Operational Situation Report USSR No. 14
Tilsit was used as base for three major cleansing actions,
in Garsden: 201 persons were shot.
in Krottingen: 214 persons were shot
in Polangen: 111 persons were shot
In Garsden the Jewish population had supported the
Russian border guards repulsing the German attack.
In Krottingen, on the night of the occupation, a [German]
officer and two quartermasters were treacherously shot by the population.
In Polangen, on the day of the occupation, another
officer was treacherously shot by the population.
In all of these 3 major operations mainly Jews were
liquidated. However, there were also Bolshevik officials and snipers
among them who were handed over by the Wehrmacht to the security police.
Public feelings among the Lithuanians in Kaunas are
good and are pro-German. The Lithuanian population does not agree with
the self-proclaimed Lithuanian government under Colonel Skirpa. The
government is defined as a group of the army who has vested interests,
first of all to take advantage of the presently unclear conditions,
and to gain material profits. Former Lithuanian parties have already
attempted to make contacts. The Roman Catholic Bishop Brizguys, who
holds an influential position in Lithuanian circles, was won over. He
maintains a close relationship with General Rastikis. The followers
of Woldemaras are starting to be somewhat active. Basically they reject
General Rastikis, because he is close to Christian-Democratic circles.
They strive only for a limited Lithuanian independence, i.e., they want
only cultural and economic freedom and are ready to leave foreign politics
to the Greater German Reich. General Rastikis will immediately dissolve
the temporary Lithuanian government.
Partisans in Kaunas and its surroundings have been
disarmed on June 28 by order of the German Feldkommandatur. An auxillary
police force consisting of 5 companies has been created from reliable
partisans. Two of these companies were subordinated to the Einsatzkommando.
Of these, one company guards the Jewish concentration camp. In the meantime,
In Kaunas, Fort VII has been established where executions are carried
out. The other company, with the agreement of the Field Commander of
the Einsatzkommando, is to be employed for regular police tasks.
In Kaunas reserves of meat and flour will last for
6 more weeks. Fort VII in Kaunas will be organized as a Jewish concentration
camp with two sections:
1. male Jews
2. female Jews and children.
Presently about 1,500 Jews are kept in the fort. Guard
duty is performed by Lithuanian guard formations. In the central prisons
Another concentration camp for Jews is planned for
in Fort IX - Kaunas.
It was established that in Lvov the Russians left behind
about 12 agents, their task to sabotage bridges, etc. 2 agents who had
cut Wehrmacht cables have been arrested.
Also active with the advanced units in the area of
Lutsk. 2,000 shootings, reprisals for the murder of Ukrainians. Archives
have been secured. In Brody, 50 - 60 steel cabinets with GPU material
In Tarnopol 5,000 Ukrainians were taken away, and 2,000
murdered [by the Soviets]. In retaliation, arrest of Jewish intelligentsia
has begun, since they are responsible for the murders and have also
acted as informers for the NKVD. The number is estimated at 1,000. On
July 5, about 70 Jews were assembled by the Ukrainian and finished off
with concentrated fire [machine gunned]. 20 more Jews slain in the streets
by Ukrainians and soldiers as retaliation for the murder of 3 soldiers
who were found in prison, tied, their tongues sliced and eyes gouged
out. The German Army demonstrates a gratifyingly good attitude towards
Jews. Zlochev was searched for agents and archives.
Location so far: Slonim, on the road to Minsk.
Einsatzgruppen Reports by Yitzak Arad, Shmuel Krakowski and
Shmuel Spector, editors. p. 10-12)