Orders Limiting the Movement and Communication of the Jews of Salonika

(February 13, 1943)


Salonika, February 13, 1943
Commander of Salonika-Aegean
Military Administration Department
MV1517 Dr. Me.

Re: Implementation order of February 6, 1943, MV 1237 Dr. Me.

For the implementation of the basic order of February 6, 1943 concerning the marking and relocation of Jews who reside in Salonika, the following orders are issued under the legislative powers invested in the Commander of Salonika-Aegean:

1. It must be made perfectly clear to all Jews that they may not exchange their domicile without permission. Violators of this order will be considered escapees and will be shot summarily upon capture.
2. Jews may not use the tram or any other means of public transport. This prohibition goes into effect at once.
3. Jews may not appear in the streets and public squares, and [may not] participate in public events after nightfall.
4. It is forbidden for any Jew to use a private or public telephone. Every Jewish subscriber must contact the Greek telephone company to terminate the subscription, remit payment for time used, and return the telephone apparatuses to the company.

Provisions 1-3 go into effect at once. Provision 4 must be implemented by February 25 at the latest.

In exceptional cases, the provisions in the order of February 6, 1943 shall apply. It need only be added that members of the Jewish community council and its offices, as well as Jewish physicians, may continue to use the telephone.

The provisions of this order shall be brought to the attention of all Jews in the Salonika-Aegean area of command who are subject to the head of the Salonika Jewish community. A report on the implementation of the order shall be tendered to the undersigned office by February 25, 1943.

Commander of Salonika-Aegean, Chief of Staff
Dr. [Maximilian] Merton
Advisor to the Military Administration


Source: Yad Vashem