Anti-Semitic Decrees in Greece

(October 1943)


OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES

Reports on Greece

Report No. 11214
End of Oct. 1943

SUBJECT: Anti-semitic measures.

Source: Believed reliable.

The Chief of Security and Police in Greece, Stroop, issued the following decree on October 3, 1943 which concerned the Jews in Athens and neighborhood.

"All Jews under German jurisdiction, i.e. Jews who were Greek subjects, must remain in the place of residence occupied by them before June 1, 1943. Jews are forbidden to leave or exchange their domicile.

"Jews in Athens or vicinity must report in person within five days to the Jewish Community Center in Athens and register their names and addresses in the lists available for this purpose. In areas outside the precincts of Athens, this registration must be carried out at the municipal or community offices chosen for the purpose. Jews disobeying these orders will be shot immediately, and non-Jews sheltering or helping Jews to escape will immediately be sent to concentration camps or punished more severely.

"Jews of foreign nationality must appear at the Community Center in Athens at a.m. on October 15 to show their identity papers. Outside Athens this inspection of papers will be carried out by the competent municipal or community authorities.

"The Jewish Community Center of Athens has been designated as the sole authority for all Jewish affairs in Greece, this designation to take effect as from the date of publication of this decree. The Jewish Community must choose immediately a senior Counsellor who will be the head of the Jewish Community Center in Athens and who will take over his duties forthwith.

"Further instructions will be published from time to time. "After registration of their names, all male Jews over 14 must report daily at the municipal or community centers.

"No Jews are allowed out between 5 p.m. and 7 a.m."


Source: "Documents: The Jews in Greece, 1941-1944: Eyewitness Accounts," by Alexandros Kitroeff, Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora, Vol. XII, No. #3, (Fall 1985)