Operational Situation Report USSR No. 164
(February 4, 1942)
The Chief of the Security Police and Security Service
OPERATIONAL SITUATION REPORT USSR NO. 164
1) In Vilnius, 14 Poles were arrested because of extensive passport
forgeries. They had sold passports at high prices, particularly to
fleeing Jews. In agreement with the General Kommissar and the German
Army Commander in Lithuania, a new agreement for the handling of passports
and certificates will be set up in the near future.
Contrary to expectations, the Christmas days passed quietly everywhere.
One could note only increased Communist leaflet propaganda. In the
course of the investigations, a raid was carried out in a suburb of
Kramatorskya. With the assistance of 230 German soldiers, a part of
the town was closed and 350 people were arrested without any outside
help. Of these, 60 people were shot as active members or officials
of the Communist Party, partisans, etc. The others were released after
a sever warning. This action has deeply impressed the population.
A noticeable deterioration of the mood in the population could be
felt, not only with respect to the Communists but also in national
Ukrainian organizations. The original East Ukrainian population is
visibly united against the newly-arrived West Ukrainians who are seen
as the main carriers of the idea of nationalism. Just like the Communists,
the members of the national Ukrainian movement use various false documents,
cover names, secret codes, etc. Lately, Communists hung up posters
that falsified the original text in a Communist sense. They also hung
next to the German posters so-called translations that had the same
number of lines but was nothing but Communist propaganda.
Arrest of the Jews in Kharkov
The extensive preparations that became necessary in the matter of
the arrest of the Kharkov Jews were speeded up within the framework
of SK 4a responsibilities. First of all, it was necessary to find
a suitable area for the evacuation of the Jews. This was accomplished
with the closest understanding of the municipality's housing department.
An area was chosen where the Jews could be housed in the barracks
of a factory district. Then, on December 16, 1942, a summons was issued
from the city commander to move to the area by December 16, 1941.
The evacuation of the Jews went of without a hitch except for some
robberies during the march of the Jews in the direction of their new
quarters. Almost without exception, only Ukrainians participated in
the robberies. So far, no report is available on the number of Jews
that were arrested during the evacuation. At the same time, preparation
for the shooting of the Jews is underway. 305 Jews who have spread
rumors against the German Army were shot immediately.
Einsatzgruppen Reports by Yitzak Arad, Shmuel Krakowski and
Shmuel Spector, editors. p. 288-9)