from Generalkommisar for White Russia, Wilhelm Kube
, to Reichkommisar
for the Ostland, Lohse, July 31, 1942 (The Good Old Days
Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, NY, 1988, p. 180-181):
During the course of extensive discussions with SS-Brigadeführer
Zenner and the very competent Leiter of the SD, SS-Obersturmbannführer
Dr. Strauch, it was established that we have liquidated about 55,000
Jews in the past ten weeks...
Naturally the SD and I would prefer to eliminate the
Jews in the Generalbezirk of white Russia once and for all as soon as
the Jews are no longer needed by the Wehrmacht for economic reasons.
For the time being, the Wehrmacht's requirements, as the principle employer
of Jewish labor, are being taken into account.
Report No. 51 of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich
Himmler to Hitler about mass executions in the east, 1942 (Trials of War Criminals
Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt.
Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XIII, p. 269-272):
| Prisoners executed
Accomplices of guerrilla and
guerrilla suspects executed
Villages and localities
Burned down or destroyed
Letter from SS Major-General Stahlecker to SS General Heydrich,
January 31, 1942 (The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate
the Jews of Europe, 1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick,
T. Yosellof, 1968, p. 233):
The complete removal of Jewry from the eastern territories has been
substantially attained, with the exception of White Russia, as a result
of the execution up to the present time of 229,052 Jews.
Daily situation report of the Einsatzgruppen (special task forces) in Russia, No. 124, October 25th, 1941.
The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe,
1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick, T. Yosellof, 1968, p. 133:
A second action consisted in applying special treatment to 812 men
and women, all persons without interest from the racial and intellectual
point of view.
Order by Reichskommissar Hinrich Lohse to halt the killing of Jewish skilled workers, December
2, 1941 (Documents on the Holocaust - Edited by Y. Arad, Y. Gutman,
A. Margaliot, NY, Ktav Pub. House in Association with Yad-Vashem, 1981,
Reichskommissar for Ostland Riga, December 2 1941
IIa diary No. 220/41g
The Chief Quartermaster (Chiefintendant) of the Wehrmacht
Command in Ostland has lodged a complaint that armament plants and repair
workshops have been deprived of Jewish skilled workers through their
liquidation, and that they cannot be replaced there at the present time.
I request most emphatically that the liquidation of
Jews employed as skilled workers in armament plants and repair workshops
of the Wehrmacht who cannot be replaced by local personnel be prevented.
Ereignismeldung UdSSR, No. 101, October 2, 1941 (The Good
Old Days - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, NY, 1988,
In collaboration with the group staff and two Kommandos of Police
Regiment South, on 29 and 30 September 1941, Sonderkommando 4a executed
33,771 Jews in Kiev.
Ereignismeldung UdSSR, No. 128, November 3,
1941 (The Good Old Days - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The
Free Press, NY, 1988, p. 68):
In Kiev, difficulties that arose during the execution
of a major action of this type - particularly with regard to registration
- were overcome by the use of posters announcing that all Jews were
to report for resettlement. Although it was initially thought that the
action would only involve 5,000 to 6,000 Jews, more than 30,000 Jews
reported, who as a result of extremely efficient organization still
believed they were going to be resettled right up until the time they
Despite that fact that up to now a total of some 75,000
Jews have been liquidated in this way, it has nevertheless become apparent
that this method will not provide a solution to the Jewish problem.
Report from Chief of Security Police and SD,
June 17, 1942 ( Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington,
U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1946, Supplement A, p. 661):
The Jews in the Crimea.
Already in 1939, out of 65,000 Jews in the Crimea,
44,000 (that is almost 70 percent) live in the cities of Simferopol,
Sevastopol, Kertch, Jewpatoria, Yalta, and Feodosia alone...
Of the Krimtschaks (approx. 6,000) who were generally
counted to be Jews, about half lived for the greater part in Simferopol
(2,500) and in Karasubarsar. Their annihilation together with that of
the real Jews and the Gypsies in the Crimea took part place essentially
until the beginning of December 1941.
Weekly report from Hans
Frank's [Governor of occupied Poland] propaganda department, October
26, 1942 (The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of
Europe, 1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick, T. Yosellof, 1968,
The resettlement of Jews (which partly assumes forms
not worthy of a cultured people) directly provokes comparison of the
methods of the Gestapo with those of the GPU. The railway wagons are
said to be in such a bad state that it is impossible to prevent Jews
breaking out. The result is that at wayside stations there occur wild
shootings and regular man-hunts. It is also reported that corpses of
shot Jews lie on the streets for days. Although the Reich Germans, as
well as the foreign population, are convinced of the necessity of liquidating
all Jews, it would still be more appropriate to carry this out in a
manner that causes less sensation and offense.
Order of Boehme, Commanding General Serbia,
October 10 1941, Regarding Executions of Hostages (Trials of War
Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - Washington,
U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XI, p. 977):
2. In all garrison towns in Serbia all Communists,
male residents suspected as such, all Jews, a certain number of nationalistic
and democratically inclined residents are to be arrested as hostages,
by means of sudden action....
3. If losses of German soldiers or ethnic Germans
occur, the territorially competent commanders up to the regimental commanders
are to decree the shooting of arrestees according to the following quotas:
a. For each killed or murdered German soldier or ethnic
German (man, woman or child) 100 prisoners or hostages.
b. For each wounded German soldier or ethnic German,
50 prisoners or hostages.
The shootings are to be carried out by the troops.
Order of Commanding General in Serbia,
October 4, 1941, ordering mass execution of concentration camp inmates
for the killing of 21 German Soldiers (Trials of War Criminals Before
the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print.
Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XI, p. 976):
Twenty-one soldiers were tortured to death by Communist
bandits in a bestial manner on 2 October in a surprise attack on units
of the signal regiment between Belgrade and Obrenovac. As reprisal and
retaliation, 100 Serbian prisoners are to be shot at once for each murdered
German soldier. The Chief of the Military administration is requested
to pick out 2,100 inmates in the concentration camp Sabac in Belgrade
(primarily Jews and Communists) and to fix the time and place as well
as burial place.