Survivors of the Extermination Camps
Very few people survived
- Only two Jews survived Chelmno.
- Two Jews, Rudolf Rader and Haim Hirshman,
- Treblinka was razed after the revolt
on August 2, 1943. About 70 prisoners were
alive at the end of the war.
- Approximately 50-70 Jews survived Sobibor.
- The Soviet army liberated Majdanek in
July 1944. The few Jewish survivors had
been transferred from the camp earlier.
Approximately 12,000 other prisoners greeted
- When Auschwitz was liberated by the Soviets
on January 27, 1945, 1,200 people remained
alive in Auschwitz, 5,800 in Birkenau and
650 in Monowitz.
Source: Ephraim Kaye, Desecraters of Memory:
Confronting Holocaust Denial, Jerusalem:
Yad Vashem, 1997, pp. 45-46.