Operational Situation Report USSR No. 133
(November 14, 1941)
The Chief of the Security Police and the Security
November 14, 1941
OPERATIONAL SITUATION REPORT USSR NO. 133
PARTISANS IN RIGA
In the last days partisan groups were uncovered in
Riga. 56 arrests have been made so far. More are to follow. So far,
one mortar with 15 shells, pistols, munitions, and a wireless-transmitter
were seized. Members of a group dressed in army uniforms of army deserters
have, among other acts, attacked an army truck on the Riga-Madohn highway.
It is very probable that partisans have connections with the ghetto
and German deserters. Informants connected to the individual groups
are assured. Inquiries are not yet concluded. They promise further success.
1) Situation in the newly-occupied area
In the course of the advance of Army Group Center,
a number of newly-occupied towns like Briansk, Ordzhonikedzegrad, Uritski,
Gzhatsk, Rzhev were also treated according to SD methods by the Kommandos
of the Einsatzgruppe. Once again one can state generally that the civilian
population of the towns that are now occupied by our troops were systemitically
evacuated [by the Soviets] quite a while ago. At the time of occupation
there is usually only a fraction of the former population in the towns.
They are mostly such persons who have managed to avoid evacuation by
running into the surrounding villages. The Jewish population, as well
as the Communist party members and the skilled workers, however, have
all escaped, as far as could be ascertained. According to available
reports, the population was exhorted by a steady stream of propagannda
to move, if possible, to the Volga and the Ural areas. Transport trains
were put at their disposal and thus a large part of the population was
gradually evacuated in this direction.
2) Morale and general conduct of the population
The public execution of a partisan leader and of three
Bolshevik terrorists had a quieting effect on the civilian population
of Mogilev. Numereous civilian inhabitants were present at the execution
by hanging. It appeared to make a deep impression on them that, from
the German side, measures which they themselves can also witness, will
now be taken against partisans and Bolshevik functionaries. At any rate,
this action is proved to have made far more of an impression on the
civilian population than some executions announced by poster. On the
other hand, the poulation exhibited more indifference to the total liquidation
of Jews, as in the Vitebsk ghetto, for example. They soon became used
to the absence of the Jews without being influenced in either a positive
or negative way.
Resistance among the masses has visibly slackened since the recent
German military successes and, in particular, in those areas where
the Jews, well known for leading resistance movements, have been completely
removed. If the Russian segment of the population had and tendency
towards resistance, our very harsh and strict measures (executions
by hanging and shooting) have not failed in their effect. The flight
of the Jews towards the east goes on, as could be ascertained at the
time of the report. Thus, EK9, which is marching towards Moscow, reports
that in the town Yartsevo where 7,000 Jews used to live, not a single
one has remained. It is much the same in Rzhev, Gzhatsk, Mozhaisk,
Izichnov, and Briansk.
Generally, the cooperation of the peace-loving population, particularly
the Byelorussian circles, can be felt. In particular, one meets with
understanding of how the Jewish question is dealt with. The Jews are
regarded as a pest, particularly in the rural areas. The population
has already repeatedly asked that the various local military commanders
carry out measures against the Jews. Unfortunately, the population
can not even decide to take up auxiliary measures on its own against
the Jews. The reasons, which are purely psycological, have been referred
2) The fight against the partisans
When a partisan organization in Mogilev was uncovered,
it was noted that its leader, the former Soviet Russian Lieutanant Moktseev,
had already managed to recruit 39 men as well as 15 women (mainly adolescents),
to serve as spies and to transmit information. Among the 55 persons,
there were, all told, 22 Jews who worked with fanatical zeal to further
strengthen the organization. Moktseev received strong support from a
vegetable dealer who put at his disposal his stireroom in which to carry
out the work. The 55 persons were liquidated and, in addition, collective
measures were carried out against the Jews.
3) Operations against Party functionaries, agents, saboteurs, and
In Mogilev, the female worker Nina Lisunova was arrested.
She has an elementary school education (up to fourth grade) and worked
in a silk factory in Mogilev. She was a deputy to the Soviet Supreme
Council and had participated in eight meetings of the Soviet Council
On October 11, 1941, the Russian Feodor Karyago from
Shkov and three more Russians were shot for Communist agitation.
On the same day, the Russians Vasily Bertyev, Vladimir
Berendovsky, and Andrei Siniakov were shot. They had attempted to build
up an organization for Communist activities and had already acquired
On October 14, 1941, the Russians Micheal Sokishevky,
Vasily Terisov, Maxim Rudakov, Georgi Charsevu, and Makar Amsalovich
were shot. Under the Soviet regime, they had been active Party functionaries
and had handed large numbers of people over to the NKVD, as well as
assisting in the deportations.
On October 16,1941, the Russian girl Anna Garbusov
was shot for particularly violent expressions of hostility against Germany
while a member of the NKVD [that is, prior to the arrival of the Germans].
On the same day, the Jews Stanislaus Borsky and Tolia
Akhonin were liquidated for being former NKVD agents. The Jews Simen
Alexandrovich, Shuster Peiser, and Mikail Saki were shot for being in
possession of explosive ammunition.
On the same day the Jewess Kadin Orlov was executed
for being found without a Jewish badge and for refusing to move into
the ghetto. On October 18, 1941, the Jews Lova Wasman, Fama Birkman,
Yakob Saravo, Abraham Baraniche, Solomon Katzman, and Ber Katzman, as
well as the Jewess Fania Leikina were liquidated for refusing to wear
the Jewish badge and for spreading inflammatory propaganda against Germany.
On October 20, 1941, the Jews Stanilov Naum and the Jewish couple Alter
were liquidated. They had hidden themselves in Mogilev outside the ghetto.
On October 14, 1941, the Jew Isaak Piaskin was shot
by the Vorkommando of Einsatzkommando 9. He had been a political functionary
of the Red Army and was found on the road to Viasma is suspicious circumstances.
On October 17, 1941, the woman Maria Spirina was shot
On October 21, 1941, the Jew Yoel Liubavin was shot
after he was found not far from Viasma in a Russian bunker in possession
4) Measures against criminals and looters
The Jew Samuel Goffman was shot on October 17, 1941.
He was convicted of having falsified his identity card in order to hide
his Jewish origins. The Russian, Emil Stubin, was shot on the same day
after having been convicted of repeated arson.
Six Russians were shot in Mogilev on October 20, 1941.
They had been wandering about the town and lived by committing criminal
acts, including extortion.
Twelve persons were shot on October 21, 1941. They
were convicted of criminal theft.
Two Jewesses who set fire to two houses in Bobruisk
during the air attack on the night of October 13, 1941 were liquidated.
A larger number of persons were shot in Bobruisk for
looting and other criminal acts.
83 of the several hundred inmates from the forced
labor camp in Mogilev were liquidated on October 15, 1941, for being
racially inferior elements of an Asiatic strain. The responsibility
for their retension in the Rear Army area could no longer be taken.
According to a report ny Infantry Regiment 691, the
Jews of Asmony in every way possible supported the partisans still holding
out in the immediate area. On October 9, 1941, during a moppng-up operation
in that area 81 Jews were shot for breaking regulations of the German
occupying forces. Russian uniforms were found in several Jewish dwellings.
As a result of numereous complaints about their provocative
behavior in Gorki (northeast of Mogilev) as well as in the surrounding
area, a total of 2,200 Jews of all ages were liquidated in mopping-up
operations in eight localities. They were, for the most part, Jews who
had immigrated from the district of Minsk. Like the rest, they committed
offences against the regulations of the German [occupation] forces.
The operation was carried out in close cooperation with the Military
In Mstislavl, about 80 km east of Mogilev, 900 Jews
were liquidated for breaking regulations of the German forces, harboring
partisans in transit, and providing them with food and clothing.
On October 19, 1941, a large-scale operation against
the Jews was carried out in Mogilev with the aid of the Police Regiment
'Center.' 3,726 Jews of both sexes and all ages were liquidated by this
action. These measures were necessary because, ever since the town of
Mogilev was occupied by German troops, the Jews ignored the authority
of the Occupying forces. In spite of previous measures taken against
them, they not only failed to desist but continued their anti-German
activities (sabotage, support of partisans, refusal to work, etc.) to
such an extent and with such persistance that, in the interests of establishing
order in the rear areas, it could no longer be tolerated.
On October 23, 1941, to prevent further acts of sabotage
and to combat the partisans, a further number of Jews from Mogilev and
the surrounding area, 239 of both sexes, were liquidated.
Sonderkommando 7a carried out 173 liquidations during
the period covered by this report.
7) Confiscation of money and other belongings
During the period covered by this report, Einsatzkommando
8 confiscated a further 491,705 rubles as well as 15 gold rubles. They
were dulu recorded and passed on to the Administration of Einsatzkommando
8. The total amount of rubles seized so far by Einsatzkommando 8 now
amounts to 2,511,226 rubles.
8) Orginizational measures
Mogilev can be considered practically free of Jews
after the last operations. The area of the ghetto built in Mogilev by
Einsatzkommando 8 could, for the main part, be returned to the city
administration. The few remaining Jews are accomodated in a forced labor
camp and are ready to be used as skilled artisans.
Sonderkommando 7a has set up an Order Service and
a Judenrat in Rzhev.
According to the reports at hand, the reports of Sonderkommando
7b and Einsatzkommando 9 and VKM (1) have yet to follow. The liquidations
during the period covered by this report have reached the following
|a) Staff and VKM
|b) Sonderkommando 7a
|c) Sonderkommando 7b
|d) Einsatzkommando 8
|e) Einsatzkommando 9
Total persons executed by Einsatzgruppe B: 45,467
II. Nationality problems
It need not be particularly stressed that Communist
agitators received very warm support from the Jews. Under the prevailing
conditions, it is important to stop the activity of the Jews in Volhynia
and to remove thereby the most fertile soil from Bolshevism. The extermination
of the Jews, who are, without any doubt, useless as workers and more
harmful as the carriers of the bacillae of Communism, was [unavoidably]
V. Mood of the population
Following a thoroughly hopeful mood within the population at the
time of the entry of the German troops, under the impact of the liberation
from the Bolshevist blood terror, there can now This is particularly
so with Bandera's propaganda, but also in Melnyk's. It was apparently
not yet possible to present the German administration as the [supreme]
power above all [Ukrainian] parties, having the best of Ukrainian
interests in mind. be felt considerable ill-humor because of the aforementioned
conditions. Even though Bolshevist propaganda id ineffective within
wider circles, the propaganda activity of the Ukrainian political
parties does not contribute towards improving trust in the German
troops. The ill-humor is also nourished by Jewish activity, whose
influence in economic matters cannot at all be regarded as broken.
Also the events and measures which have been mentioned above under
Section II - Nationality problems, affect the mood. Though the question
of the Church has not yet been solved, it seems to be of litle importance
with respect to influencing the opinion of the Ukrainian people. This
problem will probably be tackled only after a decision has been reached
Einsatzgruppen Reports by Yitzak Arad, Shmuel Krakowski and
Shmuel Spector, editors. p. 230-236)