Operational Situation Report USSR No. 148
(December 19, 1941)
The Chief of the Security Police and Security Service
December 19, 1941
OPERATIONAL SITUATION REPORT USSR No. 148
Measures against criminals and looters
The following were shot after summary proceedings:
One Russian who proved to have murdered mayor Nikta
Kaslov in Pudavaya near Mogilev;
One second lieutenant who had committed embezzlement
in several cases;
A Russian who had hung around as a vagrant for several
months and who had made his living as a thief;
Two Jews and two Russians who had looted repeatedly;
Four Russians who had made their living by committing
punishable offences, mainly robberies;
The Russian Ivan Gorlov in Gzhatsk, a member of the
Communist Party since 1924 who was proved to have participated in setting
fire to mills, warehouses, and granaries;
Two Russians who, after the arrival of the German
troops, carried out looting of food, and illegal slaughtering in Gzhatsk;
Three Russians in Kursk who had looted;
A Russian in Orel who was caught in the act of setting
a fire, and 12 other persons, among them several Jews, who were proved
to have helped in starting other fires;
Sidarov, a member of the NKVD, who had a leading part
in starting fires and in looting in Orel;
The head of the local Order Police in Rudnia Korochenko,
who did not carry out any of the instructions of the German occupation
authorities. A considerable amount of loot was found in his apartment;
Three Russian women in Gomel who wereinvolved in prostituion
and had infected several German soldiers.
During the purging of the forced labor camp at the
Mogilev base, 150 Jews were apprehended who had been rebellious. They
During the checks along the roads radiating out of
Mogilev carried out with the help of the Order Police, 135 people, mostly
Jews, were apprehended. The Jews were not wearing the Jewish badge;
others were on a 'tour' without the prescribed [identification] papers.
127 people were shot.
In agreement with the commander, the transit camp
in Mogilev was searched for Jews and officials. 126 people were found
As was shown by confidential messages, the Jews in
Bobruisk became active again immediately after the Teilkommando was
withdrawn. Some of them no longer wore their Jewish badges. Refusals
to work increased. Connections with partisans were detected, and, finally,
provocative conduct towards members of the German occupation forces
[was detected]. The strongest measures had to be taken to stop these
activities which greatly endangered public security and order. Therefore,
by carrying out a special action, a total of 5,281 Jews of both sexes
were shot. The town of Bobruisk and its nearby area is free of Jews.
Since the Jews in Partichi near Bobruisk showed a
hostile attitude to the Germans and had close connections with partisans,
a special action was carried out in the course of which 1,013 Jews and
Jewesses were shot.
A large-scale action against the Jews was necessary
in Rudnya near Smolensk because they lent extensive help to the partisans,
spread disruptive proaganda, partly refused to work, and did not wear
their Jewish badges. This, altogether 835 Jews of both sexes were shot.
52 Jews were caught in Gomel without identification
papers, trying to pass themselves off as Russians. Among them were also
Communist agitators. They were shot.
Confidential agents reported that the still numerous
partisans in Gomel were aided in every way by the Jews. Consequently,
a special action had to be carried out in Gomel, Rogachev, and Kormu.
Thus, a total of 2,365 Jews and Jewesses were shot.
Following an action against the partisans which was
carried out by the 221st Security Division with the aid of a troop of
Einsatzkommando 9 in the area of Klinovichi, a reorganization of the
township of Klinovichi and Cherikov became necessary because the Jews
of the townships proved hostile to the Germans and sympathized with
the partisans. Altogether 786 Jews of both sexes were shot.
For the same reasons, special actions were carried
out in Roslavl and Shumyachi near Roslavl. A total of 510 Jews of both
sexes were shot.
Sixteen mentaly ill Jewish and Russian children were
shot in Shumyachi. They had been placed in a children's home which had
been left in a totally neglected condition by the Soviet authorities.
In part, the children were laying in their own excrement. All had severe
eczema. The German chief military physician from the hospital in Shumyachi
who was called in for consultation declared that the children's home
and its inmates were an epidemic center of the first degree, sufficient
reason for their shooting.
In Vitebsk, the ghetto was evacuated. During the process a total
of 4,090 Jews of both sexes were shot.
Einsatzgruppen Reports by Yitzak Arad, Shmuel Krakowski and
Shmuel Spector, editors. p. 262-4)