National Archives Issues New Report on Nazi War Crimes
(December 10, 2010)
The National Archives released to Congress a new report on Nazi War Crimes entitled Hitler's Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, U.S. Intelligence, and the Cold War. The report is based on findings from newly-declassified decades-old Army and CIA records released under the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act of 1998 (the Act), these records were processed and reviewed by the National Archives-led Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group (IWG), and written by IWG historians Richard Breitman and Norman J.W. Goda.
The report highlights materials opened under the Act, in addition to records that were previously opened but had not been mined by historians and researchers, including records from the Office of Strategic Services (a CIA predecessor), dossiers of the Army Staff’s Intelligence Records of the Investigative Records Repository (IRR), State Department records, and files of the Navy Judge Advocate General.
Hitler’s Shadow augments the IWG’s 2005 final report to Congress, U.S. Intelligence and the Nazis, and includes wartime and postwar US intelligence documents on the search for and prosecution of Nazi war criminals; Allied protection or use of Nazi war criminals; and the postwar activities of war criminals both in the United States and abroad.
The report reveals that after World War II, American counterintelligence recruited former Gestapo officers, SS veterans and Nazi collaborators to an even greater extent than had previously been disclosed in the 2005 report. The report also elaborates on the close working relationship between Nazi leaders and the grand mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, and includes accounts of the mufti recruiting Muslims during the British Mandate over Palestine for the SS and that he was paid by the Nazi party.
Full Report [PDF]: Hitler's Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, U.S. Intelligence, and the Cold War