From September 1942 until December 1943, transplant experiments were conducted on the prisoners of the Ravensbrueck concentration camp. Nazi scientists wanted to test the viability of transplanting major organs to treat injured soldiers.
Sections of bones, muscles, and nerves were removed from subjects and implanted in others. As a result of the operations, many victims suffered intense agony, mutilation, and permanent disability if not death. Karl Brandt, Handloser, Rostock, Gebhardt, Rudolf Brandt, Oberheuser, and Fischer are charged with special responsibility for and participation in these crimes.