Anti-Semitic Measures in Greece
(December 7, 1943)
SUBJECT: Anti-semitic measures.
While Athens was under control of the Italians, the Italians agreed with the Germans that restrictions should be put on Jews, but this was only a written agreement and never put into effect. In fact, they protected the Jews against the Germans. With their departure, things changed for the worse.
On October 3, 943, the Germans passed the first racial law. All Jews in Athens were required to register within the next five days, the registration to take place in the synagogue. Those who did not register within that period were liable to death. Any Christians found aiding Jews were to be put into concentration camps. No Jew was to be allowed to change address without permission. No Jew was to be allowed on the street after 5 p.m. (General circulation is permitted in Athens up to ii p.m.) As a result of these orders, 200 of the 8,000 Jews in Athens did register. 2,000-2,500 are believed to have joined the Antartes, and up to the present at least 500 have escaped to Smyrna.
The Greek police have proved helpful and sympathetic to the Jews, and the Germans have not insisted on enforcement of the new law; nevertheless, the Jews are very much afraid.
Sub-source came to the Consulate in Smyrna to report that David Tiano, "Commercial Attache" at the Consulate in Salonica since 1920, was shot by the Germans. He had been arrested as a hostage, for no particular reason except that he was a Jew. Some three weeks later, while he was under lock and key, some sabotage occurred at the American Farm School. In reprisal, he and 15 others were shot. Somewhat later, and under circumstances not communicated, Emmanuel Cavassou, a secretary of the American Consulate at Salonica, was also shot.
Informant is by no means the first to complain, but he is the most lucid....
Source: Documents: The Jews in Greece, 1941-1944: Eyewitness Accounts, by Alexandros Kitroeff, Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora, Vol. XII, No. #3, (Fall 1985)