for Research on Dutch Jewry, at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
Sephardic synagogue of Amsterdam, Hoog Synagogue, Nieuwe Synagogue,
Nijmegen Synagogue courtesy of Judaica
Liberale Gemeente photo from the U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Museum
Photos of Middelburg Synagogue courtesy of the “Stichting Synagoge Middelburg” (Middelburg Synagogue Foundation)
Portuguese Synagogue photo courtesy of HaChayim HaYehudim Jewish Photo Library (© Jono David Media)