Extermination Camps in Poland
Extermination camps were
killing centers designed to carry out genocide.
Between 1941 and 1945, the Nazis established
six extermination camps in Polish
territory - Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Majdanek. Both Auschwitz and Majdanek functioned
as concentration and forced-labor camps as
well as killing centers. An estimated 3.5 million
Jews were killed in these six extermination
camps as part of the "Final
Solution." Other victims included Roma (Gypsies)
and Soviet prisoners of war.
Sources: U.S. Holocaust