(For a far more extensive list, see the Simon Wiesenthal Center's Holocaust Glossary and for an even more complete list of terms including those related to the Holocaust, see the full Library glossary.)
Ahnenerbe: [Ancestral Heritage], The Institute for the Scientific Study of Ends and Purposes, located in Berlin. Einsatzgruppe: Battalion-sized, mobile, armed unit of police Einsatzgruppen: Battalion-sized, mobile, armed units of police, primarily Security Police and SD officials, which were used to attack and execute perceived enemies in conquered territories. (Breitman, Richard. The Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution. MA: Brandeis University Press, 1992, p. 311) Einsatzkommando: Company-sized component of the Einsatzgruppen (Ibid., 311) Gauleiter: Supreme territorial or regional party authority(-ies) (The term is both singular and plural). The Nazi Party divided Germany and some annexed territories into geographical units called Gaue, headed by a Gauleiter. (Ibid., 311) General Government: The Nazi-ruled state in central and eastern Poland. Headed by Governor (Ibid., 311) Final Solution: Euphemism for the extermination of European Jewry SD (Sicherheitsdienst): The SS Security Service Selektionen: (Selection) The process by which newly-arrived prisoners were divided into those capable of work, and those deemed unfit for work, i.e. those to be exterminated immediately. Sonderkommandos: Division of Einsatzgruppen, generally smaller than Einsatzkommando, but also a more general term for special commando units assigned particular functions. (Ibid., 311) Military rank - here's a list from Breitman (314) which lists SS ranks and the Western military equivalent: Oberstgruppenführer General Obergruppenführer Lieutenant General Gruppenführer Major General Brigadeführer Brigadier General Oberführer between Brigadier & Colonel Standartenführer Colonel Obersturmbannführer Lieutenant Colonel Sturmbannführer Major Hauptsturmführer Captain Obersturmführer First Lieutenant Unterscharführer Corporal Rottenführer Private, First Class Sturmann Private SS-Mann no equivalent
Source: The Nizkor Project.