The Defense of the Race in Italy
Spiritual Heritage of the People, Fundamental Basis of the State,
Security Foundation for the Empire
“To Discriminate Is Not to Persecute”
(August 6, 1938)
The Fascist Problem
Rome, August 5, 1938
The today edition of the Informazione Diplomatica, number
18, notifies that:
Among the authority in charge in Rome we draw our
attention to the fact that most of the impressions and deductions of
the foreign countries on the subject of Italian racism find their basis
in a very superficial knowledge of the facts and in some cases even
in bad faith.
In reality, Italian racism, as can be proved by documents, dates as
1919. Mussolini, in his November 1919 speech to the Congress of the
Party in Rome, and again in 1921, clearly stressed that: "I mean
to say that Fascism has to deal with the race problem. The Fascists
have to take care of the health of the race that will make history".
If the problem was left without solution for some years, it was because
there were other problems that had to be solved and taken care of before
that. But the conquest of the Empire had made relevant all those problems,
that are in a general way called racial, and its unknown knowledge had
caused bloody consequences which today is not the time to analyze.
Other countries send in the lands of their Empire a few and chosen officials;
we will send in Libya and A.O.I., with the passing of the time and for
absolute necessity of life, millions of men.
Now, to avoid the catastrophic plague of the crossbred, the creation
indeed of a hybrid race, not European, not African, that will stir up
disintegration and revolt, the strict laws promulgated and enforced
by Fascism are not enough: we need also a strong feeling, a strong pride,
a clear omnipresent knowledge of the race.
To discriminate is not to persecute. This has to be told to the too
many Jews of Italy and of the other countries that complain of their
troubles, going quickly from intrusiveness and arrogance to a feeling
of depression and foolish panic fear.
As it has been already clearly said in the note number 14 of the Informazione
Diplomatica and as we repeat today, the Fascist Government has
no special persecuting plan of the Jews, as Jews themselves.
We are dealing with another problem. The Jews in Italy in the metropolitan
areas, according to the Jewish statistics, are 44,000 and they will
have to be checked by a near future special census. The proportion would
be indeed of a Jew every 100 Italians. It is clear that from today on,
the participation of the Jews in the global life of the State will be
regulated according to this percentage. No one would dispute this right
of the Fascist State and not even all the Jews that, as it is also clear
from the most recent Manifest of the Italian rabbis, had been always
and everywhere the apostles of the most total, intransigent, cruel,
and under a certain point of view even admirable, racism; they always
thought of themselves as the chosen people and they have
always given proof of their racial solidarity beyond territorial frontiers.
And here we do not want to discuss the historic equation, clearly known
in this past twenty years, between Judaism, Bolshevism and Masonry.
No doubts, indeed, that this is the right time for Italian racism and
moreover that it will become, through the coordinated and determined
actions of all the members of the Regime, the spiritual heritage of
the people, the fundamental basis of the State and the security foundation
for our Empire.
Source: Corriere della Sera Newspaper, Milan, August 6, 1938