Rescue and Escape from
Throughout most of German-occupied Europe, the Germans
sought to round up and deport Jews to killing
centers in occupied Poland.
Some Jews survived by hiding or escaping from German-controlled Europe.
Some escape routes out of occupied Europe led to belligerent states (such
as the Soviet Union), neutral states (such as Switzerland, Spain, Sweden,
and Turkey), and even to states allied with Germany (such as Italy and
Hungary before they were occupied by Germany). After the German attack on
the Soviet Union, more than a million Soviet Jews escaped eastward,
fleeing the advancing German army. Thousands more Jews managed to leave
Black Sea ports in Bulgaria and Romania, seeking to reach safety in Palestine.
States Holocaust Memorial Museum