V. Evacuation of the Jews
At least in the area of the Reich the evacuation of the Jews has taken the place of the emigration of the Jews. Following the ban on Jewish emigration from Fall 1941 [the evacuation] was prepared on a large scale and carried out to a far-reaching extent throughout the area of the Reich in 1942. In the balance sheet of Jewry (Bilanz des Judentums) it appears as "Emigration."
According to the figures of the Reich Security Main Office (Reichssicherheitshaptamp) up to January 1, 1943, the following moves took place:
From the Altreich** and Sudetenland 100,516 Jews
From the Ostmark [Austria] 47,555 Jews
From the Protectorate 69,677 Jews
Total 217,748 Jews
These figures include Jews evacuated to the Old-Age Ghetto in Theresienstadt.
The total of these evacuations from the area of the Reich, including the eastern territories, and beyond them in the area of German control and influence in Europe, from October 1939 or later, and up to December 31, 1942, were as follows:
1. Evacuation of Jews from Baden and the
Palatinate (Pfalz) to France 6,504 Jews
2. Evacuation of Jews from the Reich, including
the Protectorate and the District of Bialystok
to the East 170,642 "
3. Evacuation of Jews from the Reich and the
Protectorate to Theresienstadt 87,193 "
4. Transportation of Jews from the eastern
provinces to eastern Russia 1,449,692 Jews
[Numbers] who passed through the camps
in the Government-General 1,274,166 " Through the camps in the Warthegau 145,301 "
5. Evacuation of Jews from other countries:
France (insofar as it was occupied before
November 10, 1942) 41,911 "
Netherlands 38,571 "
Belgium 16,886 "
Norway 532 "
Slovakia 56,691 "
Croatia 4,927 "
Total evacuations (including Theresienstadt and
Special Treatment – Sonderbehandlung) 1,873,549 "
Without Theresienstadt 1,786,356 "
6. To this must be added, according to the
figures of the Reich Security Main Office,
the evacuation of 633,300 "
from the Russian territories, including the
former Baltic countries, from the start of
the Eastern Campaign.
These figures do not include the inmates of ghettos and concentration camps.
The evacuations from Slovakia and Croatia were carried out by these states themselves.
VI. The Jews in the Ghettos
1. The Old-Age Ghetto Theresienstadt to which were sent
altogether 87,193 Jews
of these, from the Reich 47,471 "
of these, from the Protectorate 39,722 "
The total number of Jewish inmates at the beginning of the
year 1943 was: 49,392
of these, German subjects 24,313
The reduction in numbers was due mainly to deaths. In addition to Theresienstadt there were a number of smaller Jewish old-age and invalid homes within the area of the Reich, but these were not considered either ghettos or evacuation centers.
2. At the beginning of 1943 there were 87,180 Jews in the Lodz Ghetto, of whom 83,133 were former Polish citizens.
3. On December 31, 1942, the great majority of Jews in the Government-General were housed in the remnants of ghettos.
The figures given or estimated are:
District No. of Jews
Lublin 20,000 (estimate)
Total for Government-General 297,914***
NO-5194.* Prepared by Richard Korherr, head of the Statistics Department inHimmler's office.** Germany before 1938.*** The total number of Jews in these areas at the beginning of the war
had been about 2 million.
Sources: Yad Vashem