees or employees and to allow the land-owners freely to dispose of their land in accordance with applicable Jordanian law;

       

    2. not to apply its customs or immigration legislation to land-owners, their invitees or employees crossing from Israel directly to the area for the purpose of gaining access to the land for agricultural or any agreed purposes;

       

    3. not to impose discriminatory taxes or charges with regard to the land or activities within the area;

       

    4. to take all necessary measures to protect and prevent harassment of or harm to any person entering the area under this Annex;

       

    5. to permit with the minimum of formality, uniformed officers of the Israeli police force access to the area for the purpose of investigating crime or dealing with other incidents solely involving the landowners, their invitees or employees.

       

  3. Recognising Jordanian sovereignty over the area, Israel undertakes:

     

    1. not to carry out or allow to be carried out in the area activities prejudicial to the peace or security of Jordan;

       

    2. not to allow any person entering the area under this Annex (other than the uniformed officers referred to in paragraph 2(e) of this Annex) to carry weapons of any kind in the area; unless authorized by the licensing authorities in Jordan after being processed by the liaison committee referred to in Article 8 of this Annex.

       

    3. not to allow the dumping of wastes from outside the area into the area.

       

    1. Subject to this Annex, Jordanian law will apply to this area.

       

    2. Israeli law applying to the extra territorial activities of Israelis may be applied to Israelis and their activities in the area, and Israel may take measures in the area to enforce such laws.

       

    3. Having regard to this Annex, Jordan will not apply its criminal laws to activities in the area which involve only Israeli nationals.

       

  4. In the event of any joint projects to be agreed and developed by the parties in the area the terms of this Annex amy be altered for the purpose of the joint project by agreement between the Parties at any time. One of the options to be discussed in the context of the joint projects would be the establishment of a Free- Trade Zone.

     

  5. Without prejudice to private rights of ownership of land within the area, this Annex will remain in force for 25 years, and shall be renewed automatically for the same periods, unless one year prior notice of termination is given by either Party, in which case, at the request of either Party, consultations shall be entered into.

     

  6. In addition to the requirement referred to in Article 4 (a) of this Annex, the acquisition of land in the area by persons who are not Israeli citizens shall take place only with the prior approval of Jordan.

     

  7. An Israeli-Jordanian Liaison Committee is hereby established in order to deal with all matters arising under this Annex.

     



ANNEX I (c)

THE ZOFAR/AL-GHAMR AREA

 

  1. The two Parties agree that a special regime will apply to the Zofar/ Al-Ghamr area ("the area") on a temporary basis, as set out in this Annex. For the purpose of this Annex the area is in Appendix V.

     

  2. Recognising that in the area which is under Jordan's sovereignty with Israeli private land use rights ("land owners") in the land comprising the area ("the land") Jordan undertakes:

     

    1. to grant without charge unimpeded freedom of entry to, exit from land usage and movement within the area to the land-owners and to their invitees or employees and to allow the land-owners freely to dispose of their land in accordance with applicable Jordanian law;

       

    2. not to apply its customs or immigration legislation to land-owners, their invitees or employees crossing from Israel directly to the area for the purpose of gaining access to the land for agricultural or any agreed purposes;

       

    3. not to impose discriminatory taxes or charges with regard to the land or activities within the area;

       

    4. to take all necessary measures to protect and prevent harassment of or harm to any person entering the area under this Annex;

       

    5. to permit with the minimum of formality, uniformed officers of the Israeli police force access to the area for the purpose of investigating crime or dealing with other incidents solely involving the landowners, their invitees or employees.

       

  3. Recognising Jordanian sovereignty over the area, Israel undertakes:

     

    1. not to carry out or allow to be carried out in the area activities prejudicial to the peace or security of Jordan;

       

    2. not to allow any person entering the area under this Annex (other than the uniformed officers referred to in paragraph 2 (e) of this Annex) to carry weapons of any kind in the area; unless authorized by the licensing authorities in Jordan after being processed by the liaison committee referred to in Article 8 of this Annex.

       

    3. not to allow the dumping of wastes from outside the area into the area.

       

    1. Subject to this Annex, Jordanian law will apply to this area.

       

    2. Israeli law applying to the extra territorial activities of Israel may be applied to Israelis and their activities in the area, and Israel may take measures in the area to enforce such laws.

       

    3. Having regard to this Annex, Jordan will not apply its criminal laws to activities in the area which involve only Israeli nationals.

       

  4. In the event of any joint projects to be agreed and developed by the parties in the area the terms of this Annex amy be altered for the purpose of the joint project by agreement between the Parties at any time.

     

  5. Without prejudice to private rights of use of land within the area, this Annex will remain in force for 25 years, and shall be renewed automatically for the same periods, unless one year prior notice of termination is given by either Party, in which case, at the request of either Party, consultations shall be entered into.

     

  6. In addition to the requirement referred to in Article 4 (a) of this Annex, the acquisition of land in the area by persons who are not Israeli citizens shall take place only with the prior approval of Jordan.

     

  7. An Israeli-Jordanian Liaison Committee is hereby established in order to deal with all matters arising under this Annex.