From July 1944 to September 1944, experiments were conducted at the Dachau concentration camp to study the viability of making sea water drinkable. The subjects were deprived of all food and given only chemically processed sea water. The experiments caused great pain and suffering, rsulting in extreme dehydration and organ failure.
The defendants Karl Brandt, Handloser, Rostock, Schroeder, Gebhardt, Rudolf Brandt, Mrugowsky, Poppendick, Sievers, Becker-Freyseng, Schaefer, and Beiglboeck are charged with special responsibility for and participation in these crimes.
Sources:U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10. Nuremberg, October 1946 - April 1949. Washington D.C.: U.S. G.P.O, 1949-1953.